American Steam merchant
|Type:||Steam merchant (Liberty)|
|Completed||1942 - Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc, Baltimore MD|
|Owner||Calmar SS Co Inc, New York|
|Date of attack||20 Nov 1942||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-177 (Robert Gysae)|
|Position||29.40S, 36.35E - Grid KP 9910|
|Complement||62 (0 dead and 62 survivors).|
|Route||New York - Capetown - Suez, Egypt|
|Cargo||8900 tons of general cargo|
|History||Completed in August 1942 |
|Notes on loss|
At 11.40 hours on 20 Nov, 1942, the unescorted Pierce Butler (Master George Patullo Moodie) was hit by two torpedoes from U-177, while steaming on a nonevasive course at 11 knots. The torpedoes struck on the starboard side, one forward of the engine room and the other aft at the #5 hatch. Distress signals were sent, which were replied and the armed guards fired eight rounds from the forward 3in gun and seven from the 5in stern gun (the ship was also armed with four 20mm guns) in order to keep the U-boat submerged. After ten minutes the engines were secured and the eight officers, 33 crewmen and 21 armed guards abandoned ship 15 minutes after the hits in the four lifeboats. At 12.10 hours, the vessel sank by the stern. The Germans questioned the third mate and even offered to send a distress signal if none had been sent. All men were picked up about 20 hours later by HMS Fortune (H 70) (LtCdr R.D.H.S. Pankhurst, RN) and landed at Durban, South Africa.
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