American Steam merchant
|Completed||1918 - New York Shipbuilding Corp, Camden NJ|
|Owner||C.H. Sprague & Son, Boston MA|
|Date of attack||5 May 1945||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-853 (Helmut Frömsdorf)|
|Position||41° 19'N, 71° 23'W|
|Complement||46 (12 dead and 34 survivors).|
|Route||Newport News, Virginia - Weymouth, Massachusetts|
|Cargo||7759 tons of coal|
|History||Laid down as collier Fairmont for Coastwise Transportation Co Inc, Boston MA. Acquired upon completion in February 1918 by the US Navy as cargo transport USS Fairmont (ID # 2429) for the Naval Overseas Transportation Service. Returned to owner in February 1919. 1921 renamed Nebraskan for American-Hawaiian SS Co, New York. 1927 renamed Black Point for C.H. Sprague & Son, Boston MA. |
|Notes on event|
At 17.40 hours on 5 May 1945 the unescorted Black Point (Master Charles E. Prior) was struck by a torpedo from U-853 in the stern, while proceeding in fog. The explosion carried away the aftermost forty feet of the ship aft of the #5 hold. The vessel quickly began to sink by the stern about five miles southeast of Point Judith, Rhode Island. The most of the eight officers, 33 crewmen and five armed guards (the ship was armed with one 6pdr and two .30cal guns) abandoned ship in two boats and a raft. The Black Point capsized and all but the bow disappeared beneath the water 25 minutes after the torpedo struck. Eleven crewmen and one armed guard (W.L. Whitson Lloyd, USNR) died. 17 men on a raft were picked up by the Yugoslavian steam merchant Karmen and two men by the Norwegian steam merchant Scandanavia. All were later transferred to a US Coast Guard patrol boat, which brought them to Point Judith. Crash boats from Quonset Point, Rhode Island rescued 15 survivors and landed them at Newport.
The Black Point was the last American flagged ship sunk by a German U-boat. Immediately after the sinking the US Navy searched for U-853 and sank her in the morning of 6 May.
|On board||We have details of 13 people who were on board.|
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