Allied Warships

HMS Enterprise (D 52)

Light cruiser of the E class


HMS Enterprise in December 1943

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeLight cruiser
ClassE 
PennantD 52 
Built byJohn Brown Shipbuilding & Engineering Company Ltd. (Clydebank, Scotland) 
Ordered7 Mar 1918 
Laid down28 Jun 1918 
Launched23 Dec 1919 
Commissioned7 Apr 1926 
End service 
History

Sold to be broken up for scrap on 11 April 1946.
Arrived at Newport to be scrapped at Cashmore on 21 April 1946.

 

Commands listed for HMS Enterprise (D 52)

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CommanderFromTo
1Capt. Henry Jack Egerton, RN23 Aug 19392 Mar 1940
2Capt. John Campbell Annesley, DSO, RN2 Mar 194015 Jul 1942
3Capt. George Eric Maxia O’Donnell, DSO, RN15 Jul 194217 Nov 1942
4Cdr. John Noel Sparks, RN17 Nov 194228 Dec 1942
5Capt. George Eric Maxia O’Donnell, DSO, RN28 Dec 19421 Jul 1943
6Cdr. (retired) the Hon. Robert Arthur William Joseph Southwell, RN26 Feb 1943

7Capt. Harold Taylor Wood Grant, RCNJul 194328 Jun 1944
8Capt. Allan Thomas George Cumberland Peachey, DSO, RN28 Jun 19442 Oct 1944
9Capt. (retired) Sydney Keith Smyth, OBE, RN2 Oct 194424 Oct 1944
10Lt.Cdr. (retired) William Desmond Revell Bravington, RN24 Oct 194410 Apr 1945
11A/Capt. (retired) Stephen Barry, RN10 Apr 1945mid 1945
12Cdr. George Alan Kenneth McCombe, RNVRmid 1945early 1946

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Notable events involving Enterprise include:


1939-40: Convoy escorts with the Halifax Escort Force. carried ?10 million in gold to Canada.

1 Jan 1940
Allocated to the Home Fleet for the Norwegian Campaign. In April-May supported Army operations in the Narvik area.

19 Apr 1940
HMS Enterprise (Capt. J.C. Annesley, DSO, RN) was fired upon by U 65 but the torpedoes missed.

1 Jun 1940
In June 1940 she was reassigned to Force "H", operating out of Gibraltar.

9 Jul 1940

This photograph show HMS Valiant (nearest to the camera) and HMS Resolution and is most likely taken during an Italian air attack (by SM 79 bombers) against Force H on 9 July 1940. The photograph is taken from HMS Enterprise.

Photograph with thanks to John Hancocks whose father Lt.(E) J.P. Hancocks served at HMS Enterprise during that time.

1 Dec 1940
By the end of 1940 was operating in the South Atlantic, unsuccessfully hunting for Thor, then transferred to the Indian Ocean when Admiral Scheer appeared there but, again, she had no success.
In 1942 she was in the East Indies & Australian waters, operating with sister ship Emerald in the Eastern Fleet.
From the end of 1942 to 10/43 was under refit in the UK, being then allocated to the Home Fleet, mainly for the purpose of hunting down blockade runners in Biscay.

28 Dec 1943
HMS Enterprise (Capt. H.T.W. Grant, RCN) attempting the interception of the arriving German blockade runner Alsterufer in the Bay of Biscay with HMS Glasgow (Capt. C.P. Clarke, RN), ran into the freighter's covering group, consisting of the German destroyer Z 27 and the German torpedo boats T 22, T 25 and T 26.

In a spirited gun action, the heavier British artillery had the better of the Germans and only T 22 was able to return to port.

6 Jun 1944
Took part in the Normandy landings with Force "A", under the overall command of the Admiral embarked in US CA Tuscaloosa and deployed in support of the landings at Utah Beach. From 0716 hrs the CL fired on targets NE of Pouppeville, expending 145 rounds of 152 mm ammo in 6 separate shoots. Enterprise also took part in the bombardment of Cherbourg during June/July. (1)

5 Jan 1945
Placed in reserve but later reactivated for trooping duties. Returned to the UK on 13 January 1946, handed over for scrapping on 11 April and arrived at Newport on 21 April.

Sources

  1. Personal communication

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