Allied Warships

HMS Proteus (N 29)

Submarine of the P class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeSubmarine
ClassP 
PennantN 29 
Built byVickers Armstrong (Barrow-in-Furness, U.K.) 
Ordered7 Feb 1928 
Laid down18 Jul 1928 
Launched23 Jul 1929 
Commissioned17 Jun 1930 
End service30 Jun 1944 
History

Decommissioned on 30 June 1944 and used for shock trials.

Sold to be broken up for scrap to West of Scotland Shipbreaking on 26 February 1946.

 

Commands listed for HMS Proteus (N 29)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Lt.Cdr. Randall Thomas Gordon-Duff, RN12 Dec 193826 Sep 1940
2Lt.Cdr. Lawrence St George Rich, RN26 Sep 194015 Apr 1941
3Lt. John Symons Huddart, RN15 Apr 194115 May 1941
4Lt.Cdr. Philip Stewart Francis, RN15 May 194129 Jun 1942
5Lt. Robert Love Alexander, RN29 Jun 1942Nov 1942
6Lt. Peter Minet Staveley, RNNov 194211 May 1943
7Lt. Anthony Robert Profit, DSC, RN11 May 19437 Aug 1943
8Lt. Henry Denys Verschoyle, DSC, RN7 Aug 194316 Apr 1944
9T/Lt. Percy Samuel Parmenter, RNR16 Apr 1944May 1944
10Lt. George Edward Lynton Foster Edsell, RNMay 194430 Jun 1944

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Notable events involving Proteus include:


The page for this submarine is currently (October 2014 and onwards) being updated.

11 Oct 1939
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) was undocked at Singapore where she had been refitting since early July 1939.

9 Dec 1939
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) completed her refit at Singapore.

1 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted engine trials of Singapore.

2 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted trials of Singapore.

3 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted torpedo firing trials of Singapore.

4 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore together with HMS Stronghold (Lt.Cdr. R. Alexander, RN).

5 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore together with HMS Stronghold (Lt.Cdr. R. Alexander, RN).

11 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Singapore for Hong Kong.

17 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) arrived at Hong Kong.

23 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong.

26 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong with HMS Thanet (Lt.Cdr. J. Mowlam, RN).

29 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) was docked at Hong Kong.

30 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) was undocked.

31 Jan 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong with HMS Thanet (Lt.Cdr. J. Mowlam, RN) and HMS Scout (Lt.Cdr. C.H. Holmes, RN).

1 Feb 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong with and HMS Scout (Lt.Cdr. C.H. Holmes, RN) and HMS Regulus (Cdr. J.M. Money, RN).

28 Feb 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong with and HMS Liverpool (Capt. P.A. Read, RN).

29 Feb 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong with HMS Pandora (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Linton, RN).

2 Mar 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Hong Kong for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Vladivostok.

21 Mar 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Hong Kong.

2 Apr 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Hong Kong for Singapore.

8 Apr 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) arrived at Singapore.

10 Apr 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Singapore for Colombo.

16 Apr 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) arrived at Colombo.

17 Apr 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Colombo for Aden.

25 Apr 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) arrived at Aden.

26 Apr 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Aden for Port Said.

30 Apr 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) arrived at Port Said.

2 May 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Port Said for Alexandria.

3 May 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) arrived at Alexandria.

10 May 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) was docked at Alexandria.

15 May 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) was undocked.

17 May 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria with HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN).

21 May 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Alexandria for her 2nd war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the Anti-Kithera Channel.

31 May 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

3 Jun 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria.

7 Jun 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria with ORP Garland (Kpt. mar. (Lt.) A. Doroszkowski, ORP)

8 Jun 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria.

14 Jun 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Alexandria for her 3rd war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Kithera to gueard the Kithera Channel and the Anti-Kithera Channel

26 Jun 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) was ordered to proceed to Malta with despatch. She was to patrol off French North Africa in the western Mediterranean.

28 Jun 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) arrived at Malta to embark fuel, lubricating oil, fresh provivions and fresh water.

29 Jun 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Malta to resume her patrol. She was to patrol off Oran.

6 Jul 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) was ordered to proceed to Gibraltar.

9 Jul 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

24 Jul 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar.

26 Jul 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar.

1 Aug 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Gibraltar for Malta. She had on board 13 RAF personnel and some RAF stores.

8 Aug 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) arrived at Malta.

9 Aug 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) damaged her bow in a collision with tug HMS Andromeda.

10 Aug 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) was docked at Malta.

22 Aug 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) was undocked.

23 Aug 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Malta for her 4th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the south of the Straits of Messina.

12 Sep 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) attacked either the Italian submarine Uarsciek or Ondina with one torpedo about 40 nautical miles east-north-east of Tobruk, Libya. The torpedo missed. Neither of the Italian submarines reported being attacked.

(All times are zone -3)
0300 hours - When in position 32°21'N 24°39'E sighted suspicious lights bearing 150°. Closed to investigate. Soon an Italian submarine was seen on the surface. Started attack. The enemy however dived before an attack could be carried out.

0416 hours - Sighted a second Italian submarine. Turned towards an fired a torpedo on the swing from 1500 yards. It missed. Proteus dived on firing.

14 Sep 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) ended her 4th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

26 Sep 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) departed Alexandria for her 5th war patrol (4th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol south of the Straits of Messina.

8 Oct 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) proceeded, as ordered towards a new patrol area off the Calabrian coast.

20 Oct 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) ended her 5th war patrol (4th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

25 Oct 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) departed Alexandria for her 6th war patrol (5th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to ?????

28 Oct 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) was ordered to return to Alexandria.

31 Oct 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) ended her 6th war patrol (5th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

23 Nov 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) departed Alexandria for Malta. This as the first leg of the trip to the U.K. where Proteus was to refit.

30 Nov 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) arrived at Malta.

2 Dec 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) departed Malta for Gibraltar.

9 Dec 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) arrived at Gibraltar.

12 Dec 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) departed Gibraltar for Portsmoouth.

20 Dec 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) arrived at Portsmouth.

30 Dec 1940
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. L.StG. Rich, RN) commenced a refit at the Portsmouth Dockyard.

17 Jul 1941
With her refit completed HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) commenced a period of trials at Portsmouth.

27 Jul 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Portsmouth for Holy Loch.

29 Jul 1941
At 1957 hours (zone -2) HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) made rendez-vous off the Lizard with HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(retired) R.H. Mack, RN) that was to escort her north through the Irish Sea towards Holy Loch.

31 Jul 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) arrived at Holy Loch to begin a training period.

3 Sep 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Holy Loch for Gibraltar. During the passage south through the Irish Sea she was escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr. (retired) C.C. Flemming, RN).

10 Sep 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) arrived at Gibraltar.

12 Sep 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) was docked at Gibraltar.

13 Sep 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) was undocked.

14 Sep 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Gibraltar for Malta.

15 Sep 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) returned to Gibraltar due to defective W/T equipment. After repairs she departed again for Malta later on this day.

22 Sep 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) arrived at Malta.

27 Sep 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) conducted exercises off Malta.

28 Sep 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Malta for her 7th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the west coast of Greece.

1 Oct 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) attacked an unescorted enemy merchant vessel with three torpedoes in approximate position 38°03'N 20°21'E. No hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -2)
1343 hours - Sighted a 3000 tons merchant vessel at a range of 5 to 6 nautical miles. Started attack.

1404 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 2800 yards.

1415 hours - Went to 80 feet and retired to the south-west. Two explosions were heard and these two torpedoes were seen to explode on the shore. The target was by that time end on and retiring at high speed.

1500 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Saw an MA/SB coming approaching from Argostoli. Went to 150 feet. Was hunted for three hours by two MA/SB's that dropped four depth charges but these were not close.

1800 hours - HE disappeared. Returned to periscope depth. Nothing in sight.

3 Oct 1941
While trying to attack an ememy convoy off the Levkas-Cephalonia Channel, HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) is sighted. She had to dive and the attack had to be broken off.

6 Oct 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) developed serious mechanical defects that resulted in that the patrol had to be abandoned.

12 Oct 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) ended her 7th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

23 Oct 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria.

25 Oct 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria with HMS Kipling (Cdr. A. St. Clair-Ford, RN).

26 Oct 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for her 8th war patrol (7th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Aegean, Gulf of Athens area.

2 Nov 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) was detected while trying to attack an enemy convoy in the Gulf of Athens. She was depth charged but no damage was done to Proteus. Her position now compromised Lt.Cdr. Francis set course for a new patrol area.

(All times are zone -2)
0025 hours - Whilst charging in position 160°, St.Giorgios lighthouse, 7 nautical miles, sighted three darkened ships. This was soon seen to be a convoy of three merchant vessels with two escorts. Proteus started an attack but at 0100 hours one of the escorts increased speed and came rushing towards. Proteus had been sighted.

0105 hours - Dived to 150 feet.

0110 hours - Depth charging commenced. A total of 14 depth charges were dropped. The first 6 were quite close.

0350 hours - Surfaced. As our position was now compromised set course for the Serpho Channel, the only channel within reach before dawn.

3 Nov 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian tanker Tampico (4958 GRT, built 1908) east of Andros Island, Greece in position 37°53'N, 24°30'E. Proteus is depth-charged by the Italian torpedo boats Monzambano and Castelfidardo but manages to escape.

(All times are zone -2)
0945 hours - When in position 190°, Mandilou Island, 3 nautical miles sighted a 5000 tons merchant vessel. She was escorted by two destroyers or torpedo-boats and one aircraft. The merchant was steering a course of 190° through the Doro Channel. Started attack.

1000 hours - The targets course was now 235°.

1025 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 1000 yards. An explosion was heard 48 seconds after firing the first torpedo. Two more explosions were heard after about 3 minutes later. Proteus had gone to 180 feet on firing and retired to the eastward.

1028 hours - Depth charging commenced. A total of 26 depth charges were dropped, the first 6 were unpleasently close.

1305 hours - Returned to periscope depth. The target was stopped five nautical miles away in approximately the attack position. One of the escorts appeared to be taking her in tow, the other was circling the target at high speed. The target was lower in the water but on an even keel. Two aircraft were circling overhead.

1400 hours - The tow was slipped and both escorts and four aircraft were now circling the target. Decided to close to finish the target off. During the approach Proteus was detected and again depth charged. A total of 16 depth charges were dropped. The first 3 or 4 were very close.

1715 hours - Returned to periscope depth. The target was still afloat with the escorts and aircraft still patrolling.

10 Nov 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) torpedoed and sank the German troop transport Ithaka (1773 GRT, built 1922) 2 nautical miles south-west of Milos, Greece.

(All times are zone -2)
9 November 1941
2030 hours - When in position 090°, St. Georgios lighthouse, 8 nautical miles, sighted a darkened ship to the westward at a range of 7800 yards according to RD/F. On closing to 6000 yards a merchant vessel and two escorts were visible. As Proteus had been sighted during the last two surface night attacks Lt.Cdr. Francis decided to make an end around and to attack from periscope depth at dawn.

10 November 1941
0320 hours - Dived to attack.

0340 hours - HE was picked up.

0345 hours - The target was visible through the periscope.

0405 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 600 yards. It is thought that three hits were obtained.

No depth charges were dropped following the attack.

[Ithaka was transporting 507 German soldiers of which 469 drowned. She also had 80 tons of ammunition on board. As Ithaka sank in only two minutes only 78 survivors were picked up. Ithaka was escorted by the German patrol vessels 11 V 1 and 12 V 4.]

15 Nov 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) ended her 8th war patrol (7th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

28 Nov 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for her 9th war patrol (8th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the western Aegean.

7 Dec 1941
During the night of 6 / 7 December 1941, HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) was depth charged while closing an escorted enemy merchant vessel for a torpedo attack.

(All times are zone -2)
6 December 1941
2330 hours - When charging batteries in position 36°41'N, 23°29'E sighted two dark objects, thought to be destroyers bearing 020°, range 5 nautical miles. Enemy course was 160°. As it was bright moonlight dived and approached at speed to investigate.

2345 hours - The objects were identified as a merchant vessel escorted by a destroyer or torpedo-boat. Continued to close at high speed.

7 December 1941
0006 hours - Range to the merchant ship was now 4000 yards. Range to the escort was 2000 yards when this ship turned suddenly towards and increased speed. Went deep as he probably had picked up our HE.

0010 hours - Depth charging started. The first of these was dropped quite close. A total of four depth charges were dropped.

0050 hours - HE had faded away so surfaced. Nothing in sight.

8 Dec 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) sank the Greek caique PI 908 / Giorgios with scuttling charges north-north-west of the Kythira channel.

(All times are zone -2)
0124 hours - In position 36°33'N, 23°34'E sighted a dark object bearing 140°. Dived to investigate.

0140 hours - The object was identified as a caique. She was northward bound.

0155 hours - The caique passed close. She was of about 50 tons and fully loaded. Dicided to engage with the gun.

0200 hours - Surfaced and opened fire. One 4" round was fired but the gun failed to run out.

0205 hours - Opened fire with a machine gun.

0207 hours - The crew started to abandon ship. Ceased fire.

0215 hours - Sent over the demolition party.

0245 hours - The caique exploded and sank.

12 Dec 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) ended her 9th war patrol (8th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

14 Dec 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) was docked at Alexandria.

15 Dec 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) was undocked.

22 Dec 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for her 10th war patrol (9th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the west coast of Greece.

30 Dec 1941
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian merchant Citta di Marsala (2480 GRT, built 1929) south-west of Argostoli in position 38°02'N, 20°22'E. Citta di Marsala was escorted by the Italian destroyer Turbine.

(All times are zone -2)
0845 hours - In position 195°, Vardiani Island, 2.5 nautical miles, sighted one merchant vessel escorted by one destroyer leaving Argostoli. Enemy course was 180°, range was 3 nautical miles. Started attack.

0853 hours - The enemy had turned 90° to starboard.

0901 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 2000 yards. One hit was heard. Proteus had gone deep on firing.

0905 hours - The counter attack started. A total of 30 depth charges were dropped. Only the first 3 or 4 were close but caused no damage to Proteus.

1015 hours - Returend to periscope depth. The merchant vessel was still afloat. The destroyer was patrolling to her seaward. Also a flying boat was patrolling the area.

1105 hours - Had another look through the periscope, the target was very low in the water. The aircraft and the destroyer were still patrolling. When Proteus returned to the area shortly before dark the target was not seen and is thought to have sunk. This was however not the case as she was towed to Argostoli where she sank in shallow water the next day.

5 Jan 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian armed merchant cruiser Città di Palermo (5413 GRT, built 1930) off Cape Dukato, Greece in position 38°33'N, 20°36'E.

(All times are zone -2)
0740 hours - Just as it was getting light heard HE bearing 300°.

0741 hours - Sighted two merchant vessel on the same bearing. Range was 7000 yards. Enemy course was 140°. Started attack. The ships were seen to be modern passenger vessel of about 8000 tons.

0756 hours - Fired two stern torpedoes from 600 yards. Both hit. The ship immediately took a heavy list to starboard und turned onto her beam ends.

0802 hours - The target was seen to sink.

12 Jan 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) ended her 10th war patrol (9th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

29 Jan 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for her 11th war patrol (10th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the west coast of Greece.

8 Feb 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) attacks ' what is thought to be ' an enemy submarine west of Lefkada Island, Greece in position 38°41'N, 20°30'E. It was however not a submarine but the Italian torpedo boat Sagittario. The ships collided and were both damaged.

(All times are zone -2)
0406 hours - In position 322°, Cape Dukato, 13.5 nautical miles, RD/F picked up a contat bearinh 360°, range 2 nautical miles.

0408 hours - Sighted a dark object.

0410 hours - The object was idenified as a submarine. As the range was now 1000 yards, decided to fire the stern tubes before turning round, as there was considerable risk of being sighted ourself when we turned beam on.

0417 hours - Fired two stern torpedoes from 700 yards. Both torpedoes missed, turned hard to starboard to fire the bow tubes.

0422 hours - Fired tube 3 and 4. Range was 1000 yards. The gun crew was also standing by to close up.

0425 hours - The enemy turned towards. Lt. J. Nash, RN said that he thought it was a destroyer. Lt.Cdr. Francis now realized his mistake. Range was now only 300 to 400 yards. There was not enought time to dive and in a split second Lt.Cdr. Francis decided to turn towards the enemy in order to minimise the chance of being rammed by the enemy and to dive when the enemy had passed. When the ships met they passed only about 6 feet apart. The fore hydroplanes were turned out at the time and the port plane tore a very nasty hole in the destroyer's side before it snapped off. Proteus then dived to 180 feet.

0427 hours - Three muffled explosions were heard, most likely depth charges. The destroyers HE had stopped and as no depth charge attack developed it was thought that the destroyer must be bandly damaged by the encounter. Proteus was also damaged the foreplanes were out of action and Lt.Cdr. Francis decided in the evening to abandon the patrol and return to Alexandria for repairs.

[Sagittario was indeed damaged to her bow. Temporary repairs were made at the Bay of Guiscardo (Fiscardo, north Cephalonia), she remained there until 5 March when she sailed at for Samos (Sami in Cephalonia, not the island of Samos) where she arrived later the same day. She left Sami at on 7 March and arrived at Argostoli later the same day. she sailed from Argostoli 8 March for Patras.

Full repairs were carried out at Teodo (now called Tivat, Montenegro) from 11 March to 2 May when she sailed for Brindisi and the next day to Taranto. She was fully operation again by mid-June.]

13 Feb 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (10th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

26 Feb 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for Port Said.

27 Feb 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) arrived at Port Said where she was docked. As there is no log available for March 1942 the dates are not known to us at the moment.

9 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Port Said for Alexandria.

10 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for Port Said.

12 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for her 12th war patrol (11th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the west coast of Greece.

16 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) turned back towards Alexandria as her Commanding Officer had serious health problems for several days and they continued to deteriorate.

17 Mar 1942
As the commanding officers health had improved HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) resumed course towards her patrol area.

18 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) is ordered to patrol in the Gulf of Taranto by Capt. S.10 (Malta).

25 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) is ordered by Capt. S.1 to patrol in the Straits of Otranto.

26 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) is ordered by Capt. S.1 to patrol off the west coast of Albania and north-west coast of Greece.

27 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) attacked what is thought to be a naval auxiliary with three torpedoes north of Corfu. No hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -2)
0840 hours - When in position 40°04'N, 19°33'E sighted smoke bearing 087° coming from Palermo. It was then seen to move up the coast towards Valone. Set course to intercept.

0910 hours - The ship was identified as a 1000 tons naval auxiliary. Started attack.

0940 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 1000 yards. All missed and exploded on the beach beyond. No counter attack followed but as Palermo was nearby and A/S craft would most likely be sent to hunt the submarine Proteus retired to the westward.

28 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian troop transport Galilea (8040 GRT, built 1916) 9 nautical miles south-west of Antipaxo, Greece in position 39°04'N, 20°05'E.

(All times are zone -2)
2120 hours - When in position 38°55'N, 20°21'E sighted several dark objects bearing 200°, range 5 nautical miles. Turned stern on to inverstigate. The objects were indentified as a convoy made up of seven merchant vessels escorted by two or more destroyers. Due to moonlight a surface attack was out of the question.

2225 hours - Dived to attack.

2232 hours - Five ships could be seen through the periscope.

2242 hours - Fired two torpedoes at one of the merchant vessels from a range of about 2000 yards.

2243 hours - Fired four torpedoes at two of the merchant vessels that were overlapping. Ranges were 1000 and 2000 yards. Proteus then went deep. It is thought that two hits were obtained.

2253 hours - Three depth charges were dropped but they were not close. It is also thought that a ship was heard breaking up.

0040 hours/29 - On surfacing a merchant vessel was sighted stopped in the position of the attack, four nautical miles to the eastward. Proteus retired to the westward to charge the batteries and reload the torpedo tubes.

30 Mar 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Bosforo (3648 GRT, built 1929) off Sapienza, Greece in position 36°38'N, 21°15'E.

(All times are zone -2) 2034 hours - When in positon 36°25'N, 21°16'E sighted a merchant vessel and a destroyer besring 140°E. Range was 4.5 nautical miles. Started attack.

2120 hours - Dived to complete the attack from submerged.

2149 hours - Fired two stern torpedoes from 450 yards. Went deep on firing and started to retire to the westward. Two explosions were heard, both thought to be torpedo hits. After the second torpedo explosion another loud explosion was heard. It was hoped that something inside the merchant vessel blew up. HE of the target ceased immediately.

2155 hours - The first of five depth charges was dropped. None were close.

2230 hours - All HE had faded.

2315 hours - Surfaced about three nautical miles from the scene of the attack. Nothing in sight. Set course to return to Alexandria.

4 Apr 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) ended her 12th war patrol (11th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

11 Apr 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) was fumigated.

18 Apr 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for her 13th war patrol (12th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Ionian Sea and the west coast of Greece.

28 Apr 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) attacked an escorted merchant vessel with two torpedoes in the Ionian Sea. No hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -3)
2220 hours - In position 36°20'N, 18°21'E sighted three darkened ships bearing 165°, range was about 4.5 nautical miles. Turned stern on while investigating.

2224 hours - The ships were identified as a merchant vessel of about 3000 tons escorted by two destroyers.

2225 hours - Dived to attack.

2240 hours - Trim was lost. Proteus went to 60 feet.

2250 hours - Returned to periscope depth. A new attack set up was made.

2254 hours - Fired the first of two torpedoes but steering control was lost on firing this torpedo. Range was 3000 yards. Three minutes later a second torpedo was fired. Range was now 2000 yards. Both torpedoes missed.

2307 hours - A loud explosion was heard. This was possibly a depth charge but no counter attack developed.

2320 hours - Surfaced and set off in pursuit. Contact had not been regained by 0400/29 and the pursuit was then abandoned.

2 May 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) torpedoed and damaged the German merchant Otto Leonhardt (3682 GRT, built 1911) west of Lefkada, Greece in position 38°41'N, 20°34'E.

(All times are zone -3)
0740 hours - While in position 38°39'N, 20°22'E sighted smoke bearing 350°.

0822 hours - Masts and funnels of a convoy of two merchant vessels escorted by a destroyer and a trawler were sighted. They were approaching Cape Dukato on a mean course of 150°. Started attack.

0910 hours - Fired five torpedoes at the leading merchant vessel from about 2000 yards. The merchant vessel was heavily laden and of about 2500 yards. Went deep on firing and retired to the northward. Two torpedoes were heard to explode and these are thought to the hits.

0913 hours - Depth charging started. A total of 51 were dropped during the next 40 minues. The first 3 were very close.

1010 hours - Returned to periscope depth. The destroyer was seen to steam up and down in the area of the attack. Nothing else was in sight.

1230 hours - The destroyer could no longer be seen.

3 May 1942
At 1320 hours (zone -3) HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) was detected at periscope depth by an emeny aircraft and bombed. Two drops were dropped but they caused no damage. Position of the attack was to the north-west of Levkas Island.

5 May 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) sank the Greek sailing vessel KAL 95 / Evangelistria (21 GRT) in the Gulf of Kyparissa in position 37°29'N, 21°33'E.

(All times are zone -3)
1415 hours - In position 37°29'N, 21°33'E sighted the sail of a small schooner northward bound up the coast. Closed to investigate. She was seen to be heavily laden and of about 60 tons.

1545 hours - Surfaced. A burst of Bren gun fire across her bow made the crew abanon ship as was hoped.

1548 hours - Opened fire with the 4" gun from a range of 500 yards.

1553 hours - After having fired 12 rounds the schooner sank.

1555 hours - Dived and set course towards Alexandria.

10 May 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) ended her 13th war patrol (12th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

24 May 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for her 14th war patrol (13th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Gulf of Sirte. Later she patrolled in the central Mediterranean to provide cover during a convoy operation to Malta (Operation Vigorous).

30 May 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Bravo (1570 GRT, former Yugoslavian Junak, built 1921) west of Bengasi, Libya in position 32°21'N, 18°54'E.

(All times are zone -3)
0626 hours - When in position 31°51'N, 19°26'E sighted two dim objects through the periscope bearing 225°.

0630 hours - The ships were identified as two merchant vessels escorted by a destroyer. Started attack on the leading merchant vessel.

0722 hours - Fired three torpedoes on the second ship as the first ship had already passed. Range to the second ship was 3000 yards.

0724 hours - Heard one explosion of a torpedo hitting. This was followed by noises from a ship breaking up. Proteus meanwhile was at 180 feet and retired to the westward.

0728 hours - The counter attack commenced. A total of 20 depth charges was dropped but none were close. As the sea was very calm and aircraft were also patrolling the area Proteus remained deep until well clear of the area of the attack.

31 May 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Gino Allegri (6836 GRT, built 1941) west of Bengasi, Libya in position 32°28'N, 18°52'E.

(All times are zone -3)
0520 hours - When in position 32°28'N, 18°52'E sighted two darkened ships bearing 300°.

0522 hours - Turned tail on and dived. It had been decided to attack from submerged due to the bright moonlight.

0530 hours - Sighted the enemy through the periscope. The two ships were seen to be a merchant vessel escorted by a destroyer.

0541 hours - Fired two stern torpedoes from 1500 yards. Went deep on firing and retired to the north-west. The target was the merchant vessel, a modern ship of about 6000 tons.

0542 hours - Heard two loud explosions of torpedoes hitting.

0548 hours - Heard a very loud explosion of ammunition blowing up. Proteus was badly shaken and this caused some minor defects.

0620 hours - Returned to periscope depth. The destroyer was seen laying stopped in the position of the attack, 2 nautical miles off. The merchant was not seen. The area was covered by black smoke.

22 Jun 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) ended her 14th war patrol (13th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

30 Jun 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) departed Alexandria for Port Said.

1 Jul 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) arrived at Port Said.

6 Jul 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) was docked at Port Said.

7 Jul 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) was undocked.

17 Jul 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) departed Port Said for Beirut.

19 Jul 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) arrived at Beirut.

27 Jul 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) departed Beirut for her 15th war patrol (14th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Aegean. She was also to perform two special operations.

2 Aug 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN)

4 Aug 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) sank the Greek caiques SYR 267 / Marigula and VOL 239 / Panagia Kounistra with gunfire in the Gulf of Nauplion.

(All times are zone -3)
1715 hours - Sighted a caique coming from the northward. Shortly afterwards another caique was seen following the first one.

1933 hours - Surfaced in position 37°01'N, 23°10'E to engage with the 4" gun. A burst of Bren gun fire made the crew of the first caique abandon ship. The Greek crew immediately took to their small boat and pulled clear. The third round of 4" hit and a large number of men then appeared on the deck of caique coming from below. They jumped overboard. The caique was soon sunk. There was no time to identify the men in the water, as the second caique had to be chased, but they are thought to be soldiers [this was not the case, the caique was transporting Greek labourers].

1950 hours - Fired a round of 4" at the second caique from 3000 yards. Her crew abandoned her quickly. She was still under sail and was sailing away from Proteus quite fast but a lucky hit carried away her mast. Proteus then closed and sank the caique. In all a total of 50 rounds were expended on both caiques.

6 Aug 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) sank a Greek caique with gunfire west of the Doro Channel.

(All times are zone -3)
1830 hours - As no shipping had been sighted started to close a caique that was sighted earlier.

2050 hours - Surfaced and opened fire with the Bren gun from 800 yards. She then came towards while lowering sail. She was well laden with bales and boxes.

2107 hours - After the crew of the caique had abandoned ship she was sunk with 4" gunfire. 12 rounds were fired before the caique sank in position 37°52'N, 24°24'E.

7 Aug 1942
A busy day for HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.L. Alexander, RN).

First she sank the Greek caique PI 948 / Agios Georgios with gunfire west of Serifos, Greece.

Later Proteus torpedoed and sank the German merchant Wachtfels (8467 GRT) about 10 nautical miles north-west of Milos, Crete in position 36°55'N, 24°10'E.

And finally Proteus attacked an escorted tanker in almost the same position. A possible hit was obtained.

(All times are zone -3)
In position 37°14'N, 24°04'E sighted a dark object. Turned stern on while investigating. The object was identified as a caique. At the same moment contact was obtained on the same bearing by RD/F at a range of 3300 yards. Altered course to work round down moon. When range was 400 yards opened fire with a Bren Gun. The caique had a small boat and it was hoped the crew would abandon ship. They did not do so and fire was then opened with the 4" gun.

0355 hours - The caique sank quickly. The crew of the caique was seen to climb on the wreckage. The caique was thought to be of 60 tons. A total of 13 rounds had been used.

0405 hours - Proceeded. Set course for Anti-Milo.

------------------------------------------

0740 hours - In position 36°54'N, 24°05'E sighted a large merchant vessel bearing 150°, range 10 nautical miles. Started attack. This ship was soon seen to be part of a convoy.

0821 hours - Fired four torpedoes at the largest merchant vessel from 3300 yards. Two torpedo explosions were heard after the correct running time followed by breaking up noises 10 minutes later. Proteus had gone deep on firing. A counter attack was started in which 16 depth charges were dropped but these were not close at all.

0930 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Sighted the Armed Merchant Cruiser (part of the convoy) stopped in the position of the attack. She made off after 5 minutes.

1000 hours - Commenced reloading the torpedo tubes.

[Wachtfels was in convoy together with the Italian (German flagged) merchant vessel Cagliari (2568 GRT, built 1905, ex French, ex Belgian Egypte) and the Italian merchant vessel Pier Luigi (2571 GRT, built 1895) and the small Greek tanker (German controlled) Elli (390 GRT, built 1878). They were escorted by the Italian Armed Merchant Cruiser Barletta (1975 GRT, built 1931), two Italian torpedo boats and the German auxiliary submarine 11chaser UJ 2106.]

------------------------------------------

1040 hours - In position 36°52'N, 24°07'E sighted an aircraft. Shortly afterwards sighted a destroyer and a merchant ship on the same bearing (245°, 8 nautical miles). Started attack. The merchant vessel was soon seen to be a tanker of 8000-10000 tons.

1121 hours - Fired four torpedoes at the tanker from 5000 yards. One minute after firing heard an explosion. This is thought to be the aircraft bombing the tracks. It is thought that a possible hit wes obtained as one torpedo was heard to explode at more or less the correct running time. A counter attack was started by the destroyer in which 21 depth charges were counted, none were close though.

1200 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Sighted the tanker still fairly close to the position of firing. 4 or 5 aircraft were now patrolling the area. Went to 70 feet and attempted to close her but range increased gradually to the attempt was abandoned.

8 Aug 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) sank a small Greek caique with gunfire south of Naxos, Greece in position 36°49'N, 27°31'E.

(All times are zone -3)
1940 hours - Sighted a caique. Closed.

2030 hours - Surfaced at a range of 1000 yards. The crew of two needed no encouragement to abandon ship. Sank the 15 tons caique with 6 rounds of 4".

14 Aug 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) ended her 15th war patrol (14th in the Mediterranean) at Beirut. Proteus had returned three days early due to engine trouble.

13 Sep 1942
After repairs to engine defects had been made good, HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) departed Beirut for Malta. This was the first leg of the return trip to the U.K. where Proteus was to refit.

Before proceeding A/S exercises were carried out in the sanctuary.

22 Sep 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) arrived at Malta where she disembarked 38 tons of oil fuel, 13 Mk VIII submarine torpedoes, 5 aircraft torpedoes and various stores.

24 Sep 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) departed Malta for Gibraltar.

2 Oct 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) arrived at Gibraltar.

5 Oct 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) departed Gibraltar for the U.K.

7 Oct 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) was ordered, by signal, to patrol off Ferrol, Spain.

This makes the passage from Gibraltar to the U.K. her 15th war patrol.

19 Oct 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) ended her 15th war patrol at Plymouth.

24 Oct 1942
HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) was taken in hand for refit at the Devonport Dockyard at Plymouth. Her refit was completed in late May 1943.

13 Jun 1943
After two weeks in which trials were conducted off Plymouth, HMS Proteus (Lt. A.R. Profit, DSC, RN) departed Plymouth for Holy Loch. She was escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr. J.F. Drake, RNR).

15 Jun 1943
HMS Proteus (Lt. A.R. Profit, DSC, RN) arrived at Holy Loch. She was now assigned to training duties.

26 Sep 1943
HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) was docked at Rothesay.

29 Sep 1943
HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) was undocked.

15 Jan 1944
HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) was docked at Rothesay.

17 Jan 1944
HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) was undocked.

22 Feb 1944
HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) was docked at Rothesay.

24 Feb 1944
HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) was undocked.

16 May 1944
HMS Perseus (Lt. G.E.L.F. Edsell, RN) arrived at Ardrossan where she was prepared for shock trials.


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