Allied Warships

ORP Garland (H 37)

Destroyer of the G class

NavyThe Polish Navy
TypeDestroyer
ClassG 
PennantH 37 
Built byFairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. (Govan, Scotland) 
Ordered5 Mar 1934 
Laid down22 Aug 1934 
Launched24 Oct 1935 
Commissioned2 May 1940 
End service 
History

Loaned to the Polish navy on 2 May 1940, returned to the Royal Navy on 24 September 1946. On 14 November 1947 she was sold to the Royal Netherlands Navy to serve as a school ship.

 
Former nameHMS Garland

Commands listed for ORP Garland (H 37)

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CommanderFromTo
1Kpt. mar. Antoni Doroszkowski, ORP3 May 19407 Oct 1940
2Kmdr ppor. Konrad Franciszek Namiesniowski, ORP7 Oct 194020 Jan 1942
3Kmdr ppor. Henryk Eibel, ORP20 Jan 194217 Oct 1942
4Kpt. mar. Stanislaw Biskupski, ORP13 Nov 19425 Jan 1945
5Kpt. mar. Kazimierz Hess, ORP5 Jan 194522 Nov 1945

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Notable events involving Garland include:


2 May 1940
During repairs at La Valetta, Malta, Garland was manned by a Polish crew. Lt.Cdr. Doroszkowski became the first Polish commanding officer of this destroyer. (1)

18 May 1940
Garland left Malta with orders to proceed to Alexandria. (1)

30 Aug 1940
Garland and three British destroyers left Alexandria. They were ordered to return to England. (1)

3 Sep 1940
The four destroyers reached Malta for refuelling. They left the harbour a few hours later. (1)

4 Sep 1940
The destroyers were attacked by Italian aircraft. Near misses caused boiler damage on Garland. She stopped and became an easy target. However, the Italian bombs missed the Polish ship. Garland was towed away by a British destroyer. Then the crew managed to repair one boiler and steam to Gibraltar for further repairs. (1)

5 Sep 1940
The four allied destroyers arrived at Gibraltar. (1)

14 Sep 1940
After repairs Garland left Gibraltar and joined the escort of a convoy heading to England. (1)

15 Sep 1940
Lookouts on Garland spotted a surfaced submarine. The submarine dove instantly. Garland dropped 12 depth charges. Her crew observed oil stains on the surface. (1)

18 Sep 1940
Garland left the convoy she was escorting and joined the escort of another convoy (from Cape town to England). (1)

22 Sep 1940
Garland was attacked twice by German bombers, but suffered no damage. In the evening of that day, she arrived at Plymouth and became part of 5th Destroyer Flotilla. (1)

10 Oct 1940
The British cruisers HMS Newcastle (Capt. E.A. Aylmer, DSC, RN) and HMS Emerald (Capt. F.C. Flynn, RN), with the British destroyers HMS Broke (Cdr. B.G. Scurfield, RN) and HMS Wanderer (Cdr. J.H. Ruck-Keene, DSC, RN) of the 17th DF and the Polish destroyers Garland (Cdr. K. Namiesniowski, ORP) and Burza (Cdr. A. Doroszkowski, ORP) act as a screen to the British battleship HMS Revenge (Capt. E.R. Archer, RN) during a bombardment of Cherbourg.

30 Oct 1940
Garland (under command of Lt.Cdr. Namiesniowski) left Plymouth and joined the escort of a small convoy. (1)

3 Nov 1940
Garland was ordered to find the damaged Windsor Castle. Unfortunately, the searching was unsuccessful. (1)

5 Nov 1940
Garland was ordered to join a large convoy from the USA to the Clyde. Lt.Cdr. Namiesniowski took command of the convoy escort. This convoy reached the Clyde on the 8th. (1)

8 Nov 1940
Garland formed part of the escort of a convoy heading to the USA. (1)

15 Nov 1940
When the Convoy reached 20°W, the escort turned back to England. Due to a heavy storm, Garland took some damage and lost two men (Chief mechanic, Lt.Cdr. Gierzod and Chief of the ASW weapons, Petty Officer Stasiewicz) overboard. (1)

17 Nov 1940
Garland arrived at Greenock. (1)

3 Dec 1940
The commanding officer of Garland became the escort commander of a convoy heading to the USA. A heavy storm scattered the convoy. Only tiny group of ships stayed together. Despite damaged caused by waves, Garland accompanied them for 5 days. (1)

23 Jan 1941
The Polish destroyer Garland and the Free French destroyer L?opard composed the escort of a large troop ship heading to Canada. (1)

25 Jan 1941
Due to fuel shortage, L?opard left the group and turned back. (1)

26 Jan 1941
Garland and the troop ship reached 28°W. The Polish destroyer left the ship and turned back to Greenock. (1)

8 Feb 1941
The Polish destroyers Garland and Piorun formed part of the escort of a convoy bound for Canada / USA. (1)

12 Feb 1941
The Polish destroyers Piorun, Garland and the British destroyer HMS Legion conduct an offensive patrol against enemy submarines. However, no U-boat was encountered. (1)

17 Feb 1941
Garland and Piorun were once again part of the Escort for a convoy. (1)

20 Feb 1941
The Polish destroyers Garland and Piorun were ordered to leave a convoy they were escorting and provide escort for two troop ships returning to England. (1)

5 Apr 1941
The British battleship HMS Resolution and the Polish destroyers Garland and Piorun escorted troop ships to Hvalfjord, Iceland. They arrived in Iceland on the 9th. (1)

10 Apr 1941
Garland left Hvalfjord and served as escort for the British battleship HMS Resolution and the British Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Derbyshire on their route to Canada. (1)

14 Apr 1941
HMS Rodney, HMS Legion, Piorun and Garland composed the escort of two troop ships heading from Iceland to the Clyde. (1)

2 Sep 1941
The Polish destroyers Piorun and Garland depart from Liverpool to conduct a ASW patrol.

3 Sep 1941
The Polish destroyers Piorun and Garland are ordered to pick up the survivors from the British merchant Fort Richepanche that was torpedoed that day by German U-boat U-567 some 450 miles southwest of Bloody Foreland in position 52°15'N, 21°10'W. Ten crew members, five gunners and seven passengers were picked up by the Polish destroyers on 4 September and landed at Greenock on 5 September.

17 Oct 1941
The Polish destroyers Piorun and Garland depart from Gourock as part of the escort of a convoy to Canada.

24 Oct 1941
The Polish destroyers Piorun and Garland were detached from convoy they are escorting in order to reach St. John's, Canada for refuelling. Five and half hours after they reach the harbour they depart from again and head back to the convoy.

26 Oct 1941
The Polish destroyers Piorun and Garland reach Halifax, Canada with the convoy they are escorting.

4 Nov 1941
The Polish destroyers Piorun and Garland depart from Halifax, Canada as part of the escort for a convoy to the Clyde.

12 Nov 1941
The Polish destroyers Piorun and Garland enter Greenock harbour.

21 May 1942
ORP Garland joins an escort of convoy PQ-16 from Iceland to Murmansk (Russia). From May 25th to May 28, ORP Garland participated in defence of the convoy against numerous attacks of the Luftwaffe. On May 28, she was released from escort duty and sent to Murmansk due to numerous damaged and loss of 22 dead and 46 wounded seamen and officers. (1)

18 Sep 1944
On 18 September 1944 on 7pm, a lookout on ORP Garland spotted an enemy U-boat. The U-boat was promptly attacked, but without any result. Later four British destroyers, HMS Troubridge, HMS Terpsichore, HMS Brecon and HMS Zetland, joined the Polish destroyer and started the hunting which lasted for 10 hours. On 6am the following day the U-boat surfaced and was spotted again by the Polish destroyer, this time the attack, 10 depth-charges, was deadly. German U-boat U-407 was sunk. The survivors were picked up by Garland as war prisoners. (1)

19 Sep 1944
German U-boat U-407 was sunk in the Mediterranean south of Milos, in position 36°27'N, 24°33'E, by depth charges from the British destroyers HMS Troubridge and HMS Terpsichore and the Polish destroyer ORP Garland.

Media links


Destroyers of World War Two

Whitley, M. J.

Sources

  1. Personal communication

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