SC-94Sydney CB to UK (North Atlantic)
5 Aug 1942 - 10 Aug 1942
|The Convoy||36 ships|
|First sighting||On 5 Aug 1942 by U-593|
|Escorts||The Canadian escort group C1 consisting of the destroyer Assiniboine and the corvettes Chilliwack and Orillia and the three British corvettes Nasturtium, Dianthus and Primrose (Lt Cdr Ayer).|
The wolfpack Steinbrinck of 8 boats:
U-71 (Oblt von Roithberg), U-210 (Korvkpt Lemcke) ++, U-379 (Kptlt Kettner) * ++, U-454 (Kptlt Hackländer), U-593 (Kptlt Kelbling) *, U-597 (Kptlt Bopst) *, U-607 (Kptlt Mengersen) *, U-704 (Kptlt Kessler) * Newly arrived outbound boats:
U-174 (Fregkpt Thilo) *, U-176 (Korvkpt Dierksen) *, U-254 (Kptlt Gilardone) *, U-256 (Kptlt Odo Loewe) *, U-438 (Kptlt Franzius) *, U-595 (Kptlt Quaet-Faslem) *, U-605 (Kptlt Schütze) *, U-660 (Kptlt Baur) *, U-705 (Kptlt Horn),
* U-boats that fired torpedo or used the deck gun
The convoy is sighted by U-593 when a group of 6 ships with 2 escorts has romped from the convoy due to the fog. U-593 attacks at once this small group and sinks one ship. U-593 is the driven off together with U-595.
From 7 Aug on, the outbound boats U-174, U-176, U-256, U-438, U-660 and U-705 reinforce the wolfpack. Until mid-day of the 8th all attacks from U-597, U-605, U-607, U-660 and U-704 fail or miss. Then U-176 and U-379 attack almost at the same time and sink three and two ships respectively. Confronted with the first serious attacks since nearly a year on the North Atlantic route, some complements on the merchant ships are panicking. Three ships are abandoned without reason and one of them is sunk by the U-176.
The escort is reinforced with the Polish destroyer Blyskawica and the British destroyer Broke and strikes back : the Dianthus sinks U-379. The destroyers are equipped with HF/DF and all night long the escorts make offensive sweeps towards contact and manage to keep the boats at bay. Only U-595 and U-607 fire at the escort and the convoy but both miss.
Towards morning all escorts except the Primrose are behind the convoy sitting on a U-boat contact but fortunately for the convoy it leaves now the black pit and air escort from Sqdn 120 is provided.
During day of the 9th U-174, U-254, U-256 and U-704 and in the morning of the 10th U-597 manage to fire at the convoy but no hits are secured. On mid-day the air escort temporarily drops out and since most of the escort are still chasing contacts on the rear, U-438 and U-660 can move in quickly and sink three and one ship respectively.
Article compiled by Tom Linclau
Ships hit from convoy SC-94
|Date||U-boat||Commander||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.|
|5 Aug 1942||U-593||Gerd Kelbling||Spar||3,616||nl|
|8 Aug 1942||U-379||Paul-Hugo Kettner||Anneberg||2,537||br|
|8 Aug 1942||U-379||Paul-Hugo Kettner||Kaimoku||6,367||am|
|8 Aug 1942||U-176||Reiner Dierksen||Kelso||3,956||br|
|8 Aug 1942||U-176||Reiner Dierksen||Mount Kassion||7,914||gr|
|8 Aug 1942||U-176||Reiner Dierksen||Trehata||4,817||br|
|9 Aug 1942||U-176||Reiner Dierksen||Radchurch||3,701||br|
|10 Aug 1942||U-660||Götz Baur||Condylis (d.)||4,439||gr|
|10 Aug 1942||U-438||Rudolf Franzius||Condylis||4,439||gr|
|10 Aug 1942||U-660||Götz Baur||Cape Race||3,807||br|
|10 Aug 1942||U-660||Götz Baur||Empire Reindeer||6,259||br|
|10 Aug 1942||U-660||Götz Baur||Oregon (d.)||6,008||br|
|10 Aug 1942||U-438||Rudolf Franzius||Oregon||6,008||br|
11 ships sunk (53,421 tons) and 2 ships damaged (10,447 tons).