UC-1UK to Curaçao (Central Atlantic and North Atlantic)
22 Feb 1943 - 25 Feb 1943
|The Convoy||33 ships|
|First sighting||On 22 Feb 1943 by U-522|
|Escorts||The British escort group 44 (Cdr Durnford-Slater) consisting of the sloops Weston, Folkestone, Gorleston and Totland and the frigates Exe and Ness An American support Group consisting of the 4 destroyers Charles F. Hughes, Hilary P. Jones, Madison and Landsdowne|
The wolfpack Rochen of 8 boats U-43 (Oblt. Schwantke), U-66 (Kptlt. Markworth) *, U-87 (Kptlt. Berger), U-202 (Kptlt. Poser) *, U-218 (Kptlt. Becker), U-504 (Kptlt. Luis) *, U-521 (Kptlt. Bargsten) *, U-558 (Kptlt. Krech) * Also: U-382 (Kptlt. Juli) *, U-522 (Kptlt. Schneider) *, U-569 (Oblt. Johannsen) *
* U-boats that fired torpedo or used the deck gun
On the sighting report of U-522, The gruppe Rochen and U-382 and U-569 are deployed. U-522 attacks in the morning of the 23th and sinks one tanker. She is however sunk in the counterattack by the Totland. In the evening U-382 damages one ship and U-202 sinks one and damages two in the night. U-558 sinks one of the ships damaged by U-202. U-504 and U-569 attack without success. In the next night U-66 and U-521 attack, but also without success. U-66 and U-107 sink one independent ship each. In these attacks, the T-4 Falke acoustic torpedo is tried out for the first time. It proved to be effective, but only against slow and big targets. It was not the 'Zerstörerknacker' the U-boats were waiting for. The losses sustained in this convoy, made the Americans decide to take over the control and escort for these so-called 'Greyhound' convoys. These were special emergency tanker convoys straight from the Caribbean to England.
Article compiled by Tom Linclau
Ships hit from convoy UC-1
|Date||U-boat||Commander||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.|
|23 Feb 1943||U-522||Herbert Schneider||Athelprincess||8,882||br|
|23 Feb 1943||U-382||Herbert Juli||Empire Norseman (d.)||9,811||br|
|23 Feb 1943||U-202||Günter Poser||Murena (d.)||8,252||nl|
|23 Feb 1943||U-202||Günter Poser||British Fortitude (d.)||8,482||br|
|23 Feb 1943||U-202||Günter Poser||Empire Norseman (d.)||9,811||br|
|23 Feb 1943||U-202||Günter Poser||Esso Baton Rouge||7,989||am|
|23 Feb 1943||U-558||Günther Krech||Empire Norseman||9,811||br|
3 ships sunk (26,682 tons) and 4 ships damaged (36,356 tons).
This was the only convoy on route UC hit by U-boats in the war.