Kapitänleutnant (Crew 30)
2 ships sunk, total tonnage 4,669 GRT
|Born||27 Jul 1912||Bochum|
|Died||19 Jan 1982||(69)|
|U-2340||16 Oct 1944||30 Mar 1945||No war patrols|
|U-2336||1 Apr 1945||14 May 1945||1 patrol (14 days)|
Emil Klusmeier joined the German Navy (Reichsmarine) in 1930. He served as ObStrm and Watch Officer on U-boats from Oct 1937 to Sept 1940 including on the U-5 from 1938-39.
From Oct 1940 to Dec 1943 Emil Klusmeier served on the BdU Operations staff. He went through specialized courses from Jan to April 1944 and then went to U-963 (Oblt. Karl Boddenberg) for his U-boat Commander sea training. They only went out on one 3 day patrol as the D Day landings took place at this time.
Leaving the boat in July 1944 Klusmeier began his U-boat familiarization (Baubelehrung) with the new small Elektro boats of type XXIII. He then took command of the new U-2340 on 16 Oct 1944 and began his workup training in the Baltic width the 32nd flotilla.
On 30 March 1945 his U-2340 was destroyed during British bombing raid on Hamburg (Niestlé, 1998). The next day he took command of its sister boat, the U-2336, from Oblt. Jürgen Vockel who died in the same raid (Busch & Röll, 1999).
Operations with his Type XXIII boat
Klusmeier sailed from Kiel, Germany on 18 April 1945 and arrived at Larvik 5 days later. From there he sailed on 1 May for its first operational patrol. On 7 May 1945 Emil Klusmeir's U-2336 torpedoed the last ships of the war when he sank the Avondale Park and Sneland near May Island in the Firth of Fort in Scotland. He then headed home and arrived at Kiel for surrender on 14 May.
After the surrender Kptlt. Emil Klusmeier was detained for a short while, being released in July 1945.
Emil Klusmeier helped design and write the battle instructions for the new type XXIII elektro boats. He then volunteered for command to test his ideas in action.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.
Patrol info for Emil Klusmeier
|1.||U-2336||18 Apr 1945||Kiel||23 Apr 1945||Larvik||6 days|
|2.||U-2336||1 May 1945||Larvik||14 May 1945||Kiel, Germany||Patrol 1,||14 days|
Ships hit by Emil Klusmeier
|Date||U-boat||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|7 May 1945||U-2336||Avondale Park||2,878||ca||EN-591|
|7 May 1945||U-2336||Sneland I||1,791||nw||EN-591|
2 ships sunk (4,669 tons).