Events on this day

1 March

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This is a run-down from several databases on our site. It's meant to give a clear picture of events on this date, all year round.

U-boat Shipyard report

Ordered (0) Laid down (5) Launched (8) Commissioned (6)
No U-boat orders on this date1936: U-31
1940: U-118
1941: U-766
1943: U-299
1945: U-4710
1941: U-161, U-162
1942: U-758
1944: U-907, U-1017, U-1018
1945: U-3044, U-4712
1943: U-842
1944: U-873, U-1170, U-1274
1945: U-2541, U-3035
These are commissioned boats. For more see our Shipyard pages.

Allied Ships hit on this date

 U-boatCommanderName of shipTonsCountryConvoy
 U-20Klot-HeydenfeldtMirella 5,340   it
 U-552ToppCadillac 12,062   brHX-109
 U-158RostinFinnanger 9,551   nwONS-67
 U-436SeibickeRT-19 Komintern 577   sj
 U-588VogelCarperby 4,890   brON-66
 U-518WissmannFitz-John Porter 7,176   amBT-6
 U-358MankeHMS Gould (K 476) 1,192   br
 U-66SeehausenSaint Louis 5,202   fr
* Unless otherwise noted the ships listed here were sunk. (d) = damaged

See all Allied ships hit by U-boats during WWII.

Attacks on this day


U-656. The sinking of U-656
The boat was bombed and sunk by a PBO-1 Hudson (VP-82 USN, pilot Ens William Tepuni, USNR) on an anti-submarine sweep from Argentia, south of Cape Race, Newfoundland. The PBO-1 Hudsons were 20 Hudson Mk.IIIAs diverted from Lend-Lease to equip USN Sqdn VP-82, which sank the first two U-boats by US forces; U-656 on 1 March and U-503 on 15 March 1942.


U-223. At 12.42 hours, the boat was attacked by the British Fortress Mk.II FL463 (59 Sqdn RAF/D, pilot F/O N. Barson) in the North Atlantic. AA fire hit the aircraft during the attack run and the seven depth charges overshot. U-223 then crash-dived and escaped with only light damage. The Fortress had been more badly hit, but made it back to base. (Franks/Zimmerman)


U-703. During an air attack the boat suffered 3 dead and 3 wounded. The damaged boat reached Narvik, Norway two days later. [Funkobermaat Paul Kretschmar (died on 7 March), Bootsmaat Erich Junker Maschinengefreiter Heinz Schade].

U-boats lost

1942: U-656 +
1944: U-358 , U-603 +, U-709 +

198 men died when those 4 U-boats were lost on this date. 1 men survived.

Survivors from U-boats almost always landed in allied captivity.
U-boats marked with + were lost with all hands.

- For more information on U-boat losses check out our Fates section.

U-boat Men Lost or Wounded

There were no men lost from U-boats on this date, 1 March.

- For more information on Men lost from U-boats check out this page.

Personnel Information

The following men were born on this day:
Horst Dieterichs (1912), Friedrich Huisgen (1915), Bernhard Knieper (1911), Friedrich-Wilhelm Marienfeld (1920).

The following men died on this day:
Hans-Joachim Bertelsmann (1944), Kurt Diggins (2007), Hans Götze (1993), Rudolf Ites (1944), Hermann Kaiser (1991), Ernst Kröning (1942), Rolf Manke (1944), Günter Strauch (1991).

See the entire U-boat commander listing showing all U-boat commanders.
We might include more officers (Allied and Axis) at a later date.

U-boat departures and arrivals on 1 March

This section shows the U-boat departures and arrivals from bases on this day of the year. Current country names shown with harbour names. Boats entering port display days at sea during that patrol.


U-boats entering base:
To Kiel, Germany: U-61 (2 days)
To Wilhelmshaven, Germany: U-26 (33 days), U-46 (2 days)


U-boats entering base:
To Lorient, France: U-69 (20 days), U-107 (37 days)


From Brest, France: U-202
From Helgoland, Germany: U-160, U-403
From Kirkenes: U-134
From La Pallice: U-373

U-boats entering base:
To Lorient, France: U-103 (58 days), U-154 (23 days)
To Salamis, Greece: U-652 (9 days)
To St. Nazaire, France: U-136 (31 days)


From La Pallice: U-258 (lost 81 days later), U-444 (lost 11 days later)
From La Spezia, Italy: U-83 (lost 4 days later)

U-boats entering base:
To Bergen, Norway: U-212 (2 days), U-586 (5 days)
To Narvik, Norway: U-251 (16 days)


From Hammerfest, Norway: U-425, U-716, U-737
From Trondheim, Norway: U-973 (lost 6 days later)

U-boats entering base:
To Narvik, Norway: U-362 (2 days)
To Sevastopol U-20 (9 days)


From Kiel, Germany: U-321, U-774
From Narvik, Norway: U-668

U-boats entering base:
To Kristiansand U-242 (2 days)
To Marviken U-1024 (2 days)

U-boats at sea on 1 March

Boats entering port on this day are not counted, but boats departing for patrol are. (+) indicates the boat was lost during this patrol.


U-17, U-20, U-28, U-29, U-32, U-38, U-49, U-50, U-52, U-62.
10 boats at sea.


U-37, U-46, U-47 (+), U-70 (+), U-73, U-95, U-97, U-99 (+), U-105, U-106, U-108, U-124, U-147, U-552, UA.
15 boats at sea.


U-67, U-68, U-69, U-71, U-81, U-87, U-94, U-96, U-105, U-107, U-108, U-124, U-126, U-128, U-129, U-134, U-135, U-155, U-156, U-158, U-160, U-161, U-162, U-202, U-213, U-332, U-373, U-403, U-404, U-432, U-436, U-454, U-456, U-502, U-503 (+), U-504, U-505, U-553, U-558, U-564, U-565, U-566, U-569, U-573, U-578, U-584, U-587 (+), U-588, U-589, U-653, U-701, U-752, U-753.
53 boats at sea.


U-9, U-43, U-66, U-68, U-83 (+), U-84, U-86, U-87 (+), U-89, U-91, U-92, U-103, U-106, U-107, U-119, U-130 (+), U-135, U-155, U-156 (+), U-160, U-167 (+), U-172, U-180, U-182 (+), U-183, U-185, U-186, U-190, U-202, U-218, U-221, U-223, U-226, U-228, U-229, U-230, U-255, U-258, U-258 (+), U-264, U-303, U-305, U-306, U-332, U-338, U-355, U-358, U-359, U-371, U-373, U-375, U-376, U-377, U-382, U-383, U-403, U-405, U-406, U-409, U-410, U-432, U-435, U-437, U-439, U-440, U-441, U-444 (+), U-445, U-447, U-448, U-454, U-458, U-459, U-460, U-461, U-462, U-468, U-504, U-506, U-508, U-509, U-510, U-511, U-513, U-515, U-516, U-518, U-521, U-523, U-525, U-526 (+), U-527, U-530, U-558, U-565, U-566, U-569, U-590, U-591, U-593, U-596, U-600, U-602, U-603, U-604, U-607, U-608, U-615, U-616, U-618, U-621, U-622, U-628, U-629, U-633 (+), U-634, U-638, U-641, U-642, U-653, U-657, U-659, U-664, U-665 (+), U-666, U-707, U-709, U-753, U-757, U-758, U-759.
131 boats at sea.


U-19, U-66 (+), U-123, U-154, U-168, U-170, U-178, U-183, U-188, U-212, U-214, U-218, U-255, U-256, U-262, U-267, U-281, U-288, U-307, U-315, U-333, U-361, U-392 (+), U-407, U-413, U-421, U-437, U-441, U-448 (+), U-450 (+), U-455 (+), U-472 (+), U-488 (+), U-510, U-518, U-532, U-539, U-541, U-546, U-549, U-550 (+), U-552, U-565, U-575 (+), U-596, U-608, U-616, U-618, U-621, U-625 (+), U-650, U-672, U-703, U-716, U-737, U-739, U-741, U-744 (+), U-764, U-801 (+), U-802, U-843, U-845 (+), U-846, U-851 (+), U-852 (+), U-856 (+), U-952, U-956, U-957, U-959, U-962 (+), U-963, U-973 (+), U-985, U-986 (+), U-989, U-1059 (+), U-1061, U-1062, UIT-22 (+), UIT-24.
82 boats at sea.


U-190, U-195, U-244, U-246 (+), U-260 (+), U-275 (+), U-296 (+), U-299, U-310, U-315, U-318, U-321, U-370, U-399 (+), U-475, U-483, U-510, U-532, U-668, U-681 (+), U-722 (+), U-773, U-775, U-843, U-853 (+), U-857 (+), U-861, U-866 (+), U-878, U-879 (+), U-907, U-953, U-963, U-978, U-995, U-1002, U-1003 (+), U-1004, U-1005, U-1017, U-1019, U-1021 (+), U-1022, U-1058, U-1064, U-1104, U-1169 (+), U-1195 (+), U-1203, U-1233, U-1302 (+), U-2322.
52 boats at sea.

General Events on 1 March


Convoy RA 64 arrived at the Clyde.


Add more events! - If you know of an interesting event that happened on this day that's missing, or an upcoming event that you'd like to share, please contact us. We already have 756 entries that will appear in due course, so your suggestion may not appear immediately, but we are continuously updating the database.

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