Events on this day

1 March

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This is a run-down from several databases on our site. It's meant to give a clear picture of events on this date, all year round.

U-boat Shipyard report

Ordered (0) Laid down (5) Launched (8) Commissioned (6)
No U-boat orders on this date1936: U-31
1940: U-118
1941: U-766
1943: U-299
1945: U-4710
1941: U-161, U-162
1942: U-758
1944: U-907, U-1017, U-1018
1945: U-3044, U-4712
1943: U-842
1944: U-873, U-1170, U-1274
1945: U-2541, U-3035
These are commissioned boats. For more see our Shipyard pages.

Allied Ships hit on this date


 U-boatCommanderName of shipTonsCountryConvoy
1940 
 U-20Klot-HeydenfeldtMirella 5,340   it
1941 
 U-552ToppCadillac 12,062   brHX-109
1942 
 U-158RostinFinnanger 9,551   nwONS-67
 U-436SeibickeRT-19 Komintern 577   sj
 U-588VogelCarperby 4,890   brON-66
1943 
 U-518WissmannFitz-John Porter 7,176   amBT-6
1944 
 U-358MankeHMS Gould (K 476) 1,192   br
 U-66SeehausenSaint Louis 5,202   fr
 45,990
* Unless otherwise noted the ships listed here were sunk. (d) = damaged

See all Allied ships hit by U-boats during WWII.

Attacks on this day

1942

U-656. The sinking of U-656
The boat was bombed and sunk by a PBO-1 Hudson (VP-82 USN, pilot Ens William Tepuni, USNR) on an anti-submarine sweep from Argentia, south of Cape Race, Newfoundland. The PBO-1 Hudsons were 20 Hudson Mk.IIIAs diverted from Lend-Lease to equip USN Sqdn VP-82, which sank the first two U-boats by US forces; U-656 on 1 March and U-503 on 15 March 1942.

1943

U-223. At 12.42 hours, the boat was attacked by the British Fortress Mk.II FL463 (59 Sqdn RAF/D, pilot F/O N. Barson) in the North Atlantic. AA fire hit the aircraft during the attack run and the seven depth charges overshot. U-223 then crash-dived and escaped with only light damage. The Fortress had been more badly hit, but made it back to base. (Franks/Zimmerman)

1944

U-703. During an air attack the boat suffered 3 dead and 3 wounded. The damaged boat reached Narvik, Norway two days later. [Funkobermaat Paul Kretschmar (died on 7 March), Bootsmaat Erich Junker Maschinengefreiter Heinz Schade].


U-boats lost


1942: U-656 +
1944: U-358 , U-603 +, U-709 +

198 men died when those 4 U-boats were lost on this date. 1 men survived.

Survivors from U-boats almost always landed in allied captivity.
U-boats marked with + were lost with all hands.

- For more information on U-boat losses check out our Fates section.


U-boat Men Lost or Wounded

There were no men lost from U-boats on this date, 1 March.

- For more information on Men lost from U-boats check out this page.


Personnel Information

The following men were born on this day:
Horst Dieterichs (1912), Friedrich Huisgen (1915), Bernhard Knieper (1911), Friedrich-Wilhelm Marienfeld (1920).

The following men died on this day:
Hans-Joachim Bertelsmann (1944), Kurt Diggins (2007), Hans Götze (1993), Rudolf Ites (1944), Hermann Kaiser (1991), Ernst Kröning (1942), Rolf Manke (1944), Günter Strauch (1991).

See the entire U-boat commander listing showing all U-boat commanders.
We might include more officers (Allied and Axis) at a later date.


U-boat departures and arrivals on 1 March

This section shows the U-boat departures and arrivals from bases on this day of the year. Current country names shown with harbour names. Boats entering port display days at sea during that patrol.


1940



U-boats entering base:
To Kiel, Germany: U-61 (2 days)
To Wilhelmshaven, Germany: U-26 (33 days), U-46 (2 days)


1941



U-boats entering base:
To Lorient, France: U-69 (20 days), U-107 (37 days)


1942


Sailed:
From Brest, France: U-202
From Helgoland, Germany: U-160, U-403
From Kirkenes: U-134
From La Pallice: U-373

U-boats entering base:
To Lorient, France: U-103 (58 days), U-154 (23 days)
To Salamis, Greece: U-652 (9 days)
To St. Nazaire, France: U-136 (31 days)


1943


Sailed:
From La Pallice: U-258 (lost 81 days later), U-444 (lost 11 days later)
From La Spezia, Italy: U-83 (lost 4 days later)

U-boats entering base:
To Bergen, Norway: U-212 (2 days), U-586 (5 days)
To Narvik, Norway: U-251 (16 days)


1944


Sailed:
From Hammerfest, Norway: U-425, U-716, U-737
From Trondheim, Norway: U-973 (lost 6 days later)

U-boats entering base:
To Narvik, Norway: U-362 (2 days)
To Sevastopol U-20 (9 days)


1945


Sailed:
From Kiel, Germany: U-321, U-774
From Narvik, Norway: U-668

U-boats entering base:
To Kristiansand U-242 (2 days)
To Marviken U-1024 (2 days)


U-boats at sea on 1 March

Boats entering port on this day are not counted, but boats departing for patrol are. (+) indicates the boat was lost during this patrol.

1940

U-17, U-20, U-28, U-29, U-32, U-38, U-49, U-50, U-52, U-62.
10 boats at sea.

1941

U-37, U-46, U-47 (+), U-70 (+), U-73, U-95, U-97, U-99 (+), U-105, U-106, U-108, U-124, U-147, U-552, UA.
15 boats at sea.

1942

U-67, U-68, U-69, U-71, U-81, U-87, U-94, U-96, U-105, U-107, U-108, U-124, U-126, U-128, U-129, U-134, U-135, U-155, U-156, U-158, U-160, U-161, U-162, U-202, U-213, U-332, U-373, U-403, U-404, U-432, U-436, U-454, U-456, U-502, U-503 (+), U-504, U-505, U-553, U-558, U-564, U-565, U-566, U-569, U-573, U-578, U-584, U-587 (+), U-588, U-589, U-653, U-701, U-752, U-753.
53 boats at sea.

1943

U-9, U-43, U-66, U-68, U-83 (+), U-84, U-86, U-87 (+), U-89, U-91, U-92, U-103, U-106, U-107, U-119, U-130 (+), U-135, U-155, U-156 (+), U-160, U-167 (+), U-172, U-180, U-182 (+), U-183, U-185, U-186, U-190, U-202, U-218, U-221, U-223, U-226, U-228, U-229, U-230, U-255, U-258, U-258 (+), U-264, U-303, U-305, U-306, U-332, U-338, U-355, U-358, U-359, U-371, U-373, U-375, U-376, U-377, U-382, U-383, U-403, U-405, U-406, U-409, U-410, U-432, U-435, U-437, U-439, U-440, U-441, U-444 (+), U-445, U-447, U-448, U-454, U-458, U-459, U-460, U-461, U-462, U-468, U-504, U-506, U-508, U-509, U-510, U-511, U-513, U-515, U-516, U-518, U-521, U-523, U-525, U-526 (+), U-527, U-530, U-558, U-565, U-566, U-569, U-590, U-591, U-593, U-596, U-600, U-602, U-603, U-604, U-607, U-608, U-615, U-616, U-618, U-621, U-622, U-628, U-629, U-633 (+), U-634, U-638, U-641, U-642, U-653, U-657, U-659, U-664, U-665 (+), U-666, U-707, U-709, U-753, U-757, U-758, U-759.
131 boats at sea.

1944

U-19, U-66 (+), U-123, U-154, U-168, U-170, U-178, U-183, U-188, U-212, U-214, U-218, U-255, U-256, U-262, U-267, U-281, U-288, U-307, U-315, U-333, U-361, U-392 (+), U-407, U-413, U-421, U-437, U-441, U-448 (+), U-450 (+), U-455 (+), U-472 (+), U-488 (+), U-510, U-518, U-532, U-539, U-541, U-546, U-549, U-550 (+), U-552, U-565, U-575 (+), U-596, U-608, U-616, U-618, U-621, U-625 (+), U-650, U-672, U-703, U-716, U-737, U-739, U-741, U-744 (+), U-764, U-801 (+), U-802, U-843, U-845 (+), U-846, U-851 (+), U-852 (+), U-856 (+), U-952, U-956, U-957, U-959, U-962 (+), U-963, U-973 (+), U-985, U-986 (+), U-989, U-1059 (+), U-1061, U-1062, UIT-22 (+), UIT-24.
82 boats at sea.

1945

U-190, U-195, U-244, U-246 (+), U-260 (+), U-275 (+), U-296 (+), U-299, U-310, U-315, U-318, U-321, U-370, U-399 (+), U-475, U-483, U-510, U-532, U-668, U-681 (+), U-722 (+), U-773, U-775, U-843, U-853 (+), U-857 (+), U-861, U-866 (+), U-878, U-879 (+), U-907, U-953, U-963, U-978, U-995, U-1002, U-1003 (+), U-1004, U-1005, U-1017, U-1019, U-1021 (+), U-1022, U-1058, U-1064, U-1104, U-1169 (+), U-1195 (+), U-1203, U-1233, U-1302 (+), U-2322.
52 boats at sea.


General Events on 1 March

1945

Convoy RA 64 arrived at the Clyde.

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