List of all U-boats

U-255

Type

VIIC

 
Ordered23 Sep 1939
Laid down21 Dec 1940 Bremer Vulkan-Vegesacker Werft, Bremen-Vegesack (werk 20)
Launched8 Oct 1941
Commissioned29 Nov 1941Kptlt. Reinhart Reche (Knights Cross)
Commanders
29 Nov 1941 - 6 Jun 1943  Kptlt. Reinhart Reche (Knights Cross)
7 Jun 1943 - Aug, 1944  Oblt. Erich Harms
2 Mar 1945 - 17 May 1945  Oblt. Helmuth Heinrich
Career
15 patrols
29 Nov 1941-30 Jun 1942  8. Flottille (training)
1 Jul 1942-31 May 1943  11. Flottille (active service)
1 Jun 1943-30 Nov 1943  13. Flottille (active service)
1 Dec 1943-1 Sep 1944  7. Flottille (active service)
1 Mar 1945-8 May 1945  13. Flottille (-)
Successes10 ships sunk, total tonnage 47,640 GRT
1 warship sunk, total tonnage 1,200 tons
1 ship a total loss, total tonnage 7,191 GRT
Fate

Surrendered at Loch Eriboll, Scotland on 17 May 1945 (Waller & Niestlé, 2010).

Transferred to Loch Ryan on 14 May 1945 for Operation Deadlight.

Operation Deadlight (post-war Allied operation, info)
Sunk on 13 Dec 1945 in position 55.50N, 10.05W.

Final location

Blue marker shows final fate during Operation Deadlight. Orange marker shows German surrender.

See the 12 ships hit by U-255 - View the 15 war patrols

Wolfpack operations

U-255 operated with the following Wolfpacks during its career:
   Eisteufel (1 Jul 1942 - 12 Jul 1942)
   Nebelkönig (7 Aug 1942 - 9 Aug 1942)
   Nordwind (24 Jan 1943 - 4 Feb 1943)
   Taifun (2 Apr 1943 - 4 Apr 1943)
   Eisbär (4 Apr 1943 - 15 Apr 1943)
   Preussen (9 Mar 1944 - 22 Mar 1944)

Attacks on this boat and other events

23 Sep 1942
The U-boat was attacked by a Catalina flying boat (RAF Sqdn 210/U, F/Sgt J.W. Semmons) south of Jan Mayen Island. She had to return to base after being heavily damaged by two depth charges.

10 Mar 1944
The boat located a big tanker convoy, CU 16, and went in for the attack. She was herself attacked by surface escorts but managed to sink the escort HMS Leopold. U-255 escaped after being hunted for three hours. (Sources: Blair, vol 2, page 503)

11 Mar 1944
Two men were wounded in an attack by aircraft. After an attempt to meet U-608, which had a doctor on board, failed, the men's wounds were treated and the boat continued on patrol.

27 Mar 1944
Unidentified aircraft attacked the boat off Gibraltar as she attempted to enter the Mediterranean, forcing her return to France. (Sources: Blair, vol 2, page 508)

11 Apr 1944
After being attacked by aircraft off Gibraltar on 27 March the inbound U-255 was caught on the surface with her escort by 15 British Mosquito aircraft. These were in turn attacked by German Ju-88 aircraft. The boat reached St. Nazaire with minor damage. (Sources: Blair, vol 2, page 508)

5 recorded attacks on this boat.

Schnorchel-fitted U-boat
This boat was fitted with a Schnorchel underwater-breathing apparatus in September 1944. Read more about the Schnorchel and see list of fitted boats.

Men lost from the boat

11 Mar 1944
Two men were wounded in an attack by aircraft. After an attempt to meet U-608, which had a doctor on board, failed, the men's wounds were treated and the boat continued on patrol.

  Related: For more info on such losses see - Men lost from U-boats -

U-boat Emblems

We have 2 emblem entries for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.


Grinning Fox

White Animal

Media links


U-Boat Attack Logs

Daniel Morgan and Bruce Taylor


The Grey Wolves of Eriboll

David M. Hird


U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 1

Wynn, Kenneth


The Royal Navy and German Naval Disarmament, 1942-1947

Madsen, Chris


German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel


Hitler's U-boat War, Vol II

Blair, Clay


Hitler's U-boat War

Blair, Clay