U-boat Types

Type VIIC

568 boats commissioned

Construction history of type VIIC

U-boats ShipyardWerk #Built during
U-69 - U-70 F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel603 - 604 1938 - 1940
U-71 - U-72 F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel618 - 619 1939 - 1941
U-77 - U-82 Bremer Vulkan-Vegesacker Werft, Bremen-Vegesack5 - 10 1939 - 1941
U-88 - U-92 Flender Werke AG, Lübeck292 - 296 1939 - 1942
U-93 - U-98 F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel598 - 603 1938 - 1940
U-132 - U-136 Bremer Vulkan-Vegesacker Werft, Bremen-Vegesack11 - 15 1939 - 1941
U-201 - U-21212  F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel630 - 641 1939 - 1942
U-221 - U-23212  F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel651 - 662 1940 - 1942
U-235 - U-240 F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel665 - 670 1941 - 1943
U-241 - U-25010  F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel675 - 684 1941
U-251 - U-29141  Bremer Vulkan-Vegesacker Werft, Bremen-Vegesack16 - 56 1939 - 1943
U-301 - U-31616  Flender Werke AG, Lübeck301 - 316 1940 - 1943
U-331 - U-35020  Nordseewerke, Emden203 - 222 1939 - 1943
U-351 - U-36616  Flensburger Schiffsbau-Ges, Flensburg470 - 485 1939 - 1943
U-367 - U-370 Flensburger Schiffsbau-Ges, Flensburg490 - 493 1941
U-371 - U-39020  Howaldtswerke AG, Kiel2 - 21 1939 - 1943
U-391 - U-394 Howaldtswerke AG, Kiel23 - 26 1941 - 1943
U-396 - U-400 Howaldtswerke AG, Kiel28 - 32 1941
U-401 - U-43030  Danziger Werft AG, Danzig102 - 131 1939 - 1943
U-431 - U-434 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1472 - 1475 1939 - 1941
U-435 - U-438 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1477 - 1480 1939 - 1941
U-439 - U-442 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1490 - 1493 1940 - 1942
U-443 - U-444 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1498 - 1499 1940 - 1942
U-445 - U-448 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1505 - 1508 1940 - 1942
U-449 - U-450 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1520 - 1521 1940 - 1942
U-451 - U-458 Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel282 - 289 1939 - 1941
U-465 - U-473 Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel296 - 304 1940 - 1943
U-475 - U-480 Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel306 - 311 1941 - 1943
U-481 - U-486 Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel316 - 321 1941 - 1944
U-551 - U-650100  Blohm & Voss, Hamburg527 - 626 1939 - 1942
U-651 - U-68333  Howaldtswerke Hamburg AG, Hamburg800 - 832 1939 - 1944
U-701 - U-705 H C Stülcken Sohn, Hamburg760 - 764 1939 - 1941
U-706  H C Stülcken Sohn, Hamburg766 1939 - 1941
U-707 - U-710 H C Stülcken Sohn, Hamburg771 - 774 1940 - 1942
U-711 - U-72212  H C Stülcken Sohn, Hamburg777 - 788 1940 - 1943
U-731 - U-734 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1522 - 1525 1940 - 1942
U-735 - U-740 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1532 - 1537 1941 - 1943
U-741 - U-746 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1544 - 1549 1941 - 1943
U-747 - U-750 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1557 - 1560 1941
U-751 - U-76818  Kriegsmarinewerft (KMW), Wilhelmshaven134 - 151 1939 - 1943
U-771 - U-779 Kriegsmarinewerft (KMW), Wilhelmshaven154 - 162 1940 - 1944
U-821 - U-822 Oderwerke AG, Stettin821 - 822 1941 - 1944
U-825 - U-826 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1588 - 1589 1942 - 1944
U-901  Stettiner Maschinenbau AG, Stettin14 1941 - 1944
U-903 - U-904 Flender Werke AG, Lübeck329 - 330 1942 - 1943
U-905  H C Stülcken Sohn, Hamburg802 1942 - 1943
U-907  H C Stülcken Sohn, Hamburg804 1942 - 1943
U-921 - U-928 Neptun Werft AG, Rostock508 - 515 1941 - 1944
U-951 - U-99444  Blohm & Voss, Hamburg151 - 194 1941 - 1943
U-1051 - U-1058 F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel685 - 692 1941 - 1944
U-1101 - U-1102 Nordseewerke, Emden223 - 224 1941 - 1944
U-1131 - U-1132 Howaldtswerke AG, Kiel33 - 34 1941 - 1944
U-1161 - U-1162 Danziger Werft AG, Danzig133 - 134 1941 - 1943
U-1191 - U-121020 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig1561 - 15801942 - 1944

Type VIIC was a slightly modified version of the successful VIIB. They had basically the same engine layout and power, but were slightly larger and heavier which made them not quite as fast as the VIIB. 5 torpedo tubes (4 at the bow and one at the stern) were installed in all but the following boats; only two bow tubes (U-72, U-78, U-80, U-554 and U-555) and no stern tube (U-203, U-331, U-351, U-401, U-431 and U-651).

The VIIC was the workhorse of the German U-boat force in World War Two from 1941 onwards and boats of this type were being built throughout the war. The first VIIC boat being commissioned was the U-69 in 1940. The VIIC was an effective fighting machine and was seen in almost all areas where the U-boat force operated although their range was not as great as the one of the larger IX types.

The VIIC came into service as the "Happy Days" were almost over and it was this boat that faced the final defeat to the Allied anti-submarine campaign in late 1943 and 1944.

Perhaps the most famous VIIC boat was the U-96 which is featured in the movie Das Boot, other noticeable boats were the U-flak boats. Many of these boats were fitted with the Schnorkel in 1944-1945. This design saw one more improvement in the type VIIC/41 boat.

The larger mine-laying type VIID was a direct variant of the VIIC.


U-760 of type VIIC.

All type VIIC U-boats

The number of boats commissioned of this type, 568, is too great to list here.


Technical information for type VIIC


Displacement:
(tons)
769 (sf)
871 (sm)
1070 (total)
Length: (m) 67,10 oa
50,50 ph
Beam: (m) 6,20 oa
4,70 ph
Draught: (draft)4,74 m
Height:9,60 m
Power: (hp)3200 (sf)
750 (sm)
Speed:
(knots)
17,7 (sf)
7,6 (sm)
Range:
(miles / knots)
8500/10 (sf)
80/4 (sm)
Torpedoes:14
4/1 (bow / stern tubes)
Mines: 26 TMA
Deck gun: 88/45
220 rounds
Crew: 44-52 men
Max depth: ca. 220 m
(722 feet)
sm = submerged, sf = surfaced, ph = pressure hull,
oa = overall, hp = horsepower.

See all U-boat types