Korvettenkapitän (Crew 30)
3 ships sunk, total tonnage 11,751 GRT
1 auxiliary warship sunk, total tonnage 14,650 GRT
|Born||29 Apr 1909||Guben|
|Died||2 Jul 1976||(67)|
|U-372||19 Apr 1941||4 Aug 1942||6 patrols (156 days)|
|U-371||6 Apr 1942||24 May 1942||1 patrol (19 days) (Acting CO)|
|U-921||24 May 1944||31 May 1944||No war patrols|
Heinz-Joachim Neumann joined the Reichsmarine in 1930. He served on the Battleship Scharnhorst from Jan 1939 to June 1940 (Busch & Röll, 1999).
He went through U-boat training from July to Nov 1940 and then began his U-boat Commander training with the 24th Flotilla which he finished in Dec 1940 (Busch & Röll, 1999).
Kptlt. Heins-Joachim Neumann served in the BdU Staff Reserve until Jan 1941 when he was sent as a supernumerary Watch Officer (WO) to the U-52 (Kptlt. Otto Salman) until March 1941 (Busch & Röll, 1999). He went out on one patrol into the North Atlantic with the boat. They sank two ships (4,662 tons) during the 34 day patrol (Rohwer, 1998).
Upon leaving U-52 in March he began his U-boat familiarization (Baubelehrung) to prepare for his own command of a new boat. On 19 April 1941 he commissioned the new U-372 at Kiel (Busch & Röll, 1999). He then headed into the Baltic for the extensive training needed to prepare for the front (Busch & Röll, 1997).
First patrol as Commander
On 9 July 1941 Kptlt. Heinz-Joachim Neumann left Trondheim, Norway with the U-372. For his first two patrols he operated in the North Atlantic but on the third he was ordered to break into the Mediterranean through the Straits of Gibraltar. He would operate there for additional 3 patrols (Busch & Röll, 1999).
With the U-372 he would sink 4 ships for over 26,000 tons in total.
He briefly commanded the U-371 as acting commander in April/ May 1942. On his 7th patrol his U-372 was sunk on 4 Aug 1942 south-west of Haifa by depth charges from the British destroyers HMS Sikh and HMS Zulu and the escort destroyers HMS Croome and HMS Tetcott and by depth charges from a British Wellington aircraft (221 Sqdn.). There were 48 survivors, no casualties (Niestlé, 1998).
Kptlt. Heinz-Joachim Neumann and his entire crew became prisoners of war (POW) (Busch & Röll, 1999).
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.
Patrol info for Heinz-Joachim Neumann
|1.||U-372||17 Jun 1941||Kiel||18 Jun 1941||Horten||2 days|
|2.||U-372||22 Jun 1941||Horten||25 Jun 1941||Trondheim||4 days|
|3.||U-372||9 Jul 1941||Trondheim||13 Aug 1941||Brest||Patrol 1,||36 days|
|4.||U-372||10 Sep 1941||Brest||13 Oct 1941||Brest||Patrol 2,||34 days|
|5.||U-372||13 Nov 1941||Brest||16 Dec 1941||La Spezia||Patrol 3,||34 days|
|6.||U-372||17 Jan 1942||La Spezia||31 Jan 1942||La Spezia||Patrol 4,||15 days|
|7.||U-371||21 Apr 1942||Salamis||9 May 1942||Salamis||Patrol 5,||19 days|
|8.||U-372||15 Jun 1942||La Spezia||12 Jul 1942||Salamis||Patrol 6,||28 days|
|9.||U-372||27 Jul 1942||Salamis||4 Aug 1942||Sunk||Patrol 7,||9 days|
|7 patrols, 175 days at sea|
Ships hit by Heinz-Joachim Neumann
|Date||U-boat||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|5 Aug 1941||U-372||Belgravian||3,136||br||SL-81|
|5 Aug 1941||U-372||Swiftpool||5,205||br||SL-81|
|19 Sep 1941||U-372||Baron Pentland||3,410||br||SC-42|
|30 Jun 1942||U-372||HMS Medway (F 25)||14,650||br|
4 ships sunk (26,401 tons).
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.