Soviet Steam merchant
|Completed||1919 - Merchant Shipbuilding Corp, Chester PA|
|Owner||Severnoje Gosudarstvennoe Morskoe Parokhodstvo (SGMP)|
|Date of attack||12 Aug 1944||Nationality: Soviet|
|Fate||Sunk by U-365 (Heimar Wedemeyer)|
|Position||73.22N, 66.35E - Grid AT 6434|
|Complement||632 (373 dead and 259 survivors).|
|Route||White Sea - Dikson|
|History||Ordered as Salisbury for Shawmut SS Co, completed in April 1919 as Mystic for US Shipping Board (USSB). 1919 returned to owner and 1924 sold to United Ship & Commerce. 1930 renamed Munmystic for Munson SS Lines Inc, New York. 1937 renamed Iberville for Waterman Steamship Co, Mobile AL. 1941 taken over by the US War Shipping Administration (WSA) and renamed Ironclad.|
In July 1942, the Ironclad arrived in North Russia, having survived the battle around convoy PQ-17. On 13 September, she was due to sail with convoy QP-14 but stranded on a sand bank near Molotovsk Roads due to a jammed rudder. After two hours the ship was towed free and the damage to the bottom was repaired at Archangelsk. On 24 November, she sailed with convoy QP-15 and stranded in the White Sea north of Gorjanov Island. The new damage to the bottom caused the ship to settle in shallow waters. The ship was on 11 December salvaged by the Soviets. On 25 Mar, 1943, the repairs were finished and the ship given to the Sovietunion under the lend-lease agreement and renamed Marina Raskova.
|Notes on loss|
At 18.53 hours on 12 Aug, 1944, U-365 attacked the convoy BD-5 in Kara Sea with a spread of three FAT torpedoes and hit the Marina Raskova, which continued damaged. The U-boat was attacked by the escorting minesweepers, but at 19.03 hours, managed to sink T-118 with a Gnat and at 23.45 hours T-114 with a T-3 torpedo. The merchant sank following two coups de grāce at 01.04 and 01.23 hours on 13 August in 73°21N/67°20E. Of the 632 men on the three ships, only 259 were rescued. 186 were picked up by T-116 and 73 others by Soviet MBR-2 flying boats.
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