Ships hit by U-boats


HMS Somali (G 33)

British Destroyer



NameHMS Somali (G 33)
Type:Destroyer (Tribal)
Tonnage1,870 tons
Completed1938 - Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd, Wallsend, Sunderland 
OwnerThe Admiralty 
Homeport 
Date of attack20 Sep 1942Nationality:      British
 
FateSunk by U-703 (Heinz Bielfeld)
Position74° 40'N, 2° 00'W - Grid AB 1836
Complement? men (82 dead and ? survivors).
ConvoyQP-14
RouteMurmansk - Scapa Flow 
Cargo 
History

After completion, HMS Somali (L 33) spent most of January 1939 around Portland as part of the 6th Destroyer Flotilla, carrying out torpedo and harbour exercises in severe weather. On 31 January, HMS Somali (F 33) and other British warships proceeded to Lisbon, Portugal, where they engaged in a public relations visit. About 5000 people visited her and the submarines alongside. Thereafter, they sailed to Gibraltar, arriving on 9 February, to participate in the Home and Mediterranean Fleet exercises later in the month. During a storm five days later, the port bow of the destroyer was damaged when the passenger ship Sibajak dragged her anchor and collided with the destroyer.

On 3 Sep 1939, the 6th Destroyer Flotilla was screening British and French battlecruisers south of Iceland. Two hours after declaration of war, the HMS Somali (G 33) sighted an unidentified vessel being camouflaged at sea. The ship was the German merchant Hannah Böge (2377 grt), which was captured as the first prize in the war at sea. The destroyer spent the rest of the year in sea patrols and convoy duty. On 29/30 October, she claimed a U-boat together with HMS Tartar (F 43) and HMS Ashanti (F 51) while escorting a Norwegian convoy, but no U-boat was lost on that day. These destroyers also screened capital ships in the Atlantic and hunted the German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. During the winter of 1939, the engines of the destroyer ran smoothly but she did not escape the turbine and feed-water troubles that afflicted the other Tribals. A short stay at Smith’s Dock, Middlesbrough rectified the problems with the machinery.

In April 1940, the HMS Somali (F 33) took part in the landings in Norway and investigated several Norwegian fjords as suitable landing spots for an Allied Expeditionary Force and later participated in many of the assaults on German held positions. On 14 May, while coming to the aid of a sinking ship off the Norwegian coast, the destroyer became the target of German bombers. Despite of zigzagging at high speed, the last bomb hit the ship at the waterline under her starboard anchor. The bulkhead was shored up and she had to return to Britain for repairs at a maximum speed of 10 knots. After a refit, the ship again became the leader of the 6th Destroyer Flotilla and spent most of the winter of 1940 screening Home Fleet sweeps. In the night of 23/24 October, the German weather ship WBS 5/Adolf Vinnen was shelled and sunk by HMS Somali (G 33), HMS Punjabi (G 21) and HMS Matabele (G 26) off Stadlandet, Norway.

On 3/4 March 1941, the HMS Somali (G 33) (Capt Caslon) participated in the Operation Claymore, a successful raid against the Lofoten Islands, Norway. During the operation, the destroyer captured the German harbour defence vessel NN 04/Krebs (376 grt) after disabling her with gunfire. They discovered important documents and a set of spare rotors for the German Enigma coding machine, which enabled the specialists at Bletchley Park to break into a German radio code shortly thereafter.

On 7 May 1941, the HMS Somali (G 33) captured the German weather ship WBS 6/München near Jan Mayen, a prize which yielded valuable documents for Bletchley Park. Later that month, she participated in the hunt of the German battleship Bismarck, but ran low on fuel and had to return to base. During June/July 1941, the hull of the ship was strengthened, her after funnel was cut down and radar equipment installed in the Thornycroft’s Yard in Southampton. On 4 August, the destroyer was part of the escort for the HMS Prince of Wales (53), which carried the Prime Minister Winston Churchill from Scapa Flow to his Atlantic Charter meeting in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. But the weather became so bad that all destroyers were ordered home at 25° West, while the battleship proceeded alone at high speed. Several other screening operations followed between Iceland and the Orkneys and around Christmas 1941, HMS Somali (G 33), HMS Ashanti (G 51), HMS Bedouin (G 67) and HMS Eskimo (G 75) took part in a another raid on the Lofoten Islands, but their assault was curtailed by the presence of the German Luftwaffe.
From April 1942 onwards, the destroyer was assigned to convoy duty on the Murmansk route, but in August also participated in the Operation Pedestal in the Mediterranean, a supply convoy for Malta. 

Notes on event

At 19.55 hours on 20 Sep 1942, U-703 fired a spread of three torpedoes at the HMS Somali (G 33) (LtCdr C. Maud) and saw one hit after 1 minute 32 seconds. The destroyer had escorted the convoy PQ-18 to Murmansk and was now screening QP-14 on her homebound voyage. HMS Ashanti (G 51) had unsuccessfully hunted a U-boat about 20 miles behind the convoy and rejoined at full speed, but was then low on fuel oil. She thus changed places with HMS Somali (G 33) on the inner screen to await a favourable opportunity to refuel. Shortly after taking position in the outer screen, the HMS Somali (G 33) was hit by one torpedo. The explosion blew the torpedo tubes over the side and cut all of the port side main stringers so that the ship was only held together by the upper deck and starboard side as far as the keel. The port engine fell through the bottom of the ship and the engine and gear rooms filled with water. The leaking bulkheads on either side were promptly shored up and seemed to be holding but there was no light or power except from an unreliable auxiliary diesel generator which powered the bilge pumps.
The British rescue ship Zamalek stood-by within minutes after the hit, but she was sent back to the convoy. The HMS Lord Middleton (FY 219) then took off most of the crew and transferred them to other ships. Only a skeleton crew of 80 men were left aboard and all were forbidden to go below except for any critical work. HMS Ashanti (G 51) then took her crippled sister ship in tow, cruising at a slow 7 knots in a flat and calm sea, that was ideal for towing and for revealing periscope wakes. The tow wire parted company, but they managed to rig up a new line and both ships continued to crawl to Akureyri, Iceland. That evening, the dynamo of HMS Somali (G 33) seized up so hand pumps were used for the bilge. These could not cope with the inflow of water so the 17° list increased. With the donation of many electrical cables from other ships, an emergency power umbilical was rigged up from the towing ship to another destroyer and the bilge pumps started operating again, reducing the list to 12°. Power was also available for lighting and cooking as well.

In the night on 23/24 September, the weather was getting worse north of Iceland in 69°00N/15°30W (a distance of 420 miles) and her plates were groaning terribly. In the middle of a snow squall, observers on the bridge of HMS Ashanti (G 51) saw a blue flash behind them. The towline and the electric cable had snapped and a piece of the cable was hanging over the stern. Quickly, a searchlight was brought to bear on the crippled ship. By now, HMS Somali (G 33) had folded in half like a hinge with bow and stern climbing skywards. For a moment, she hung motionlessly; the deckplating then snapped and her bulkheads collapsed. Her stern capsized and sank quickly and the bow went vertically and steadily, only 35 men of the skeleton crew could be rescued.

 
On boardWe have details of 87 people who were on board

Location of attack on HMS Somali (G 33).

ship sunk.


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U-Boat Attack Logs

Daniel Morgan and Bruce Taylor

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