List of all U-boats

U-131

Type

IXC

 
Ordered7 Aug 1939
Laid down1 Sep 1940 AG Weser, Bremen (werk 994)
Launched1 Apr 1941
Commissioned1 Jul 1941Korvkpt. Arend Baumann
Commanders
1 Jul 1941 - 17 Dec 1941  KrvKpt. Arend Baumann
Career
1 patrol
1 Jul 1941-1 Nov 1941  4. Flottille (training)
1 Nov 1941-17 Dec 1941  2. Flottille (active service)
Successes1 ship sunk, total tonnage 4,016 GRT
Fate

Sunk 17 Dec 1941 north-east of Madeira, Portugal, in position 34.12N, 13.35W, by depth charges and gunfire from the British escort destroyers HMS Exmoor and HMS Blankney, the British destroyer HMS Stanley, the British corvette HMS Pentstemon and the British sloop HMS Stork* and by gunfire from a Martlet aircraft** (802 Sqdn FAA) of the British escort carrier HMS Audacity. 47 survivors taken prisoner. 47 survivors (no casualties).

Loss position

See the 1 ships hit by U-131 - View the 1 war patrol

Wolfpack operations

U-131 operated with the following Wolfpacks during its career:
   Seeräuber (14 Dec 1941 - 17 Dec 1941)

Attacks on this boat and other events

17 Dec 1941
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down:British Martlet fighter (802 Sqdn FAA, pilot SubLt George R.P. Fletcher, RNVR)

The sinking of U-13109.25 hrs, west of Rabat, Morocco: while shadowing convoy HG 76 the boat was sighted and forced to dive by a Martlet aircraft from the British escort carrier HMS Audacity. HMS Stork (Cdr F. J. "Johnnie" Walker) immediately raced to the spot together with four other escorts. About one hour later, HMS Stanley got an asdic contact and HMS Pentstemon carried out several depth charge attacks on U-131, causing serious damage and forcing her to surface due to chlorine gas from the batteries at 12.47 hrs. Unable to dive, Baumann tried to escape at full speed on the surface. After 20 minutes, a Martlet aircraft strafed the boat, but was brought down by flak and crashed into the sea, killing the pilot. In the meantime the escorts began shelling U-131 from a distance of about 7 nautical miles, scoring several hits as they closed in. The boat returned fire at HMS Blankney, but without scoring any hits, and was eventually scuttled by the crew at 13.30 hrs.

This was the first aircraft shot down by a U-boat in the war.

1 recorded attack on this boat.

General notes on this boat

* Commander of HMS Stork was the famous Lieutenant Commander F. J. (Johnnie) Walker .

** Just minutes before being sunk U-131 shot down a British Martlet aircraft.

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-131 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.


Media links


U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 1

Wynn, Kenneth


German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel


Hitler's U-boat War

Blair, Clay