List of all U-boats

U-3503

Type

XXI

 
Ordered6 Nov 1943
Laid down17 Jun 1944 F Schichau GmbH, Danzig (werk 1648)
Launched27 Jul 1944
Commissioned9 Sep 1944Oblt. Hugo Deiring
Commanders
9 Sep 1944 - 8 May 1945  Oblt. Hugo Deiring
Career
No patrols
9 Sep 1944-15 Feb 1945  8. Flottille (school boat)
16 Feb 1945-8 May 1945  5. Flottille (school boat)
SuccessesNo ships sunk or damaged
Fate

Scuttled on 8 May 1945 in the Kattegat west of Göteborg, Sweden, in position 57.39N, 11.44E. Raised in 1946 and broken up. (Axel Niestlé, October 1991).

Final location

Previously recorded fate

  • Sunk 5 May, 1945 in the Kattegat north-west of Helsingör, in position 56.39N, 11.48E, by 10 depth charges from a British Liberator aircraft (Sqdn. 86/G). (Postwar assessment)
    Notes. That attack sank the U-534 instead.

Attacks on this boat and other events

6 May 1945
The target of the attack by a British Liberator (RAF Sqn 86/K), often credited with sinking U-2534, was actually U-3503, which escaped with minor damage.

1 recorded attack on this boat.

General notes on this boat

The Sinking and Raising of U-3503

On 6 May, 1945 at 07.50hrs, U-3503 entered Swedish waters west of Gothenburg. The commander, Oberleutnant zur see Hugo Deiring, reported a defective exhaust valve and rudder engine, and that some crew members had become poisoned by the fumes. On 7 May the Swedish authorities ordered Deiring to transfer the U-boat shallower water north of the inlet to Gothenburg harbor.

On 8 May at 17.22hrs, Deiring reported that his ship was sinking. The ballast tank flood valves had been opened! Attempts made by the Swedish Navy to tow the U-boat were not well-received by the German crew, who threw the tow cable overboard. At 19.50hrs, the entire crew abandoned the U-boat and was picked up by the Swedish Navy. At 19.55, the U-3503 sank at a depth of 15 meters.

Between 14 May and 27 August 1946, the Swedish Navy utilized U-3503 as a means of training divers to raise sunken submarines. The navy concluded that it would be possible to lift the U-boat by blowing air into it. At one point up to three Swedish submarine boats and a compressor were used to provide sufficient air to life the U-boat.

On 24 August at 18.56 hours the U-3503 broke surface for the eighth time and this time in proper trim (earlier attempts had ended with either stern or bow coming up before plunging back in the water).

On Tuesday 27 August, the U-3503 was towed into dry dock at Götaverken in Gothenburg. Later in the day, the U-boat crashed into the dock and came to rest with a 60-70 degree list. The Swedish authorities studied the U-3503 thoroughly before she was finally scrapped at Marinens varv (Nya Varvet) [The Navy Shipyard - The New Shipyard].

Check out the U-3503 Gallery page. 9 salvage shots.

Read more about the Schnorchel and see list of fitted boats.

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-3503 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.


Media links


U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 2

Wynn, Kenneth


German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel