Harald Jürst

Kapitänleutnant (Crew 32)


Successes
13 ships sunk, total tonnage 20,758 GRT
2 auxiliary warships sunk, total tonnage 864 GRT
1 ship damaged, total tonnage 10,516 GRT

Born  18 Mar 1913 Wilhelmshaven
Died  28 Nov 1940(27)North Atlantic


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Ranks

1 Apr 1932 Offiziersanwärter
1 Jan 1934 Fähnrich zur See
1 Sep 1935 Oberfähnrich zur See
1 Jan 1936 Leutnant zur See
1 Oct 1937 Oberleutnant zur See
1 Jan 1940 Kapitänleutnant

Decorations

U-boat Commands

U-boatFromTo
U-59 4 Mar 1939 17 Jul 1940   8 patrols (113 days) 
U-104 19 Aug 1940 28 Nov 1940  (+)  1 patrol (17 days) 

Harald Jürst joined the Reichsmarine in 1932. He served as a Watch Officer (WO) on the U-36 from Dec 1936 or early 1937 (Busch & Röll, 1999).

Kptlt. Harald Jürst commanded the small "duck" Type IIC boat U-59 from 4 Mar 1939 to 17 Jul 1940 (Busch & Röll, 1999). He went out on 8 patrols with the boat, spending 113 days at sea. He was successful with this boat, sinking 14 ships (13,382 GRT) (Rohwer, 1998).


The A/S trawler HMS Northern Rover (4.58) sunk by U-59 (Jürst) on 30 Oct 1939.

From July to Aug 1940 Jürst went through U-boat familiarization (Baubelehrung) to prepare him for his command of a new boat, this time the much larger Type IX boats (Busch & Röll, 1999).

On 19 Aug 1940 Kptlt. Harald Jürst commissioned the new Type IXB boat U-104 at Bremen. After brief training in the Baltic Jürst took the boat our from Kiel on 12 Nov 1940 (Busch & Röll, 1997).

On 27 Nov 1940, during its first patrol, U-104 sank the motor tanker Charles F. Meyer (10,516 GRT) and damaged the steam merchant Diplomat (8,240 GRT) (Rohwer, 1998). After this the boat went missing from 28 Nov north-west of Ireland in approximate position 55.30N, 08.00W. There is a chance he was lost to minefield SN 44 off Tory Island (Niestlé, 1998).

Sources

Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.

Patrol info for Harald Jürst


 U-boat Departure Arrival  
1. U-59 29 Aug 1939  Helgoland  11 Sep 1939  Kiel  Patrol 1,14 days
2. U-59 22 Oct 1939  Kiel  9 Nov 1939  Kiel  Patrol 2,19 days
3. U-59 30 Nov 1939  Kiel  8 Dec 1939  Wilhelmshaven  Patrol 3,9 days
4. U-59 14 Dec 1939  Wilhelmshaven  19 Dec 1939  Kiel  Patrol 4,6 days
5. U-59 14 Jan 1940  Kiel  22 Jan 1940  Wilhelmshaven  Patrol 5,9 days
6. U-59 29 Jan 1940  Wilhelmshaven  8 Feb 1940  Wilhelmshaven  Patrol 6,11 days
7. U-59 14 Mar 1940  Wilhelmshaven  20 Mar 1940  Wilhelmshaven  Patrol 7,7 days
8. U-59 31 Mar 1940  Wilhelmshaven  7 May 1940  Kiel  Patrol 8,38 days
9. U-104 12 Nov 1940  Kiel  28 Nov 1940  Sunk  Patrol 9,17 days
9 patrols, 130 days at sea

Ships hit by Harald Jürst

Date U-boat Name of ship Tons Nat. Convoy
28 Oct 1939U-59 St. Nidan565br
28 Oct 1939U-59 Lynx II250br
30 Oct 1939U-59 HMS Northern Rover (4.58)655br
6 Dec 1939U-59 HMS Washington [Mine]209br
12 Dec 1939U-59 Marwick Head [Mine]496br
16 Dec 1939U-59 Lister1,366sw
16 Dec 1939U-59 Glitrefjell1,568nw
17 Dec 1939U-59 Bogø1,214da
17 Dec 1939U-59 Jaegersborg1,245da
 
19 Jan 1940U-59 Quiberon1,296fr
1 Feb 1940U-59 Ellen M.498br
2 Feb 1940U-59 Creofield838br
2 Feb 1940U-59 Portelet1,064br
6 Apr 1940U-59 Navarra2,118nw
27 Nov 1940U-104 Charles F. Meyer (d.)10,516brHX-87
27 Nov 1940U-104 Diplomat8,240brHX-88
 32,138

15 ships sunk (21,622 tons) and 1 ship damaged (10,516 tons).

Legend
We have a picture of this vessel.
(d.) means the ship was damaged.
[Mine] indicates the vessel was hit by a mine laid by said U-boat.


About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.

Media links


German U-boat Commanders of World War II

Busch, Rainer and Röll, Hans-Joachim

Listing of all U-boat commanders