Italian submarines in World War Two
FR 111 (ex-Phoque)
|Laid down||21 May 1924||Arsenal de Brest (Brest, France)|
|Launched||16 Mar 1926|
|Commissioned||20 Jan 1943|
|Loss date||28 Feb 1943|
|Loss position||36° 52'N, 15° 11'E|
|History||French submarine Phoque. Captured by the Italians while disarmed at Bizerta on 8th December 1942. Sunk on 28th February 1943 in 220° - Cape Murro di Porco - 10 miles (Sicily) by rockets from Spitfires of 185 and 245 Squadrons (RAF).|
|Commander||Date from||Date to||Command notes|
|C.C. Antonio De Giacomo||31 Dec 1942||12 Jan 1943|
|T.V. Giovanni Celeste||1 Feb 1943||28 Feb 1943|
Ships hitNo ships hit by this submarine.
Patrols and events
|Commander||Date||Time||Port||Arr. date||Arr. time||Arr. port||Miles||Description|
|Bizerta||Bizerta||Captured by the Germans at Bizerta in December 1942. Allocated to Italian Navy.|
|De Giacomo, Antonio||31 Dec 1942||1100||Bizerta||31 Dec 1942||1100||Bizerta||The submarine was taken over by an Italian crew.|
|De Giacomo, Antonio||2 Jan 1943||0700||Bizerta||2 Jan 1943||Bizerta||Trials.|
|De Giacomo, Antonio||6 Jan 1943||1305||Ferryville||7 Jan 1943||2330||Palermo||215||Passage Bizerta-Palermo with ex-Saphir and German Ruhr, escorted by the torpedo boat Animoso and Groppo.|
|De Giacomo, Antonio||11 Jan 1943||0830||Palermo||12 Jan 1943||1130||Naples||180||Passage Palermo-Naples with ex-Saphir, towed by Luni and Ursus. Converted to transport submarine at Castellammare di Stabia. The external tubes and the deck gun were removed.|
|Celeste, Giovanni||1 Feb 1943||0915||Naples||1 Feb 1943||Time???||Naples||Trials.|
|Celeste, Giovanni||9 Feb 1943||Time???||Naples||1 Feb 1943||1750||Naples||Exercises.|
|Celeste, Giovanni||12 Feb 1943||0940||Naples||12 Feb 1943||1325||Naples||Exercises.|
|Celeste, Giovanni||14 Feb 1943||0836||Naples||14 Feb 1943||1545||Naples||Exercises.|
|Celeste, Giovanni||23 Feb 1943||0155||Naples||24 Feb 1943||0637||Augusta||Passage Naples-Augusta.|
|Celeste, Giovanni||26 Feb 1943||PM||Augusta||26 Feb 1943||Augusta||Trials.|
|1||Celeste, Giovanni||27 Feb 1943||1551||Augusta||28 Feb 1943||1445||Sunk||She was carrying 38.3 tons of stores (28 tons of ammunition and 10.3 tons of petrol) to Lampedusa, via 37°00'N, 13°00'E. At 0745 hours on the 28th, the submarine informed MARICOSOM that she had defects and wished to turn back. This was accepted by MARICOSOM's 1041/28 signal. Sunk between Cape Passero and Cape Murro di Porco by enemy fighter bombers.|
|28 Feb 1943||1445|
(0) 10 miles SW of Cape Murro di Porco
|At 1145 hours, FR.111 was attacked by enemy bombers and sunk.|
These were actually eleven Spitfire fighter bombers (six of 185 and five of 249 Squadrons with two escorting fighters from each squadron) returning from a raid on Cassabillo Power Station (9 miles SW of Syracuse). They reported attacking a U-boat with MG and cannon fire, five miles east of Avola. The submarine replied briefly with a machine gun and reported attacked by four aircraft.
The submarine was machine-gunned with all the personnel on deck killed or wounded and sank. An Italian seaplane picked up two survivors and Germans forces another twenty-five (including two wounded and a corpse). Five officers and eighteen ratings were killed. One Spitfire was slightly damaged by flying fragments from the submarine.
12 entries. 12 total patrol entries (1 marked as war patrols) and 1 events.