HMCS Calgary (K 231)
Corvette of the Flower class
|Navy||The Royal Canadian Navy|
|Built by||Marine Industries Ltd. (Sorel, Quebec, Canada)|
|Ordered||20 Feb 1941|
|Laid down||22 Mar 1941|
|Launched||23 Aug 1941|
|Commissioned||16 Dec 1941|
|End service||19 Jun 1945|
Took part in operations Torch and Neptune.
Decommissioned 19 June 1945.
Commands listed for HMCS Calgary (K 231)
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|1||T/Lt. Gerald Lancaster, RCNR||15 Nov 1941||19 Jun 1942|
|2||T/Lt. Henry Knox Hill, RCNVR||20 Jun 1942||17 Mar 1944|
|3||Lt. Aubrey Alvin Randle Dykes, RCNR||18 Mar 1944||15 Sep 1944|
|4||T/Lt. Leonard Douglas Marne Saunders, RCNVR||16 Sep 1944||25 May 1945|
|5||T/Lt. George McCraney Orr, RCNVR||26 May 1945||19 Jun 1945|
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Noteable events involving Calgary include:
30 Jul 1942
HMCS Calgary (T/Lt. H.K. Hill, RCNVR) picks up 71 survivors from the British merchant Pacific Pioneer that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-132 south-west of Sable Island in position 43°30'N, 60°35'W.
23 Aug 1943
On the 23th August 1943 the 40th Escort Group (Cdr. Dallison), consisting of the sloops HMS Landguard, HMS Bideford, HMS Hastings and the frigates HMS Exe, HMS Moyola and HMS Waveney were deployed on a U-boat hunt off Cape Ortegal. The whole operation was covered by the British light cruiser HMS Bermuda.
On the 25th August the Canadian 5th Support Group (Cdr. Tweed), consisting of the British frigates HMS Nene, HMS Tweed and the Canadian corvettes HMCS Calgary, HMCS Edmundston and HMCS Snowberry were deployed to relieve the 40th Escort Group. While this was in progress the ships were attacked at 1415 hrs by 14 Dornier Do-217's and 7 Ju-88's. with the new German weapon, the Henschel Glider Bombs, (the "Hs293 A-1"). Designed by the German Professor Herbert Wagner. HMS Landguard and HMS Bideford were the first of the Allied and R.N. ships to be attacked and damaged by them. This being the first time of their being brought into action against Allied ships. Several sailors were injured on HMS Bideford and one sailor was killed.
Another two days later on the 27th August 1943 the Canadian 5th Support group was relieved by the 1st Support group (Cdr. Brewer) consisting of the sloops HMS Pelican, HMS Egret and the frigates HMS Jed, HMS Rother, HMS Spey and HMS Evenlode. Also the covering cruiser HMS Bermuda was relieved by the Canadian destroyer HMCS Athabaskan and the British destroyer HMS Grenville. These ships were also attacked by the Germans. This time with 18 Dornier Do-217?s also carrying Henschel Glider Bombs. HMCS Athabaskan was heavily damaged and HMS Egret was sunk with the loss of 194 of her crew. After this loss the U-boat hunt was blown off.
20 Nov 1943
German U-boat U-536 was sunk in the North Atlantic north-east of the Azores, in position 43°50'N, 19°39'W, by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Nene (Cdr. J.D. Birch, RD, RNR) and the Canadian corvettes HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR) and HMCS Calgary (T/A/Lt.Cdr. H.K. Hill, RCNVR). (see map)
29 Dec 1944
German U-boat U-322 was sunk in the English Channel south of Weymouth, in position 50°25'N, 02°26'W, by depth charges from the Canadian corvette HMCS Calgary (T/Lt. L.D.M. Saunders, RCNVR). (see map)