Ernst Kals

Kapitän zur See (Crew 24)


Successes
17 ships sunk, total tonnage 111,249 GRT
3 auxiliary warships sunk, total tonnage 34,407 GRT
1 ship damaged, total tonnage 6,986 GRT

Born  2 Aug 1905 Glauchau, Saxony
Died  2 Nov 1979(74)Emden


Kapitän zur See Ernst Kals wearing his Knights Cross.

Ranks

1 Apr 1925 Seekadett
1 Apr 1926 Fähnrich zur See
1 May 1928 Oberfähnrich zur See
1 Oct 1928 Leutnant zur See
1 Jul 1930 Oberleutnant zur See
1 Apr 1935 Kapitänleutnant
1 Aug 1939 Korvettenkapitän
1 Jun 1943 Fregattenkapitän
1 Sep 1944 Kapitän zur See

Decorations

18 Dec 1939 Iron Cross 2nd Class
18 Dec 1941 Iron Cross 1st Class
18 Dec 1941 U-boat War Badge 1939
1 Sep 1942 Knights Cross

U-boat Commands

U-boatFromTo
U-130 11 Jun 1941 1 Jan 1943   5 patrols (286 days) 

Ernst Kals began his 18-year career in the German Navy in 1924. After a few years on torpedo boats and light cruisers he transferred to the U-boat arm in October 1940. After one patrol on U-37, in June 1941 he commissioned U-130.

With this boat he was one of the first five commanders who operated off the US east coast during Operation Drumbeat. On his next patrol Kals operated in the Caribbean Sea, where he attacked the oil depot at Bullenbay (Curacao) with gunfire. In September 1941 he was awarded the Knights Cross.



Korvkpt. Ernst Kals got a 'warm' welcome
after receiving his Knights Cross.

But his greatest success was achieved on 12 November 1942, when he attacked the heavily guarded transport ships on the Fedala roads in Morocco. In five minutes he sank three large transport vessels with a total of 34,507 tons.

In January 1943 he became commander of the 2nd Flotilla based in Lorient, France where he remained to the end of the war. From May 1945 to January 1948 Kapitän zur See Ernst Kals was held in French captivity.

Sources

Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1998). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.

Patrol info for Ernst Kals


 U-boat Departure Arrival  
1. U-130 1 Dec 1941  Kiel  16 Dec 1941  Lorient  Patrol 1,16 days
2. U-130 27 Dec 1941  Lorient  25 Feb 1942  Lorient  Patrol 2,61 days
3. U-130 24 Mar 1942  Lorient  6 Jun 1942  Lorient  Patrol 3,75 days
4. U-130 4 Jul 1942  Lorient  12 Sep 1942  Lorient  Patrol 4,71 days
5. U-130 29 Oct 1942  Lorient  30 Dec 1942  Lorient  Patrol 5,63 days
5 patrols, 286 days at sea

Ships hit by Ernst Kals

Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. Convoy
10 Dec 1941U-130Ernst Kals Star of Luxor5,298agSC-57
10 Dec 1941U-130Ernst Kals Kirnwood3,829brSC-57
10 Dec 1941U-130Ernst Kals Kurdistan5,844brSC-57
 
13 Jan 1942U-130Ernst Kals Frisco1,582nw
13 Jan 1942U-130Ernst Kals Friar Rock5,427paSC-64
21 Jan 1942U-130Ernst Kals Alexandra Høegh8,248nw
25 Jan 1942U-130Ernst Kals Varanger9,305nw
27 Jan 1942U-130Ernst Kals Francis E. Powell7,096am
27 Jan 1942U-130Ernst Kals Halo (d.)6,986am
11 Apr 1942U-130Ernst Kals Grenanger5,393nw
12 Apr 1942U-130Ernst Kals Esso Boston7,699am
25 Jul 1942U-130Ernst Kals Tankexpress10,095nw
27 Jul 1942U-130Ernst Kals Elmwood7,167br
30 Jul 1942U-130Ernst Kals Danmark8,391br
9 Aug 1942U-130Ernst Kals Malmanger7,078nwE-5
11 Aug 1942U-130Ernst Kals Mirlo7,455nwE-6
25 Aug 1942U-130Ernst Kals Viking Star6,445br
26 Aug 1942U-130Ernst Kals Beechwood4,897br
12 Nov 1942U-130Ernst Kals USS Edward Rutledge (AP 52)9,360amUGF-1
12 Nov 1942U-130Ernst Kals USS Hugh L. Scott (AP 43)12,479amUGF-1
12 Nov 1942U-130Ernst Kals USS Tasker H. Bliss (AP 42)12,568amUGF-1
 152,642

20 ships sunk (145,656 tons) and 1 ship damaged (6,986 tons).

Legend
We have a picture of this vessel.
(d.) means the ship was damaged.

Media links


German U-boat Commanders of World War II

Busch, Rainer and Röll, Hans-Joachim

Listing of all U-boat commanders