Kapitänleutnant (Crew 34)
9 ships sunk, total tonnage 62,761 GRT
1 ship damaged, total tonnage 6,840 GRT
|Born||7 Feb 1915||Wuppertal|
|Died||28 Sep 1996||(81)|
|U-185||13 Jun 1942||24 Aug 1943||3 patrols (229 days)|
August Maus joined the Reichsmarine in April 1934. He served on the light cruiser Nürnberg and the school ship Schleswig-Holstein before transferring to the U-boat force in April 1940. After standard training he served for two patrols as I WO (1st Watch Officer) on U-68 under the command of Korvkpt. Karl-Friedrich Merten. In December 1941 he left U-68 and in June 1942 commissioned the Type XIC/40 boat U-185.
He took U-185 on three successful patrols, mostly in the mid and South Atlantic, before she was sunk on 24 August 1943 by three aircraft from the US escort carrier USS Core (Niestlé, 1998). U-185 had 100 men aboard, having taken on crew from U-604 two weeks earlier after their boat was scuttled due to fatal damage from air attacks. Kptlt. Maus was among the 36 survivors rescued by the USS Barker.
Kptlt. Maus then spent nearly three years in American captivity. After being held at the POW camp in Crossville, Tennesee, he was transferred to the camp at Papago Park, Arizona on 27 January 1944. On February 12 he was one of five U-boat commanders to escape from this camp, but he and his companion Friedrich Guggenberger were recaptured in Tucson. Maus participated in the digging of the tunnel through which 25 POWs escaped on the night of 23-24 December 1944 but he was not among them, an injury compelling him to remain behind.
Folowing a transfer to Camp Shanks, New York in February 1946, Maus was then held in the British zone of Germany before finally being released. Later he became a successful businessman in Hamburg.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Patrol info for August Maus
|1.||U-185||27 Oct 1942||Kiel||1 Jan 1943||Lorient||Patrol 1,||67 days|
|2.||U-185||8 Feb 1943||Lorient||3 May 1943||Bordeaux||Patrol 2,||85 days|
|3.||U-185||9 Jun 1943||Bordeaux||24 Aug 1943||Sunk||Patrol 3,||77 days|
|3 patrols, 229 days at sea|
Ships hit by August Maus
|Date||U-boat||Commander||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|7 Dec 1942||U-185||August Maus||Peter Mærsk||5,476||br||ON-149|
|10 Mar 1943||U-185||August Maus||Virginia Sinclair||6,151||am||KG-123|
|10 Mar 1943||U-185||August Maus||James Sprunt||7,177||am||KG-123|
|6 Apr 1943||U-185||August Maus||John Sevier||7,176||am||GTMO-83|
|7 Jul 1943||U-185||August Maus||James Robertson||7,176||am||BT-18|
|7 Jul 1943||U-185||August Maus||William Boyce Thompson||7,061||am||BT-18|
|7 Jul 1943||U-185||August Maus||S.B. Hunt (d.)||6,840||am||BT-18|
|7 Jul 1943||U-185||August Maus||Thomas Sinnickson||7,176||am||BT-18|
|1 Aug 1943||U-185||August Maus||Bagé||8,235||bz||TJ-2|
|6 Aug 1943||U-185||August Maus||Fort Halkett||7,133||br|
9 ships sunk (62,761 tons) and 1 ship damaged (6,840 tons).
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.