Victor Oehrn

Fregattenkapitän (Crew 27)

23 ships sunk, total tonnage 103,760 GRT
1 warship sunk, total tonnage 1,025 tons
1 ship damaged, total tonnage 9,494 GRT

Born  21 Oct 1907 Kedabeg, Caucases, Russia
Died  26 Dec 1997(90)

Victor Oehrn


1 Oct 1927 Seekadett
1 Apr 1929 Fähnrich zur See
1 Jun 1931 Oberfähnrich zur See
1 Oct 1931 Leutnant zur See
1 Jul 1933 Oberleutnant zur See
1 Oct 1936 Kapitänleutnant
1 Sep 1941 Korvettenkapitän
1 May 1944 Fregattenkapitän


27 Jan 1940 Iron Cross 2nd Class
10 Jun 1940 Iron Cross 1st Class
21 Oct 1940 Knights Cross

U-boat Commands

U-14 18 Jan 1936 4 Oct 1937   No war patrols 
U-37 6 May 1940 26 Oct 1940   4 patrols (81 days) 

Victor Oehrn
Kptlt. Oehrn amidst the crew of U-37.

Victor Oehrn began his naval career in 1927. He spent his first years mostly on the light cruisers Königsberg and Karlsruhe, but then was one of the first officers to transfer in July 1935 to the newly commissioned U-boat force. After a short program of U-boat training, he became commander of U-14 in January 1936, taking the boat into Spanish waters during the Civil War in July/September 1936.

After a year in officer training units he finished as one of the few U-boat officers in the German Marine-Akademie in summer 1939. In August 1939 he became Admiralstabsoffizier (Asto) in the staff of Dönitz (BdU org).

But after the torpedo crisis in Norwegian waters Kptlt. Oehrn was sent on patrol with U-37 to restore the U-boat men's trust in their torpedoes. This patrol became a great success when he sank ten ships with a total of 41,207 tons and torpedoed and damaged another ship of 9,494 tons.

His second patrol (seven ships with a total of 28,439 tons) and third patrol (six ships with a total of 28,210 tons) were also successful.

Victor Oehrn
Korvkpt. Oehrn during his
North Africa mission

For the next year Victor Oehrn again served as first Admiralstabsoffizier (Asto) in the staff of Dönitz (BdU org). In November 1941 he took over command of the Mediterranean U-boats, and in February 1942 became the first Admiralstabsoffizier (Asto) on the Mediterranean U-boat staff.

During a mission in North Africa in July 1942, Victor Oehrn was severely wounded, captured, and brought to the British 19 General Hospital in Alexandria. Later he was sent to Camp 306 near the Bitter Seas on the Suez Canal. He was released in an exchange of prisoners in October 1943 and returned to Germany via Port Said, Barcelona and Marseilles in November 1943.

The remainder of the war he spent serving in several staff positions.


Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.

Patrol info for Victor Oehrn

 U-boat Departure Arrival  
1. U-37 15 May 1940  Wilhelmshaven  9 Jun 1940  Wilhelmshaven  Patrol 1,26 days
2. U-37 1 Aug 1940  Wilhelmshaven  12 Aug 1940  Lorient  Patrol 2,12 days
3. U-37 17 Aug 1940  Lorient  30 Aug 1940  Lorient  Patrol 3,14 days
4. U-37 24 Sep 1940  Lorient  22 Oct 1940  Lorient  Patrol 4,29 days
4 patrols, 81 days at sea

Ships hit by Victor Oehrn

Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. Convoy
19 May 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Erik Frisell5,066sw
22 May 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Dunster Grange (d.)9,494br
24 May 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Kyma3,994gr
27 May 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Sheaf Mead5,008br
27 May 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Uruguay3,425ar
28 May 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Brazza10,387fr60-XF
28 May 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Julien116fr
29 May 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Marie José2,477fr
29 May 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Telena7,406br
1 Jun 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Ioanna950grHG-32F
3 Jun 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Snabb2,317fi
8 Aug 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Upwey Grange9,130br
23 Aug 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Keret1,718nwOA-200
23 Aug 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Severn Leigh5,242brOA-200
24 Aug 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Brookwood5,100brOA-200
24 Aug 1940U-37Victor Oehrn HMS Penzance (L 28)1,025brSC-1
25 Aug 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Blairmore4,141brSC-1
25 Aug 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Yewcrest3,774brOB-201
27 Aug 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Theodoros T.3,409gr
27 Sep 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Georges Mabro2,555ag
28 Sep 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Corrientes6,863brOB-217
30 Sep 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Samala5,390br
30 Sep 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Heminge2,499brOB-220
6 Oct 1940U-37Victor Oehrn British General6,989brOA-222
13 Oct 1940U-37Victor Oehrn Stangrant5,804brHX-77

24 ships sunk (104,785 tons) and 1 ship damaged (9,494 tons).

We have a picture of this vessel.
(d.) means the ship was damaged.

Media links

U-Boat Attack Logs

Daniel Morgan and Bruce Taylor

German U-boat Commanders of World War II

Busch, Rainer and Röll, Hans-Joachim

Silent Hunters

Savas, Theodore P. (editor)


Vause, Jordan

Listing of all U-boat commanders