Italian submarines in World War Two
|Type||Coastal / Sea going|
|Laid down||31 Aug 1935||Odero-Terni-Orlando, Muggiano|
|Launched||15 Jul 1936|
|Commissioned||6 Nov 1936|
|Loss date||9 Feb 1943|
|Loss position||38° 42'N, 8° 54'E|
|Fate||Sunk on 9th February 1943 south of Cagliari, Sardinia, in position 38°42'N, 08°54'E by the Dutch submarine HrMs Dolfijn.|
|Commander||Date from||Date to||Command notes|
|C.C. Renato D'Elia||15 Dec 1939||11 Aug 1940|
|T.V. Guido Coscia||12 Aug 1940||26 Aug 1940|
|T.V. Gianfranco Gazzana Priaroggia||27 Aug 1940||8 Nov 1940|
|T.V. Luigi Baroni||8 Nov 1940||17 Nov 1940|
|T.V. Enzo Zanni||18 Nov 1940||24 Mar 1942|
|T.V. Olinto Di Serio||24 Mar 1942||20 May 1942|
|T.V. Alpinolo Cinti||20 May 1942||4 Sep 1942|
|T.V. Oscar Gran||5 Sep 1942||5 Oct 1942|
|T.V. Alpinolo Cinti||5 Oct 1942||9 Feb 1943|
Ships hitNo ships hit by this submarine.
Patrols and events
|Commander||Date||Time||Port||Arr. date||Arr. time||Arr. port||Miles||Description|
|D'Elia, Renato||10 Jun 1940||Taranto||10 Jun 1940||Taranto||At Taranto.|
|1||D'Elia, Renato||17 Jun 1940||2330||Taranto||2 Jul 1940||0750||Taranto||2169,8||Patrolled between 40°40'N and 41°20'N and 02°40'E and 03°20'E, 40 miles southeast of Barcelona up to 27 June.|
|21 Jun 1940||1144|
|39° 51'N, 5° 10'E||At 1144 hours, a formation of twelve aircraft was sighted at a distance of 3,500 metres. They attacked Malachite who dived. She reached 44 meters when she was shaken by an explosion, which caused slight damage.|
This could have been French T 2 Squadron (Laté.29-8 seaplanes evacuating from Berre to Bougie) which attacked a submarine with five aircraft. The attack is reported as havinf occured on 22 June, but refers to a signal from Marine Bougie of 1325 hours on 21st June, so the date is probably an error. The attacks were carried out by T 21 piloted by L.V. Lamiot (unable to drop his bomb), T 22 (did not attack), T 23 piloted by L.V. Jourdain (dropped a bomb, which did not explode), T 210 piloted by E.V. Grosclaude (dropped a bomb which exploded), T 27 piloted by Maître Le Gall (dropped a bomb) and T 21 which made a second run and dropped a bomb, but it did not explode.
|24 Jun 1940||2202||41° 18'N, 2° 44'E||At 2202 hours, a tanker was sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres followed shortly after another four merchant vessels. Malachite tried to close the range unsuccessfully and the heavy seas prevented a gun action.|
|28 Jun 1940||1350||39° 48'N, 5° 22'E||At 1350 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 3,500 metres, steering 340° in heavy seas. C.C. Renato d'Elia decided not to attempt an attack as he believed it might be Nani. This could not be, as she had already reached Naples. Possibly this could have been either Ascianghi, Cappellini or Mocenigo but their patrol reports are not precise enough to determine which one.|
|D'Elia, Renato||15 Jul 1940||0545||Taranto||17 Jul 1940||1800||Pola||614||Passage Taranto-Pola. Then refit.|
|Coscia, Guido||12 Aug 1940||Pola||26 Aug 1940||Pola||Refit in Pola. Change in command.|
|Gazzana Priaroggia, Gianfranco||22 Oct 1940||0730||Pola||22 Oct 1940||1622||Pola||46||Exercises.|
|Gazzana Priaroggia, Gianfranco||29 Oct 1940||0710||Pola||29 Oct 1940||1522||Pola||52,5||Exercises.|
|Gazzana Priaroggia, Gianfranco||30 Oct 1940||1107||Pola||30 Oct 1940||1830||Pola||15||Exercises.|
|Gazzana Priaroggia, Gianfranco||2 Nov 1940||0930||Pola||2 Nov 1940||1725||Pola||56||Exercises.|
|Baroni, Luigi||9 Nov 1940||0855||Pola||11 Nov 1940||1315||Taranto||531||Passage Pola-Taranto. Uneventful.|
|2||Baroni, Luigi||12 Nov 1940||0500||Taranto||13 Nov 1940||1830||Taranto||180||Defensive patrol in 150° - Torre Scanzano - 13' (Gulf of Taranto).|
|Zanni, Enzo||28 Nov 1940||0815||Taranto||28 Nov 1940||1513||Taranto||35||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||29 Nov 1940||0745||Taranto||29 Nov 1940||1815||Taranto||53||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||30 Nov 1940||1235||Taranto||1 Dec 1940||1655||Augusta||314||Passage Taranto-Augusta.|
|3||Zanni, Enzo||15 Dec 1940||1213||Augusta||30 Dec 1940||1327||Augusta||1257||Patrolled off Cyrenaica with Smeraldo, between 33°10'N and the Libyan coast, and between 22°00'E and 22°50'E.|
|15 Dec 1940||1515|
|36° 00'N, 15° 36'E|
(0) 111° - Cape Murro di Porco - 14 miles.
|At 1515 hours, a Blenheim bomber was sighted at a distance of 2,000 metres. It closed to 700 metres but did not drop any bomb as Malachite opened fire with her machine guns.|
|Zanni, Enzo||1 Jan 1941||0050||Augusta||1 Jan 1941||0902||Messina||77||Passage Augusta-Messina.|
|Zanni, Enzo||20 Jan 1941||0805||Messina||20 Jan 1941||1645||Messina||62||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||23 Jan 1941||0800||Messina||23 Jan 1941||1630||Messina||47||Exercises.|
|4||Zanni, Enzo||26 Jan 1941||1800||Messina||27 Jan 1941||1330||Messina||120||Defensive patrol (hydrophone watch) north of the Strait of Messina. Uneventful.|
|5||Zanni, Enzo||4 Feb 1941||1720||Messina||18 Feb 1941||1600||Messina||1563||Patrolled off Cyrenaica within 60 miles from 33°10'N, 22°10'E.|
|14 Feb 1941||0106|
(0) Off Cyrenaica.
|At 0106 hours, a dark silhouette, believed to be a cruiser or a destroyer, was sighted on an easterly course. Malachite attempted to close the range but, at 0100 hours on the 21st, the enemy vessel passed some 6 to 7,000 meters away and disappeared in the distance.|
|Zanni, Enzo||6 Mar 1941||0805||Messina||6 Mar 1941||1535||Messina||39||Exercises, escorted by R.D.57.|
|6||Zanni, Enzo||9 Mar 1941||1800||Messina||24 Mar 1941||1540||Leros||1450||Patrolled South of Crete within 20 miles from 33°30'N, 27°20'E on a NE-SW axis, then on 18 March shifted 235° - 50 miles and passage Messina-Leros.|
|19 Mar 1941||0109||33° 00'N, 26° 40'E||Since the previous evening, noises had been picked up by the hydrophones without resulting in any visual confirmation.|
At 0030 hours, hydrophone effects were picked up again. At 0055 hours, in heavy mist, a shadow was finally sighted,followed shortly after by another. They were believed to be a SOUTHAMPTON class cruiser and a destroyer steering 050°-040° at 18 knots
At 0109 hours, Malachite fired two bow torpedoes from the surface, at a range of 2,500 metres, aimed at the cruiser. They missed. A third torpedo was about to be fired when the destroyer suddenly turned toward the submarine. Malachite crash-dived. Two depth charges were heard, followed by two more.
The target was possibly the light cruiser HMS Gloucester escorted by the destroyer HMS Hasty on passage from Alexandria to Piraeus via the Kythera Channel and carrying General Blamey and 1,087 troops of the Australian corps.
|7||Zanni, Enzo||8 Apr 1941||1720||Leros||23 Apr 1941||0900||Augusta||1258||Patrolled in 33°55'N, 31°20'E on a NE-SW axis and passage Leros-Augusta.|
|14 Apr 1941||2327||34° 55'N, 24° 44'E|
(0) Very approximately.
|At 2327 hours, two liners (10,000 to 20,000 GRT), escorted by two destroyers, were sighted at 7,000 metres, steering 100°. Malachite could not close to the attack.|
|15 Apr 1941||0110|
(0) 100 miles North of Sidi Barrani.
|At 0110 hours, two steamers estimated at 3,000 to 5,000 GRT escorted by two destroyers were sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres, steering 100°. Again, Malachite could not close to the attack.|
|17 Apr 1941||0149|
(0) Ca. 100 miles North of Sidi Barrani.
|At 0149 hours, an enemy destroyer was sighted at a distance of 2,000 metres and she turned toward the submarine. Malachite crash-dived but the voice pipe had not been closed causing a large amount of water to penetrate the submarine. It was finally closed and the submarine went down to 80 meters and appeared to pick up sounds from a passing convoy on her hydrophones . She surfaced at 0212 hours but did not sight anything.|
|17 Apr 1941||2000|
(0) Ca. 100 miles North of Sidi Barrani.
|At 2000 hours, information was received of a large heavily escorted convoy. Malachite altered course to intercept but nothing was sighted or heard.|
|18 Apr 1941||2000|
(0) Ca. 100 miles North of Sidi Barrani.
|At 2000 hours, information was received of a large convoy steering 300°. Malachite steered west to intercept.|
Between 1700 and 1900 hours on the 20th, Malachite was on her way to Augusta when a series of distant explosions were heard. This was believed to be from a convoy under air attack, but nothing was sighted.
|Zanni, Enzo||10 May 1941||0800||Augusta||10 May 1941||1215||Augusta||2||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||10 May 1941||1345||Augusta||10 May 1941||1815||Augusta||2||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||11 May 1941||0815||Augusta||11 May 1941||1025||Augusta||5||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||12 May 1941||0805||Augusta||12 May 1941||1215||Augusta||9||Exercises with Smeraldo, escorted by a tug and MAS 529.|
|Zanni, Enzo||17 May 1941||0915||Augusta||17 May 1941||1145||Augusta||7||Exercises with MAS 528 and auxiliary motor sailing vessel V.68.|
|8||Zanni, Enzo||18 May 1941||2118||Augusta||5 Jun 1941||0842||Augusta||1780||Patrolled in Eastern Mediterranean, within 20 miles from 33°10'N, 28°20'E on a NE-SW axis, On 28 May, patrol was shifted between Gaidaro and the Cretan coast (34°40'N, 25°30'E?). Uneventful. Heard only H.E.|
|Zanni, Enzo||23 Jun 1941||0805||Augusta||23 Jun 1941||1111||Augusta||18||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||28 Jun 1941||1425||Augusta||28 Jun 1941||1715||Augusta||7,5||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||29 Jun 1941||0818||Augusta||29 Jun 1941||1118||Augusta||16||Exercises by MAS 531.|
|9||Zanni, Enzo||30 Jun 1941||2030||Augusta||17 Jul 1941||0835||Augusta||1724||Patrolled north of Ras Azzaz, between 32°25'N and 32°40'N, and between 24°40'E and 25°00'E.|
|3 Jul 1941||2007|
(0) Off Ras Azzaz (UK: off Mersa Matruh).
|At 1937 hours, Malachite was submerged when noises were picked up with the hydrophones. Nothing could be observed with the periscope, so she surfaced at 1946 hours.|
At 1947 hours, two destroyers were sighted zigzagging and firing at aircraft at a distance of 6-7,000 metres. As they were closing toward the submarine, Malachite submerged at 1957 hours, but again nothing could be observed through the periscope. Surfacing at 2004 hours, she immediately sighted a DIDO class cruiser with two destroyers.
At 2107 hours, a single torpedo was fired from a bow tube at a distance of 2,500 metres aimed at the cruiser and the submarine crash-dived. Two torpedoes were intended, but the first had misfired. After 150 seconds, a loud explosion was heard and it was believed that the cruiser had been hit.
These were actually the destroyers HMS Defender, HMAS Stuart and HMAS Vendetta on their way to Tobruk. HMS Defender sighted the torpedo track and avoided it. HMAS Stuart sighted the submarine's conning tower and rushed to the attack, dropping two depth charges. HMS Defender hunted the submarine without success.
Italian Naval Intelligence had intercepted a signal from the light cruiser HMS Phoebe reporting an attack (she was actually operating off the Syrian coast) and deduced that she was undamaged but that possibly one of the destroyers had been hit.
|6 Jul 1941||2046+|
(0) Off Ras Azzaz.
|At 1943, hydrophones detected noises and Malachite steered toward them. |
At 2046 hours, a destroyer was sighted at a distance of 7,000 metres, steering 250° at 30 knots. The submarine could not gain an attacking position.
|8 Jul 1941||0020|
(0) Off Ras Azzaz.
|At 0020 hours, the submarine Tembien was sighted at 2,000 metres. Malachite dived to avoid a case of mistaken identity.|
|Zanni, Enzo||21 Jul 1941||0830||Augusta||21 Jul 1941||1550||Messina||74||Passage Augusta-Messina.|
|Zanni, Enzo||20 Aug 1941||0815||Messina||20 Aug 1941||1645||Messina||25||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||23 Aug 1941||0837||Messina||23 Aug 1941||1715||Messina||27||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||25 Aug 1941||0800||Messina||25 Aug 1941||1615||Messina||32||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||29 Aug 1941||0805||Messina||29 Aug 1941||1645||Messina||35,5||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||30 Aug 1941||0903||Messina||30 Aug 1941||1245||Messina||28||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||31 Aug 1941||2306||Messina||1 Sep 1941||0650||Augusta||70||Passage Messina-Augusta.|
|Zanni, Enzo||6 Sep 1941||0815||Augusta||6 Sep 1941||1210||Augusta||18||Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary minesweeper Tea.|
|Zanni, Enzo||10 Sep 1941||0815||Augusta||10 Sep 1941||1145||Augusta||21||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||18 Sep 1941||0815||Augusta||18 Sep 1941||1200||Augusta||15||Exercises.|
|10||Zanni, Enzo||22 Sep 1941||2115||Augusta||8 Oct 1941||0915||Augusta||1383||Patrolled 20 miles north of Ras Amer on a patrol line with Tricheco. Uneventful.|
|Zanni, Enzo||11 Oct 1941||0025||Augusta||14 Oct 1941||1600||La Spezia||630||Passage Augusta-La Spezia. Sighted only Italian vessels.|
|Zanni, Enzo||17 Oct 1941||0830||La Spezia||17 Oct 1941||1730||La Spezia||36||Exercises with Veniero and Platino, escorted by MAS 572 and the auxiliary Capodistria.|
|Zanni, Enzo||19 Oct 1941||0730||La Spezia||19 Oct 1941||1230||La Spezia||37||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||6 Dec 1941||0845||La Spezia||6 Dec 1941||1510||La Spezia||36||Exercises, escorted by the auxiliaries San Marco, Crotone, Capodistria and Giasone.|
|Zanni, Enzo||11 Dec 1941||0800||La Spezia||11 Dec 1941||1500||La Spezia||36||Exercises, escorted by MAS 510.|
|Zanni, Enzo||19 Dec 1941||0845||La Spezia||19 Dec 1941||1730||La Spezia||62||Exercises with the submarines Da Procida and H.1, escorted by the auxiliaries Porto Sdobba, Crotone and Capodistria, MAS 507 and MAS 510. .|
|Zanni, Enzo||21 Dec 1941||0830||La Spezia||21 Dec 1941||1245||La Spezia||24||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||22 Dec 1941||0805||La Spezia||22 Dec 1941||1730||La Spezia||40||Exercises with the submarine Platino, escorted by the auxiliaries Porto Sdobba, Capodistria and Favignana.|
|Zanni, Enzo||29 Dec 1941||0940||La Spezia||29 Dec 1941||2125||La Spezia||55||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||31 Dec 1941||0835||La Spezia||31 Dec 1941||1710||La Spezia||26||Exercises with the submarine Colonna, escorted by the auxiliaries Capodistria and Crotone.|
|Zanni, Enzo||3 Jan 1942||1325||La Spezia||3 Jan 1942||1840||La Spezia||27||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||6 Jan 1942||0900||La Spezia||6 Jan 1942||1810||La Spezia||21||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||7 Jan 1942||1705||La Spezia||7 Jan 1942||2110||La Spezia||3||Exercises.|
|Zanni, Enzo||10 Jan 1942||1705||La Spezia||10 Jan 1942||2110||La Spezia||25||Exercises with the submarine H.6, escorted by the torpedo boat La Masa.|
|Zanni, Enzo||12 Jan 1942||1700||La Spezia||12 Jan 1942||2140||La Spezia||25||Exercises, escorted by the torpedo boat La Masa.|
|Zanni, Enzo||14 Jan 1942||2330||La Spezia||17 Jan 1942||1600||Augusta||625||Passage La Spezia-Augusta. Uneventful.|
|11||Zanni, Enzo||20 Jan 1942||1815||Augusta||31 Jan 1942||0945||Messina||1170||Patrolled north of Cyrenaica between 33°00'N and 33°40'N and 21°20'E and 21°40'E in Italian Grids 9146 and 1546. On 16th January, she was ordered to Grids 7927 and 3327 or 31°20'N and 31°40'N?). Uneventful. Heard only H.E. Then short refit.|
|20 Jan 1942||0241||36° 30'N, 16° 30'E|
|At 0241 hours, a submarine was sighted steering 320°. Malachite altered course away. This was Menotti returning to Augusta from a supply mission to Tripoli.|
|Zanni, Enzo||8 Feb 1942||0845||Messina||8 Feb 1942||1040||Messina||6,6||Trials.|
|12||Zanni, Enzo||10 Feb 1942||1640||Messina||26 Feb 1942||0910||Messina||1762||Was supposed to sail for exercises with patrol-boat Marzano (A.S. 67), but instead sailed for patrol north of Cyrenaica on the meridian within 8 miles from 34°00'N, 20°00'E on a patrol line with Topazio, Tricheco and Perla. On 13th February, she was moved 20 miles south. At 2000 hours on the 15th, following orders from MARICOSOM, she proceeded to a new position at 148° - 98 miles.|
|11 Feb 1942||0029|
|At 0029 hours, a submarine was sighted on an opposite course, at a distance of 1,200 metres. This was HMS Upright (Lieutenant J.W.D. Coombe, RN) who sighted Malachite at just 300 metres and immediately dived. Neither submarine could regain contact.|
|11 Feb 1942||2147||At 2147 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 2,000 metres. Malachite turned away. Perhaps this was HMS Tempest who was lost two days later.|
|17 Feb 1942||0620||At 0620 hours, a derelict mine was sighted 200 metres away and was sunk by machine gun fire. It was not of Italian manufacture.|
|Zanni, Enzo||17 Mar 1942||1407||Messina||17 Mar 1942||1700||Messina||13||Trials, escorted by the auxiliary Marras.|
|Di Serio, Olinto||25 Mar 1942||1330||Messina||25 Mar 1942||1730||Messina||13||Trials and exercises escorted by the auxiliary Marras.|
|Di Serio, Olinto||27 Mar 1942||0800||Messina||27 Mar 1942||1145||Messina||16||Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Marzano.|
|Di Serio, Olinto||29 Mar 1942||0812||Messina||29 Mar 1942||1130||Messina||17||Exercises, escorted by the auxiliaries Marzano (A.S.67) and Marras (A.S.51).|
|Di Serio, Olinto||4 Apr 1942||0800||Messina||4 Apr 1942||1130||Messina||20||Trials.|
|Di Serio, Olinto||6 Apr 1942||0630||Messina||6 Apr 1942||1335||Messina||62||Trials, escorted by MAS 562.|
|13||Di Serio, Olinto||6 Apr 1942||2010||Messina||24 Apr 1942||0648||Messina||1876||Patrolled north of Cyrenaica, between 33°40'N and 34°20'N, and between 22°00'E and 22°20'E on a patrol line with Uarsciek.|
|8 Apr 1942||1150|
|At 1150 hours, a Blenheim bomber was sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres. It circled twice the submarine, making strafing runs. At 1200 hours, Malachite took an opportune moment to dive.|
This was a Maryland (291) of 203 Squadron piloted by Flying Officer Curtiss who sighted a surfaced submarine, course 130°, 8 knots and took photographs. This was the third U-boat sighted on this patrol.
|Di Serio, Olinto||12 May 1942||1410||Messina||12 May 1942||1715||Messina||18||Trials.|
|Di Serio, Olinto||15 May 1942||2100||Messina||17 May 1942||1135||Cagliari||364||Passage Messina-Cagliari.|
|Di Serio, Olinto||19 May 1942||1350||Cagliari||19 May 1942||1945||Cagliari||33||Trials.|
|14||Cinti, Alpinolo||30 May 1942||1800||Cagliari||11 Jun 1942||1115||Cagliari||1251||Patrolled in western Mediterranean, in area between 37°50'N and 38°10'N, and between 03°00'E and 03°40'E. Reached the area on the morning of 1 June. In the same afternoon she was ordered to move 60 miles west.|
|1 Jun 1942||0800||38° 02'N, 3° 25'E||At 0800 hours, a 4-5,000-ton motorship was sighted at a distance of 6,000 metres, steering 358° at 14-15 knots. Malachite tried to close to identify her, but the vessel proved too fast and disappeared.|
|1 Jun 1942||0920||38° 02'N, 3° 25'E||At 0920 hours, an aircraft was seen at 10,000 metres and Malachite dived.|
At 1456 hours, the submarine was ordered to move her patrol 60 miles to the west.
|2 Jun 1942||0145||38° 02'N, 2° 01'E||At 0145 hours, a destroyer was sighted at a distance of 12-13,000 metres, steering 160°, 25-30 knots. Malachite closed to attack and had three bow torpedo tubes (533 mm) ready for firing, but a sudden change in course of the destroyer prevented it from being carried out.|
|9 Jun 1942||1220|
|37° 56'N, 2° 15'E||At 1220 hours, a Blenheim bomber was sighted at a distance of 6-,000 metres and it attacked the submarine. Malachite crash-dived and, at 1222 hours, as she reached a depth of 30-35 metres, four bombs exploded.|
The attack was made by Catalina 'D' (VA 726) of 240 Squadron, piloted by Flight Lieutenant Godber. The U-boat had been sighted at a range of 6 miles, steering 136° at 10 knots. The aircraft actually released eight depth charges from a height of 50 feet and no result was observed.
|9 Jun 1942||1539||37° 56'N, 2° 15'E|
|At 1539 hours, an aircraft was sighted at 7-8,000 metres flying at an altitude of 1,000 metres. Malachite dived.|
This was possibly a Sunderland which sighted a submarine at 1645 hours in 37°46' N, 00°36' E steering 305°, 8 knots. The submarine dived before an attack could be made [at the time, Malachite was steering 180°, but the aircraft may have made an error in direction].
|15||Cinti, Alpinolo||14 Jun 1942||1800||Cagliari||20 Jun 1942||0650||Cagliari||908||Sailed to intercept an enemy cruiser reported to be damaged and being towed at 1600/14 June in 37°58'N, 07°18'E, course 270°. She was ordered to the area between 37°20'N and 37°40'N, and between 02°20'E and 02°40'E.|
|16 Jun 1942||1125||37° 33'N, 1° 33'E||At 1125 hours, an enemy cruiser with two destroyers were sighted at 20-22,000 metres. Malachite attempted to attack but could not get to closer than 10,000-12,000 meters at 1140 hours.|
|16 Jun 1942||1517||37° 26'N, 1° 10'E||At 1517 hours, a ship believed to be French was sighted at a distance of 20,000 metres steering 180°.|
|18 Jun 1942||0355||37° 16'N, 2° 47'E||At 0355 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 500 metres, steering 270°. It was similar to Bronzo or a German U-boat. Malachite turned away, the other submarine did the same.|
|16||Cinti, Alpinolo||23 Jun 1942||0600||Cagliari||25 Jun 1942||0935||Cagliari||270||Sailed to form a patrol line with Velella, Uarsciek and Giada off Cape Carbonara between 37°20'N and 37°50'N, and between 09°40'E and 10°00'E but recalled at 2150/24.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||10 Jul 1942||0800||Cagliari||10 Jul 1942||1815||Cagliari||5||Gyrocompass tests.|
|17||Cinti, Alpinolo||16 Jul 1942||0340||Cagliari||17 Jul 1942||2000||Cagliari||283||Patrolled off Cagliari, between 37°20'N and 37°40'N, and between 09°40'E and 10°00'E. On a patrol line with Bronzo, Velella and Dagabur. Interrupted by leaks which caused chlorine fumes in the battery.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||21 Jul 1942||0500||Cagliari||22 Jul 1942||1000||Naples||268||Passage Cagliari-Naples.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||24 Jul 1942||0905||Naples||24 Jul 1942||1220||Naples||26||Trials.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||25 Jul 1942||1400||Naples||25 Jul 1942||1645||Naples||13||Trials, then long refit.|
|Gran, Oscar||5 Sep 1942||Naples||5 Oct 1942||Naples||Refit in Naples. Change in command|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||11 Oct 1942||1030||Naples||11 Oct 1942||1530||Naples||23,8||Trials.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||15 Oct 1942||0815||Naples||15 Oct 1942||1845||Naples||59||Trials.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||20 Oct 1942||0920||Naples||20 Oct 1942||1240||Naples||34,5||Trials.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||23 Oct 1942||0910||Naples||23 Oct 1942||1515||Naples||1,6||Trials.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||24 Oct 1942||1430||Naples||24 Oct 1942||1830||Naples||17,5||Trials.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||25 Oct 1942||1200||Naples||25 Oct 1942||1900||Naples||29,2||Trials and exercises.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||27 Oct 1942||1200||Naples||27 Oct 1942||1845||Naples||39,7||Trials and exercises.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||4 Nov 1942||1421||Naples||4 Nov 1942||1748||Naples||32||Trials and exercises.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||5 Nov 1942||0834||Naples||5 Nov 1942||1141||Naples||29||Exercises.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||5 Nov 1942||1853||Naples||7 Nov 1942||0815||La Spezia||333||Passage Naples-La Spezia.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||9 Nov 1942||1512||La Spezia||9 Nov 1942||1652||La Spezia||5||Trials.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||13 Nov 1942||0900||La Spezia||13 Nov 1942||1514||La Spezia||3||Trials.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||15 Nov 1942||0810||La Spezia||15 Nov 1942||1533||La Spezia||22||Exercises.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||16 Nov 1942||0900||La Spezia||16 Nov 1942||1545||La Spezia||36||Exercises.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||17 Nov 1942||0807||La Spezia||17 Nov 1942||1209||La Spezia||22||Exercises.|
|18||Cinti, Alpinolo||18 Nov 1942||0600||La Spezia||25 Nov 1942||1323||Cagliari||1103||Patrolled in western Mediterranean, in area between 37°20'N and 37°40'N, and between 07°40' and 08°00'E, off Cape de Fer and Bay of Philippeville.|
|23 Nov 1942||2310||37° 09'N, 7° 07'E||At 2310 hours, an MTB was sighted at a distance of 4-5,000 metres. Malachite dived.|
|24 Nov 1942||0411||37° 11'N, 7° 05'E|
(0) Italian Grid 8418,/4.
|Cinti, Alpinolo||26 Nov 1942||1029||Cagliari||27 Nov 1942||2020||Naples||292||Passage Cagliari-Naples.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||9 Dec 1942||0812||Naples||9 Dec 1942||1330||Naples||23||Exercises.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||11 Dec 1942||1944||Naples||13 Dec 1942||0028||Cagliari||274,5||Passage Naples-Cagliari.|
|19||Cinti, Alpinolo||15 Dec 1942||1900||Cagliari||25 Dec 1942||1000||Cagliari||1023,5||Patrolled in western Mediterranean, between 37°20'N and 37°40'N, and between 08°20'E and 08°40'E.|
|18 Dec 1942||2243||At 2243 hours, an aircraft was seen at a distance of 3,000 metres circling around the submarine. Malachite dived.|
|19 Dec 1942||2015||At 2015 hours, Information was received that, at 1828 hours, two unknown warships had been sighted by German air reconnaissance in Italian Grid 5678/2 (030° - Bone - 50 miles) steering 150°. Malachite altered course to intercept but failed to see anything.|
|22 Dec 1942||2125||At 2125 hours, Information was received that, at 1756 hours, five steamers had been sighted by German air reconnaissance in Italian Grid 4793/2 steering 090°. Malachite altered course to intercept, only hearing distant noises, but failed to see anything.|
|23 Dec 1942||2323||37° 33'N, 8° 29'E||At 2323 hours, in poor visibility, a submarine similar to the ARGO class, was sighted at a distance of 3-4,000 metres, steering 300°. Malachite turned away and dived to avoid a case of mistaken identity.|
|20||Cinti, Alpinolo||4 Jan 1943||0415||Cagliari||6 Jan 1943||0745||Cagliari||295||Patrolled in area between 37°40'N and 38°00'N, and between 08°40'E and 09°00'E, on a patrol line with Dandolo, Argento, Avorio and Mocenigo. Uneventful.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||15 Jan 1943||1300||Cagliari||16 Jan 1943||1600||La Maddalena||Passage Cagliari-La Maddalena.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||19 Jan 1943||1816||La Maddalena||20 Jan 1943||0010||La Maddalena||Exercises.|
|21||Cinti, Alpinolo||20 Jan 1943||0210||La Maddalena||23 Jan 1943||1440||Cagliari||558||Patrolled off Cape Bougaroni, in area between 37°40'N, the North African coast, and between 06°20'E and 06°40'E.|
|22 Jan 1943||0518.40||37° 13'N, 6° 24'E|
(0) Italian Grid 8850/3.
|During the evening of 21st, January, Malachite had been informed of the passage of an important convoy steering eastward.|
At 0415 hours on the 22nd, Malachite was proceeding at a depth of 35 metres, when she was violently shaken by bomb explosions, seemingly directly above her. A minute later, the hydrophones picked up numerous noises, presumably for the expected convoy.
At 0455 hours, the convoy came into view at a distance of 10,000 metres. It appeared to consist of ten 5-10,000-ton merchants, including tankers, escorted by three destroyers, steering 120°, 8 knots. One destroyer briefly appeared to alter course toward the submarine, before returning to the convoy, then came back again. T.V. Alpino Cinti, believing he had been discovered, elected to attack the destroyer instead. The target was now steering 015° at 16 knots.
At 0518.40 hours, four torpedoes (533mm, G7e type) were fired from the bow tubes at a distance of 1,100 metres. Malachite immediately went deep. She had barely reached a depth of 3 or 4 metres when a double explosion was heard. No depth charging followed and the submarine moved away from the area.
At 1134 hours, she was at a depth of 30 metres when explosions were heard close by and it was believed that she may have been spotted by an aircraft. She was undamaged and resumed her patrol.
|23 Jan 1943||0800-0830||38° 36'N, 8° 23'E||At 0830 hours, a derelict mine was sighted at a distance of 1,000 metres. Malachite closed to 500 metres, expending 120 machine gun rounds but did not succeed to sink it.|
|Cinti, Alpinolo||31 Jan 1943||1950||Cagliari||1 Feb 1943||0124||Cagliari||Exercises.|
|22||Cinti, Alpinolo||2 Feb 1943||1930||Cagliari||9 Feb 1943||1100||Sunk||690||Sailed for special mission off Algeria. Sunk in 38°42'N, 08°54'E (near Cagliari) by Dutch submarine HrMs Dolfijn, T.V. Alpino Cinti, three officers, nine ratings were picked up by the Italian minesweeper Arcioni and the fishing vessel Dori. One officer and thirty-four ratings were lost. A reconstructed patrol report was made.|
|6 Feb 1943||0345||36° 57'N, 3° 26'E||At 0345 hours, two destroyers were sighted at a distance of 4,000 metres, steering 270°, 20-25 knots. Malachite could not gain a good attack position.|
|6 Feb 1943||2110||36° 46'N, 3° 26'E|
(0) 105° - Cape Matifou (Algeria) - 9.5 miles.
|At 2110 hours, ten saboteurs of Italian Special Forces (1st battalion of the 10th Arditi Regiment) were landed on the Algerian coast in three boats. Their objective was a railway bridge about 30 km east of Algiers. The landing was successful. Malachite returned at 0558 hours on the 7th to pick them up but they failed to show up. The ten men had been captured.|
|9 Feb 1943||1103|
(e) 38° 42'N, 8° 54'E
|At 1103 hours, Malachite had just entered the searched channel leading to Cagliari, when the lookout, 2° Nocchiere (2nd Helmsman) Sisto Fosci, spotted torpedo tracks coming from the port side. The helm was immediately put hard to starboard. The first torpedo missed 50 metres ahead, the second 5-10 metres and the third only about one metre from the bow, but the fourth hit the submarine aft. The explosion was not very great and looked more like a large shell hit but the submarine sank stern first in about 50 seconds. About 20 minutes later, the auxiliary minesweeper Arcione and the fishing vessel Dori arrived on the scene and picked up the survivors. T.V. Alpino Cinti, three officers, nine ratings were the only ones found. One officer and thirty-four ratings were lost.|
The attack had been made by the Dutch submarine HrMs Dolfijn (Lieutenant Commander H.M.L.F.E. van Oostrom Soede). At 1048 hours, she had sighted a submarine described as of the GEMMA class at a distance of 2 miles.
At 1059.5 hours, she had fired a salvo of four torpedoes from a range of 2,200 yards at 8.5-second firing intervals. One explosion was heard and when the periscope was raised, the target was observed to sink by the stern.
130 entries. 107 total patrol entries (22 marked as war patrols) and 38 events.