Kapitänleutnant (Crew 34)
15 ships sunk, total tonnage 43,098 GRT
1 auxiliary warship sunk, total tonnage 1,150 GRT
1 warship sunk, total tonnage 22,600 tons
1 ship damaged, total tonnage 6,003 GRT
|Born||6 Mar 1915||Munich|
|Died||13 May 1988||(73)||Erlenbach am Main|
|U-28||16 Nov 1940||11 Feb 1941||No war patrols|
|U-81||26 Apr 1941||24 Dec 1942||9 patrols (261 days)|
|U-847||23 Jan 1943||1 Feb 1943||No war patrols|
|U-513||15 May 1943||19 Jul 1943||1 patrol (63 days)|
Friedrich Guggenberger with the IWO |
Friedrich Guggenberger began his U-boat career in October 1939 with the usual training. His first U-boat was U-28 under the command of Knights Cross holder Günther Kuhnke. During the autumn of 1940 Guggenberger took over U-28 and commanded the boat for a few months in a school flotilla.
In April 1941 he commissioned U-81. After three patrols in the Atlantic during which he sank two ships, he took the boat into the Mediterranean in November 1941. On 13 Nov, 1941, shortly after passing the Straits of Gibraltar, he torpedoed the British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal (22,600 tons), which sank one day later.
In May 1943 he took over U-513, a Type IXC boat, but was sunk on the first patrol on 19 July 1943 in Brazilian waters by an American aircraft (Niestlé, 1998). The badly wounded Guggenberger, along with six additional survivors, spent one day in a life boat at sea before being picked up by the US cruiser USS Barnegate.
After an operation and a long time in hospital he was transferred to Fort Hunt on 25 September, 1943; then to the POW camp at Crossville later that month; finally arriving in the Papago Park camp near Phoenix, Arizona (USA) in late January 1944.
Escape from Papago Park, Arizona
On 12 February, 1944, Guggenberger and four other U-boat commanders escaped from this camp. Guggenberger and his traveling companion August Maus were recaptured in Tucson, Arizona. Guggenberger was also one of the 25 POWs who escaped from this camp during the night of 23-24 December, 1944. On 6 January, 1945 he and his companion Jürgen Quaet-Faslem were captured less than 10 miles from the Mexican border.
Guggenberger was transferred to Camp Shanks, New York in February, 1946; then to a compound in the British zone of Germany, near Münster. He was released from Allied captivity in August 1946.
After the war he became an architect, before joining the German Navy, now known as the Bundesmarine, once more in 1956. After graduating from the Naval War College in Newport (USA), he was as Konteradmiral the Deputy Chief of Staff in the NATO command AFNORTH for four years. In October 1972 Guggenberger retired.
On 13 May, 1988 he went on a stroll in the forest and never came back. His body was not found until two years later.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Patrol info for Friedrich Guggenberger
|1.||U-81||21 Jun 1941||Kiel||3 Jul 1941||Trondheim||13 days|
|2.||U-81||17 Jul 1941||Trondheim||7 Aug 1941||Kirkenes||Patrol 1,||22 days|
|3.||U-81||9 Aug 1941||Kirkenes||13 Aug 1941||Trondheim||5 days|
|4.||U-81||27 Aug 1941||Trondheim||19 Sep 1941||Brest||Patrol 2,||24 days|
|5.||U-81||29 Oct 1941||Brest||31 Oct 1941||Brest||3 days|
|6.||U-81||4 Nov 1941||Brest||10 Dec 1941||La Spezia||Patrol 3,||37 days|
|7.||U-81||27 Jan 1942||La Spezia||4 Mar 1942||La Spezia||Patrol 4,||37 days|
|8.||U-81||4 Apr 1942||La Spezia||25 Apr 1942||Salamis||Patrol 5,||22 days|
|9.||U-81||6 May 1942||Salamis||3 Jun 1942||Salamis||Patrol 6,||29 days|
|10.||U-81||6 Jun 1942||Salamis||24 Jun 1942||La Spezia||Patrol 7,||19 days|
|11.||U-81||5 Oct 1942||La Spezia||16 Nov 1942||La Spezia||Patrol 8,||43 days|
|12.||U-81||24 Nov 1942||La Spezia||21 Dec 1942||Pola||Patrol 9,||28 days|
|13.||U-513||18 May 1943||Lorient||19 Jul 1943||Sunk||Patrol 10,||63 days|
|10 patrols, 324 days at sea|
Ships hit by Friedrich Guggenberger
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.