The U-boat war in Maps

The Bay of Biscay

This body of water was known as the Valley of Death among U-boat men from 1943 onwards. At that time the RAF had gained total air supremacy all over the bay and was sinking U-boats only few hours from their bunkers. The failure of the Luftwaffe to protect the area is baffling.

German U-boats lost in the Bay of Biscay

Positions within 43.00N, 12.00W and 48.20N, 01.00W

This map shows U-boats lost at sea, a significant portion of the overall U-boat losses. Here the Flak-boats were experimented with in an attempt to fend of the allied aircraft. One of the means to combat the ever-present aircraft in this area was the Piening-Route of 1943.

Selected media links

U-Boats Beyond Biscay

Bernard Edwards (2017)
($ 13.84)
(£ 12.15)

Black May

Gannon, Michael (1998)

RAAF Flying Boats at War

Leach, Joe (1999)

Bloody Biscay

Goss, Chris (1997)

The Maps