John Arthur Bailey served aboard eight different oil tankers during the Second World War, surviving the sinking of his first ship, the Atheltemplar. He was off duty and thrown from his bunk when the torpedo hit. He then headed for the engine room and helped Chief Officer Reeves to rescue his two fellow engineers from the flooded engine room.
Award Citation as published in London Gazette on 12 February 1943:
For fortitude, seamanship and endurance in taking Merchantmen and Royal Fleet Auxiliaries to North Russia through heavy seas and in the face of many attacks by enemy aircraft and submarines.