Allied Warships

Events on this day

13 October

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (39)

1941: Royal Australian Navy Minesweeper Dubbo (J 251) - Royal Navy MS Trawler Sir Agravaine (T 230) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-37 (YMS-37)

1942: Royal Canadian Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-260 (LCI(L)-260) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-260 (LCI(L)-260) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 367 (LST 367) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 368 (LST 368) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 369 (LST 369) - Royal Navy Submarine Talent (i) (P 322) - Royal Dutch Navy Submarine Zwaardvisch (P 322) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-260 (LCI(L)-260) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-261 (LCI(L)-261) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-261 (LCI(L)-261) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-34 (LCI(L)-34) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-343 (LCI(L)-343) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-85 (LCI(L)-85) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-86 (LCI(L)-86) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 326 (LCT 326) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 372 (LCT 372) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 85 (LCT 85) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 367 (LST 367) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 368 (LST 368) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 369 (LST 369) - US Navy Patrol craft PCS-1376 (PCS-1376) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 176

1943: Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-501 (LCI(L)-501) - US Navy Minesweeper Garland (AM 238) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-501 (LCI(L)-501) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 556 (LCT 556) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 557 (LCT 557) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 511

1944: US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1368 (LCT 1368) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1412 (LCT 1412) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 298 (LSM 298) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 299 (LSM 299) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 345 (LSM 345) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 828 (LST 828) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 843 (LST 843) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 961 (LST 961)

Launched (28)

1927: Royal Navy MS Trawler Hatsuse (FY 1749) - Royal Navy Armed Yacht Sea Belle II (F 60)

1931: French Navy Large destroyer Milan

1942: Royal Navy Sloop Kite (U 87) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-215 (LCI(L)-215) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 545 (LCT 545) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-215 (LCI(L)-215) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-22 (LCI(L)-22) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-336 (LCI(L)-336) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 250 (LCT 250) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 277 (LCT 277) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 62 (LCT 62) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 69 (LCT 69) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 354 (LST 354) - US Navy Destroyer Philip (ii) (DD 498) - US Navy Destroyer Renshaw (DD 499)

1943: Royal Navy Patrol vessel Kilmartin (Z 12) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 1063 (LCT 1063) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-482 (LCI(L)-482) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 539 (LCT 539) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 588 (LCT 588) - US Navy Patrol craft PCS-1392 (PCS-1392) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 405

1944: Royal Navy Rescue Tug Reward (W 164) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-879 (LCI(L)-879) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1447 (LCT 1447) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 331 (LSM 331)

1945: US Navy Aircraft carrier Oriskany (CV 34)

Commissioned (31)

1919: Royal Navy Submarine H 43 (N 43) - US Navy Oiler Patoka (AO 9)

1928: United States Coast Guard Cutter Ponchartrain

1931: Royal Navy Destroyer Acheron (i) (H 45)

1939: Royal Navy Armed Merchant Cruiser Moreton Bay (F 11)

1941: Royal Navy Boom defence vessel Barclose (Z 174) - Royal Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1072 (ML 1072) - Royal Navy Motor Gun Boat MGB 328 (MGB 328) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 48 (J 548)

1942: US Navy Minesweeper Broadbill (AM 58) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 469 (LCT 469) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 139 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 143

1943: Royal Navy Frigate Bentley (K 465) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-376 (LCI(L)-376) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1240 (PC-1240) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1361 (SC-1361) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1368 (SC-1368)

1944: Royal Navy Minesweeper Cheerful (J 388) - Royal Navy Destroyer Zebra (R 81) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-1096 (LCI(L)-1096) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-874 (LCI(L)-874) - US Navy Landing craft support LCS(L)-38 (LCS(L)-38) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 86 (LSM 86) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 646 (LST 646) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 770 (LST 770) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 810 (LST 810) - US Navy Submarine Thornback (418) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-442 (YMS-442)

1945: US Navy Medium landing ship (rocket) LSM(R) 533 (LSM(R) 533) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 727

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 13 October (5)


1940: Royal Navy Rescue Tug Danube III - Royal Navy MS Trawler Resolvo (FY 821)

1943: US Navy Destroyer Bristol (i) (DD 453)

1944: Royal Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1057 (ML 1057) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 454 (LCT 454)

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 13 October


1939

Royal Navy Heavy cruiser HMS Dorsetshire: HMS Dorsetshire (Capt. B.C.S. Martin, RN) arrived at Hong Kong.

Royal Navy Light cruiser HMS Manchester: At 0740C/13, HMS Manchester (Capt. H.H. Bousfield, RN) made rendez-vous with the British troopship (former liner) Empress of Australia (21560 GRT, built 1920).

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.W. Termijtelen, RNN) returned to Surabaya.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unity: HMS Unity (Lt. J.F.B. Brown, RN) conducted engine trials off Blyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Orpheus (i): While refitting at Hong Kong, HMS Orpheus (Cdr. C.J. Blake, RN), was undocked. She had been refitting at Hong Kong since July 1939.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Pandora: HMS Pandora (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Linton, RN) was undocked at Hong Kong where she had been refitting since mid July 1939.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Narwhal: HMS Narwhal (Lt.Cdr. E.R.J. Oddie, RN) conducted exercises off Portland.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (Cdr. J.G. Gould, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Portland.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt.Cdr. B.T. Simons, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol at 'Port A' (Loch Ewe).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. H.A.V. Haggard, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 49: HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with HMS Spaniard (Lt.Cdr. F.J. Webster, RNR).

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Sabre: While at Rosyth HMS Sabre (Lt.Cdr. B. Dean, RN) is heavily damaged when she is rammed by the armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay. Sabre was under repair to 6 May 1940.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Ilex: German U-boat U-42 was sunk south-west of Ireland, in position 49°12'N, 16°00'W, by depth charges from the British destroyers HMS Imogen (Cdr. E.B.K. Stevens, RN) and HMS Ilex (Lt.Cdr. P.L. Saumarez, RN).

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Imogen: The French merchant Louisiane was shelled and sunk by German U-boat U-48 about 230 miles west-south-west of Cape Clear. HMS Imogen (Cdr. E.B.K. Stevens, RN) later picks up the survivors.

1940

Royal Navy Light cruiser HMS Manchester: HMS Manchester (Capt. H.A. Packer, RN) arrived at Rosyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt. E.D. Norman, RN) shifted from Rothesay to Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Narwhal: The German auxiliary minesweepers Gnom 7, Kobold 1 and Kobold 3 (all three small former Norwegian fishing vessels) sink on mines laid by the British submarine HMS Narwhal (Lt.Cdr. R.J. Burch, RN) on 12 June 1940 off the Osterfjord, Norway in position 59°26'N, 05°10'E.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sunfish: HMS Sunfish (Lt. G.R. Colvin, RN) ended her 16th war patrol at Rosyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triumph (i): HMS Triumph (Lt.Cdr. W.J.W. Woods, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. F.J. Brooks, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Portsmouth. Only a submarine chaser and E-boats were sighted during this patrol.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 31: HMS H 31 (Lt. R.E. Coltart, RN) and HMS H 32 (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) both proceeded from Campbeltown to Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. R.S. Brookes, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. L.W. Napier, RN) conducted A/S exercises off / at Scapa Flow with with local defence craft, HMS Douglas (Cdr.(Retd.) J.G. Crossley, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. G.V. Prowse, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory with HMS Nasturtium (Lt.Cdr. J.F.C. Bartley, DSC, RNR) and HMS Salvia (Lt.Cdr. J.I. Miller, DSO, RD, RNR).

1941

Royal Navy Heavy cruiser HMS Exeter: HMS Exeter (Capt. O.L. Gordon, MVO, RN) departed Aden for Bombay.

Royal Dutch Navy Destroyer HNMS Isaac Sweers: Convoy OS 9 This convoy departed Liverpool on 13 October 1941 for Freetown where it arrived on 5 November 1941. Several merchant ships were detached en-route for other destinations. The convoy was made up of the following merchant vessels; Adjutant (1931 GRT, built 1922), Alderamin (Dutch, 7886 GRT, built 1920), Arlesford (2472 GRT, built 1922), Annavore (Norwegian, 3324 GRT, built 1921), Baluchistan (6992 GRT, built 1940), Baron Cawdor (3638 GRT, built 1935), Baron Ramsay (3650 GRT, built 1929), Brittany (4772 GRT, built 1928), City of Barcelona (5787 GRT, built 1930), City of Dublin (1095 GRT, built 1882), City of Hereford (5101 GRT, built 1927), Cornish City (4952 GRT, built 1936), Cressado (1228 GRT, built 1913), Egba (4989 GRT, built 1914), Empire Glade (7006 GRT, built 1941), Empire Glen (6327 GRT, built 1941), Fagersten (Norwegian, 2342 GRT, built 1921), Filleigh (4856 GRT, built 1928), Fjord (Norwegian, 4032 GRT, built 1914), Graiglas (4312 GRT, built 1940), Guinean (5205 GRT, built 1936), Hadleigh (5222 GRT, built 1930), Harmonides (5237 GRT, built 1920), Harpasa (5082 GRT, built 1934), Ittersum (Dutch, 5199 GRT, built 1938), Leeds City (4758 GRT, built 1927), Leerdam (8815 GRT, built 1921), Leeds City (4758 GRT, built 1927), Leerdam (Dutch, 8815 GRT, built 1921), Loch Ranza (4958 GRT, built 1934), Madras City (5082 GRT, built 1940), Marwarri (8067 GRT, built 1935), Nigerian (5423 GRT, built 1936), Ottinge (2870 GRT, built 1940), Queen Victoria (4937 GRT, built 1936), Rembrandt (5559 GRT, built 1941), Ribera (5559 GRT, built 1940), Rio Blanco (4086 GRT, built 1922), Salabangka (Dutch, 6586 GRT, built 1920), Sheaf Crown (4868 GRT, built 1929), Spero (1589 GRT, built 1922), Stad Amsterdam (Dutch, 3780 GRT, built 1920), Stanmore (4970 GRT, built 1940), Superman (tug, 359 GRT, built 1933), Talthybius (10254 GRT, built 1912), Tintern Abbey (2471 GRT, built 1939), Treworlas (4692 GRT, built 1922) and Willemsplein (Dutch, 5489 GRT, built 1910). Escort was initially provided by the following warships; Free French sloop / minesweeper Commandant Domine (13 – 24 October), sloops Egret (A/Capt. E.M. Haes, RN) (14 October – 2 November), Fowey (Lt.Cdr. R.M. Aubrey, RN) (14 October – 1 November), Leith (Lt.Cdr. E.C. Hulton, RN) (14 October – 1 November), Banff (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Evans, RN), Fishguard (Lt.Cdr. H.L. Pryse, RN) and the corvettes HMS Hollyhock (Lt. T.E. Davies, RNR) (14 October – 5 November), HMS Stonecrop (A/Lt.Cdr. J.V. Brock, RCNVR) (14 October – 1 November). When approaching Freetown the following corvettes joined on 31 October; HMS Burdock (T/Lt. H.J. Fellows, SANF(V)), Clover (Lt.Cdr. F.A. Shaw, RNR) and Nigella (T/Lt. L.J. Simpson, RNR). They remained with the convoy until it arrived at Freetown on 5 November. On 24 October 1941 the Gibraltar (and Lisbon) section of the convoy split off. This were nine merchant vessels escorted by HMS Fowey, HMS Leith and HMS Stonecrop. The destroyer HMS Wild Swan (Lt.Cdr. C.E.L. Sclater, RN) departed Gibraltar on 25 October to join the convoy on the 27th. Two more destroyers, HMS Gurkha (Cdr. C.N. Lentaigne, RN) and HrMs Isaac Sweers (Cdr. J. Houtsmuller, RNN) departed Gibraltar in the morning of 28 October and they joined the convoy in the afternoon of the next day. The convoy arrived at Gibraltar on 1 November. The previous day the ships destined for Lisbon had split off.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 24: HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. O. de Booy, RNN) attacked the Italian tanker Saturno (5029 GRT, built 1914) about 5 nautical miles West of Fiumicino, Italy in position 41°48'N, 12°03'E. No hits were obtained and O 24 was briefly depth charged following the attack. (All times are zone -1) 1650 hours - Sighted a ship escorted by a destroyer bearing 355°. Distance was about 5 nautical miles. The destroyer was zig-zagging in from of the merchant ship. Started attack. 1735 hours - In position 41°48'N, 12°03'E fired four torpedoes from 1500 yards at what was now seen to be a laden tanker of about 5000 tons. The escort was now seen to be a torpedo boat of the Generali-class. No hits were obtained. 1745 hours - Heard three depth charge explosions. The first one was very close the other two were further away. No further depth charges were dropped. According to Italian sources the Saturno was escorted by the torpedo boat Giuseppe La Masa. They had sailed from Civitavecchia (initially from Leghorn) for Naples.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: With her refit completed, HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN), started her trials at Blyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Spaniel (Skr. C. Coultas, DSC, RNR) and HMS Bedlington (Skr. J.H.D. Dansie, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Clyde: HMS Clyde (Cdr. D.C. Ingram, DSC, RN) is docked at Gibraltar for repairs.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thunderbolt: HMS Thunderbolt (Lt.Cdr. C.B. Crouch, DSO, RN) lands a party on a beach in Marathon Bay (Operation 'Fleshpots').

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) departed Blyth for Sheerness. She was escorted by HMS Cottesmore (Lt.Cdr. J.C.A. Ingram, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thorn: HMS Thorn (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Norfolk, RN) departed from Malta for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Ionian Sea off the West coast of Greece. She exercised with HMS Abingdon (Lt. G.A. Simmers, RNR) before departing. For the daily positions of HMS Thorn during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS P 31 (Lt. J.B.de B. Kershaw, RN) departed Gibraltar for Malta. For the daily positions of HMS P 31 during this passage see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.W.D. Coombe, RN) departed Portsmouth for Sheerness.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. W.A. Phillimore, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. A.C. Halliday, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. A.C.G. Mars, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with aircraft, HMS Fishguard (Lt.Cdr. H.L. Pryse, RNR) and HMS Wellard (Lt. S.F. Fell, RANVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, RN) proceeded from Rothesay to Ardrishaig where she participated in A/S exercises.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR ShCh-323: ShCh-323 spots and tries to attack the German light cruiser K?ln escorted by the German torpedo boats T 2, T 5, T 7, T 8 off Cape Ristna, Estonia. She is however spotted and the attack is broken off.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) arrived at Blyth. Here she was assigned to training new submarine crews.

1942

Royal Norwegian Navy Submarine HNoMS Uredd: HNoMS Uredd (Lt. Røren) departed Lerwick for her 6th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol north of Bergen, Norway. For the daily and attack positions of HNoMS Uredd during this patrol see the map below.

US Navy Submarine USS Trout: USS Trout (Lt.Cdr. L.P. Ramage) ended her 5th war patrol at Brisbane, Australia.

US Navy Submarine USS Grenadier (i): After an uneventful 3th war patrol, which ended at Fremantle, Australia, USS Grenadier (Lt.Cdr. Bruce L. Carr) departed and commenced her 4th war patrol and was ordered to lay a minefield off Haiphong, Indochina once completed then patrol in the South China Sea.

US Navy Submarine USS Seadragon: During the night of 13/14 October 1942, USS Seadragon (Cdr. W.E. Ferrall, USN), made the southbound passage of Lombok Strait on the surface.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area training a class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Parthian: HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at Beirut. A few hours before her arrival an air bottle exploded and killed a rating.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Severn: During 13/14 October 1942, HMS Severn (Lt.Cdr. A.N.G. Campbell, RN), conducted trials and exercises in Block Island Sound. These included night exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: During the afternoon, HMS Porpoise (Lt. L.W.A. Bennington, DSC, RN) was informed of a convoy of two merchant ships escorted by six destroyers in position 38°14'N, 19°35'E on course 180°, 15 knots. These were the transports Foscolo and D’Annunzio escorted by the destroyers Nicoloso Da Recco, Lampo and Folgore and the torpedo boats Ardito, Clio and Partenope proceeding from Brindisi to Benghazi. Although Porpoise appeared to be in an ideal position to intercept but only aircraft were seen and the convoy had passed a little further east.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Splendid: At 1228 hours a smoke was observed in position 42°20'N, 12°42'W and HMS P 228 (Lt. I.L.M. McGeogh, RN) gave chase. The ship turned out to be the Panamian Gaizka who had sailed behind schedule. She was stopped at 1609 hours and then released upon examination, cigarettes being exchanged for a case of port wine and a box of cigars. At 1855 hours a U-boat was sighted in 41°48'N, 12°02.5'W at a distance of six miles. She was on course 010° at 14 knots and appeared to be Italian. Splendid dived and ran for fifteen minutes at full speed to close but a look at the periscope revealed nothing and shortly after the chase was abandoned. The closest Italian submarine was Cappellini but she was much to the northeast. The submarine sighted might however have been the German supply submarine U-461 that was on the return trip from the Atlantic to St.Nazaire. Given the large size of this type of submarine she might have been mistaken for an Italian submarine.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trespasser: HMS P 312 (Lt. R.M. Favell, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unique: At 0845 hours (0945 hours, German time) on this day the German tanker Spichern (9323 GRT, built 1935, code name 'Elm', former Norwegian Krossfonn captured on 26 June 1940 by raider Widder) reported that a loud explosion was heard followed by a large column of water about 2000 meters away to port. From the same direction a torpedo track was seen. The Commanding Officer ordered hard to port and the torpedo was observed to run on a parallel course and miss about 50 metres from the port side. Fire was opened with 10.5 cm and 3.7 cm guns. At 0855 hours (0955 hours, German time), a loud noise similar to a depth charge was heard and two more torpedo tracks were observed at about 3000 metres astern on the port side. They missed the port side by 70 metres. Position of these attacks as reported by Spichern was 46°54'N, 06°03'W. Spichern was on her way back to France after she had been damaged by Allied aircraft while attempting to pass the Bay of Biscay for operations in the Atlantic on 12 October 1942. Shortly after these submarines attacks (at 1045 hours), her escort to St. Nazaire, the German minesweepers M 24, M 32 and M 152 joined her. Later (at 2345 hours) Sperrbrecher 175 joined for the last part of the passage into St. Nazaire. Spichern anchored in St. Nazaire at 0031/14. At 0852 hours and 0854 hours, HMS Ursula (Lt. R.B. Lakin, DSC, RN), while in position 46°32'N, 05°55'W, heard two loud explosions. This position was about 23 nautical miles from the position reported by Spichern. The torpedo attack on Spichern was not reported by any other submarine on patrol at that moment. The attacker must have been HMS Unique. No enemy report was received from Unique. It therefore is possible that HMS Unique was lost during the attack on Spichern. What is reported by Spichern looks like two attacks of two torpedoes. It seems like that during the first attack one of the torpedoes fired prematured possibly damaging Unique. It seems likely Unique was able to fire another two torpedoes against Spichern. Possibly the second explosion heard by Spichern was the demise of HMS Unique (Lt. R.E. Boddington, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Collett, DSC, RN) conducted exercises of Blyth training a class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Utmost: HMS Utmost (Lt. J.W.D. Coombe, RN) torpedoed and sank the the Italian tanker Nautilus (2070 GRT, built 1921) [she is sometime referred in error as the German Languste] off Cape Figari, Sardinia, Italy in position 41°03'N, 09°43'E. (All times are zone -1) 1305 hours - In position 41°03'N, 09°43'E sighted the masts and funnel of a small steamer bearing 310°. She was rounding Cape Ferro and when clear she proceeded on a course of 142°. Started attack. 1318 hours - Sighted masts and funnel of a tanker rounding Cape Ferro. She was following one mile astern of the first ship. Immediately shifted target to this vessel. 1349 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 2000 yards and went deep upon firing the last torpedo. The third torpedo had a gyro failure and passed twice overhead shortly after it had been fired, a lucky escape for Utmost. 1351 hours - Heard a large explosion thought to be the second torpedo hitting the target. HE of the target stopped and was not heard again. 1356 hours - Returned to periscope depth but immediately heard fast HE approaching so went deep again and took avoiding action. A counter attack now followed in which 19 depth charges were dropped. Some were quite close but no damage was done. 1515 hours - Returned to periscope depth. No sign of the tanker. The ship that was sighted first was still in sight and was most likely the escort for the tanker. An aircraft was also patrolling the area. Went deep again. According to Italian sources she had been on passage from La Maddalena to Olbia escorted by the auxiliary Ipparco Baccich. The minesweeper S. Vincenzo picked up 29 survivors including two wounded, three were missing.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS United: HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Malta for her 7th war patrol (also 7th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the east of Misurata. For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unruffled: HMS P 46 (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Loreto (1055 GRT, built 1912) off Cape Gallo, Sicily, Italy in position 38°14'N, 13°14'E. 129 Indian POW's aboard and 18 of the Italian crew were lost from a total of 400 and 57 respectively. (All times are zone -2) 1640 hours - Sighted masts and funnels of an eastbound ship keeping close inshore. 1720 hours - Started attack. The target was a merchant vessel of 1500 tons. A gun was seen aft and she was in ballast. 1733 hours - In position 38°14'N, 13°14'E fired three torpedoes from 1150 yards. Two hits were obtained. 1745 hours - The ship was seen to sink by the stern.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unseen: HMS P 51 (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar together with HMS Verity (Lt.Cdr. R. Horncastle, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. C.H. Rankin, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. C. Gordon, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. J.P.H. Oakley, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. B.J.B. Andrew, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. D.R.O. Mott, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 512: HMS P 512 (Lt. J.C. Ogle, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises near Pictou, Nova Scotia.

US Navy Submarine USS S-31: USS S-31 (Lt. R.F. Sellars) departed from Dutch Harbour for her 3rd offensive war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Kurils.

US Navy Submarine USS S-41: USS S-41 (Lt. I.S. Hartman) ended her 5th war patrol at Pearl Harbor. She is now sent to San Diego, California.

US Navy Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Laughon, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. B.E. Lewellen, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. I.J. Galantin, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Polish Navy Escort destroyer ORP Slazak: RAF Wireless Operator Bill Wright, DFC and other crewmen were rescued from the Atlantic after spending 3 days adrift in a dinghy when their aircraft had ditched after engine failure.

Royal Norwegian Navy Corvette HNoMS Potentilla: HNoMS Potentilla (Lt.Cdr. C.A. Monsen) picks up 10 survivors from the Norwegian merchant Fagersten that was torpedoed and sunk south of Cape Farewell in position 53°05'N, 44°06'W by German U-boat U-221.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. J.S. Bridger, RN) conducted exercises / trials at / off Loch Cairnbawn (Port HHZ).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 26: HMS L 26 (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 615: HMS P 615 (Lt. P.E. Newstead, RN) participated in exercises in Scapa Flow.

1943

US Navy Escort carrier USS Card: German U-boat U-402 was sunk in the middle of the North Atlantic, in position 48°56'N, 29°41'W, by an acoustic torpedo (Fido) from Avenger and Wildcat aircraft (VC-9) of the American escort carrier USS Card

US Navy Battleship USS Iowa: USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. McCrea, USN), conducted exercises off Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. She was escorted by destroyers from DesRon 10; USS Ellyson (Lt.Cdr. E.W. Longton, USN), USS Rodman (Cdr. J.F. Foley, USN) and USS Emmons (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Billingsley, USN).

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Cdr. F. Stam, RNN) was undocked.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XII: HrMs K XII (Lt.Cdr. T. Brunsting, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Fremantle with HMAS Dubbo (T/Lt. N.G. Weber, RANR(S)).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) departed Rothesay for Tobermory. She was escorted by HMS Kihna (A/Cdr.(Retd.) A.R.W. Sayle, RD, RNR).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Radiant (T/Lt. C.S.R. Shapland, RNVR) and HMS Spaniel.

US Navy Submarine USS Seadragon: USS Seadragon (Cdr. R.L. Rutter, USN) claims to have sunk a Japanese cargo-passenger vessel of Kwajalein. (All times are zone L, -11) 11 October 1943 2151 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 280°(T). Changed course to gain a position ahead. Decided to go for a dawn attack as light conditions were not satisfactory for a night approach. 12 October 1943 0444 hours - Radar had not picked up the target but the target was fairly visible through glasses, dived believing the target was at least 13000 yards away. 0518 hours - Picked up the target through the periscope. She had already passed us, range was now about 3500 yards. Sound had not picked her up. Range on diving must have ben only about 8000 yards instead of the estimated 13000 yards. 0530 hours - As light conditions improved identified the target as a cargo-passenger ship of about 8000 ton, with a large trawler as escort. The target appeared to be on a base course of 090°(T), speed was estimated as 8 knots. 0709 hours - Surfaced. 1247 hours - Obtained a position dead ahead of the target on her estimated base course. Range was 16000 yards. Dived. 1305 hours - Had a first good look at the target. Commenced approach. 1455 hours - Discontinued the attack as the range could not be closed further then 3800 yards. He must have changed it's base course just as we dived. 1631 hours - Surfaced and commenced chasing the target. Intended to make a moonlight radar approach around 2300 hours. 2015 hours - Lost contact with the target. 2100 hours - Unable to regain contact. Believed the target had changed course to the north. Changed course accordingly. 13 October 1943 0304 hours - Sighted our target bearing 160°(T). Went ahead full on all four engines to get ahead before daybreak. 0448 hours - The target and escort reversed course, probably they had sighted us. Our SJ radar was not functioning properly, range was about 7000 yards and it did not pick up the target. 0500 hours - Dived as it was getting light and we were only 15 miles from Kwajalein. 0525 hours - The target and escort had reversed course again and were coming towards. Commenced approach. 0557 hours - In position 08°45'N, 167°08'E fired four stern torpedoes from 2200 yards. Two torpedo hits were heard about two minutes after firing. 0600 hours - The targets screws stopped. 0602 hours - The target was dead in the water, broadside to us. 0604 hours - Went deep as the escort was seen to come towards. 0606 hours - Heard a heavy explosion in the direction of the target. 0618 hours - Three depth charges were dropped. 0630 hours - Started to come up to periscope depth. Another depth charge or an aerial bomb was dropped. 0645 hours - At periscope depth. Only the escort was sighted lying-to where the target was last sighted. Two floatplanes were circling overhead. Considered the target sunk.

US Navy Submarine USS Rasher: USS Rasher (Cdr. E.S. Hutchinson) torpedoed and sank the Japanese army cargo ship Kenkoku Maru (3377 GRT) west of Ambon in position 03°47'S, 127°41'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Scorpion: USS Scorpion (Cdr. Maximilian Gmelich Schmidt) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Mariana Islands area.

US Navy Submarine USS Capelin: USS Capelin (Cdr. E.E. Marshall, USN) arrived at Brisbane, Australia.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (T/L. P.S. Thirsk, RNR) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt.Cdr. L.W. Napier, DSO, RN) departed Malta to return to Beirut. Rorqual was recalled as she was urgently needed for supply trips to Leros. For the daily positions of HMS Rorqual during this passage see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Satyr: HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) ended her 5th war patrol at Lerwick.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seadog: HMS Seadog (Lt. C.R. Pelly, RN) departed Dundee for Lerwick.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Shakespeare: HMS Shakespeare (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSC, RN) arrived at Malta and departed later the same day to continue her passage to Beirut.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Storm: HMS Storm (T/Lt. E.P. Young, DSC, RNVR) conducted A/S exercises with USS Corry (Lt.Cdr. L.B. Ensey, USN), HMS Brissenden (Lt. the Hon. D.D.E. Vivian, RN), HMS Hamlet (T/Lt. J.C. Boyd, RNVR) and HMS Celia (T/Lt. L.B. Merrick, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Eade, RNR) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners. These also included night exercises during the night of 13/14 October 1943.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area. These included gunnery exercises on a target towed by HMS Jan van Gelder (Lt. P.D. O'Driscoll, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Umbra: HMS Umbra (Lt. R.A.A.C. Ward, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard with aircraft.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Varangian: HMS Varangian (Lt. J. Nash, DSC, RN) arrived at Dundee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unswerving: HMS Unswerving (T/Lt. M.D. Tattersall, RNVR) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. I.G. Raikes, DSC, RN) arrived at Dundee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. H.C. Gowan, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Tuscarora (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) H.T. Pitt, RN) and HMS Spaniel.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. R.H. Bull, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory with HMS Dorothy Gray (T/Skr. R.H. Maulkinson, RNR), another vessel (unable to read the name in the log of HMS P 511), HMS Deptford (Lt.Cdr. H.R. White, RN) and HMS Aries (Cdr. W.B. Tanner, RD, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS S-28: USS S-28 (Lt. V.A. Sisler, Jr.) ended her 7th war patrol at Attu. She is now assigned to training duties at Pearl Harbor.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-9: USS R-9 departed Bermuda for New London, Connecticut.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. G.F. Sharp, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Parham, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. D.L. Mehlop, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. H.R. Murray, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Digby.

1944

US Navy Destroyer USS Lyman K. Swenson: USS Lyman K. Swenson arrived at Ulithi.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 19: HrMs O 19 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Karnebeek, RNN) was put on the slipway at Fremantle. The newly manufactured starboard hydroplane was installed and the ships bottom was cleaned and painted.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: While en-route from Campbeltown to the exercise area HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) is rammed by HMS Bretwalda (Skr. J.B. Henderson, RNR). The next morning, during a dive, minor damage to the Starboard propeller and the pressure hull is discovered. Arrangements were made for repairs. After being rammed O 15 continued to the exercise area and conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS St. Modwen (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Lycett, DSC, RNR) and HMS Valena (T/Lt. H. Trefusis, RNVR).

US Navy Submarine USS Sargo: With her overhaul competed USS Sargo (Lt.Cdr. E.S. Carmick) leaves Pearl Harbor for her 12th and final war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Bonin and Ryukyu Islands.

US Navy Submarine USS Mingo: USS Mingo (Lt.Cdr. J.R. Madison) ended her 5th war patrol at Fremantle.

US Navy Submarine USS Pogy: USS Pogy (Lt.Cdr. P.G. Molteni, Jr.) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 7th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Ryukyu Islands.

US Navy Submarine USS Barbel: USS Barbel (Cdr. R.A. Keating, Jr., USN) makes a torpedo attack in twilight on radar bearing against a convoy, claiming one hit and damage on a target identified as a 10,000-ton tanker and the sinking of a 1500-ton destroyer at position 29°38'N, 127°27'E. Neither claim is confirmed by Japanese sources. (All times are zone -10) 0448 hours - In position 29°38'N, 127°27'E obtained radar contact bearing 267°(T), range 24000 yards. Manned battle stations torpedo and commenced tracking. 0510 hours - Contact tracking on base course 010°(T). Worked ahead for attack. 0530 hours - Altered course to close the track. 0537 hours - Altered course to head in for the attack. Range was 13000 yards. Targets course 340°(T), speed 10 knots. 0549 hours - Slowed down to shoot. Target's course now 015°(T), speed still 10 knots. Disposition of the convoy was as follows; two small transports well in van, then two escorts 2000 yardsahead of the main formation, next three large ships in rough column with a destroyer trailing on the starboard quarter. 0554 hours - Commenced firing six bow tubes at the leading target. No hits were obtained as the target changed course after firing. Swung for a quick setup on the next big target. 0558 hours - Commenced firing four stern tubes at the second big target, an oiler. 0559 hours - All ahead. Opened out on course 020°(T). We had not been sighted. Commenced reload forward. 0601 hours - One torpedo hit the oiler. 0602 hours - Two torpedo hits on the destroyer.

US Navy Submarine USS Bergall: USS Bergall (Cdr. J.M. Hyde, USN) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant tanker Shinshu Maru (4182 GRT, built 1934) off Cam Ranh Bay, French Indo-China in position 11°52'N, 109°20'E. (All times are zone H, -8) 0816 hours - In position 11°54'N, 109°18'E sighted two ships bearing 343°(T), range 12000 yards. Commenced approach. 0833 hours - Sighted two escorts, one new PC and one older one. The two other ships first sighted were seen to be a 2000 ton tanker and a 4000 ton transport that looked rather new. The ships were very close inshore making the attack a difficult one. 0902 hours - In position 11°52'N, 109°20'E fired four torpedoes from a range of about 2000 yards. Two torpedo hits were heard. 0908 hours - Depth charging started. Depth charging continued for over five hours in which about thirty were dropped as well as four aircraft bombs. 1604 hours - Came to periscope depth. All clear.

US Navy Submarine USS Blower: USS Blower (Cdr. J.H. Campbell, USN) is put on the slipway at Key West to inspect the damage from the collission.

US Navy Submarine USS Blueback: USS Blueback (Cdr. M.K. Clementson, USN) conducted exercises off Key West, Florida.

US Navy Submarine USS Kraken: USS Kraken (Cdr. T.H. Henry, USN) arrived at the Panama Canal Zone from New Orleans, Louisiana.

US Navy Submarine USS Threadfin: With her torpedo trials completed, USS Threadfin (Cdr. J.J. Foote, USN), arrived at New London, Connecticut from Newport, Rhode Island.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. F.E. Ashmead-Bartlett, RN) conducted speed trials on the measured mile.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Storm: HMS Storm (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E.P. Young, DSO, DSC, RNVR) made a short call at Exmouth Gulf for additional fuel before proceeding towards her patrol area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sturdy (ii): HMS Sturdy (Lt. W.St.G. Anderson, DSC, RNR) sank a coaster and 6 schooners off Towari, Celebes, Netherlands East Indies. (All times are zone -8) 1735 hours - Sighted a coaster of about 300-400 tons steering 110° at 6 knots. She was armed with machine guns and depth charges. 1802 hours - Surfaced for gun action. 1804 hours - The coaster sank in position 04°40'S, 121°27'E. Now gave chase to the 6 schooners sighted earlier in the day. 1910 hours - Boarded the first schooner. She was well laden with nickel ore. A demolition charge was placed and she exploded and sank shortly afterwards. 20 Minutes later found and boarded 4 other schooners. They all carried nickel ore. They were all sunk by demolition charges in position 04°40'S, 121°27'E. 2100 hours - Found the 6th schooner. She was also boarded and found to carry general cargo. Once again a demolition charge was placed and she sank in position 04°39'S, 121°21'E. Sturdy then departed the area towards the South-West.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Supreme: HMS Supreme (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Aden for Trincomalee. Before proceeding she conducted A/S exercises with HMS Plym (T/A/Lt.Cdr. A. Foxall, RNR), HMS Trent (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.G. Rankin, DSC, RNR) and HMS Falmouth (Lt.Cdr. E.A. Woodhead, RD, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Solent: HMS Solent (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (T/Lt. P.S. Parmenter, RNR) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna: HMS Tuna (A/Lt.Cdr. L.F.L. Hill, RNR) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantalus: Durnig 13/14 October 1944, HMS Tantalus (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Mackenzie, DSO and Bar, RN), conducted exercises off Fremantle. These included night exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantivy: HMS Tantivy (Lt. H.S. May, RN) tops off with fuel at Exmouth Gulf.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Terrapin: During 13/14 October 1944, HMS Terrapin (Lt. R.H.H. Brunner, RN), conducted excercises off Trincomalee. These included night excercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taciturn: HMS Taciturn (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSO, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS Uproar (Lt. J.N. Devlin, DSC, RN) returned to Heysham.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J. Whitton, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unrivalled: HMS Unrivalled (Lt. D.S. Brown, RNVR) conducted exercises off Larne with aircraft from HMS Premier (A/Capt. R.J. Gardner, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Varangian: HMS Varangian (Lt. A.J. Sumption, DSC, RNVR) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upshot: HMS Upshot (Lt. H.W. Wilkinson, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bretwalda (Skr. J.B. Henderson, RNR) and HMS Altair (T/Lt. J.L. James, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Urtica: HMS Urtica (Lt. R.M. Seaburne-May, DSC, RN) conducted special torpedo trials off Arrochar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Virulent: HMS Virulent (Lt. S.J. Fovargue, RN) conducted D/F calibration trials in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vulpine: HMS Vulpine (T/Lt. P.S. Thirsk, DSC, RNR) conducted special A/S trials off Holyhead with aircraft.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. A.M.B. Buxton, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. R.C. Bucknall, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt.Cdr. L.G. Bernard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. D.C. Peto, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. R.D. McWenthy, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. J.R. Edmands, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR S-4: S-4 torpedoed and sank the German tanker Terra (1533 GRT) some 30 nautical miles north-east of Leba, Poland in position 54°58'N, 18°19'E.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR Lembit: At 0218 hours Lembit fires two torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a merchant of 5000 tons. These torpedoes missed their target. Just 8 minutes later, at 0226 hours, Lembit fires her remaining two torpedoes in the tubes against the German merchant Hilma Lau (2414 GRT). Sinking her north-east of Bornholm in position 55°20'N, 15°20'E.

Italian Navy Submarine IT Enrico Dandolo: Enrico Dandolo departed Bermuda for the Portsmouth Navy Yard to refit.

Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank HMS LCT 1171: For some more information see; this website (offsite link).

1945

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seadog: HMS Seadog (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) arrived at Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt.Cdr. C.P. Norman, DSO, RN) departed from Malta bound for Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truncheon: HMS Truncheon (A/Lt.Cdr. R.J. Clutterbuck, DSO, RN) departed from Aden bound for Colombo. From Colombo she goes to Singapore.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vigorous: HMS Vigorous (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) and HMS Visigoth (Lt. C.H. Hammer, RN) both Malta for Gibraltar.

1956

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Anchorite: Anchorite went aground in Rothesay Bay, being stuck for 2 days before being pulled free.

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