Allied Warships

Events on this day

23 July

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (46)

1914: US Navy Oiler Maumee (AO 2)

1917: Italian Navy Minesweeper RD 21

1919: US Navy Destroyer Parrott (DD 218)

1927: Royal Navy Submarine Odin (N 84)

1928: Royal Navy Submarine Phoenix (N 96)

1934: Soviet Navy Submarine ShCh-126 - Soviet Navy Submarine ShCh-127 - Soviet Navy Submarine ShCh-131 - Soviet Navy Submarine ShCh-134 - Soviet Navy Submarine ShCh-317 - Soviet Navy Submarine ShCh-318

1935: Royal Navy Light cruiser Aurora (12) - US Navy Destroyer Patterson (DD 392)

1936: US Navy Submarine Snapper (185) - Soviet Navy Destroyer Gremyashchiy

1939: Soviet Navy Submarine ShCh-216

1940: Royal Navy Corvette Wallflower (K 44)

1941: Royal Navy Minesweeper BYMS 2018 (J 818) - Royal Navy MS Trawler Skye (T 163) - US Navy Seaplane tender Absecon (AVP 23) - US Navy Minesweeper Broadbill (AM 58) - US Navy Seaplane tender Chincoteague (AVP 24) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-23 (YMS-23)

1942: Royal Navy Motor Gun Boat MGB 191 (MGB 191) - US Navy Submarine Billfish (286) - US Navy Submarine Bowfin (287) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 210 - US Navy Destroyer Stevenson (DD 645)

1943: Royal Canadian Navy Corvette Orangeville (K 491) - Royal Canadian Navy Corvette West York (K 369) - Royal Navy Corvette Hedingham Castle (i) (K 491) - Royal Navy Dock landing ship Oceanway (F 143) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 440 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 563

1944: US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1197 (LCT 1197) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1198 (LCT 1198) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1199 (LCT 1199) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 100 (LSM 100) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 101 (LSM 101) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 102 (LSM 102) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 99 (LSM 99) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 793 (LST 793) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 884 (LST 884) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 754

1945: US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 775 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 804

Launched (25)

1917: Royal Navy MS Trawler Cranefly (FY 539)

1929: Royal Navy MS Trawler Loch Eribol (FY 704) - Royal Navy Submarine Proteus (N 29)

1932: Royal Navy Sloop Weston (L 72 / U 72)

1936: Royal Navy Light cruiser Sheffield (24)

1937: Soviet Navy Submarine M-172

1938: Italian Navy Destroyer Carabiniere

1941: Royal Navy Escort destroyer Bedale (L 26) - Royal Navy Escort destroyer Bleasdale (L 50) - Polish Navy Escort destroyer Slazak (L 26)

1942: Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 183 (J 683) - US Navy Fleet tug Chickasaw (AT 83) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 120 - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-725 (SC-725)

1943: Royal Navy Rescue Tug Cheerly (W 153) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 769 (LCT 769) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Cooner (DE 172) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 376 - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1295 (SC-1295)

1944: US Navy Destroyer Adams (DM 27) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-778 (LCI(L)-778) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-779 (LCI(L)-779) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1196 (LCT 1196) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1257 (PC-1257)

1945: US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 717

Commissioned (40)

1924: US Navy Destroyer tender Dobbin (AD 3)

1926: French Navy Submarine Narval

1931: Royal New Zealand Navy Light cruiser Leander (75) - Royal Navy Heavy cruiser Exeter (68)

1934: Royal Navy River gunboat Robin (T 65)

1936: US Navy Destroyer Tucker (DD 374) - Soviet Navy Submarine P-1 - Soviet Navy Submarine P-2 - Soviet Navy Submarine P-3 - Soviet Navy Submarine ShCh-401

1940: Soviet Navy Submarine M-99

1941: Free French Navy Corvette Aconit (K 58) - Royal Australian Navy Minesweeper Mildura (J 207) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 41

1942: Royal New Zealand Navy MS Trawler Hinau (T 399) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 346 (LCT 346) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-589 (PC-589) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 113 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 72 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 95

1943: Royal Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1290 (ML 1290) - US Navy Destroyer Charles J. Badger (DD 657) - US Navy Submarine Dace (247) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Foss (DE 59) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Gantner (DE 60) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-361 (LCI(L)-361) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 216 (LST 216) - US Navy Corvette Pert (PG-95) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 288 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 358 - US Navy Destroyer Escort Schmitt (DE 676) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-386 (YMS-386)

1944: US Navy Destroyer Lowry (DD 770) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 215 (LSM 215) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1483 (SC-1483)

1945: Royal Navy Destroyer Trafalgar (R 77) - US Navy Minesweeper Gavia (AM 363) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1127 (LST 1127) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1131 (LST 1131) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 714

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 23 July (3)


1940: Royal Navy Submarine Narwhal (N 45)

1941: Royal Navy Destroyer Fearless (H 67)

1943: US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 196 (LCT 196)

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 23 July


1940

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory with HMS Godetia (Lt.Cdr. G.V. Legassick, RNR) and HMS Primrose (Lt.Cdr. C.B. Sanders, RNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Osiris: HMS Osiris (Lt.Cdr. J.R.G. Harvey, RN (retired)) ended her 2nd war patrol at Alexandria.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regulus (i): HMS Regulus (Cdr. J.M. Money, RN) departed Aden for Alexandria.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Clyde: HMS Clyde (Cdr. D.C. Ingram, RN) ended her 11th war patrol at Dundee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triton: While on patrol off Bergen, Norway, HMS Triton (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN), sights the conning tower of a submarine. An attack was not possible as contact was lost soon after sighting. (All times are zone -1) 0800 hours - In position 59°31'N, 04°13'E sighted the conning tower of a submarine astern steering South. The conning tower only was visible from about half way up. Distance was at least 5 nautical miles. After Triton had turned round contact was soon lost. The conning tower had been in sight for about 10 minutes. This was most likely German U-boat U-61 that was returning to Kiel from patrol. It had just made a brief stop at Bergen for fuel.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. E.P. Tomkinson, RN) participated in / conducted exercises off Campbeltown. These included a practice attack on HMS Topaze (Lt.Cdr. John J.N. Hambly, MBE, RN). Upon completion of these exercises HMS H 33 proceeded to Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. A.F. Collett, RN) ended her 7th war patrol at Lowestoft where she was immediately docked.

1941

Royal Navy Heavy cruiser HMS Devonshire: HMS Devonshire (Capt. R.D. Oliver, DSC, RN) sailed from Scapa Flow escorting the carriers Victorious and Furious in a raid against Petsamo and Kirkenes.

Royal Navy Light cruiser HMS Manchester: At 0947 hours (zone -2), HMS Manchester (Capt. H. Drew, DSC, RN), is damaged by a torpedo fired by an Italian aircraft. The result was that only one engine out of four remained operational and she could only do 8 knots. Later this was increased to 12 knots. Manchester, who had 750 soldiers for Malta onboard, was ordered to return to Gibraltar escorted by HMS Avon Vale (Lt.Cdr. P.A.R. Withers, RN). Around 1800 hours, HMS Manchester was attacked by 3 Italian torpedo bombers but these obtained no more hits. At 0920/24 HMS Manchester and HMS Avon Vale were joined by two more destroyers coming from Gibraltar, HMS Vimy (Lt.Cdr. H.G.D. de Chair, RN) and HMS Vidette (Lt.Cdr. E.N. Walmsley, RN). At 0730/25 HMS Wishart (Cdr. E.T. Cooper, RN) also joined the screen relieving HMS Avon Vale that had left the screen after fueling from HMS Manchester the previous evening.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. G.B.M. van Erkel, RNN) carried out A/S exercises off Gibraltar with two British ML's.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 14: HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. G. Quint, RNN(R)) conducted A/S exercises at / off Scapa Flow with HMS Antelope (Lt.Cdr. R.B.N. Hicks, DSO, RN), ORP Kujawiak (Lt.Cdr. L. Lichodziejewski, ORP), HMS Davyk (Skr. C.A. Grimmer, RNR) and (the drifter) HMS Craigroy.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown together with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(retired) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS L'Incomprise (Lt.(Retd.) F.S. Deveson, RNR).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. J.H. Geijs, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Campion (Lt.Cdr. A. Johnson, RNVR) and HMS Islay (Ch.Skr. T. Donovan, RNR).

Royal Navy Aircraft Carrier HMS Victorious: Sailed from Scapa Flow escorted by heavy cruisers Suffolk and Devonshire and 6 destroyers for an attack on German bases at Kirkenes and Petsamo, North Norway. The task force was spotted by a German scout plane on 30/7 and the attackers received a hot welcome, sustaining heavy losses.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) with HMS Breda (Capt.(Retd.) A.E. Johnston, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Olympus: HMS Olympus (Lt.Cdr. H.G. Dymott, RN) attacked a large passenger ship south-east of Ischia Island. No hits were obtained. Lt.Cdr Dymott thought her had attacked a large liner of the Conte Grande-class but this was not the case. The ship attacked was most likely Città di Trieste (4658 GRT, built 1915) which reported being missed by torpedoes at 1425 hours (Italian time) while off Ischia. (All times are zone -1) 1327 hours - Fired two torpedoes (four were intended but two torpedo tubes misfired but of the torpedoes fired only one was heard to run) at a large passenger vessel escorted by a small sloop. Range was 3000 yards. Attack position was to the south-east of Ischia Island (146° - Ischia - 2.5 nautical miles). No hits were obtained.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Osiris: HMS Osiris (Lt.Cdr. T.T. Euman, RN) ended her 7th war patrol at Alexandria. Lt.Cdr. Euman was criticised for failing to sink two unescorted merchant vessels due to failed attack setups.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) conducted trials off Portsmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. W.A.K.N. Cavaye, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trident: At 0400 hours, HMS Trident (Lt.Cdr. G.M. Sladen, DSC, RN), made rendes-vous with her escort towards Holy Loch, HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. P.S. Skelton, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Spaniel (Skr. C. Coultas, DSC, RNR) and HMS Valena (Lt.Cdr. A.F.C. Gray, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. J.D. Martin, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. A.C.G. Mars, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Ardrishaig.

Polish Navy Submarine ORP Sokol: ORP Sokol (Kpt.mar B. Karnicki) ended her 4th war patrol at Portsmouth.

1942

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area. These included a practice attack on HMS Narcissus (Lt. W.G.H. Bolton, RNR).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Boarhound (Skr. S.G. Jinks, RNR) and HMS Spaniel.

US Navy Submarine USS Herring: USS Herring (Lt.Cdr. R.W. Johnson, USN) arrived at Newport, Rhode Island for special torpedo tests.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Lt. L.W.A. Bennington, DSC, RN) departed Port Said for Haifa. As no log is available no map can be displayed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt. L.W. Napier, RN) arrived at the Devonport Dockyard at Plymouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 222: HMS P 222 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. MacKenzie, RN) is ordered to patrol off Cape Palos, Spain to intercept the Vichy French merchant Mitidja. It is thought this French ship is carrying contraband.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tigris: HMS Tigris (Lt.Cdr. G.R. Colvin, RN) arrived at Holy Loch for a period of trials and training.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo firing exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. A.D. Piper, DSC, RNR) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. D.E.O. Watson, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises at Scapa Flow.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. D.T. Hammond, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. P.W. Garnett, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. B.E. Lewellen, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-12: USS R-12 (Lt. E.E. Shelby, USN) participated in A/S exercises of Guantanamo Bay together with USS Mervine (Lt.Cdr. S.D. Willingham, USN).

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. A.R. Gallaher, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Royal Navy ASW Trawler HMS Pict: The British merchant Garmula is torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-752 about 200 nautical miles south-west of Freetown in position 05°32'N, 14°45'W. HMS Pict (Lt.Cdr. W.N.H. Faichney, RNR) later picks up 61 survivors.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. L.F.L. Hill, RNR) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class off new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 26: HMS L 26 (Lt. C.A. Pardoe, RNR) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

1943

US Navy Destroyer USS George E. Badger: German U-boat U-613 was sunk in the mid-Atlantic south of the Azores, in position 35°32'N, 28°36'W, by depth charges from the US destroyer USS George E. Badger.

US Navy Escort carrier USS Bogue: German U-boat U-527 was sunk in the mid-Atlantic south of the Azores during support of U-648, in position 35°25'N, 27°56'W, by depth charges from Avenger aircraft (VC-9) of the US escort carrier USS Bogue

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XII: HrMs K XII (Lt.Cdr. T. Brunsting, RNN) conducted exercises off Fremantle together with USS Isabel.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) departed from Exmouth Gulf for her 20th war patrol. She is to conduct several special operations (under the control of the Dutch NEFIS organisation) off the South coast of Java and Bali and also to the North of Bali and in the Kangean Archipaligo. The positions of O 21 are 'coded' in the ships log. The ships positions were 'decoded' by us with help of a report in Dutch language on this patrol (No report in English has been found in Dutch or British archives.) For the daily and attack positions of HrMs O 21 during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(Retd.) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS Bedlington (Skr. A.W. Peak, RNR).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bedlington (Skr. A.W. Peak, RNR) and HMS L'Incomprise (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) F.S. Deveson, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Gar: USS Gar (Lt.Cdr. P.D. Quirk) ended her 8th war patrol at Fremantle.

US Navy Submarine USS Bonefish: USS Bonefish (Lt.Cdr. T.W. Hogan, USN) departed New London, Conneciticut for the Panama Canal Zone.

US Navy Submarine USS Muskallunge: USS Muskallunge (Lt.Cdr. W.A. Saunders, USN) transited the Panama Canal.

US Navy Submarine USS Pargo: USS Pargo arrived at Pearl Harbor from New London.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.B.de B. Kershaw, DSO, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Osiris: HMS Osiris (Lt. A.G. Chandler, RNR) arrived at Port Said where she was immediately docked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sportsman: HMS Sportsman (Lt. R. Gatehouse, DSC, RN) departed Algiers for her 5th war patrol (4th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Northern part of the Tyrrhenian Sea to the East of Corsica. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Sportsman during this patrol see the map below. HMS Sportsman 5th war patrol click here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stoic: HMS Stoic (Lt. P.B. Marriot, DSO, RN) departed Holy Loch for Scapa Flow. She made the passage together with HMS Stubborn (Lt. A.A. Duff, RN). They were escorted by the armed yacht HMS White Bear (Cdr. J.F. Drake, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stubborn: HMS Stubborn (Lt. A.A. Duff, RN) departed Holy Loch for Scapa Flow. She made the passage together with HMS Stoic (Lt. P.B. Marriot, DSO, RN). They were escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr. J.F. Drake, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Surf: HMS Surf (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Eade, RNR) conducted exercises off Portsmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna: HMS Tuna (Lt. D.S.R. Martin, DSO, RN) ended her 20th war patrol at Holy Loch. Tuna, and HMS Truculent (Lt.Cdr. R.L. Alexander, RN) were escorted from 0800 hours by HMS Scimitar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt. R.J. Clutterbuck, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian Aderno (2609 BRT, built 1912, former British Ardeola) off Civitavecchia, Italy in position 42°04'N, 11°47'E. (All times are zone -2) 1820 hours - Sighted smoke and air escort to the South-East. This was soon identified as a convoy consisting of one passenger/cargo ship of about 8000 tons and one 2000 ton merchant ship. They were escorted by one A/S trawler and two torpedo boats. Two aircraft were seen overhead. The largest ship was selected as target and an attack was started. 1940 hours - In position 275° Linaro Point 2.2 nautical miles fired a salvo of four torpedoes from 1000 yards. Three hits were heard nearly a minute after firing. Torbay went to 250 feet and retired to the Southward. The composition of this convoy was besides the above mentioned Aderno the German merchant Colleville (2012 GRT, built 1922, former French) escorted by the German torpedo boat TA-11, the German auxiliary A/S vessels UJ-2203 and UJ-2208 and Italian torpedo boat Aliseo (this was the escort leader).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trespasser: HMS Trespasser (Lt.Cdr. R.M. Favell, RN) ended her 5th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean) at Algiers.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truculent: HMS Truculent (Lt.Cdr. R.L. Alexander, RN) ended her 5th war patrol at Holy Loch. HMS Truculent and HMS Tuna (Lt. D.S.R. Martin, DSO, RN) were escorted in from 0800 hours by HMS Scimitar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantalus: HMS Tantalus (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Mackenzie, DSO and Bar, RN) conducted exercises off Larne.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantivy: HMS Tantivy (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed her builders yard for Holy Loch. She was escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSO, DSC, RN) conducted exercises of Blyth training a class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unrivalled: HMS Unrivalled (Lt. H.B. Turner, DSC, RN) made two attacks this day off Cape Vaticano. In the first attack three torpedoes were fired against a tug, all missed. Unrivalled then surfaced to attack with the gun but the gun attack had to be broken off twice. This was the tug Boeo which returned fire and managed to escape. Not much better luck in the second attack. Four torpedoes were fired at what is thought to be a German U-boat. This was actually the Italian submarine Argento (T.V. Leo Masina) which reported three torpedoes missing astern. (All times are zone -2) 0506 hours - Sighted a tug bearing 210°. Enemy course 040°, speed 11 knots. Started attack. 0521 hours - In position 38°38'N, 15°39'E fired three torpedoes. Due to an error in drill Unrivalled broke surface. She quickly dived again and on the next periscope observation the enemy was seen to have turned towards and combed the torpedo tracks. 0525 hours - Surfaced and engaged the enemy from 2000 yards with the 3" gun. 0535 hours - The enemy returned fire with machine guns. So far the enemy had not been hit by us. Broke off the action and dived. 0540 hours - When the range had opened up to 3000 yards surfaced and engaged the enemy again. A round of 3" jammed in the gun and again the action had to be broken off. Dived. ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1459 hours - Sighted what is thought to be a German U-boat with an Italian ML as escort. Range was 4000-5000 yards. Started attack. 1506 hours - In position 38°37'N, 15°45'E fired four torpedoes from 4000 yards. No hits were obtained. 1512 hours - The U-boat and escort turned and carried out practice gunnery. 1516 hours - Three end of run explosions were heard. The U-boat resumed it's original course. The escort stopped to listen for the submarine that had attacked them. Unrivalled then retired to the west.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unruly: HMS Unruly (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, RN) departed Bizerta for passage to Malta. She made the passage together with HMS Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN) and ORP Sokol (Lt.Cdr. J.C. Koziolkowski, ORP). They were escorted by HMS Bude (Lt. F.A.J. Andrew, RN) and HMS Clacton (A/Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) L.S. Shaw, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultor: HMS Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN) departed Bizerta for Malta. She made the passage together with HMS Unruly (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, RN) and ORP Sokol (Lt.Cdr. J.C. Koziolkowski, ORP). They were escorted by HMS Bude (Lt. F.A.J. Andrew, RN) and HMS Clacton (A/Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) L.S. Shaw, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Untiring: HMS Untiring (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) conducted A/S and attack exercises off Larne.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Varangian: HMS Varangian (Lt. J. Nash, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.A.R. Troup, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Vanquisher (Lt.Cdr. G.A.G. Ormsby, RN) and HMS Viscount (Lt.Cdr. L.E. Woodhouse, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (T/Lt. C.P. Thode, RNZNVR) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. J.M. Michell, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with (at least) HMS Shemara (Cdr.(Retd.) H. Buckle, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. C.W. Taylor, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Vidette (Lt.Cdr. R. Hart, DSC, RN), HMS Vansittart (Lt.Cdr. T. Johnston, RN), HMS Loosestrife (Lt. H.A. Stonehouse, DSC, RNR), HMS Snowflake (Lt. H.G. Chesterman, DSC, RNR), HMCS Assiniboine (Cdr. K.F. Adams, RCN), HMS Deveron (Lt.Cdr. R.E.H. Partington, RD, RNR), HMS Sabre (T/A/Lt.Cdr. The Hon. G. Howard, RNVR) and HMS Wallflower (Lt. G.R. Greaves, RNR).

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Laforey: The Italian submarine Ascianghi (offsite link) was sunk off Augusta, Sicily by the British destroyers HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) and HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN).

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. W.L. Fey, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. E.D`H. Haskins, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Parham, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR L-4: L-4 sank the Turkish sailing vessel Gurpinar (approx. 100 GRT) with gunfire of the Bosporus.

Polish Navy Submarine ORP Sokol: ORP Sokol (Kpt.mar J. Kolziolkowski) departed Bizerta for Malta. She made the passage together with HMS Unruly (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, RN) and HMS Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN). They were escorted by HMS Bude (Lt. F.A.J. Andrew, RN) and HMS Clacton (A/Lt.Cdr. (retired) L.S. Shaw, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 26: HMS L 26 (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

1944

US Navy Destroyer USS Cooper: USS Cooper departed from Boston bound for the Pacific.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XIV: HrMs K XIV (Lt.Cdr. J.F. Drijfhout van Hooff, RNN) ended her 7th war patrol at Darwin.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Aquamarine (T/Lt. M. Hellyer, RNVR) and HMS L' Atlantique (Skr. C.A. Collins, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Picuda: USS Picuda (Lt.Cdr. G.R. Donaho) formed a wolf-pack with USS Spadefish and USS Redfish. They departed Pearl Harbor to patrol in the Luzon Straits between Formosa and Luzon.

US Navy Submarine USS Pampanito: USS Pampanito (Lt.Cdr. P.E. Summers) ended her 2nd war patrol at Midway.

US Navy Submarine USS Redfish: USS Redfish (Cdr. L.D. McGregor) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in Luzon Strait.

US Navy Submarine USS Atule: Having completed work-up and trials in the Portsmouth area, USS Atule (Cdr. J.H. Maurer, USN), arrived at Newport, Rhode Island for torpedo trials.

US Navy Submarine USS Spadefish: USS Spadefish (Cdr. G.W. Underwood) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea north-west of Luzon, Philippines.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sportsman: HMS Sportsman (Lt. R. Gatehouse, DSC, RN) is undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Storm: HMS Storm (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E.P. Young, DSC, RNVR) sank the Japanese coaster Kiso Maru (554 GRT, built 1939) just North off Port Owen, Tavoy Island, Burma in approximimate position 13°12'N, 98°16'E. Shortly afterwards Storm entered the Port Owen anchorage and sank two small patrol vessels there. A gun action off King Island had to be broken off due to a defects to the 3" gun and Oerlikon. (All times are zone -6.5) Decided to make a closer inspection of Port Owen, Tavoy Island, Burma. 0915 hours - After rounding the North-East corner of Tavoy Island sighted a coaster coming towards, steaming up the East coast of Tavoy Island. 0940 hours - Surfaced 800 yards on the coasters Port quarter. Engaged with the 3" gun. 0945 hours - The target stopped. Ceased fire after 28 rounds, all of which hit. Closed as the target was now sinking. The crew was seen to abandon ship. Two prisoners were picked up, one Japanese and one Malay. 1000 hours - As it was raining and the visibility was less then 3 miles decided to enter Port Owen. It was now unlikely that the recent action had been observed from the anchorage. 1035 hours - Sighted three vessels in the harbour. One was the hulk of a junk but the other two were small patrol vessels anchored close inshore. 1050 hours - Opened fire on one of the patrol vessels from 1200 yards. This patrol vesel had succeded in weighing anchor and was just underway. She stopped after the third round that was the first hit. The Japanese in the meantime had opened fire with machine guns. As soon as the crew of the first patrol vessel abandoned ship fire was shifted to the second patrol vessel. Soon this vessel was also abandoned. Both vessels were then finished off and Storm departed the anchorage through the South-Eastern entrance. During the action one of the gun crew was wounded in the shoulder by a machine gun bullet. Course was then set towards King Island Sound. --------------------------------------- 1636 hours - Sighted two landing craft proceeding down river from Mergui. One was seen to be armed with two machine guns the other one with one marchine gun. 1700 hours - Surfaced for gun action. Range was about 1800 yards. After two near-misses this vessel turned away. The other one (with the two machine guns) turned toward and opened fire. It was intended to shift fire to this landing craft when the 3" gun malfunctioned. Fire was then to be opened with the Oerlikon but this gun also malfunctioned. 1704 hours - Dived and proceeded Northwards at speed. Shortly afterwards a depth charge was dropped followed 5 minutes later by another one quite close. Several lights were put out. Course was now set to escape through Iron Passage. 1830 hours - Surfaced when clear of Ant Island.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSO, DSC, RN) returned to Holy Loch on completion of her exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSO, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantivy: HMS Tantivy (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) conducted exercises off Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Terrapin: HMS Terrapin (Lt.Cdr. D.S.R. Martin, DSO and 2 bars, RN) departed from Trincomalee for her 2nd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the West coast of Sumatra. She is also to perform a special operation. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Terrapin during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS United: During the night of 23/24 July 1944, HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unsparing: HMS Unsparing (Lt. A.D. Piper, DSC and 2 bars, RNR) ended her 13th war patrol (12th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Untamed: HMS Vitality (Lt. K.S. Renshaw, DSC, RNR) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uther: HMS Uther (Lt. R.A.A.C. Ward, DSC, RN) departed Rothesay for Fishguard. She was escorted by HMS Blade (T/A/Lt.Cdr. S.T. Wenlock, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unswerving: HMS Unswerving (T/Lt. M.D. Tattersall, RNVR) ended her 6th war patrol (4th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. F.R. Lawrence, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. R.C. Bucknall, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 512: HMS P 512 (Lt. J.A. Wingate, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Bermuda.

US Navy Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt. W.A. Schoenfeld, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.

1945

US Navy Destroyer USS Adams: USS Adams arrived at Pearl Harbor.

US Navy Destroyer USS Allen M. Sumner: USS Allen M. Sumner (Cdr. N.J. Sampson) arrived at Pearl Harbor.

US Navy Battleship USS Iowa: USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. Holloway, Jr., USN) Topped off four of the destroyers of the Task Group, USS Melvin (Cdr. B.K. Atkins, USN), USS Colahan (Cdr. M.A. Shellabarger, USN), USS McDermut (Cdr. C.B. Jennings, USN) and USS McGowan (Lt.Cdr. T.H.W. Conner, USN), with fuel.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) departed Gibraltar for Malta.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) departed Rotterdam for Dundee.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Tijgerhaai: HMS Tireless (A/Lt.Cdr. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Truncheon (A/Lt.Cdr. R.J. Clutterbuck, DSO, RN) and HrMs Tijgerhaai (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN) all conducted practice attacks on HMS Brilliant (A/Cdr.(Retd.) A.R.W. Sayle, RD, RNR) and HMS Icarus (Cdr.(Retd.) M.W. Ewart-Wentworth, RN).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Dolfijn: HrMs Dolfijn (Lt.Cdr. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) conducted exercises off Dundee.

US Navy Submarine USS Permit: USS Permit shifted from New London, Connecticut to Newport, Rhode Island.

US Navy Submarine USS Lapon: USS Lapon (Lt.Cdr. D.G. Bear) ended her 8th war patrol at Midway.

US Navy Submarine USS Raton: USS Raton (Lt.Cdr. G.F. Gugliotta) ended her 8th war patrol at Subic Bay, Philippines.

US Navy Submarine USS Billfish: USS Billfish (Lt.Cdr. L.C. Farley, USNR) departed Saipan for her patrol area. She was escorted out, together with USS Tench (Cdr. T.S. Baskett, USN) and USS Lionfish (Lt.Cdr. B.M. Ganyard, USN) and USS Sea Fox (Cdr. R.C. Klinker, USN).

US Navy Submarine USS Blenny: USS Blenny (Cdr. W.H. Hazzard, USN) sank a sailing vessel and a sea truck off the east coast of Malaya. An patrol vessel was also attacked with gunfire but due to accurate return fire by the enemy this action had to be broken off. (All times are zone I, -9) 1133 hours - In position 04°37'N, 103°28'E sighted a motor sampan standing north about two miles off the beach tracking at a speed of 4 knots. 1222 hours - In position 04°44'N, 103°29'E battle surfaced and commenced firing with 40mm. The crew had taken to a small dinghy when we surfaced and is clear. One round of 5" was now fired which hit the water just in front of the bow and ricochetted and demolished the bow of the sampan to the waterline. The sampan was now awash except aft. Went alongside the dinghy and found five Chinese. They indicated they were northbound from Singapore to pick up a cargo of rice in Siam. Then set the sampan on fire with 40mm. 1240 hours - While in position 04°37'N, 103°28'E sighted a sea truck at anchor. Closed. 1312 hours - In position 04°46'N, 103°26'E opened fire at a range of 3200 yards. Expended our last 23 rounds of 5" for two hits on the starboard side forward and one hit near the stern. 1354 hours - An aircraft was sighted. Submerged. 1408 hours - Surfaced. The aircraft was a Liberator. 1416 hours - Fired at the target with 40mm shells. A fire was soon started forward. Could do no more damage to this steel hull target so proceeded southwards at 1430 hours. The sea truck was on fire for 24 hours so was most likely a total loss. 1440 hours - While in position 04°39'N, 103°23'E sighted two ships close to the beach. Closed. 1505 hours - In position 04°39'N, 103°27'E opened fire with both 40mm but the action had to be broken off after a short while because of accurate return fire by the enemy. 1515 hours - Submerged. 1530 hours - A depth charge was dropped but quite a way off. 1531 hours - Another depth charge. A patrol boat was seen astern milling around. 1535 hours - Another depth charge was dropped astern. 1553 hours - The patrol boat was seen to return to the anchorage. 1700 hours - Closed the anchorage to see if we can see the patrol boat but she was not seen again.

US Navy Submarine USS Charr: USS Charr (Cdr. F.D. Boyle, USN) made a short stop at Onslow, Australia to take on board fuel for the passage to Fremantle.

US Navy Submarine USS Dentuda: USS Dentuda (Cdr. J.S. McCain, Jr., USN) departed her patrol area for Guam.

US Navy Submarine USS Catfish: USS Catfish (Lt.Cdr. W.A. Overton, USNR) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Kyushu, Japan. Later she was ordered to patrol in the Yellow Sea. She was also ordered to conduct a special operation. She was escorted out of Pearl Harbour by USS PC-1078 (Lt. J.H. Shuler, USNR). For daily positions (though incomplete) of USS Catfish during this patrol see the map below.

US Navy Submarine USS Chopper: USS Chopper (Cdr. S. Filipone, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS Sea Poacher: While on her 4th war patrol USS Sea Poacher (Lt.Cdr C.F. Leigh) sank the Japanese guard boat Kiri Maru No.2 (334 GRT) with gunfire off the east coast of Honshu, Japan in position 37°16'N, 141°04'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Sea Robin: USS Sea Robin (Cdr. P.C. Stimson) sank a small Japanese vessel with gunfire in the East China Sea in position 33°46'N, 126°30'E.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spark: HMS Spark (Lt. D.G. Kent, RN) departed Subic Bay for Brunei Bay. For the daily positions of HMS Spark during this passage see the map below. View HMS Spark passage Subic Bay - Brunei Bay in a larger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Scythian: HMS Scythian (T/A/Lt.Cdr. C.P. Thode, RNZNVR) departed Colombo for Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stygian: HMS Stygian (Lt. G.S.C. Clarabut, DSO, RN) departed Subic Bay for Brunei Bay. For the daily positions of HMS Stygian during this passage see the map below. HMS Stygian passage Subic Bay - Brunei Bay click here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Selene: HMS Selene (Lt.Cdr. H.R.B. Newton, DSC, RN) was undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sidon: At 0015 hours, in position 01°15'N, 108°35'E, HMS Sidon (Lt. H.C. Gowan, RN) sighted a sampan. She was boarded. Japanese papers were found on board. The cargo of flour and peppers was jettisoned. The sampan was then ordered to proceed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spearhead: HMS Spearhead (T/A/Lt.Cdr. R.E. Youngman, RNR) departed Subic Bay for Brunei Bay. For the daily positions of HMS Spearhead during this passage see the map below. HMS Spearhead passage Subic Bay - Brunei Bay click here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truant: HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Brookes, DSO, DSC, RN) departed Leith for Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tudor: HMS Tudor (Lt. S.A. Porter, DSC, RN) sank a schooner with gunfire in the Java Sea in position 06°09'S, 108°13'E. (All times are zone -9) 1445 hours - Sighted a schooner of about 150 tons Eastbound. The vessel was deep laden and there were oil drums on the upper deck. Closed submerged. 1530 hours - Surfaced in position 06°09'S, 108°13'E and fired warning shots. The crew eventually abandoned ship in a boat and the schooner was sunk with 4" gunfire. 1552 hours - Dived and resumed patrol going Northward.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Terrapin: HMS Terrapin (Lt. R.H.H. Brunner, DSC, RN) departed from Fremantle for the U.K. Repairs to her distorted pressure hull are not possible in Australia. When she arrived in the U.K. her fate will be decided. The first leg of the trip home is to Aden. For the daily positions of HMS Terrapin during this passage see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultor: HMS Ultor (Lt. J.P. Harvey, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vigorous: HMS Vigorous (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) ended her 7th war patrol (1st in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Virulent: HMS Virulent (Lt. F.E. Ashmead-Bartlett, RN) conducted special torpedo trials in the Clyde area.

US Navy Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Cunningham, Jr., USNR) participated in exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. D.C. Bowman, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-18: USS R-18 conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt. R.G. Black, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS S-48: USS S-48 departed Casco Bay, Maine for New London, Connecticut.

French Navy Submarine FR Antiope: Antiope departed Bermuda for Oran, Algeria via Ponta Delgada, Azores.

French Navy Submarine FR Amazone: Amazone departed Bermuda for Oran, Algeria via Ponta Delgada, Azores.

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