Events on this day
This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.
The Shipyard Report
Laid down (38)
1918: Submarine R-10 (87)
1944: Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-670 (LCI(L)-670) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-979 (LCI(L)-979) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-980 (LCI(L)-980) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-981 (LCI(L)-981) - Landing craft tank LCT 1025 (LCT 1025) - Landing craft tank LCT 1059 (LCT 1059) - Landing craft tank LCT 1060 (LCT 1060) - Landing craft tank LCT 681 (LCT 681) - Landing craft tank LCT 747 (LCT 747) - Landing craft tank LCT 825 (LCT 825) - Landing craft tank LCT 869 (LCT 869) - Medium landing ship LSM 210 (LSM 210) - Medium landing ship LSM 235 (LSM 235) - Tank landing ship LST 568 (LST 568) - Minesweeper Towhee (AM 388) - Destroyer Escort Walton (DE 361)
1945: Tank landing ship LST 1077 (LST 1077)
1916: Gunboat Etourdi
1921: Armed Merchant Cruiser Ausonia (F 53)
1924: Light cruiser Lamotte-Piquet
1929: Submarine D-4 / Revolutsyoner
1930: Submarine Nautilus
1931: Colonial sloop Dumont d'Urville
1932: Large destroyer Chevalier Paul
1935: Minesweeper Speedwell (J 87)
1939: Destroyer Kandahar (F 28)
1944: Landing Craft Tank LCT 1088 (LCT 1088) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 1124 (LCT 1124) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 7052 (LCT 7052) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-1018 (LCI(L)-1018) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-1054 (LCI(L)-1054) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-579 (LCI(L)-579) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-580 (LCI(L)-580) - Landing craft tank LCT 680 (LCT 680) - Landing craft tank LCT 733 (LCT 733) - Landing craft tank LCT 734 (LCT 734) - Destroyer Escort Lloyd E. Acree (DE 356) - Motor torpedo boat PT 530 - Submarine chaser SC-1498 (SC-1498) - Minesweeper YMS-463 (YMS-463)
Commissioned (26)Coastal defence ship Harald Hårfagre - Coastal defence ship Tordenskjold
1919: Destroyer Foote (i) (DD 169)
1921: Destroyer Hopkins (DMS 13)
1927: Light cruiser Chervona Ukraina
1940: Rescue tug Hendon
1943: Minesweeper Gladstone (J 324)
1944: Frigate Springhill (K 323) - Sloop Lapwing (U 62) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 1083 (LCT 1083) - Motor Fishing Vessel MFV 1039 (MFV 1039) - Destroyer Escort Eversole (i) (DE 404) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-1013 (LCI(L)-1013) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-1052 (LCI(L)-1052) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-576 (LCI(L)-576) - Seaplane tender San Carlos (AVP 51) - Escort carrier Shipley Bay (CVE 85)
1947: Destroyer Lloyd Thomas (DD 764)
Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).
Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.
Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.
War Losses on 21 March (2)
General Events on 21 March
Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.W. Termijtelen, RNN) arrived at Surabaya where a refit period of about 8 weeks was commenced.
Submarine HMS Ursula: HMS Ursula (Cdr. G.C. Phillips, DSO, RN) torpedoed and sank the German merchant Heddernheim (4947 GRT, built 1921) in the Skagerrak about 10 nautical miles east-north-east of Skagen, Denmark in position 57°48'N, 10°53'E. 2146 hours - Sighted a dim lights of a ship. Closed to investigate. When close signalled the ship to stop. This they did not do. After another attempt the ship was seen to increase speed so a practice round was fired with the gun as a warning shot. The ship now stopped and was asked to identify her self. She signalled 'Estonian'. Meanwhile Ursula crossed close astern of the ship and with the Aldis light the name 'Heddernheim - Bremen' could be read. The crew was ordered to abandon ship. Meanwhile they were also signalling. The crew eventually sent a boat over but this all took a very long time, it was obvious they were 'buying time'. Once again they were ordered to abandon ship, which they did but again very slow. A second warning round was now fired and this speeded up things a bit. While Ursula was manouvered into a position to torpedo the ship no.1 torpedo tube was fired by accident. This torpedo missed the ship. Due to ice damage to Ursula only no.2 and no.5 torpedo tubes could be fired. so these were now brought to the ready. No.5 torpedo tube was now fired but the torpedo failed to run. Possibly it was damaged upon discharge als due to ice damage. Now no.2 tube was fired. This torpedo hit the ship amidships and it sank shortly afterwards. One prisoner was taken from the boats.
Submarine HMS Odin: HMS Odin (Lt.Cdr. K.M. Woods, RN) arrived at Diego Saurez.
Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Hong Kong. It had been uneventful and no naval activity was observed.
Submarine HMS Grampus: HMS Grampus (Lt.Cdr. G.H. Nowell, RN) departed Singapore for Hong Kong. For the daily position of HMS Grampus during this passage see the map below.
Submarine HMS Salmon: HMS Salmon (Cdr. E.O. Bickford, DSO, RN) was taken in hand for refit and docking at the Chatham Dockyard.
Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. G.B.M. van Erkel, RNN) carried out A/S exercises off Gibraltar with the British destroyer HMS Forester (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Tancock, DSC and Bar, RN).
Submarine HNMS O 24: HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. O. de Booy, RNN) arrived at Rothesay for a period of training and for noise trials.
Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Rockingham (Lt. A.H.T. Johns, RN).
Submarine HMS Unbeaten: No A/S exercises for HMS Unbeaten (Lt. E.A. Woodward, RN) though. She departed Dartmouth at 0400 hours for her 1st war patrol off Brest, France. No log is available for this period so no map can be displayed.
Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS Oberon: During 21/22 March 1941, HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN), conducted exercises off Campbeltown together with HMS H 44 (Lt. W.N.R. Knox, DSC, RN) and HMS L 26 (Lt. S.L.C. Maydon, RN). Upon completion of these exercises HMS Oberon proceeded to Rothesay.
Submarine HMS Pandora: HMS Pandora (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Linton, RN) ended her 11th war patrol at Gibraltar.
Submarine HMS Cachalot: HMS Cachalot (Lt. H.R.B. Newton, DSC, RN) departed Holy Loch for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Bay of Biscay and to lay a minefield there. During passage south through the Irish Sea she was escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN) until 2245/22. As no log for this period is available no map can be displayed.
Submarine HMS Triumph (i): HMS Triumph (Lt.Cdr. W.J.W. Woods, RN) is undocked.
Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt. J.F.B. Brown, RN) was undocked.
Submarine HMS Tetrarch: At 0320 hours, in position 275°- Ras El Tin (Alexandria) – 36.5 nautical miles, HMS Tetrarch (Lt.Cdr. R.M.T. Peacock, RN) sighted what was at first believed to be a U-boat. Nine minutes later, after the vessel had failed to answer repeated challenges, she fired a salvo of six torpedoes at the range of 2000 yds but fortunately missed. This was the ex Italian Zingarella (190 GRT) being brought to Alexandria with a prize crew. The submarine closed to 500 yards and fired one round before the mistake was realised. Later the same day HMS Tetrarch (Lt.Cdr. R.M.T. Peacock, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.
Submarine HMS H 31: HMS H 31 (Lt. R.D. Whiteway-Wilkinson DSC, RN) departed Rothesay for Tobermory. She was escorted by HMS Breda (Capt.(Retd.) A.E. Johnston, RN).
Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. B.G. Heslop, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Ardrishaig.
Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. C.H. Rankin, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.
Submarine HMS Undaunted (i): HMS Undaunted (Lt. J.L. Livesey, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Dundee.
Destroyer USS McKean (i): USS McKean picks up 8 survivors from the American tanker Esso Nashville that was torpedoed and heavily damaged by German U-boat U-124 about 16 nautical miles north-east of the Frying Pan Lightship Buoy in position 33°35'N, 77°22'W.
Submarine HNMS O 19: HrMs O 19 (Lt. H.F. Bach Kolling, RNN(R)) ended her 4th war patrol at Colombo.
Submarine HNMS O 14: HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) departed Lerwick for her 6th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Trondheim. For the daily positions of HrMs O 14 during this patrol see the map below. View HrMs O 14 6th war patrol in a larger map
Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.F. Drijfhout Van Hooff, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Antelope (Lt.Cdr. E.N. Sinclair, RN) and HMS Campanula (Lt.Cdr. W. Hine, RNR).
Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Bulldog (Cdr. M. Richmond, OBE, RN) and HMS Richmond (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Rodgers, RN).
Submarine USS Marlin: USS Marlin departed New London, Connecticut for Casco Bay, Maine.
Submarine USS Tuna: USS Tuna (Lt.Cdr. J.L. De Tar) ended her 1st war patrol at Pearl Harbor.
Submarine USS Flying Fish: Having completed her torpedo trials, USS Flying Fish (Lt.Cdr. G.R. Donaho, USN) arrived at New London, Connecticut from Newport, Rhode Island.
Submarine HMS Unbroken: HMS P 42 (Lt. A.C.G. Mars, RN) departed Gibraltar for her 1st war patrol (also 1st in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Alboran Sea. For the daily positions of HMS P 42 during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HMS Unison: HMS P 43 (Lt. A.C. Halliday, RN) conducted night attack exercises in the Clyde area with HNoMS Draug.
Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. R. Gatehouse, DSC, RN) departed Portsmouth for Sheerness.
Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSC, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Rothesay.
Submarine HMS P 512: HMS P 512 (Lt. J.C. Ogle, DSC, RN) arrived at Halifax.
Submarine HMS P 514: HMS P 514 (Lt. W.A. Phillimore, RN) arrived at Halifax.
Submarine USS S-29: USS S-29 departed Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone for New London, Connecticut.
Destroyer ORP Piorun: Piorun departed from Canada as part of the escort of a convoy to Great Britain.
Submarine USS S-48: USS S-48 departed Casco Bay, Maine for New London, Connecticut.
Submarine HMS P 614: Having completed her torpedo trials, HMS P 614 (Lt. D.J. Beckley, RN), returned to Holy Loch.
Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.B. de Meester, RNN) returned to Fremantle.
Submarine HNMS O 24: Late on this day HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. W.J. de Vries, RNN) landed a British party of eleven men (Bunkum II) on Middle Andaman Island. During the next days stores were landed (more details to follow).
Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. Drijfhout Van Hooff, RNN) shifted from Campbeltown to Ardishaig.
Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Kite (Lt.Cdr. W.F.R. Segrave, RN), HMS Wild Goose (Cdr. D.E.G. Wemyss, RN), HMS Trent (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.G. Rankin, DSC, RNR) and HMIS Rohilkhand (Lt. J.E. Gibbs, RIN).
Submarine USS Finback: USS Finback (Lt.Cdr. J.A. Tyree, Jr.) torpedoed and damaged Japanese troop transport Sanuki Maru (7158 GRT, offsite link) south of the Caroline Islands in position 07°40'N, 139°48'E.
Submarine USS Wahoo: USS Wahoo (Cdr. D.W. Morton) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant cargo ships Hozan Maru (2260 GRT) in the Yellow Sea in position 38°11'N, 124°33'E and Nittsu Maru (2183 GRT) in position 38°05'N, 124°33'E.
Submarine USS Scamp: USS Scamp (Lt.Cdr. W.G. Ebert) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese troop transport Manju Maru (6541 GRT) off the east coast of Honshu, Japan in position 41°45'N, 142°14'E.
Submarine HMS Splendid: HMS Splendid (Lt. I.L.M. McGeogh, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian tanker Giorgio (4887 GRT, built 1907) about 8 nautical miles east-north-east of Cefalù, Sicily, Italy in position 38°05'N, 14°10'E. She had been damaged in December 1942 and was being towed by the tug Atleta from Palermo to Messina, they were escorted by the submarine chaser Quarnaro and VAS 210. (All times are zone -1) 1200 hours - Sighted smoke to the Westward. 1300 hours - Masts and funnels appeared. Two A/S aircraft were also seen patrolling the area. Mirage effect prevented the identification of the vessel until the range was about two nautical miles when it was seen the there was a tanker in tow, escorted by an auxiliary A/S vessel, an E-boat and an F-boat. The tanker was seen to be down by the bow but also under her own power. Started an attack on the tanker. 1508 hours - Fired three torpedoes from about 2000 yards at the tanker, estimated at 3000 tons. One hit was obtained. Splendid had gone deep on firing as the A/S vessel was near. A counter attack quickly followed in which 40 depth charges were dropped in quick succession, none however was dangerously near although it is thought that if Splendid had not gone to 300 feet she may have been damaged. 1620 hours - Returned to periscope depth. The A/S vessel and F-boat were still patrolling the area. The other ships, including the target, were not sighted.
Submarine HMS United: HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 14th war patrol (also 14th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the north of Sicily. For the daily positions of HMS United during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HMS Untamed: HMS Untamed (Lt. G.M. Noll, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.
Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. J.A. Spender, RN) conducted independent exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. J.P. Angell, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Black Swan (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) R.C.V. Thomson, RN), HMS Stonecrop (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Smythe, RD, RNR), HMS Campion (Lt.Cdr. A. Brown, RNVR) and HMS Bryony (T/Lt. T. Hand, RNR).
Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. G.S.C Clarabut, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown. Folowing these exercises HMS H 50 conducted special trials with HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. E.J. Lee, RN).
Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. J.S. Launders, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bedlington (Skr. J.H.D. Dansie, RNR) and HMS Spaniel.
Submarine USS S-30: USS S-30 (Lt.Cdr. W.A. Stevenson) arrived at Dutch Harbour.
Submarine USSR M-119: M-119 fires two torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a merchant of 7000 tons off the Varangerfjord. Both torpedoes missed their target.
Submarine USSR K-3: The German merchant H. Fritzen (4818 GRT) reports that she was missed by torpedoes in position 71°12'N, 27°41'E. This must have been K-3 that was sunk during the German counter-attack.
Submarine ORP Sokol: ORP Sokol (Kpt.mar J. Kolziolkowski) arrived at Holy Loch.
Submarine HNMS O 15: During 21 and 22 March 1944, HrMs O 15 (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN), conducted attack exercises off Dundee. Target was the British destroyer HMS Vigilant (Lt.Cdr. L.W.L. Argles, RN).
Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with Mounsey (Lt. F.A.J. Andrew, RN) and HMS Lawson (Lt. J.P. Somerville, RN).
Submarine HNMS Zeehond: HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was ordered to return to Lerwick.
Submarine USS Pollack: USS Pollack (Lt.Cdr. B.E. Lewellen) torpedoed and sank the Japanese auxiliary net layer Hakuyo Maru (1327 GRT) about 30 nautical miles north-east of Torishima in position 30°53'N, 140°42'E.
Submarine USS Nautilus: USS Nautilus (Cdr. W.D. Irvin) ended her 8th war patrol at Pearl Harbor.
Submarine USS Halibut: USS Halibut (Lt.Cdr. I.J. Galantin) departed from Midway for her 9th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Nansei Shoto Islands chain.
Submarine USS Bashaw: USS Bashaw (Lt.Cdr. R.E. Nichols) torpedoed the Japanese salvage/repair ship Uragami maru (4317 GRT) south-east of Palau in position 06°58'N, 136°29'E. The Uragami Maru sustains moderate damage and makes port.
Submarine USS Pintado: USS Pintado conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine HMS Una: As it has become clear that the German battleship Tirpitz is not on the move back to Germany, HMS Una (Lt. C.A.J. Nicholl, RN) is recalled from patrol.
Submarine HMS Safari: As it now had become clear to the Admiralty the German battleship Tirpitz was not moving at all HMS Safari (Lt.Cdr.(retired) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) was recalled from patrol.
Submarine HMS Sibyl: HMS Sibyl (Lt. E.J.D. Turner, DSO, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 17th war patrol (15th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to carry out two special operations off Cephalonia, Greece (operation 'Clerk' and a beach reconnaissance). For the daily positions of HMS Sibyl during this patrol see the map below. HMS Sibyl 17th war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS Uproar (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSC, RN) departed La Maddalena for her 28th war patrol (23th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Gulf of Genoa and off Southern France. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Uproar during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) was recalled from patrol and was to return to Lerwick where she arrived later the same day ending her 17th war patrol.
Submarine HMS Unbroken: HMS Unbroken (Lt. P.L. Langley-Smith, RN) was recalled from patrol and was to return to Lerwick where she arrived later the same day ending her 21th war patrol.
Submarine HMS Unison: At 0930 hours, HMS Lord Ashfield (T/Lt. J.B. Morpeth, RNR), took over the escort of HMS Unison (T/Lt. P.C.S. Pritchard, RNR) for onward passage to Blyth.
Submarine HMS Uther: HMS Uther (Lt. A.A. Catlow, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory with FFS L'Escarmouche and FFS L'Aventure.
Submarine HNoMS Ula: HNoMS Ula (Lt. S. Valvatne) received a signal cancelling her special operation. She was ordered to proceed to the Bredsund area forthwith. While near Alesund, Ula, fires three torpedoes at a merchant (approx. 2000 GRT) in a convoy of three escorts and two merchants. All torpedoes missed and two torpedoes were heard to hit land. Ula escaped without counterattack. The convoy Ula attacked was made up of the Norwegian Merchants (both in German service) Finse (1614 GRT, built 1916), Standard (1286 GRT, built 1930), Norwegian tanker (also in German service) Irania (2184 GRT, built 1929). The escorts were the German auxiliary patrol vessels V 5304, V 5307, NK 07. Most likely the target had been the Finse. Later the same day Ula was recalled from patrol. (All times are zone -1) 1232 hours - Sighted two merchant vessel of 2000 tons and three trawlers. Commenced attack. 1246 hours - In position 62°27'N, 06°03'E fired three torpedoes (four were intended) from 2700 yards. No hits were obtained. There was no counter attack by the escorts.
Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) conducted independent exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. I.G. Raikes, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.
Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. P.N. Joyce, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(Retd.) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR).
Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (T/Lt. A.F. Wicker, RNVR) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bretwalda (Skr. J.B. Henderson, RNR) and HMS Tuscarora (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) H.T. Pitt, RN).
Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. G.F. Sharp, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Parham, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Shepard, USN or Lt.Cdr. J.B. Dudley, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Destroyer USS Barton (ii): USS Barton departed from Ulithi to join the fleet for the invasion of Okinawa.
Destroyer USS Laffey (ii): USS Laffey (Cdr. F.J. Beston) departed from Ulithi to participate in the Okinawa campaign.
Destroyer USS Lowry: USS Lowry departed from Ulithi to assist in the Okinawa landings.
Destroyer USS Massey: USS Massey (Cdr. C.W. Aldrich) arrived at Ulithi.
Battleship USS Iowa: During 21/29 March 1945, USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. Holloway, Jr., USN), conducted exercises off San Pedro. During the entire period she was escorted by the destroyer USS Shields (Cdr. G.B. Madden, USN).
Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: During 21/22 March 1945, HrMs Tromp (A/Capt. F. Stam, RNN), conducted exercises off Trincomalee together with the British heavy cruiser HMS London (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN) and the British light cruisers HMS Newcastle (Capt. J.G. Roper, OBE, RN), HMS Ceylon (Capt. G.B. Amery-Parkes, RN) and HMS Kenya (Capt. C.L. Robertson, RN). The cruisers were later joined by three destroyers.
Submarine USS Blackfish: USS Blackfish (Lt.Cdr. R.F. Sellars) departed from Guam for her 11th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea.
Submarine USS Balao: While trying to attack a Japanese convoy in the Yellow Sea, USS Balao (Lt.Cdr. R.K.R. Worthington, USN) is driven off by one of the escorts. Four torpedoes were then fired at this escort but no hits were obtained. (All times are zone -9) 0311 hours - Obtained radar concact bearing 315 degrees, range 19000 yards. Position was 35°34'N, 124°12'E. 0319 hours - Three targets, bearing now 330 degrees, range 18000 yards. 0327 hours - Convoy was now thought to be two ships and four escorts. Enemy base course was 140 degrees, speed 9 knots. 0438 hours - Commenced approach. 0445 hours - Base course of the convoy now 090 degrees. Had to obtained a new attack position. 0545 hours - Started another approach. 0616 hours - An escort was now at a range of 1400 yards. In position 35°30'N, 124°23'E fired four stern torpedoes at her from a range of almost 1500 yards. No hits were obtained. The escort started to chase Balao. 0710 hours - Splashes from gunfire to port and getting closer. Released a radar decoy. 0712 hours - Dived and released a bubble target. 0759 hours - Appear to have evaded him. 0820 hours - The escort came nearer again. 0905 hours - The escort had contact on us. Released another beacon and bubble target but these delayed the enemy only briefly. 0917 hours - Screws overhead. 0919 hours - 21 explosions in rapid succession but they caused no damage to Balao. The enemy hunted Balao for the remainder of the morning. 1240 hours - At periscope depth. Nothing sighted.
Submarine USS Baya: USS Baya (Lt.Cdr. Benjamin C. Jarvis) torpedoed and sank the Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser Kainan Maru (525 GRT) off Cam Ranh Bay, French Indo-China in position 12°00'N, 109°17'E. Kainan Maru was part of the escort of convoy HI-88-I, that was made up of tankers Hosen Maru (1040 GRT, built 1944), Nanshin Maru No.21 (834 GRT, built 1944), Takasago Maru No.6. (834 GRT, built 1944) and merchant vessels Fushimi Maru No.2 (779 GRT, built 1940), Motoyama Maru No.1 (371 GRT, built 1936). They were escorted by the submarine chasers Ch-9, CH-20, CH-33 and the cable layer Tateishi. Later on the same day Baya made another attack but now on CH-20. Following this attack Baya was damaged by depth charges from CH-9 in position 11°55'N, 109°18'E. However after repairs she remains on patrol for a few more days. (All times are zone H, -8) 20 March 1945 2215 hours - Obtained SJ radar contact bearing 303°(T), range 10200 yards. They were rounding Hon Do and coming out of Phangrang Bay. 2220 hours - Went to four engines and commenced tracking. 2245 hours - The contact was coast hugging. Sent out a contact report. 2355 hours - The target was now plainly visible at a range of 11000 yards. It was seen to be a warship. 21 March 1945 0000 hours - Dived to radar depth. 0034 hours - In position 11°55'N, 109°18'E fired three torpedoes from 3100 yards. 0036 hours - Down to periscope depth. 0038 hours - Heard and observed a hit on the target amidships. 0040 hours - Surfaced. ------------------------------------------------------------ 0605 hours - Sighted two Japanese escort vessels through the periscope. 0625 hours - No other targets wer seen or heard. 0630 hours - Made ready all torpedo tubes. 0645 hours - In position 11°43'N, 109°15'E fired three torpedoes from 2200 yards. 0647 hours - Sound reported all torpedoes running. 0648 hours - Sound reported one torpedo coming in, looks like a gyro failure. 0650 hours - The torpedo was reported going up down the port side. 0724 hours - An enemy escort vessel passed directly overhead. The first of 21 depth charges was dropped very close. All normal lights were knocked out and showers of cork and paint rained down. Also a lot of minor damage was caused. 0726 hours - All stopped and bottomed. 0740 hours - The last depth charge was dropped. 0911 hours - Came to periscope depth and found all clear. Started to clear the area.
Submarine USS Bullhead: USS Bullhead (Cdr. W.T. Griffith, USN) departed Guam for her patrol area.
Submarine USS Capitaine: USS Capitaine (Lt.Cdr. E.S. Friedrick, USN) conducted exercises in Panama Bay together with USS Paul Jones (Lt.Cdr. H.M. Payne, USNR), USS Bulmer (Lt. T.C. Farrell, USNR), USS MacLeish (Lt. D.S. Cramer, USNR) USS PC-1215 and USS USS SC-1299.
Submarine USS Carbonero: USS Carbonero (Cdr. C.L. Murphy, USN) departed from New London, Connecticut bound for Key West, Florida.
Submarine USS Guavina: USS Guavina (Cdr. R.H. Lockwood) departed from Subic Bay for her 6th war patrol. Once again she was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea.
Submarine USS Tigrone: USS Tigrone (Cdr. H. Cassedy) departed from Guam for her patrol area in the South China Sea.
Submarine HMS Subtle: HMS Subtle (Lt. B.J.B. Andrew, DSC, RN) sank a sailing vessel with demolition charges in the Malacca Strait. (All times are zone -6.5) 0725 hours - Surfaced in position 02°52'N, 100°01'E and sank a 30 tons junk at anchor with demolition charges. The cargo was rice. The crew of 3 made off in their small boat.
Submarine HMS Supreme: HMS Supreme (Lt.Cdr. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Trincomalee for Fremantle, Australia. For the daily positions of HMS Supreme during this passage see the map below. HMS Supreme passage Trincomalee - Fremantle click here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Sleuth: HMS Sleuth (Lt. K.H. Martin, RN) arrived at Fremantle.
Submarine HMS Spearhead: HMS Spearhead (T/A/Lt.Cdr. R.E. Youngman, RNR) arrived at Lerwick. She departed later the same day for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Norway near Bergen. For the daily positions of HMS Spearhead during this patrol see the map below. HMS Spearhead 1st war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Uther: HMS Uther (Lt. R.A.A.C. Ward, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt.Cdr. L.G. Bernard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. R.D. McWenthy, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Cunningham, Jr., USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Dudley, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS Runner (ii): Having completed her torpedo trials USS Runner (ii) (Cdr. R.H. Bass, USN) arrived New London, Connecticut.
Submarine FR Antiope: Antiope departed the Philadelphia Navy Yard for Key West, Florida, USA.
Rescue Tug HMS Flaunt: HMRT Flaunt picks up survivors from the American merchant James Eagan Layne that was torpedoed and damaged by German U-boat U-399 12 miles off Plymouth, England in position 50°13'N, 04°05'W. The James Eagan Layne was towed by the Flaunt and HMS Atlas to Whitesand Bay where it was beached.
Submarine HMS P 614: HMS P 614 (Lt. J.F. Michell, RN) departed Kames Bay for exercises in the Firth of Lorne. She made the passage towing X-craft X 24. They were escorted by HMS Alecto (Cdr. (Retd.) E.S. Felton, RN).