Allied Warships

Events on this day

20 January

Choose new date to check


This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (31)

1915: US Navy Battleship Idaho (BB 42)

1921: Italian Navy Torpedo boat Monzambano

1930: Italian Navy Submarine Jalea

1938: Soviet Navy Submarine L-24 - Soviet Navy Submarine M-30 - Soviet Navy Submarine M-62 - Soviet Navy Submarine M-63

1939: Royal Navy Boom defence vessel Dragonet (Z 82)

1940: Royal Navy Submarine Thorn (N 11)

1941: US Navy Minesweeper Courlan (AMc-44)

1942: Royal Navy MS Trawler Herschell (T 289) - US Navy Submarine Sawfish (276)

1943: Royal Navy Boom defence vessel Baron (Z 262) - US Navy Escort carrier Midway (i) / St. Lo (CVE 63) - US Navy Destroyer Paul Hamilton (DD 590) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1244 (PC-1244) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 278 - US Navy Destroyer Twiggs (ii) (DD 591)

1944: Royal Navy Minesweeper Laertes (ii) (J 433) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 7064 (LCT 7064) - South African Navy Frigate Transvaal (K 602) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-946 (LCI(L)-946) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 620 (LCT 620) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 638 (LCT 638) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 768 (LCT 768)

1945: US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 465 (LSM 465) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 466 (LSM 466) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 467 (LSM 467) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 468 (LSM 468) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1056 (LST 1056) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 613

Launched (31)

1939: Royal Navy ASW Trawler Sedgefly (FY 122)

1940: Royal Dutch Navy Submarine O 22 (P 22)

1942: Royal Navy MS Trawler Bressay (T 214) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 150 (J 650) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 172 (J 672) - US Navy Submarine Guardfish (217) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-513 (SC-513)

1943: Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 560 (LCT 560) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 621 (LCT 621) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 1015 (FY 1015) - Royal Navy Submarine Untiring (P 59) - US Navy Submarine Capelin (289) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-991 (SC-991)

1944: Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 1035 (LCT 1035) - US Navy High speed transport Brock (APD 93) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-409 (LCI(L)-409) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-541 (LCI(L)-541) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 964 (LCT 964) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 518 (LST 518) - US Navy Frigate Pueblo (PF-13) - US Navy High speed transport Register (APD 92) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Samuel B. Roberts (i) (DE 413)

1945: US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 383 (LSM 383) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 384 (LSM 384) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 385 (LSM 385) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 386 (LSM 386) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1041 (LST 1041) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1042 (LST 1042) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1105 (LST 1105) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 978 (LST 978)

1950: US Navy Battleship Kentucky (BB 66)

Commissioned (40)

1919: US Navy Destroyer Buchanan (i) (DD 131)

1927: United States Coast Guard Patrol vessel Agassiz (WPC 126)

1928: French Navy Destroyer Le Mars

1929: Italian Navy Submarine Giovanni da Procida - Italian Navy Submarine Goffredo Mameli

1941: Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 175 (ML 175) - Royal Navy ASW Trawler Sword Dance (T 132)

1942: Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 140 (LCT 140) - Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 307 (MTB 307)

1943: Royal Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1300 (ML 1300) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-126 (LCI(L)-126) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-187 (LCI(L)-187) - US Navy Fleet tug Arapaho (AT 68) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Brennan (DE 13) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-233 (LCI(L)-233) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-82 (LCI(L)-82) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 310 (LST 310) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 201

1944: Royal Navy Frigate Cayman (K 506) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-537 (LCI(L)-537) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 1076 (LCT 1076) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 1004 (FY 1004) - Royal Navy Frigate Nadder (K 392) - Royal Navy Escort Carrier Smiter (D 55) - Royal Navy Destroyer Terpsichore (R 33) - US Navy Minesweeper Implicit (AM 246) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-406 (LCI(L)-406) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-537 (LCI(L)-537) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-538 (LCI(L)-538) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 294 (LST 294) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 509 (LST 509) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 532 (LST 532)

1945: Royal Navy Repair Ship Assistance (F 173) - Royal Navy Minesweeper Welcome (J 386) - US Navy Landing craft support LCS(L)-94 (LCS(L)-94) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 367 (LSM 367) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 848 (LST 848) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 903 (LST 903) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 905 (LST 905)

1948: Royal Canadian Navy Destroyer Athabaskan (ii) (R 79)

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 20 January (3)


1941: Royal Navy MS Trawler Relonzo (FY 843)

1942: US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 31 - US Navy Submarine S-36 (141)

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 20 January


1940

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Cdr. H.R. Conway, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oswald: HMS Oswald (Lt.Cdr. G.M. Sladen, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Malta together with HMS Wolsey (Cdr. C.A.N. Chatwin, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regent: HMS Regent (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Browne, RN) was undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rover: HMS Rover (Lt.Cdr. H.A.L. Marsham, RN) was undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Cdr. P.Q. Roberts, RN) conducted trials off Sheerness.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Salmon: HMS Salmon (Cdr. E.O. Bickford, DSO, RN) departed Harwich for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the North Sea. For the daily positions of HMS Salmon during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triton: HMS Triton (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, RN) departed from Rosyth for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the South coast of Norway near Lister. For the daily positions of HMS Triton during this patrol see the map below. Ver HMS Triton 5th war patrol click here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt. A.R. Cheyne, RN, temporarily in command as Lt.Cdr. Davies was sick) ended her 3rd war patrol at Rosyth. Tribune has developed serious engine problems during this patrol. Repairs were carried out followed by trials, more repairs and more trials. By mid-March it was decided that Tribune was to proceed to her builders yard to correct these defects.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (Cdr. J.G. Gould, RN) departed from Rosyth for her 4th war patrol. She is to patrol in the North Sea.

Royal Indian Navy Sloop HMIS Indus: HMIS Indus (Cdr. E.G.G. Hunt, RIN) arrived at Bombay for a short refit and engine repairs.

1941

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. G.B.M. van Erkel, RNN) departed Dundee for her 6th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the South-West coast of Norway to the North of Bergen. For the daily positions of HrMs O 23 during this patrol see the map below. Ver HrMs O 23 6th war patrol click here for bigger map

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) shifted from Campbeltown to Ardishaig.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Pandora: HMS Pandora (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Linton, RN) departed Gibraltar for Portsmouth. Her new battery was to be installed there instead of at Gibraltar. En-route (on the 26th) she was ordered to make a short patrol off Cherbourg, France making this passage her 10th war patrol at Portsmouth. Upon leaving Gibraltar exercises were carried out with HMS Foxhound (Cdr. G.H. Peters, DSC, RN). For the daily positions of HMS Pandora during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Cdr R.H. Dewhurst, DSO, RN) arrived at Malta. Her after casing had been damaged in severe weather conditions.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (Lt.Cdr. G.M. Sladen, DSC, RN) is docked at Troon for a refit.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. L.W.A. Bennington, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 31: HMS H 31 (Lt. R.D. Whiteway-Wilkinson, DSC, RN) was undocked.

Royal Norwegian Navy Destroyer HNoMS Bath: HNoMS Bath was undocked at Glasgow.

1942

US Navy Destroyer USS Edsall (i): EDSALL, ALDEN, & three RAN corvettes, KATOOMBA, DELORAINE, & LITHGOW combine to sink the Japanese KRS-class mine-laying submarine I-124 off Port Darwin, Australia after the sub attacked ships entering the port.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown together with HMS Bretwalda (Skr. J. Windram, RNR) and HMS Bedlington (Skr. J.H.D. Dansie, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Swordfish: USS Swordfish (Lt.Cdr. C.C. Smith, USN) is ordered to patrol in Piru Bay, Seram, Dutch East Indies.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: From 1400 hours, in position 39°27'N, 17°22'E, HMS Una (Lt. D.S.R. Martin, RN) stalked an A/S schooner for two and a half hours before giving up any attempt for an attack.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbeaten: HMS Unbeaten (Lt.Cdr. E.A. Woodward, RN) ended her 16th war patrol (15th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. While entering harbour on the surface Unbeaten was attacked by six enemy fighter aircraft. Unbeaten submerged to evade the attack but suffered slight damage to the bridge casing from machine gun and cannon fire.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otus: HMS Otus (Lt. R.M. Favell, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Alexandria together with HMS Dulverton (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Petch, OBE, RN) and HMS Southwold (Cdr. C.T. Jellicoe, DSC, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regent: HMS Regent (Lt. W.N.R. Knox, DSC, RN) developed engine defects.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trident: After a short refit HMS Trident (Cdr. G.M. Sladen, DSC, RN) departed from Blyth for her 24th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol to the north of Trondheim. She was escorted by HMS La Capricieuse (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Dobson, RNR) until 1520/22. For the daily positions of HMS Trident during this patrol see the map below. HMS Trident 24th war patrolclick here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. W.D.A. King, DSO, DSC, RN) arrived at Singapore.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultimatum: HMS P 34 (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 7th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the South of the Straits of Messina. For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 34 during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Umbra: HMS P 35 (Lt. S.L.C. Maydon, RN) attacked two merchant ships in a convoy about 5 nautical miles North of Kuriat with four torpedoes. No hits were obtained. [The targets have not yet been identified.] (All times are zone -2) 2100 hours - Sighted many lights in the direction of Monastir. Closed. 2126 hours - The lights were seen to be ships. 2146 hours - Reduced to slow speed. Six ships fully illuminated were counted. Their course was 090°. It was estimated that this convoy must have been outside French territorial waters while crossing the Gulf of Monastir and would pass 2 to 3 miles North of Kuriat. They were proceeding to the Eastward and could only leave French territorial waters if they were not already outside them. If they were to turn to the South after rounding Kuriat they would cross latitude 35°46'N south of which they were open to attack irrespective of whether they were in French waters or not. It was therefore decided that if they were French they were proceeding or about to proceed illegitimately and that it was possible they were Italians masquerading as French. It was decided to attack. 2149 hours - In position 35°55'N, 11°02'E fired two torpedoes at the leading ship, the second largest. Range 4000 yards. 2150 hours - Fired two torpedoes at the second ship in line, the largest. Range 4000 yards. 2151 hours - Dived and altered course to Starboard. All torpedoes missed as the range was most likely underestimated. Set course to the North-East.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) put into Plymouth with defects.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. R.B. Lakin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS L' Atlantique (Skr. A. McKay, RNR) and HMS Boarhound (Skr. S.G. Jinks, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. N.J. Coe, DSC, RNR) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSC, RN) was docked at Kames Bay.

1943

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.B. de Meester, RNN) conducted gunnery exercises off Fremantle.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) conducted A/S exercises with HMCS Iroquois (Cdr. W.B.L. Holms, RCN) and HMS Easton (Lt. C.W. Malins, DSC, RN).

US Navy Submarine USS Albacore: USS Albacore (Lt.Cdr. R.C. Lake) departed from Brisbane for her 3th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off New Guinea.

US Navy Submarine USS Silversides: USS Silversides (Lt.Cdr. C.C. Burlingame) torpedoed and sank the Japanese troop transports Meiu Maru (8230 GRT), Surabaya Maru (4391 GRT) and Somedono Maru (5148 GRT) about 290 nautical miles south of Truk in position 03°52'N, 153°26'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Peto: USS Peto (Lt.Cdr. W.T. Nelson, USN) arrived at Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone from New Orleans, Louisiana for a training period.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. J.D. Martin, RN) ended her 18th war patrol (16th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sturgeon: HMS Sturgeon (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Mers el Kebir with HMAS Quiberon (Cdr. H.W.S. Browning, OBE, RN) and HMS Haydon (Lt. R.C. Watkin, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Safari: For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 211 during her 8th war patrol see the map below. HMS P 211 8th war patrol click here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Safari: HMS P 211 (Cdr. B. Bryant, DSC, RN) departed Algiers for her 8th war patrol (also 8th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Naples, Italy. Before proceeding on patrol A/S exercises were carried out with the British M/S trawlers HMS Juliet (Lt. L.B. Moffatt, RNR) and HMS Cava (T/Lt. R.L. Petty-Major, RNVR) and later with HMS Polruan (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.S. Landers, RNR) and HMS Brixham (Lt. G.A. Simmers, DSC, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sahib: Around 0200 hours HMS P 212 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) bombarded a large seaplane hangar at Finale, Italy. 18 Rounds were fired of which 10 landed in the target area. Italian sources state that the Pioggio establishment at Finale Ligure was hit and suffered some damage. The submarine was forced to submerge when coastal battery no.221 opened fire.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Saracen: HMS P 247 (Lt. M.G.R. Lumby, DSC, RN) sank the Italian patrol boat V 3 / Maria Angeletta (214 GRT, built 1914, only armed with two 8mm guns) with gunfire about 30 nautical miles miles south of the island of Capri in position 40°14'N, 14°10'E. (All times are zone -1) 0053 hours - When in position 40°14'N, 14°10'E sighted a darkened vessel bearing 010° 3.5 nautical miles. Dived to attack. When the range was under a miles the target was identified as a schooner lying stopped. It was assumed it was an A/S schooner and therefore a worthwhile target. 0300 hours - Surfaced on the Port quarter of the schooner and opened fire from 400 yards. The crew immediately abandoned ship, offering no resistance at all. 20 rounds were fired but the schooner still refused to sink. 0310 hours - Proceeded alongside and sent over a boarding party. No documents could be retrieved as a shell had wrecked the captains cabin and the officers quarters. A demolition charge was now set. 0320 hours - Proceeded Northwards at speed. 0327 hours - The charge exploded. The schooner sank immediately. According to Italian sources the crew of Maria Angeletta destroyed the secret documents before abandoning the vessel. The torpedo boat Fortunale (escorting the motor ship Mario Roselli to Naples) arrived on the scene at 0800 hours and rescued the fifteen survivors.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sickle: At 0014 hours, a submarine was sighted in position 64°54'N, 09°32'E and HMS P 224 attempted to close at full speed but gave up after fifteen minutes. The silhouette appeared to be that of HMS Trident.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thunderbolt: HMS Thunderbolt (Lt.Cdr. C.B. Crouch, DSO and Bar, RN) ended her 13th war patrol at Malta. As her next patrol is to be a regular war patrol the Chariot containers are removed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Exmouth Gulf for her 11th war patrol (8th in the Far East). A special operation has to be carried out off the South coast of French Indo-China (operation 'Alight', no details available as of yet). No log is available for this period and the patrol report don't mentions positions so no map can be displayed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 12th war patrol (8th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the south of the Straits of Messina. For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 37 during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS United: HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (also 11th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unrivalled: HMS P 45 (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN) intercepts a small Italian naval auxiliary towing a schooner. She sank the naval auxiliary with gunfire, most likely this was the former French auxiliary minesweeper AD 283 / Grondin seized in Bizerta. The schooner apparently beached herself on the Tunisian coast south of Mahdia. This was most probably Maggio (ex French) which was reported beached near Ras Hercle but was later refloated. (All times are zone -1) 1120 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 215°. Turned to close. 1538 hours - In position 35°27'N, 11°06'E fired two torpedoes at a small northbound auxiliary wearing the Italian Ensign. Range was 1350 yards. She was towing another small vessel. A torpedo boat, not thought to be escorting, was also in the area. Went deep after firing. The torpedo wakes could clearly be seen in the water though. One explosion was heard after the correct interval. 1545 hours - Returned to periscope depth. The torpedo boat was seen to the northward, almost out of sight. There was no sign of the towing vessel. The vessel that had been under tow was seen making smoke and had altered course towards the shore. P 45 followed but after a while the vessel was not seen anymore. It is thought she foundered while attempting to beach this ship.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unsparing: HMS P 55 (Lt. A.D. Piper, DSC and 2 bars, RNR) shifted from Holy Loch to Troon where R.D.F. (radar) was to be fitted.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Boarhound (Skr. A. Keable, RNR) and HMS Spaniel.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. M.H. Jupp, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Ardrishaig with ML's.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. G.M. Noll, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Hastings (Lt.Cdr. L.B. Philpott, DSC, RD, RNR), HMS Lulworth (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) C. Gwinner, DSO, RN), HMCS Kitchener (T/A/Lt.Cdr. W. Evans, RCNVR), HMCS Algoma (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J. Harding, RCNR), HMCS Regina (T/A/Lt.Cdr. H. Freeland, RCNR) and HMCS Moosejaw (T/Lt. L.D. Quick, RCN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. R.B. Forster, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR) and HMS L'Incomprise (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) F.S. Deveson, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 512: HMS P 512 (Lt. J.C. Ogle, DSC, RN) arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Verity: HMS Verity (Lt.Cdr. R. Horncastle, RN) picks up 250 survivors from the Belgian merchant Jean Jadot that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-453 about 30 nautical miles west of Cape Ténès in position 36°33'N, 0°46'E.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Javelin: The British destroyers HMS Kelvin and HMS Javelin intercept a small Italian convoy off Tripoli, Libya and completely destroy it. Some 11 ships were sunk among them the small Italian minesweepers RD 31, RD 36, RD 37 and RD 39.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Kelvin: The British destroyers HMS Kelvin and HMS Javelin intercept a small Italian convoy off Tripoli, Libya and completely destroy it. Some 11 ships were sunk among them the small Italian minesweepers RD 31, RD 36, RD 37 and RD 39.

US Navy Submarine USS S-28: USS S-28 (Lt. J.D. Crowley) departed from her patrol area to return to base at Dutch Harbour.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. P.W. Garnett, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-5: USS R-5 arrived at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from New London, Connecticut.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Kehl, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

1944

Royal Navy Corvette HMS Berkeley Castle: In company with HMS Carisbrooke Castle en route to Newfoundland. The latter broke down and was towed for several days by Berkeley Castle and arrived off Argentia in bad weather. Authorities stated that conditions too bad for the ships to enter harbour or for the tug to operate. However the Commanding Officer of Berkeley Castle would have none of it and successfully towed Carisbrooke Castle into harbour and to her berth.

US Navy Destroyer USS Barton (ii): USS Barton (Cdr. Joseph William Callahan) departed from Boston bound for Bermuda for her shakedown training.

US Navy Battleship USS Iowa: USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. McCrea, USN) and USS New Jersey (Capt. C.F. Holden, USN) refuelled their escorting destroyers at sea.

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (A/Capt. F. Stam, RNN) arrived at Trincomalee.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XII: HrMs K XII (Lt.Cdr. T. Brunsting, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Fremantle with aircraft.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) departed Dundee for Lerwick. She made the passage with HNoMS Ula (Lt. R.M. Sars). The submarines were escorted by HMS Lord Ashfield (T/Lt. J.B. Morpeth, RNR). At 0315/21 Ula proceeded to Scapa Flow. O 15 and Lord Ashfield continued on to Lerwick.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with aircraft.

US Navy Submarine USS Gar: USS Gar (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Lautrup, Jr) torpedoed and sank the Japanese transport ship Koyu Maru (5324 GRT) about 50 nautical miles south-south-west of Palau in position 06°40'N, 134°17'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Seadragon: USS Seadragon (Cdr. R.L. Rutter, USN) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese ammunition ship Irako (9750 GRT, built 1941) north-west of Truk in position 08°04'N, 152°52'E. Irako was escorted by the destroyers Satsuki, Akebono and Ushio. After she was torpedoed destroyer Suzukaze also joined. The next day heavy cruiser Chokai also came from Truk and towed the damaged ship back to Truk for repairs. (All times are zone K, -10) 1034 hours - In position 08°04'N, 152°57'E sighted masts of ships bearing 105°(T). Commenced approach. The contact developed into three large transports with four destroyers as escorts, two on each flank. All ships were in a very tight formation. Started attack on the largest transport whih was on the right flank. Three floatplanes were also patrolling overhead. 1123 hours - In position 08°04'N, 152°52'E fired four torpedoes from the stern tubes from a rane of 800 yards. Saw and heard two hits on the after part of the target. 1125 hours - Heard a third torpedo hit, possibly on the ship beyond the target. Seadragon meanwhile was going deep. 1127 hours - Two depth charges exploded close aboard when Seadragon was passing 100 feet. Between 1127 and 1211 hours three of the destroyers were hunting above. The dropped a total of 52 depth charges of which quite a few were too close for comfort and Seadragon was shaken up considerably. 1300 hours - Went ot periscope depth but immediately saw an aircraft circling our position so immediately went deep again. 1328 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Nothing in sight.

US Navy Submarine USS Bluegill: USS Bluegill conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS Tinosa: USS Tinosa (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Weiss) lands men and equipment in northeast Borneo.

US Navy Submarine USS Bowfin: USS Bowfin (Lt.Cdr. W.T. Griffith, USN) was ordered to proceed to Darwin, Australia for torpedoes, engine repairs and repairs to the antenna.

US Navy Submarine USS Batfish: USS Batfish (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Merrill, USN) torpedoed and sank the Japanese troop transport Hidaka Maru (5486 GRT, built 1943) south of Shiono Misaki in position 31°28'N, 134°52'E. On 9 January, Hidaka Maru had departed Palau for Saeki, Japan, in convoy FU-905 which consisted, besides herself of Sorachi Maru (4107 GRT, built 1930), Shiranesan Maru (4739 GRT, built 1943), Toyokawa Maru (5123 GRT, built 1911) and Kuramasan Maru (1995 GRT, built 1927) escorted by torpedo-boat Sagi and submarine chaser Ch-26 (All links are offsite links). (All times are zone -9) 19 January 1944 1211 hours - In position 30°16'N, 135°51'E sighted smoke on horizon bearing 078°(T). Changed course to close. 1218 hours - Sighted two tall masts bearing 069°(T). Came to normal approach course. 1220 hours - Manned battle stations. 1228 hours - Heard echo ranging bearing 075°(T). Sighted a single floatplane bearing 087°(T). 1316 hours - Sighted masts of three large ships bearing 054°(T), 051°(T) and 050°(T). 1321 hours - Identified the target as a four ship convoy consisting of three large and one medium seized Maru's. Numbers of escorts could not yet be seen. 1440 hours - Unable to close the convoy submerged. 1630 hours - Lost contact with the convoy. 1747 hours - Surfaced and commenced chase. 2015 hours - Regained contact with the convoy by SJ radar bearing 337°(T), range 23650 yards. 2019 hours - Commenced radar tracking and end around. 2325 hours - Manned battle stations and turned in to attack. 20 January 1944 0057 hours - In position 31°30'N, 134°51'E fired a total of six torpedoes at two of the the transports, three torpedoes at each ship. On completing firing the torpedoes swung hard to the right and went ahead, flank speed. Four torpedo explosions were heard. 0107 hours - Slowed down. A damaged transport was seen. This was the first target, she was listing to port and was down by the stern. Commenced reload. 0150 hours - Secured from battle stations and withdrew a few nautical miles to the southward to transmit a signal to ComSubPac while on an easterly course. 0352 hours - With the signal sent and the reload completed headed back towards the target. 0427 hours - In position 31°28'N, 134°52'E obtained contact with the target with the SJ radar, range 24100 yards. Her pip was smaller then before indicating the she was lower in the water. 0438 hours - Manned battle stations. 0449 hours - Picked up an escort on radar. She appeared to be circling the target. The target appeared to be dead in the water. 0509 hours - In position 31°28'N, 134°52'E fired two torpedoes from 6000 yards. One hit was obtained and the target sank. 0615 hours - Submerged and retired to the south.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Storm: HMS Storm (T/Lt. E.P. Young, DSC, RNVR) arrived at Beirut.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Surf: HMS Surf (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) transited the Suez Canal Southbound and arrived at Suez.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt. R.J. Clutterbuck, RN) departed from Beirut for her 22th war patrol (this is the 9th Mediterranean war patrol of her 2nd commission). Patrol area is once again the Aegean. For the daily positions of HMS Torbay during this patrol see the map below. HMS Torbay 22th war patrolclick here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: During the afternoon HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) makes several practice attacks on ORP Dragon (Cdr. S.T. Dzienisiewicz).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Terrapin: HMS Terrapin (Lt.Cdr. D.S.R. Martin, DSO and 2 bars, RN) arrived at Holy Loch to begin a period of trials and training.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS Uproar (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSC, RN) departed Naples for her 25th war patrol (20th in the Mediterranean). She was to perform a special operation. She was to act as a beacon during the Anzio landings (Operation Shingle).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultor: Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN) sailed from Naples with Uproar to act as beacon for the Anzio landings.

Royal Norwegian Navy Submarine HNoMS Ula: HNoMS Ula (Lt. R.M. Sars) departed Dundee for Scapa Flow. She made the passage with HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN). They were escorted by HMS Lord Ashfield (T/Lt. J.B. Morpeth, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. J.W. Kelly, RN) shifted from Rothesay to Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. K.S. Renshaw, DSC, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bedlington (Skr. A.W. Peak, RNR) and HMS Boarhound (A/Ch.Skr. A. Keable, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Jay, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Lossie (Lt.Cdr. A.F. MacFie, OBE, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. P.N. Joyce, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Tees (Lt.Cdr. R.A.D. Cambridge, DSC, RNR) and aircraft.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. G.F. Sharp, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. D.L. Mehlop, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR S-56: S-56 attacked a German convoy off the Tanafjord but fails to hit any ships.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR S-102: S-102 fires four torpedoes against a German convoy off the Laksfjord. All four torpedoes missed their target.

French Navy Submarine FR Amazone: Amazone conducted exercises off Bermuda.

1945

US Navy Destroyer USS Gwin (ii): USS Gwin arrived at Saipan where she joined Battleship Division 7. Gwin then participated in the preliminary bombardment of Iwo Jima before returning to Pearl Harbor.

US Navy Destroyer USS John R. Pierce: USS John R. Pierce (Cdr. C.R. Simmers) arrived at Bermuda.

US Navy Submarine USS Tautog: USS Tautog (Lt.Cdr. T.S. Baskett) torpedoed and sank the Japanese torpedo recovery vessel Shuri Maru (1857 GRT) at the southern end of Tsushima Strait in position 33°37'N, 128°40'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Tarpon: USS Tarpon (Lt.Cdr. G.F. Richardson, USN) arrived at New London, Connecticut.

US Navy Submarine USS Finback: USS Finback (Lt.Cdr. R.R. Williams, Jr.) departed from Midway for her 12th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the East China Sea.

US Navy Submarine USS Bullhead: USS Bullhead (Cdr. W.T. Griffith, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS Dentuda: Having completed her torpedo trials, USS Dentuda (Cdr. J.S. McCain, Jr., USN), arrived at New London, Connecticut.

US Navy Submarine USS Icefish: USS Icefish (Cdr. R.W. Peterson) ended her 2nd war patrol at Pearl Harbor.

US Navy Submarine USS Pilotfish: USS Pilotfish (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Schnable) departed from Midway for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the East China Sea.

US Navy Submarine USS Spot: USS Spot (Cdr. W.S. Post, Jr.) sank the Japanese merchant fishing vessel Tokiwa Maru (221 GRT) with gunfire in the Yellow Sea in position 34°45'N, 124°10'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Tigrone: USS Tigrone (Cdr. H. Cassedy, USN) arrived in the Panama Canal Zone.

US Navy Submarine USS Toro: Having completed her torpedo trials ,USS Toro (Cdr. J.D. Grant, USN), arrived at New London, Connecticut.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Turpin: While both conducting exercises off Inchmarnock, At 1452 hours (time zone -1) HMS Turpin (A/Lt.Cdr. J.S. Stevens, DSO and Bar, DSC, RN) and HMS Sidon (Lt. H.C. Gowan, RN) collide with each other. Both submarines were at periscope depth and both submarines sustained damage.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spiteful: HMS Spiteful (Lt.Cdr. F.H. Sherwood, DSC, RCNVR) passed Lombok Strait Northbound. Most of the passage was made submerged and the last part on the surface after sunset.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spark: HMS Spark (Lt. D.G. Kent, RN) makes a short stop at Exmouth Gulf to top off with fuel. She departed for her patrol area later the sameday.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Shalimar: HMS Shalimar (A/Lt.Cdr. W.G. Meeke, DSC, MBE, RN) wrecked a coaster with gunfire in the Malacca Straits. Another coaster and a small merchant vessel were damaged by gunfire. (All times are zone -6.5) 1115 hours - Sighted a 100 tons motor coaster on a course of 315°. 1135 hours - Surfaced in position 03°04'N, 99°57'E and engaged the coaster with gunfire from 3600 yards. The coaster turned inshore and zigged wildly. After 12 hits she was left half submerged and aground. In all 92 rounds were fired but she rufused to burn. Dived at 1208 hours upon completing the action. 1325 hours - Sighted another 100 tons coaster approaching. 1341 hours - Surfaced in position 03°05'N, 99°59'E and engaged from 2000 yards. The fourth round hit but Shalimar was then put down by an aircraft approaching. The mast of a ship thought to be an A/S vessel was seen approaching also so it was decided to go deep and retire to seaward. 1430 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Saw that the mast was not of an A/S vessel but that it was a small merchant vessel of about 800 tons. 1454 hours - Surfaced in position 03°05'N, 100°01'E and chased. The merchant vessel opened fire but her rounds fell short of Shalimar so opened fire on this vessel from 3800 yards. Two hits were obtained and the target turned for the shore. 26 Rounds were fired but then all ammo was gone and the action had to be broken off.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Supreme: HMS Supreme (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) damaged another coaster with gunfire off Port Blair. (All times are zone -6.5) 0536 hours - Dived in position 11°36'N, 92°36'E and approached the beached coaster intending to surfaced as soon as she was sighted. 0615 hours - In position 11°36'N, 92°46'E sighted an A/S trawler to the seaward clearly guarding the beached ship. The trawler later made off towards Port Blair so closed again. 0725 hours - Another vessel was seen approaching from the South. Decided to attack this target first. 0755 hours - The coaster stopped. An ML was seen coming from Port Blair. 0803 hours - Surfaced and engaged the coaster. After 7 minutes the damaged coaster beached herself. There were now 2 damaged coasters on the beach. The ML meanwhile had retired towards Port Blair. 0824 hours - The gun malfunctioned so the destruction of the beached coasters could not be completed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sidon: While both conducting exercises off Inchmarnock, At 1452 hours (time zone -1) HMS Turpin (A/Lt.Cdr. J.S. Stevens, DSO and Bar, DSC, RN) and HMS Sidon (Lt. H.C. Gowan, RN) collide with each other. Both submarines were at periscope depth and both submarines sustained damage.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, DSC, RN) departed from Rothesay for Scapa Flow. She makes the passage together with HMS Taciturn (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Stanley, DSO, DSC, RN) and HMS Viking (Lt. R. Bannar-Martin, DSC, RN). They are escorted by HMS Shikari (Lt. E.H.U. Cautley, RNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Telemachus: HMS Telemachus (Cdr. W.D.A. King, DSO and Bar, DSC, RN) ended her 4th war patrol. (3rd in Far Eastern waters) at Fremantle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taciturn: HMS Taciturn (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Stanley, DSO, DSC, RN) departed from Holy Loch for Lerwick. She makes the passage with HMS Trusty (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, DSC, RN) and HMS Viking (Lt. R. Bannar-Martin, DSC, RN). They are escorted by HMS Shikari (Lt. E.H.U. Cautley, RNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS Unshaken (Lt. J.S. Pearce, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Ness (T/A/Lt.Cdr. R.S. Steel, RNR) and HMS Loch Quoich (Lt.Cdr. G. MacClelland, DSC, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. R.C. Bucknall, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Rothesay.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. D.C. Peto, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. R.D. McWenthy, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. J.R. Edmands, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Cunningham, Jr., USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Dudley, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Soviet Navy Destroyer USSR Razyarenniy: At 10.55 hours on 20 January 1945, the Razyarenniy was hit north of the Rybachiy peninsula in position 70°00'N, 32°10'E by a Gnat torpedo from German U-boat U-293 while escorting convoy KP-1. Razyarenniy was hit in the after part and lost a part of the stern. The crew managed to keep the ship afloat, which was taken in tow at 17.10 hours by the Soviet minesweeper T 117 and reached Liinahamaari the next day.

Italian Navy Submarine IT Goffredo Mameli: Goffredo Mameli departed New London, Connecticut for Casco Bay, Maine.

Italian Navy Submarine IT Onice: Onice departed Bermuda for New London, Connecticut, USA.

Choose new date to check



Return to the Allied Warships section