Allied Warships

Events on this day

17 January

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (30)

1916: Royal Navy Destroyer Vortigern (D 37)

1917: Royal Navy Destroyer Wakeful (i) (H 88) - Royal Navy Destroyer Watchman (D 26)

1923: French Navy Light cruiser Lamotte-Piquet

1930: Royal Canadian Navy Armed Merchant Cruiser Prince Henry (F 70)

1936: Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser Tromp

1938: Royal Navy Minesweeper Sphinx (J 69) - US Navy Destroyer Hammann (i) (DD 412)

1940: Royal Navy Corvette Convolvulus (K 45) - Royal Navy Submarine Traveller (N 48)

1941: US Navy Minesweeper Turaco (AMc-55)

1942: Royal Australian Navy Frigate Burdekin (K 376) - Royal Navy Boom defence vessel Barwind (Z 58)

1943: US Navy Tank landing ship LST 489 (LST 489) - US Navy Escort carrier Natoma Bay (CVE 62)

1944: Royal Australian Navy Frigate Bogan (K 09) - US Navy Seaplane tender Duxbury Bay (AVP 38) - US Navy Destroyer Hank (DD 702) - US Navy Destroyer John W. Weeks (DD 701) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-410 (LCI(L)-410) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-945 (LCI(L)-945) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 717 (LCT 717) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 855 (LCT 855) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 688 (LST 688) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1562 (PC-1562) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 537 - US Navy Dock landing ship Shadwell (LSD 15)

1945: US Navy Landing craft support LCS(L)-77 (LCS(L)-77) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1094 (LST 1094) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1140 (LST 1140)

Launched (37)

1918: Royal Navy Repair Ship Vindictive

1919: Royal Navy Minesweeper Alresford (J 06)

1922: Royal Navy Armed Merchant Cruiser Jervis Bay (F 40)

1934: Royal Navy MS Trawler Cape Nyemetzki (FY 670) - Royal Navy ASW Trawler Kingston Andalusite (FY 160)

1938: Royal Navy ASW Trawler Ayrshire (FY 225) - Royal Navy ASW Trawler Fifeshire

1939: French Navy Battleship Richelieu

1942: Free French Navy Corvette Commandant d'Estienne d'Orves (K 93) - Royal Australian Navy Minesweeper Echuca (J 252) - Royal Navy Minesweeper BYMS 2029 (J 829) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 128 (LCT 128) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 171 (LCT 171) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 316 (LCT 316) - Royal Navy Corvette Lotus (i) (K 93) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 186 (J 686) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 190 (J 690) - Royal Navy MS Trawler Sir Tristam (T 229) - US Navy Oiler Mattaponi (AO 41) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-640 (SC-640)

1943: Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 198 (LST 198) - Royal Navy Minesweeper Steadfast (J 375) - US Navy Light fleet carrier Cowpens (CVL 25) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Flaherty (DE 135) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-94 (LCI(L)-94) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-95 (LCI(L)-95) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-96 (LCI(L)-96) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 198 (LST 198)

1944: US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 961 (LCT 961) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 962 (LCT 962) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 963 (LCT 963) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 529 (LST 529)

1945: Royal Navy Salvage vessel Kinbrace - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1104 (LST 1104) - US Navy Submarine Mero (378)

1946: Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 4027 (LCT 4027) - US Navy Destroyer Forrest Royal (DD 872)

Commissioned (21)

1940: Royal Australian Navy Armed Merchant Cruiser Westralia (F 95)

1941: Royal Navy MS Trawler Horatio (T 153) - Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 173 (ML 173) - Royal Dutch Navy Destroyer Campbeltown (I 42)

1942: US Navy Minesweeper Loyalty (AMc-88) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 67

1944: Royal Australian Navy Frigate Barcoo (K 375) - Royal Australian Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1322 (ML 1322) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 1028 (FY 1028) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 1047 (FY 1047) - Royal Navy Escort Carrier Rajah (D 10) - US Navy Minesweeper Astute (AM 148) - US Navy Destroyer Cushing (ii) (DD 797) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-536 (LCI(L)-536) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 293 (LST 293) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 531 (LST 531)

1945: Royal Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1473 (ML 1473) - Royal Navy Aircraft Carrier Venerable (16) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 366 (LSM 366) - US Navy Patrol craft PGM-31 (PGM-31)

1946: US Navy Destroyer Perry (ii) (DD 844)

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 17 January (7)


1942: Royal Navy Destroyer Gurkha (ii) (G 63) - Royal Navy Destroyer Matabele (F 26) - Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 47 (MTB 47)

1943: Royal Navy Landing craft tank LCT 2239 (LCT 2239) - Royal Navy Landing craft tank LCT 2267 (LCT 2267) - Royal Navy Landing craft tank LCT 2344 (LCT 2344)

1944: Soviet Navy Submarine L-23

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 17 January


1940

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Cdr. H.R. Conway, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otus: HMS Otus (Lt.Cdr. E.C.F. Nicolay, RN) departed Astove Island to resume her 4th war patrol. She was to proceed to Mombasa.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Perseus (i): HMS Perseus (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore together with HMS Stronghold (Lt.Cdr. R. Alexander, RN) and HMS Tenedos (Lt.Cdr. J.O'B. Milner-Barry, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) arrived at Hong Kong.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regulus (i): HMS Regulus (Cdr. J.M. Money, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Snapper: HMS Snapper (Lt. W.D.A. King, RN) departed Harwich for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the North Sea to the north of Texel, the Netherlands. For the daily positions of HMS Snapper during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. G.P.S. Davies, RN) fires 6 torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' an enemy submarine in the Skagerrak about 15 nautical miles east-north-east of Skagen, Denmark in position 57°50'N, 11°00'E. No German U-boat was in the area. 0243 hours - Sighted a darkened object on the port bow. Altered course towards. 0246 hours - The object was identified as a submarine at a range of 2000 to 2500 yards. 0248 hours - The ASDIC operator reported HE right ahead. 0250 hours - Fired 6 torpedoes from the internal bow tubes. The tracks were seen to run towards the target but no explosions followed. 0255 hours - Fired 2 torpedoes from the external bow tubes. 0256 hours - Dived. When diving Lt.Cdr. Davies felt a heavy shudder while he was in the conning tower. He thought this was a torpedo explosion. This was not felt in the control room. No German U-boat was in this area and it is not clear what Tribune attacked. Lt.Cdr. Davies was very ill at the time of the attack. The 1st lieutenant (Lt. A.R. Cheyne, RN) took over from him around noon this day. Upon returning from patrol Lt.Cdr. Davies spent some time in hospital.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 31: HMS H 31 (Lt. P.R. Ward, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with trawlers.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Mackay: HMS Mackay (Cdr G.H. Stokes, RN) picks up 48 survivors from the British merchant Cairnross that was sunk after hitting a mine laid on 6 January 1940 by German U-boat U-30 seven nautical miles bearing 276 from the Bar Light vessel, Liverpool in position 53°32'N, 03°27'W.

1941

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbeaten: HMS Unbeaten (Lt. E.A. Woodward, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Dartmouth with HrMs Notre Dame de France (Lt. J.H. van de Weijer, RNN(R)) and HrMs Jean Frederic (Lt. F.A. Staverman, RNN(R)).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Topaze (Ch.Skr. G.R. Gale, RNR) and HMS Terje 3 (Skr. J.H.D. Dansie, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt. H.R.B. Newton, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otus: HMS Otus (Lt.Cdr. E.C.F. Nicolay, RN) departed Gibraltar for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Azores. For the daily positions of HMS Otus during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Talisman: HMS Talisman (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) is docked at Plymouth. It is currently not known to us when she was undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt.Cdr. A.C.C. Miers, RN) shifted from Sheerness to the Chatham Dockyard.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Usk (i): HMS Usk (Lt.Cdr. P.R. Ward, RN) arrived at Malta. Usk had suffered engine damage (amongst other defects) during the passage from the U.K. to Malta. This was possibly due to sabotage at her builders yard at Barrow.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area with HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. R.M. Favell, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Corvette HMS Rhododendron: HMS Rhododendron (Lt.Cdr. W.N.H. Faichney, RNR) is damaged when she detonates a mine in Liverpool harbour. She was out of service for about three months.

1942

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XVIII: In the afternoon HrMs K XVIII (Lt.Cdr. C.A.J. van Well Groeneveld, RNN) arrived in her patrol area off Balikpapan.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XI: About four nautical miles north-west of the One-Fathom Bank, HrMs K XI (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Deketh, RNN), tried to sink a drifting barge with gunfire. Seven rounds were fired for three hits but then the gun malfunctioned and the action had to be broken off.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 24: HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. O. de Booy, RNN) departed Belfast for Dundee.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 14: HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. G. Quint, RNN(R)) departed Scapa Flow for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Trondheim. O 14 was escorted to a position East of the Shetland Islands by the British M/S trawler HMS Eday (T/Lt. W.Y. Surtees, RNR). For the daily positions of HrMs O 14 during this patrol see the map below. View HrMs O 14 5th war patrol in a larger map

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown together with HMS Angle (T/Lt. E. Playne, RNVR) and HMS Boarhound (Skr. S.G. Jinks, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Seadragon: USS Seadragon (Lt.Cdr. W.E. Ferrall, USN) attacked a Japanese merchant of transport with two torpedoes off Hon Lon Island. No hits were obtained. (All times are zone H, -8) 16 January 1942 2308 hours - Sighted a white light bearing 058°(T). Changed course to investigate. 2326 hours - Sighted a second white light bearing 090°(T). Determened the first while light to be a steamer heavily loaded on a course of 180°(T), speed 9 knots. Started attack. 17 January 1942 0042 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 500 yards. No hits. One of the torpedoes appeared to circle to the right. Submerged to avoid possible detection. 0058 hours - Surfaced and closed for another attack. 0142 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 1200 yards. Again no hits. 0145 hours - Retired to the northwest.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seawolf: HMS Seawolf (Lt. R.P. Raikes, RN) was ordered to patrol off Fro Havet, Norway.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truant: HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. H.A.V. Haggard, DSC, RN) makes a short call at Aden. After a few hours she departed from for Colombo.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thorn: HMS Thorn (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Norfolk, RN) departed from Alexandria for her 4th war patrol. She is to patrol in the Adriatic. Two special operations are also to be carried out. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Thorn during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Utmost: HMS Utmost (Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley, DSO, RN) departed Gibraltar for Holy Loch. As no log is available for this period no map can be displayed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Umbra: HMS P 35 (Lt. S.L.C. Maydon, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian salvage vessel Rampino (301 GRT, built 1909) north-north-east of Sousse, Tunisia in position 35°59'N, 10°46'E. Umbra picks up the Rampino's sole survivor. (All times are zone -2) 0311 hours - A low dark shape was sighted ahead. It was thought to be a u-boat. Started attack. 0320 hours - In position 35°59'N, 10°46'E fired three torpedoes from 1500 yards. Dived on firing. One hit was obtained. 0330 hours - Heard HE of a small patrol vessel stopping and starting. This soon turned away and retired bearing 080° and HE soon faded. 0636 hours - Surfaced near the position of the attack. 0800 hours - Sighted a raft with one survivor. Picked him up. Another raft was seen but it was empty. 0839 hours - Dived in position 35°59'N, 10°48'E. According to the survivor Rampino had a crew of 15 on board and was en-route to Pantelleria.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Asphodel (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) K.W. Stewart, RN), HMS Snowflake (Lt. H.G. Chesterman, RNR), HMS Arabis (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Stewart, DSC, RNR) and HMS Dahlia (T/Lt. M.S. Work, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Londonderry.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. W.A. Phillimore, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Rothesay. She was escorted by HMS Bedlington (Skr. J.H.D. Dansie, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. R.B. Lakin, DSC, RN) shifted from Rothesay to Cambeltown.

Royal Navy Minesweeper HMS Harrier: HMS Harrier (Cdr. E.P. Hinton, DSO, RN) picks up two survivors from the British destroyer HMS Matabele that was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-454 in the Barents Sea in position 69°21'N, 35°27'E.

Royal Canadian Navy Destroyer HMCS St. Clair: The Norwegian tanker Nyholt is torpedoed and sunk about 180 nautical miles south of Cape Race in position 45°46'N, 54°18'W by German U-boat U-87. HMCS St. Clair (Lt.Cdr. D.C. Wallace, RCNR) later picks up 23 survivors (two of these died later).

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Montgomery: British destroyer HMS Montgomery (Lt.Cdr. W.L. Puxley, RN) picks up 7 survivors from the Panamanian merchant Friar Rock about 110 miles south-west of Cape Race in position 45°30'N, 50°40'W.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Jupiter: The Japanese submarine I-60 (built 1929) (offsite link) is sunk by HMS Jupiter (Lt.Cdr. N.V.J.P. Thew, RN) about 25 miles North-North-West of Krakatoa Island in position 06°00'N, 105°00'W.

1943

Royal Norwegian Navy Submarine HNoMS Uredd: HNoMS Uredd (Lt. Røren) attacked the German S-boot tender Adolf Lüderitz with four torpedoes off Stadlandet, Norway. No hits were obtained. (All times are zone -1) 1348 hours - Sighted a German warships bearing 170°. Enemy course approximately 300°. Started attack. Several patrol vessels were also seen around. 1356 hours - In position 62°14'N, 05°16'E fired four torpedoes from 3600 yards. No hits were obtained.

US Navy Submarine USS Finback: USS Finback (Lt.Cdr. J.L. Hull) sank the Japanese coaster Yachiyo Maru (271 GRT) with gunfire off Tanega Shima in position 30°33'N, 132°25'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Whale: USS Whale (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Azer) torpedoed and sank the Japanese troop transport Heiyo Maru (9816 GRT) north-east of Truk in position 10°13'N, 151°25'E.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) shifted from Rothesay to Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt.Cdr. L.W. Napier, RN) started laying a minefield off Cani Rocks. Three mines were laid but a malfunction forced Rorqual to abort the minelaying operation. (All times are zone -1) 1430 hours - Arrived in the selected position for our minefield, 069°, Cani Rocks, 3 nautical miles in a direction of 330°. Attempted to start the minelaying operation but the mining doors jammed open and could not be cleared. Three mines were in fact forced through but there was no certain indication for this, and heavy strain came on the minelaying unit. Abandoned the lay and cleared the area. In the evening the mining doors were inspected. They were forced slightly further open but could not be cleared completely. Three mines were set safe. A trial lay of two mines was then undertaken with success. The third safe was not laid and armed again. It was decided to go ahead with the laying of the remaining 45 mines.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sturgeon: HMS Sturgeon (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Mers el Kebir with HMS Tartar (Cdr. St J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN) and HMS Quality (Lt.Cdr. G.L. Farnfield, DSO, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seawolf: HMS Seawolf (Lt. F.D.G. Challis, DSC, RN) arrived at Halifax for A/S training duties. Not much details about her operations in Canadian waters are currently known to us as there are no logs available for HMS Seawolf after June 1942.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thunderbolt: HMS Thunderbolt (Lt.Cdr. C.B. Crouch, DSO and Bar, RN) departed from Malta for her 13th war patrol. She is to launch Chariot human torpedoes to attack shipping in Tripoli harbour (Operation Welcome). This is to prevent the Germans from using the ships at Tripoli to block the harbour during the evacuation. For the daily positions of HMS Thunderbolt during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt. S.A. Porter, RN) ended her 16th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean) at Algiers.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, RN) departed from Beirut for Malta. Taku is to return to the U.K. for refit and repairs to the engines that continued to give problems during the last two war patrols.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Exmouth Gulf. She was escorted in by USS Whippoorwill (Lt. C.L. Knopp, USN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Umbra: HMS P 35 (Lt. S.L.C. Maydon, DSO, RN) ended her 17th war patrol (16th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS United: HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian destroyer Bombardiere (1654 tons, built 1942) about 20 nautical miles north-west of Isola Marettimo, Sicily, Italy in position 38°04'N 11°49'E. She was escorting the transport Mario Roselli (6835 GRT, built 1942) with the destroyer Legionario. Legionario could not stop to pick up the survivors from fear she would become also a victim of the submarine and could only jettison eight life rafts. The corvettes Antelope, Artemide and Gabbiano sailed from Trapani to search for survivors and found only three officers and forty ratings, all wounded. The cold water must have accounted for a large part of the 174 victims. (All times are zone -1) 1705 hours - Heard fast diesel HE bearing 257°. 1715 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Sighted a modern 7000 ton merchant vessel escorted by two fleet destroyers on a course of 048°. Enemy speed 13 knots. Started attack. 1727 hours - In position 38°04'N, 11°49'E fired four torpedoes at the merchant vessel from 3000 yards. Went deep on firing and went off the tracks. 1729 hours - Heard one torpedo explosion. All HE of the merchant ship ceased and was not heard again. 1733 hours - A counter attack started. 30 Depth charges were dropped in the next 30 minutes. P 44 meanwhile withdrew to the west keeping stern on to the transmitting destroyer. 1807 hour - HE of the destroyers disappeared. More HE was later heard to the southward forcing P 44 to return to the area of the attack. 1948 hours - HE faded out. 2224 hours - Surfaced in position 38°07'N, 11°41'E. Sighted a stopped E-boat about 3/4 mile away to the north-west. Dived immediately. The hatch was open a bare minute. 2240 hours - The E-boat got underway and started transmitting on ASDIC. 2309 hours - Two destroyers and a second E-boat now arrived on the scene from the south-west. P 44 was hunted all through the night preventing her from surfacing to charge the battery and fresh air. It was not until 1826 hours the next day that P 44 was able to surface after being submerged for 36.5 hours.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unrivalled: HMS P 45 (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN) damaged the Italian tug R 97 / Genova (96 GRT) with gunfire near Hergla, Tunisia. Two German armoured vehicles (under Sub.Lt. Heine) of Combat Group Hergla opened fire on the submarine with their 75mm cannon, claiming two hits on conning tower and bow, and forced her to dive. (All times are zone -1) 1345 hours - Sighted a tug northbound between Sousa and Hammamet. Closed to 2000 yards. The tug was lightly armed with only one machine gun forward. 1455 hours - Surfaced in position 36°03'N, 10°33'E and opened fire from 2000 yards. The tug turned away and was beached. Scored 2 hits, possibly 3 out of 18 rounds. Shore batteries had by now opened fire so the action had to be broken off and P 45 dived and withdrew to seaward.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unseen: HMS P 51 (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Zenobia Martini (1454 GRT, built 1911) north of Gerba Island, Tunisia in position 33°55'N, 11°02'E. Zenobia Martini escorted by the submarine chaser Oriole was en-route from Tripoli, Libya to Sfax, Tunisia. Oriole picked up forty-seven survivors (including thirteen British PoWs) and a corpse, three crew members and five passengers were killed or missing. (All times are zone -1) 0700 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 160°. 0715 hours - The bearing of the smoke moved to the westward. Closed at speed. 0810 hours - Sighted a 2500 tons merchant vessel escorted by a Crotone-class escort vessel / minelayer. Commenced attack. 0906 hours - In position 33°55'N, 11°02'E fired three torpedoes. Two torpedo explosions were heard. 0908 hours - P 51 hit bottom with 45 feet on the depth gauge. Got off the bottom and withdrew to seaward. The escort dropped 6 depth charges but these were not close at all.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultor: HMS P 53 (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS L' Atlantique (Skr. A. McKay, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. M.H. Jupp, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Ardrishaig with ML's.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR ShCh-404: At 1922 hours, while on patrol off the Laksfjord, ShCh-404 attacked a German convoy and fires four torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a merchant of 10000 GRT. All torpedoes fired missed their intended target.

Royal Hellenic Navy Submarine RHS Papanikolis: Papanikolis (Lt. Roussen) sank the Greek sailing vessel Aghios Stefanos off Cape Malea, southern Greece.

1944

Royal Navy Frigate HMS Glenarm: German U-boat U-377 was sunk in the North Atlantic south-west of Ireland, in position 49°39'N, 20°10'W, by depth charges from the British destroyer HMS Wanderer (Lt.Cdr. R.F. Whinney, RN) and the British frigate HMS Glenarm (Lt.Cdr. W.R.B. Noall, DSO, RNR).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XIV: HrMs K XIV (Lt.Cdr. J.F. Drijfhout van Hooff, RNN) departed Gibraltar for Port Said. She made the passage in convoy KMS-38.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XV: HrMs K XV (Lt.Cdr. Baron C.W.T. van Boetzelaer, RNN) is undocked.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 24: HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. W.J. de Vries, RNN) departed Malta for Gibraltar.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with aircraft.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Zwaardvisch: HrMs Zwaardvisch (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN)departed Scapa Flow for passage to Holy Loch. Off Scapa Flow she joined HMS Taku (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, RN) and HMS Unswerving (T/Lt. M.D. Tattersall, RNVR) and their escort HMS La Capricieuse (Lt.Cdr.(retired) C.M. Norman, RN) which were coming from Lerwick.

US Navy Submarine USS Spearfish: USS Spearfish (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Williams, Jr) leaves Pearl Harbor for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol south of Formosa.

US Navy Submarine USS Swordfish: USS Swordfish (Capt. K.G. Hensel, USN) attacked but missed the Japanese aircraft carrier Shokaku with four torpedoes south-west of Tokyo Bay. Shokaku had been at Yokosuka for a short one month refit and was proceeding to Tokuyama Bay to rejoin Zuikaku in the Inland Sea. Swordfish and Tautog both reported that she was escorted by four destroyers. The destroyers Wakatsuki, Akigumo and Kazagumo had also been refitting at Yokosuka and were with Shokaku and Zuikaku on 6 February 1944 when they departed the Inland Sea for Singapore. It seems therefore most likely that these three destroyers were part of the escort of Shokaku during her high speed run from Yokosuka to Tokuyama Bay, maybee with a fouth destroyer. (All times are zone -9) 1840 hours - In position 33°09'N, 138°50'E obtained radar contact bearing 065°(T). Range was 15000 yards. Went to battle stations. During the whole afternoon a lot of depth charges were dropped and it looked like something big was coming towards Swordfish. 1845 hours - The target was making 18.5 knots. Four or five ships were present, one was 4000 yards closer then the largest ship. Decided that this was some sort of task force in view of the high speed and the random dropping of depth charges during the whole afternoon. Dived when the range was 10300 yards. 1849 hours - All tubes were reported ready. 1851 hours - Radar range was now 5800 yards. Enemy speed still 18.5 knots. 1852 hours - Radar range now 5250 yards. 1853 hours - The closest destroyer passed at a range of 1200 yards. 1900 hours - In position 33°06'N, 138°48E fired four stern torpedoes from 2500 yards. No hits were obtained. 1906 hours - Four depth charges were dropped. Block busters, but they were not very close. One destroyer gave us some attention for a while. 2020 hours - Surfaced and cleared the area to the south-east. 2140 hours - Decoded ComSubPac's rebroadcast of USS Tautog which had also contacted and attacked this task force, Tautug also reported a carrier escorted by four destroyers.

US Navy Submarine USS Searaven: USS Searaven (Lt.Cdr. M.H. Dry) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Marshall and Mariana Islands area.

US Navy Submarine USS Seal: USS Seal (Lt.Cdr. H.B. Dodge) left Pearl Harbor for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Ponape.

US Navy Submarine USS Bluegill: USS Bluegill conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS Cabrilla: In the evening, USS Cabrilla (Cdr. D.T. Hammond, USN), made the southbound passage of Lombok Strait on the surface.

US Navy Submarine USS Sand Lance: USS Sand Lance (Lt.Cdr. M.E. Garrison) arrived at Pearl Harbor.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ursula: HMS Ursula (Lt. A.G. Davies, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bedlington (Skr. A.W. Peak, RNR) and HMS Boarhound (Skr. A. Keable, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (T/L. P.S. Thirsk, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway with HMS Antares (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Diack, DSC and Bar, RN) and HMS Clinton (Lt. K.A. Gadd, DSC, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) was undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sunfish: HMS Sunfish (Lt. H.J. Bartlett, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Satyr: HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) is undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Satyr: HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) completed repairs at the Grangemouth Dockyard.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sea Rover: HMS Sea Rover (Lt. J.P. Angell, RN) departed Suez for Aden.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stratagem: HMS Stratagem (T/Lt. R.L. Willoughby, RNR) arrived at Dundee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spirit: HMS Spirit (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) departed Holy Loch for Lerwick. She was escorted by HMS Sardonyx (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne DSC, RNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (A/Lt.Cdr. L.F.L. Hill, RNR) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tactician: At 0530 hours, in position 05°29'N, 96°30'E, HMS Tactician (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Collett, DSC, RN) first detected with her hydrophones and later sighted an unescorted seaplane tender of the Kagu Maru class but she passed out of range.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taurus: HMS Taurus (Lt.Cdr. M.R.G. Wingfield, DSO, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantalus: HMS Tantalus (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Mackenzie, DSO and Bar, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Larne with aircraft.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantivy: HMS Tantivy (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Gibraltar for Port Said.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS Uproar (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSC, RN) departed Naples for Salerno Bay. She was to exercise there for her beacon role during the Anzio landings (Operation Shingle). Uproar was escorted by HMS Tetcott (Lt. A.F. Harkness, DSC, OBE, RD, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultimatum: HMS Ultimatum (Lt. W.H. Kett, DSC, RNR) conducted noise trials of Beirut.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises in Lough Foyle with HMS Scarborough (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Carnduff, RN) and anchored at Moville.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upstart: HMS Upstart (Lt. P.C. Chapman, DSC and Bar, RN) departed La Maddalena for her 4th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Southern France. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Upstart during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. D.G. Kent, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Tuscarora (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) H.T. Pitt, RN) and HMS Bretwalda (Skr. J.B. Henderson, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

US Navy Submarine USS R-1:

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. G.F. Sharp, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. D.L. Mehlop, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

1945

US Navy Destroyer USS Alfred A. Cunningham: With her initial training at Bermuda completed USS Alfred A. Cunningham arrived at New York. The next three months she serves as a training ship for prospective destroyer crews.

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (A/Capt. F. Stam, RNN) is docked at the Cockatoo Island Dockyard.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 19: After some emergency repairs and taking on board fuel, HrMs O 19 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. Drijfhout van Hooff, RNN), departed Darwin for Fremantle.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Zeehond: HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Dundee.

US Navy Submarine USS Tautog: USS Tautog (Lt.Cdr. T.S. Baskett) torpedoed and sank the Japanese fast transport T-15 (1500 GRT) off southern Kyushu, Japan in position 31°09'N, 130°29'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Sturgeon: USS Sturgeon (Lt.Cdr. W.J. Ruhe, USN) arrived in the Panama Canal Zone. She departed for New London, Connecticut later the same day.

US Navy Submarine USS Drum: USS Drum (Lt.Cdr. F.M. Eddy) ended her 12th war patrol at Guam.

US Navy Submarine USS Dace: USS Dace (Lt.Cdr. O.R. Cole, Jr.) enters Saipan to take on additional fuel.

US Navy Submarine USS Puffer: USS Puffer (Lt.Cdr. C.R. Dwyer) ended her 6th war patrol at Guam.

US Navy Submarine USS Blower: USS Blower (Cdr. J.H. Campbell, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to proceed to Saipan and then to patrol in the South China Sea. For daily and attack positions (though incomplete) of USS Blower during this patrol see the map below.

US Navy Submarine USS Bullhead: USS Bullhead (Cdr. W.T. Griffith, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS Dentuda: USS Dentuda (Cdr. J.S. McCain, Jr., USN) arrived at Newport, Rhode Island from New London, Connecticut for torpedo trials.

US Navy Submarine USS Guitarro: USS Guitarro (Lt.Cdr. T.B. Dabney) called at Mios Woendi, New Guinea to make some repairs.

US Navy Submarine USS Hammerhead: USS Hammerhead (Lt.Cdr. J.C. Martin) ended her 3rd war patrol at Fremantle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Safari: HMS Safari (Lt.Cdr. (retired) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) was docked at Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seadog: HMS Seadog (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) arrived at Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sea Nymph: HMS Sea Nymph (Lt. M.I. Usher, RN) ended her 11th war patrol at Lerwick.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Shalimar: HMS Shalimar (A/Lt.Cdr. W.G. Meeke, DSC, MBE, RN) destroyed 5 Japanese landing craft with gunfire in the Malacca Strait. (All times are zone -6.5) 0830 hours - In position 04°26'N, 98°16'E sighted 5 landing craft coming down the coast close inshore. 0843 hours - Surfaced abreast the second landing craft and engaged it with the 3" gun from a range of 3600 yards. After a while four of the landing craft were beached. The 5th put up a smoke screen and was seen to have anchored after the smoke screen cleared. The crews of all abandoned ship and swam ashore. Shalimar closed to about 3000 yards and engaged all the landing craft in turn. 0900 hours - Retired on the surface after all landing craft were on fire.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stygian: HMS Stygian (Lt. G.S.C. Clarabut, DSO, RN) sank the small Japanese tanker Nichinan Maru and later a sailing vessel in position 04°43'N, 100°28'E. (All times are zone -6.5) 1555 hours - Sighted a mast bearing 320°, moving Southwards. 1616 hours - Surfaced for gun action. The target was seen to be a small tanker of about 500 tons. 1629 hours - Checked fire and withdrew to deeper water. 1644 hours - The target blew up with considerable force in position 04°43'N, 100°28'E. 1721 hours - Destroyed a 21 tons junk by a demolition charge. The three crew were taken on board and transferred to a sampan half an hour later.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Subtle: During 17 and 18 January 1945 HMS Subtle (Lt. B.J.B. Andrew, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Trincomalee. These included night exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Solent: HMS Solent (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) arrived at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt. A.D. Piper, DSO, DSC, RD, RNR) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, DSC, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Rothesay escorted by HMS Milford (Cdr.(Retd.) G.G. Slade, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantivy: HMS Tantivy (Lt. P.S. May, RN) arrived at Exmouth Bay to top off with fuel. Also some repairs were made.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Totem: HMS Totem (A/Lt.Cdr. M.B. St. John, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tapir: HMS Tapir (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxbourgh, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J. Whitton, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS Unshaken (Lt. J.S. Pearce, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with aircraft.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. D.C. Peto, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. M. Abrahams, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. J.R. Edmands, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Cunningham, Jr., USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

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