Events on this day
This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.
The Shipyard Report
Laid down (22)
1927: Destroyer Nicoloso da Recco
1933: Torpedo boat L'Iphigénie
1942: Minesweeper Thisbe (J 302) - Submarine Vigorous (P 74) - Destroyer Escort Bull (DE 693) - Seaplane tender Currituck (AV 7) - Destroyer Escort Farquhar (DE 139) - Light cruiser Wilkes-Barre (CL 103)
1943: Submarine Scorcher (P 258) - Destroyer Escort Key (DE 348) - Landing craft tank LCT 946 (LCT 946) - Landing craft tank LCT 947 (LCT 947) - Motor torpedo boat PT 444 - Motor torpedo boat PT 445 - Minesweeper Report (AM 289)
1905: Repair Ship Sandhurst (F 92)
1941: Minesweeper Port Hope (J 280)
1942: Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-121 (LCI(L)-121) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 302 (MTB 302) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 303 (MTB 303) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-121 (LCI(L)-121) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-122 (LCI(L)-122) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-181 (LCI(L)-181) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-182 (LCI(L)-182) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 585 (LCT 585) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 302 (MTB 302) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 303 (MTB 303) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-121 (LCI(L)-121) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-122 (LCI(L)-122) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-181 (LCI(L)-181) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-182 (LCI(L)-182) - Landing craft tank LCT 388 (LCT 388) - Tank landing ship LST 357 (LST 357) - Motor torpedo boat PT 170 - Motor torpedo boat PT 171 - Submarine chaser SC-717 (SC-717)
1943: Frigate Loch Fada (K 390) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-520 (LCI(L)-520) - Landing craft tank LCT 607 (LCT 607) - Destroyer Escort O'Flaherty (DE 340) - Motor torpedo boat PT 505 - Submarine chaser SC-1482 (SC-1482) - Light cruiser Vicksburg (CL 86)
1944: Frigate Shoalhaven (K 535) - Frigate Loch Assynt (K 438) - Tank landing ship LST 3016 (LST 3016) - Aircraft Carrier Boxer (CV 21) - Landing craft support LCS(L)-69 (LCS(L)-69) - Medium landing ship LSM 287 (LSM 287)
1919: Destroyer Malcolm (D 19)
1927: Aircraft Carrier Lexington (CV 2)
1933: Submarine Oréade
1939: MS Trawler Rowan (T 119)
1942: Landing Craft Tank LCT 584 (LCT 584) - Tank landing ship LST 365 (LST 365) - Motor Gun Boat MGB 638 (MGB 638) - Sloop Woodpecker (U 08) - Torpedo boat Ardimentoso - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-226 (LCI(L)-226) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-65 (LCI(L)-65) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-66 (LCI(L)-66) - Landing craft tank LCT 388 (LCT 388) - Tank landing ship LST 1 (LST 1) - Patrol craft PC-1077 (PC-1077)
1944: Landing craft support LCS(L)-124 (LCS(L)-124) - Landing craft support LCS(L)-85 (LCS(L)-85) - Medium landing ship LSM 122 (LSM 122) - Medium landing ship LSM 251 (LSM 251) - Medium landing ship LSM 285 (LSM 285) - Medium landing ship LSM 419 (LSM 419) - Tank landing ship LST 854 (LST 854)
Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).
Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.
Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.
War Losses on 14 December (7)
1939: MS Trawler James Ludford (T 16)
1943: Motor torpedo boat PT 239
1944: Escort destroyer Aldenham (L 22)
More information on Allied Warships losses.
General Events on 14 December
Light cruiser HMS Gloucester: HMS Eagle (Capt. A.R.M. Bridge, RN), HMS Cornwall (Capt. C.F. Hammill, RN) and HMS Gloucester (Capt. F.R. Garside, CBE, RN) put to sea from Durban for the South Atlantic when it was reported that the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee was in Montivideo harbour. They were recalled early the next day and they returned to Durban.
Submarine HMS Ursula: Ursula was on patrol off the Elbe estuary and through her periscope her Commanding Officer, Lt.Cdr. G.C. Phillips, RN, sighted a German light cruiser, escorted by six 'destroyers'. Though the waters of the Elbe estuary are shallow and to dive deep is a dangerous undertaking involving the risk of getting stuck on a sandbank, Phillips had either to take the risk or to miss his attack. His decision was instantaneous and he took the Ursula down to dive beneath the destroyer screen and get within range of the cruiser. They were anxious moments, but fortunately the depth of water was just enough. On coming up again to periscope depth, Phillips found himself within point-blank range of the cruiser. He fired a salvo of six torpedoes and the two resulting explosions were so close that the Ursula herself was badly shaken. A quick glance through the periscope showed no sign of the cruiser that had been attacked, but it did reveal four of her escorting destroyers closing in at high speed to attack. However one of the escorts, F 9, had been hit and was sinking. Once again, risking the sandbanks, the Ursula went deep and by skilful manipulation of his boat, Phillips managed to evade the inevitable depth charges. Of the cruiser, Leipzig, no further trace was seen, but when Phillips brought the Ursula back to look for evidence, two of the destroyers were still in the area and engaged, apparently, in a search for survivors. The British were under the impression they had sunk the cruiser and Lt.Cdr. Phillips was awarded the DSO and promoted. 1115 hours - Sighted a 'Koln-class' light cruiser escorted by six destroyers. Started attack. During the attack a Ursula had to go deep to evade one of the escorting destroyers. 1131 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 1200 yards. 1 min, 10 sec after firing a tremendous explosion occurred followed 6 seconds later by another even heavier explosion. This last explosion even broke some lights in Ursula. Four destroyers were gheard to come towards Ursula but no depth charges were dropped. Ursula managed to slip away from the scene. It was thought that the cruiser had been sunk but in reality one of the escorts had been hit by two of the torpedoes and was sunk with heavy loss of life. At the time F 9 was sunk she was part of the escort of the damaged Leipzig. Other escorts were; the destroyers Z 4 / Richard Beitzen, Z 8 / Bruno Heinemann, the escort vessel F 7, the minesweepers M 9, M 10, M 12 and M 13. Also in the area were the small minesweepers R 33, R 35, R 36, R 37, R 38 and R 39. R 36 and R 38 later picked up 34 survivors of F 9
Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.A.S. Wise, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with HMS Leicester City (Skr. W.A. Cormack, RNR).
Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Cdr. H.R. Conway, RN) conducted exercises off Malta together with HMS Ouse and HMS Coral.
Submarine HMS Orpheus (i): HMS Orpheus (Cdr. C.J. Blake, RN) arrived at Colombo.
Submarine HMS Rover: HMS Rover (Lt.Cdr. H.A.L. Marsham, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore together with HMS Tenedos (Lt.Cdr. J.O'B. Milner-Barry, RN) and HMS Stronghold (Lt.Cdr. R. Alexander, RN).
Submarine HMS Narwhal: HMS Narwhal (Lt.Cdr. E.R.J. Oddie, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol at Portsmouth.
Submarine HMS Cachalot: HMS Cachalot (Lt.Cdr. S.W.F. Bennetts, RN) conducted exercises off Halifax.
Submarine HMS Seal: HMS Seal (Lt.Cdr. R.P. Lonsdale, RN) ended her 5th war patrol at Portsmouth.
Submarine HMS Snapper: HMS Snapper (Lt. W.D.A. King, RN) was recalled.
Submarine HMS Sunfish: HMS Sunfish (Lt.Cdr. J.E. Slaughter, RN) was ordered to return to Harwich.
Submarine HMS Triumph (i): HMS Triumph (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, RN) is docked at Rosyth in No 3 dock.
Submarine HMS H 31: HMS H 31 (Lt. P.R. Ward, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with trawlers.
Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.V. Haggard, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland.
Destroyer HMS Kelly: HMS Kelly (Capt. L.F.A.V.N. Mountbatten, RN) is badly damaged by a German mine laid by German destroyers off the Tyne in position 55°05'N, 01°02'W. Repairs were completed in late February 1940.
MS Trawler HMS James Ludford: The sole survivor of the James Ludford was Senior Able Seaman William Sutherland.
Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. F.J. Brooks, RN) departed Blyth for her 4th war patrol. She is ordered to patrol in the North Sea. For the daily positions of HMS L 23 during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HNMS O 24: HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. O. de Booy, RNN) is towed from Rosyth to Grangemouth for a refit at the Grangemouth Dockyard.
Submarine HMS Olympus: During the night of 14/15 December 1940, HMS Olympus (Lt.Cdr. H.G. Dymott, RN), conducted trials and exercises off Malta.
Submarine HMS Otus: HMS Otus (Lt.Cdr. E.C.F. Nicolay, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Alexandria with HMS Peony (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) M.B. Sherwood, RN).
Submarine HMS Triumph (i): HMS Triumph (Lt.Cdr. W.J.W. Woods, RN) departed from Gibraltar for her 8th war patrol. This is another patrol in the Alboran Sea to the East of Gibraltar. For the daily positions of HMS Triumph during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HMS Usk (i): HMS Usk (Lt.Cdr. P.R. Ward, RN) was ordered to divert to a patrol (with HMS Unique (Lt. A.F. Collett, RN), HMS Upholder (Lt. M.D. Wanklyn, RN) and HMS Thunderbolt (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN).) in the Bay of Biscay to intercept U-boats on their way to the Gironde making this her 3rd war patrol.
Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. G.P. Darling, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.
Submarine HMS H 43: MS H 43 (Lt. H.R.B. Newton, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.
Destroyer HMS Hereward: The Italian submarine Naiade (offsite link) was sunk near Bardia by the British destroyers HMS Hyperion (Cdr. H.St.L. Nicolson, DSO, RN) and HMS Hereward (Lt.Cdr. C.W. Greening, RN).
Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN) was ordered to return to Surabaya where she arrived later the same day.
Submarine HNMS K XVI: HrMs K XVI (Lt.Cdr. L.J. Jarman, RNN) arrived at Surabaya.
Submarine HNMS K XVII: HrMs K XII (Lt.Cdr. H.C.J. Coumou, RNN(R)) that is en-route to Singapore (Having missed a signal to form the patrol line to the North-East of Mankai Island), meets HrMs K XVII (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Besançon, RNN) shortly after noon. K XVII informed them about a signal K XII had missed and that she had to take up a patrol position 310°, Pulau Mankai, 20 nautical miles. The position of the encounter was near to the position K XVII had to take up in the patrol line. The crew of K XII were the last to see K XVII as she failed to arrive at Singapore on 21 December.
Submarine HNMS K XII: HrMs K XII (Lt.Cdr. H.C.J. Coumou, RNN(R)) set course towards Singapore. Early in the afternoon she had an encounter with HrMs K XVII (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Besançon, RNN). They informed them about a signal K XII had missed and that she had to take up a patrol position 310°, Pulau Mankai, 20 nautical miles. K XII arrived in this position early in the evening.
Submarine HNMS O 19: The submarines of the 4th submarine division, HrMs O 19 (Lt.Cdr. F.J.A. Knoops, RNN) and HrMs O 20 (Lt.Cdr. P.G.J. Snippe, RNN), both departed Singapore for their 1st war patrols. They were ordered to patrol off the west coast of Malaya. For positions during this patrol see the map below. The map is unfortunately incomplete as no log is available for this period.
Submarine HNMS O 20: The submarines of the 4th submarine division, HrMs O 19 (Lt.Cdr. F.J.A. Knoops, RNN) and HrMs O 20 (Lt.Cdr. P.G.J. Snippe, RNN), both departed Singapore for their 1st war patrols. They were ordered to patrol off the west coast of Malaya.
Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(Retd.) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS Spaniel (Skr. C. Coultas, DSC, RNR).
Submarine USS Swordfish: While operating off the south coast of Hainan, USS Swordfish (Lt.Cdr. C.C. Smith, USN), attacked but missed a steamer with two torpedoes. Later on the same day USS Swordfish torpedoed and damaged the Japanese army cargo ship Kashii Maru (8407 GRT, built 1936) in position 18°08'N, 109°22'E. (All times are zone -8) 0427 hours - In position 18°05'N, 109°18'E sighted a steamer on the starboard bow on an easterly course. Made surface approach. Enemy course was course 097°, speed 12 knots. 0434 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 2000 yards. Submerged on firing to avoid possible counter attack with gunfire in fairly bright light. No explosions were heard due to own noises on diving. Results of the attack were not clear. ------------------------------------------ 1751 hours - In position 18°08'N, 109°22'E sighted a steamer thought to be about 9200 GRT and in ballast, bearing 085°, range 3.5 nautical miles. Made submerged approach. Enemy course 315°, speed 14 knots. 1808 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 750 yards. One hit was obtained. The ship stopped after having turned northwards. She was listing 10° to port. 1842 hours - Fired another torpedo from 1400 yards. It hit. The ship was seen to sink slowly.
Submarine USS Seawolf: USS Seawolf (Lt.Cdr. F.B. Warder) hits the Japanese seaplane carrier Sanyo Maru (8360 GRT, offsite link) with one torpedo off Aparri, Philippines. Unfortunately the torpedo fails to explode.
Submarine USS Plunger: USS Plunger (Lt.Cdr. David Charles White) left Pearl Harbor for her first war patrol, and was to patrol in Japanese home waters off the mouth of Kii Suido.
Submarine HMS Ursula: As her refit in the U.K. can start only around mid-January 1942 HMS Ursula (Lt. A.R. Hezlet, RN) is sent out on a anti-uboat patrol to the East of Gibraltar near Alboran Island. This is her 28th war patrol (15th in the Mediterranean). No logs are available for this period so no map can be displayed.
Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) with HrMs Z 5 (Lt. J.J. Steensma, RNN).
Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) was docked at Alexandria.
Submarine HMS Clyde: HMS Clyde (Cdr. D.C. Ingram, DSC, RN) ended her 23rd war patrol at Gibraltar.
Submarine HMS Talisman: While on passage back to Alexandria, South of Crete, HMS Talisman (Lt.Cdr. M. Willmott, RN) attacks the Italian submarine Dagabur with gunfire South of Crete. A sinking was claimed but the Italian submarine received only minor damage. All times are zone -2 or -3) 1952 hours - In position 34°05'N, 25°39'E sighted a dark object thought to be a submarine bearing 205°. Distance 800 yards. 1955 hours - Two torpedoes were heard passing Talisman by ratings in the fore ended (The enemy had indeed fired two torpedoes mistaking Talisman for a cruiser). 1956 hours - Talisman opened fire with the 4" gun. The second round hit the conning tower of the enemy about three feet above the casing as the enemy was seen to be diving at a range of about 100 yards. 1957 hours - As Talisman was passing the diving enemy it was seen that her hatches were open, she was thought to be diving towards her doom and a sinking was claimed. Italian sources however state that the target (Dagabur) received only minor damage to her conning tower.
Submarine HMS Tempest: HMS Tempest (Lt.Cdr. W.A.K.N. Cavaye, RN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area during which HrMs Z 5 (Lt. J.J. Steensma, RNN) served as target.
Submarine HMS Turbulent: HMS Turbulent (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Linton, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.
Submarine HMS Unique: At 0921 hours, HMS Unique (Lt. A.F. Collett, RN) was in position 37°45'N, 15°43'E when a battleship with a destroyer were sighted at a range of 7 miles, on course 127° at 19.5 knots. The submarine tried to close submerged at full speed but to no avail. This was the damaged Vittorio Veneto (torpedoed by HMS Urge (Lt.Cdr. E.P. Tomkinson, DSO, RN)).
Submarine HMS Upholder: HMS Upholder (Lt.Cdr. M.D. Wanklyn, DSO, RN) is ordered to a new patrol position South of the toe of Italy (South-East of the Straits of Messina).
Submarine HMS Urge: HMS Urge (Lt.Cdr. E.P. Tomkinson, DSO and Bar, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto (41167 tons, built 1940) about 10 nautical miles west-south-west of Capo dell'Armi in position 37°52'N, 15°30'E. According to Italian sources the force attacked by Urge was made up of the Italian battleships Vittorio Veneto and Littorio. They were escorted by the Italian destroyers Granatiere, Fuciliere, Bersagliere and Alpino as well as the Italian torpedo boats Centauro and Clio. Vittorio Veneto was hit on the port side creating a hole 9 m x 14 m under the rear 15” turret, 40 men were killed and 16 were slightly wounded. She still managed to make 21 knots and reach Taranto. (All times are zone -2 0840 hours - Came to periscope depth after hearing HE. Sighted two battleships, thought to be of the Cavour-class, screened by four destroyers proceeding Southward through the Straits of Messina at 17 knots. Started attack. 0858 hours - Fired four torpedoes at the rear battleship from 3000 yards. 0901 hours - Heard two (possibly three) explosions at the correct running range. A counter attack in which 40 depth charges were dropped followed during the next half hour.
Submarine HMS Ultimatum: At 2345 hours HMS P 34 (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSC, RN) received a signal that the anticipated enemy movements did not occur and that the patrol line was dispersed. P 34 was ordered to return to Malta after having patrolled off Augusta, Sicily on the 16th.
Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Lerwick.
Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. W.A. Phillimore, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.
Submarine HNMS K XI: From 14 to 18 December 1942, HrMs K XI (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Deketh, RNN), participated in A/S exercises off Bombay.
Submarine HNMS O 14: HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) conducted attack and RDF exercises in the Clyde area during which HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN) served as target.
Submarine HNMS O 10: During her refit, HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN), was undocked.
Submarine USS Grampus (i): USS Grampus (Lt.Cdr. J.R. Craig) departed from Brisbane for her 5th war patrol.
Submarine USS Sunfish: USS Sunfish (Lt.Cdr. R.W. Peterson) lays mines in entrance to Iseno Umi Bay, Japan. She continues to lay mines on the 15th, 16th and 17th December.
Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Lt. L.W.A. Bennington, DSC, RN) departed Gibraltar for Portsmouth. As no log is available no map can be displayed.
Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt.Cdr. L.W. Napier, RN) attacked an enemy merchant vessel off Ischia Island. No hits were obtained. This was probably the Italian merchant Nino Padre (4171 GRT, built 1913) proceeding from Naples to Gaeta. (All times are zone -1) 1030 hours - Sighted a single unescorted merchant vessel coasting south of Ischia. Set course to intercept. The ship was an old one of 3000 tons, probably in ballast. 1101 hours - In position 279°, Imperatore Point, 4.2 nautical miles, fired three torpedoes from 4000 yards. Two violent explosions occurred 1 minute and 1 minute and 40 seconds after firing. These brought down glass and corking. It seems that two of the three torpedoes went straight to the bottom. A third explosion followed at the correct running interval to hit the shore. The merchant ship was not hit.
Submarine HMS Sahib: HMS P 212 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Honestas (4960 GRT, built 1920) about 30 nautical miles north-north-west of Cape Bon, Tunisia in approximate position 37°29'N, 10°46'E. She was carrying 1000 tons of ammunition and 50 vehicles and was travelling from Trapani to Tunis in company with Castelverde (6666 GRT, built 1921), escorted by the torpedo boats Ardito and Fortunale and several aircraft including Ju 88 and Me 110. (All times are zone -1) 1215 hours - Sighted smoke and aircraft patrols bearing 030°. 1254 hours - Started an attack on 2 medium sized merchant vessels escorted by 2 Partenope-class torpedo boats. Several aircraft were patrolling overhead. Both torpedo boats were zigging in front of each of the merchant vessels. 1343 hours - One of the torpedo boats passed 1000 yards ahead. P 212 was not detected. 1350 hours - Fired 5 torpedoes at one of the merchant ships. It was hoped that the 5th torpedo might hit the other ship that partially overlapped with the target. One hit was obtained. After the attack P 212 went to 350 feet and retired to the Northward at 4 knots. 26 Depth charges were dropped in the next hour in patterns of 7, 7, 4 and 5 but none were really close and no damage was caused by them. HMS P 46 (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSC, RN) meanwhile reported by SST that she had also attacked. That the other merchant ship had been her target, that it had changed course when our target had been hit and that this merchant had also been hit. 1538 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Noticed that both merchant ships were stopped in the vicinity of the attack. Our target was ablaze from the funnel to aft. Four aircraft were patrolling overhead and the escorting torpedo boats were to the Southward. Went deep again to reload the torpedo tubes. 1620 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Only one the merchants was seen, the other must have sunk. The escorts were still searching the area. 1648 hours - The other merchant vessel blew up with a terrific explosion so there was now no need to remain in the area to finish off the prey. According to Italian sources most of her crew were saved. The attack was observed by a R.S.14 of 144^ Squadriglia at 1346 which dropped two bombs but they do not appear to have been close. The other ship was the Italian freighter Castelverde and was indeed sunk by HMS P 46. Fortunale reported a sonar contact and was ordered to hunt the submarine while Ardito (her sonar was not working) picked up the survivors. Fortunale carried out four depth charges runs and then returned to pick up survivors from both ships. Ardito picked up 174 and Fortunale 96.
Submarine HMS Splendid: HMS P 228 (Lt. I.L.M. McGeogh, RN) attacked an enemy convoy with four torpedoes to the North-East of the Gulf of Tunis. No hits were obtained although a sinking was claimed. (All times are zone -1) 0945 hours - Sighted a floatplane in the expected direction of an enemy convoy. A few minutes later smoke was seen. Altered course towards. 1007 hours - Sighted a convoy made up of two medium-sized merchant ships escorted by two torpedo boats and several aircraft bearing 051 degrees. Started attack. 1114 hours - In approximate position 37°38'N, 11°02'E fired four torpedoes at the largest merchant ship. Range was 1000 yards. A hit and sinking was claimed but this was not the case as HMS P 212 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) later attacked the same convoy. No counter attack followed on HMS P 228's attack. The convoy attacked was made up of the Italian merchant Honestas (4960 GRT, built 1920) and the Italian tanker Castelverde (6958 GRT, built 1921). The escorting torpedo boats were the Italian Ardito and Fortunale. They were on a trip from Trapani to Tunisia. Castelverde sighted three torpedo tracks while Ardito also avoided a torpedo. A few hours later Honestas and Castelverde were respectively sunk by HMS P 212 and HMS P 46.
Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (Lt. P.E. Newstead, RN) conducted noise trials in Loch Goil.
Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian tanker Delfin (5322 GRT, built 1918) in the Aegean Sea about 5 nautical miles north of Macrosini island, Greece in position 37°52'N, 24°06'E. (All times are zone -3) 1115 hours - Sighted an aircraft patrolling to the South. 1140 hours - In position 37°50'N, 24°07'E sighted smoke of two ships to the South. Commenced attack. The convoy turned out to be a 5000 ton MV that was escorted by steam yacht of about 300 tons. This yacht was about 700 yards ahead of the MV. Two aircraft were escorting the convoy. 1226 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 750 yards. 33 seconds after firing a loud torpedo explosion was heard. The HE of the ship continued for about 15sec. but then it stopped and was followed by breaking up noises. A minute and a half after firing a depth charge was dropped. 1242 hours - ASDIC transmissions were heard. 1245 hours - The escort dropped the first of eleven depth charges in a line with three second intervals. These depth charges were unpleasantly close. Taku was shaken considerably but only light damage was done. Five more depth charges were dropped but these were not as close as the first eleven. 1337 hours - Another eleven depth charges were dropped. These were as close as the first eleven dropped at 1245 hours. After these one other depth charge was dropped. This was the last one. Taku now managed to slip away although it took the rest of the day. German sources however mentions that Delfin was not escorted and that the auxiliary submarine chaser UJ-2102 was sent to the area to hunt the submarine after Delfin was sunk.
Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt. H.S. Mackenzie, DSO, RN) arrived at Falmouth. She was escorted in by HMS Finesse (T/Lt. J.E. Freestone, RNR) and HMS William Mannel (Skr. H.J. Meyer, RNR).
Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. W.W. Dennis, RN) conducted exercises of Blyth training a class of new submariners.
Submarine HMS Unruffled: HMS P 46 (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian transport Castelverde (6958 GRT, built 1921) about 30 nautical miles north-north-west of Cape Bon, Tunisia in position 37°29'N, 10°46'E. Fifteen men were killed or missing, 248 survivors were picked up. Castelverde had been in convoy together with the Italian merchant Honestas (4960 GRT, built 1920). They were escorted by the Italian torpedo boats Ardito and Fortunale. About three hours earlier, the convoy had been attacked without success by P.228 and just a few minutes before HMS P 212 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) had sunk Honestas. (All times are zone -1) 0700 hours - A land fix showed that P 46 had been set to the north-east during the night and that we were 10 miles from our patrol position. Closed the Bizerta convoy route and proceeded via it to our patrol position. 1106 hours - Sighted aircraft circling bearing 060°. Thought that this means a convoy approaching. Altered course to intercept. 1300 hours - Sighted the funnel of a merchant vessel. Three aircraft were seen circling overhead. 1315 hours - The convoy was now seen to be made up of two merchant vessels in line ahead. They were escorted by two torpedo boats and were bound for Tunis. 1351 hours - The leading ship was torpedoed by another submarine. The second ship altered towards but soon resumed her original course. 1403 hours - In position 37°29'N, 10°46'E fired three torpedoes at this merchant vessel from 2000 yards. The third torpedo broke surface and ran off to port, possibly a gyro failure. One hit was obtained, the torpedo hit just abaft the funnel. P 46 then went deep and turned stern on the escorts. 1428 hours - A pattern of four depth charges was dropped fairly close. P 46 was now hunted for about half an hour in which 27 depth charges were dropped, several fairly close. They broke a few lamps but caused no other damage. 1533 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Both ships were seen to be stopped. The torpedo boats were close by the targets. 1553 hours - In position 37°30'N, 10°46'E fired one torpedo at 'our' target from 6000 yards. The target was seen to be down by the stern. 1555 hours - An aircraft was seen to drop flares over the torpedo track. Went deep and took avoiding action. 1557 hours - Heard the torpedo hit the target. This was followed by breaking up noises. 1600 hours - A depth charge was dropped. More followed but none were close. 1720 hours - Returned to periscope depth. 'Our' target was not seen but the other ship was seen to be burning fiercely. 1735 hours - Heard a very violent explosion. Only smoke could be seen where the ship had been.
Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS P 54 (Lt. J. Whitton, RN) attacked a large escorted merchant vessel with four torpedoes south of Cassis, southern France. No hits were obtained. The targets were the former French fishing vessels Clairvoyant (943 GRT, built 1922) and Volontaire (916 GRT, built 1922) which had just been taken over by the Germans and were on passage from Marseille to La Ciotat where they were to be transformed as UJ-boats (they became UJ 6075 and UJ 6076 respectively). (All times are zone -1) 1412 hours - In position 43°08'N, 05°33'E sighted a merchant vessel of 7500 tons escorted by two trawlers. Started attack. Range was about 9 nautical miles. 1524 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 2000 yards. No hits were obtained. The torpedoes were heard to explode about three minutes after firing.
Submarine HMS Unsparing: HMS P 55 (Lt. A.D. Piper, DSC and 2 bars, RNR) was docked at Rothesay in AFD 7 for a propeller change. .
Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) is undocked.
Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. I.S. McIntosh, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS H 50: After a trial dive at the commencement of a day of A/S exercises off Campbeltown, HMS H 50 (Lt. R.B. Foster, DSC, RN), suffered a malfuntion to the after hydroplanes. She then returned to Campbeltown for repairs.
Destroyer ORP Burza: The convoy reached the Clyde. It's escorts entered Greenock harbour.
Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Laughon, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.
Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. P.W. Garnett, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. E.D`H. Haskins, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. I.J. Galantin, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Kehl, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USSR ShCh-403: While on patrol of the Varangerfjord near Kiberg, Norway, ShCh-403 attacked a German convoy and fires four torpedoes against the German merchant Dessau (5933 GRT). All four torpedoes missed their target.
Corvette HMS Samphire: The British merchant Edencrag is torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-443 west of Algiers in position 35?49'N, 01?25'W. HMS Samphire (Lt.Cdr. F.T. Renny, DSC, RNR) later picks up 9 survivors.
Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. A.A. Duff, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS St. Modwen (Lt.Cdr. F.J. Webster, RNR).
Submarine HMS P 614: HMS P 614 (Lt. H.W. Wilkinson, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Freetown together with HMS Bridgewater (Cdr. (retired) N.W.H. Weekes, OBE, RN), HMS Armeria (Lt. M. Todd, RNR) and HMS Holcombe (Lt.Cdr. S.H. Pinchin, DSC, RN).
Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) arrived at Lerwick. After a few hours she departed for her 6th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the West coast of Norway, near Stavanger. For the daily and attack positions of HrMs O 15 during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMCS Rimouski (T/Lt. R.J. Pickford, RCNVR) and HMCS Eyebright (T/Lt. H.L. Quinn, RCNVR).
Submarine USS Seadragon: USS Seadragon (Cdr. R.L. Rutter, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 9th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Caroline Islands area. She was escorted out by USS SC 1055 (Lt.(jg) R.A. Wilks, USNR). For daily and attack positions (though incomplete) for USS Seadragon during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine USS Snapper: USS Snapper (Lt.Cdr. M.K. Clementson) ended her 8th war patrol at Pearl Harbor.
Submarine USS Haddock: USS Haddock (Cdr. J.P. Roach) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 8th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Truk together with USS Tullibee and USS Halibut.
Submarine USS Halibut: USS Halibut (Lt.Cdr. I.J. Galantin) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 8th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Mariana Islands area.
Submarine USS Herring: USS Herring (Lt.Cdr. R.W. Johnson) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant cargo ship Hakozaki Maru (3948 GRT) north-east of Shanghai, China in position 33°01'N, 124°01'E.
Submarine USS Haddo: USS Haddo (Lt.Cdr. J. Corbus) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Philippines.
Submarine USS Sunfish: USS Sunfish (Lt.Cdr. R.W. Peterson) ended her 5th war patrol at Pearl Harbor.
Submarine USS Tullibee: USS Tullibee (Cdr. C.F. Brindupke) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Mariana Islands area.
Submarine USS Burrfish: USS Burrfish (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Perkins, Jr., USN) departed Key West, Florida for the Panama Canal Zone.
Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (T/L. P.S. Thirsk, RNR) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.B.de B. Kershaw, DSO, RN) is undocked at Kames Bay and then immediately proceeded to Rothesay.
Submarine HMS Satyr: HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) arrived at Lerwick. She departed for her 7th war patrol after taking on board additional fuel. She was ordered to patrol off Stadlanded. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Satyr during this patrol see the map below. HMS Satyr 7th war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Stubborn: HMS Stubborn (Lt. A.A. Duff, RN) departed Lerwick for her 6th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off central Norway off Kya. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Stubborn during this patrol see the map below. HMS Stubborn 6th war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Syrtis: HMS Syrtis (Lt. M.H. Jupp, DSC, RN) conducted attack exercises together with the Free French battleship Richelieu.
Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Eade, RNR) is docked in AFD 20 at Rothesay.
Submarine HMS Trespasser: HMS Trespasser (Lt.Cdr. R.M. Favell, RN) departed from Colombo to return to Trincomalee.
Submarine HMS Telemachus: HMS Telemachus (Cdr. W.D.A. King, DSO, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow together with HMS Tenacious (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Townsend, RN), HMS Vigilant (Lt.Cdr. L.W.L. Argles, RN) and HMS Venus (Cdr. J.S.M. Richardson DSO, RN).
Submarine HMS Tradewind: HMS Tradewind (Lt.Cdr. S.L.C. Maydon, DSO and Bar, RN) returned to Holy Loc after wiping at Rosneath.
Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard with aircraft.
Submarine HMS Unsparing: HMS Unsparing (Lt. A.D. Piper, DSC and 2 bars, RNR) arrived at Port Said.
Submarine HMS Untiring: HMS Untiring (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the German net layer Netztender 44 / Prudente (396 GRT) inside Monaco harbour. (All times are zone -1) 1215 hours - Sighted a ship off Monaco in position 43°41'N, 07°22'E. Range was 10000 yards. Closed to investigate. 1420 hours - The target set course for Monaco harbour which she entered shortly afterwards. Untiring followed hoping to attack shipping in the harbour. 1556 hours - Fired one torpedo at the vessel sighted earlier from 550 yards. She was berthed so that she could be attacked from outside the harbour. A rumbling explosion was heard half a minute after firing and the bow of the target was seen to have disintegrated and she was settling by the bow. Untiring then retired from the area.
Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. K.S. Renshaw, DSC, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Goathland (Lt.Cdr. B.G.B. Bordes, DSC, RN) and HMCS Summerside (T/Lt. G. St. A.Mongenais, RCNVR).
Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. D.G. Kent, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Ardrishaig. At Ardrishaig she conducted A/S exercises with ML's.
Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Jay, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.
Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. I.G. Raikes, DSC, RN) departed Rothesay for Londonderry. She is escorted by HMS Kihna (A/Cdr.(Retd.) A.R.W. Sayle, RD, RNR).
Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. P.N. Joyce, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS P 512: HMS P 512 participated in A/S exercises off Bermuda.
Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. W.L. Fey, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. D.L. Mehlop, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS S-12: USS S-12 departed Guantanamo Bay, Cuba for Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone.
Destroyer USS Lowry: USS Lowry arrived at San Pedro Bay, Philippines.
Destroyer USS Shea: USS Shea arrived at New York.
Submarine HNMS K XI: HrMs K XI (Lt.Cdr. P.G. de Back, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Varsova, near Bombay with HMIS Ramdas (T/Lt. H.D. Baker, RINR).
Submarine HNMS Dolfijn: HrMs Dolfijn (Lt.Cdr. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) conducted exercises off Dundee together with HMS Zodiac (Lt.Cdr. H.R. Rycroft, DSC, RN).
Submarine USS Bashaw: While on patrol off Camranh Bay, French Indochina, USS Bashaw (Lt.Cdr. R.E. Nichols) sighted the Japanese hybrid battleship/carriers Ise and Hyuga (both offsite links) but was unable to reach a firing position.
Submarine USS Muskallunge: USS Muskallunge (Lt.Cdr. L.A. Lajaunie, Jr.) ended her 5th war patrol at Pearl Harbor.
Submarine USS Rock: USS Rock (Cdr. J.J. Flachsenhar) departed from Fremantle for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea.
Submarine USS Sealion (ii): USS Sealion (ii) (Lt.Cdr. Charles Frederick Putnam) departed from Guam for her 4th war patrol, and was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea.
Submarine USS Blenny: USS Blenny (Cdr. W.H. Hazzard, USN) sank the Japanese 'sea truck' Taisho Maru No.5 (47 GRT) with gunfire in position 16°34'N, 119°40'E and torpedoed and sank the Japanese corvette Kaibokan 28 (offsite link) off Dasol Bay, Philippines in position 15°46'N, 119°45'E . (All times are zone H, -8) 0628 hours - In position 16°29'N, 119°44'E sighted masts of a small vessel bearing 022°(T). Closed to intercept. 0648 hours - Identified the ship as a 250 ton sea truck. The target tracked on course 110°(T), speed 5 knots. 0649 hours - Battle stations gun action. 0707 hours - Commenced firing 40mm and 20mm from a range of 3800 yards and closing. When the range was 1200 yards .30 cal also opened fire as did the 5" gun. The target was soon on fire aft. 0735 hours - In position 16°34'N, 119°40'E the target heeled over and sank. Ammunition used during this action was 47 rounds of 5" for about 25 hits, 40mm 96 rounds for about 6 hits, 450 rounds of 20mm - many hits, .30 cal, 1875 rounds - many hits. 0738 hours - Headed back to our lifeguard station. -------------------------------------------------------- 2025 hours - In position 16°18'N, 119°33'E obtained SJ radar contact at a range of 12300 yards bearing 104°(T). Commenced tracking and soon determined that the target was hugging the coast on a base course of 180°(T) at a speed of 14 knots. 2210 hours - Battle stations torpedo and commenced attack. 2225 hours - In position 15°46'N, 119°45'E fired three bow torpedoes from 2200 yards. All three hit the target. 2235 hours - The target was seen to sink.
Submarine USS Chub: USS Chub (Cdr. C.D. Rhymes, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS Bugara: USS Bugara (Cdr. A.F. Schade, USN) conducted exercises in Long Island Sound together with USS Richey (Cdr. J.H Forney, USCG), USS Decatur (Lt. B.B. Kirkland, USNR) and USS Tigrone (Cdr. H. Cassedy, USN).
Submarine HMS Turpin: HMS Turpin (A/Lt.Cdr. J.S. Stevens, DSO and Bar, DSC, RN) arrived at Holy Loch for a period of training off the West coast of Scotland.
Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. F.E. Ashmead-Bartlett, RN) participated A/S exercises off Tobermory.
Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (A/Lt.Cdr. H.B. Turner, DSC, RN) set course to return to Trincomalee.
Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt. J.P.H. Oakley, DSC, RN) arrived at Trincomalee.
Submarine HMS Spiteful: HMS Spiteful (Lt.Cdr. F.H. Sherwood, DSC, RCNVR) took of one crewmember of a small sailing vessel. The vessel was then allowed to proceed.
Submarine HMS Spiteful: HMS Spiteful (Lt.Cdr. F.H. Sherwood, DSC, RCNVR) sank a coaster with gunfire in the Java Sea, South of Makassar Strait. (All times are zone -8) 1730 hours - In position 05°11S, 117°13'E sighted the mast of a ship to the Southward. Closed to investigate. This soon was seen to be a 150-200 tons coaster with a diesel engine. Altered course to get ahead of her and dived to close submerged however the coaster had sighted Spiteful and made off to the South-East. Set off in pursuit on the surface. 1824 hours - Opened fire from 4500 yards. The 6th round was a hit. In all 118 rounds were fired and at least 80 hits were obtained before she sank at 1855 hours in position 05°23'S, 117°20'E. No survivors were seen.
Submarine HMS Shalimar: HMS Shalimar (A/Lt.Cdr. W.G. Meeke, DSC, MBE, RN) torpedoes and sinks the Japanese auxiliary minesweeper Choun Maru No.7 (163 GRT) in the Malacca Strait. (All times are zone -6.5) 0710 hours - Sighted a convoy of 4 coasters escorted by a motor launch and an aircraft. 0736 hours - In position 03°37'N, 99°11'E fired three torpedoes at the leading coaster from 1200 yards. All three torpedoes exploded 400 yards ahead of Shalimar. It was thought the first torpedo prematured taking the other two with it. Shalimar meanwhile went deep but as nothing happened she returned to periscope depth. 0751 hours - Fired the stern tube at the last ship of the convoy. Range was 1500 yards. It was observed to hit. Shalimar now went deep and was counter attacked. Seven depth charges were dropped by the motor launch. All rather close but no damage was done by them. Aircraft patrolled the area during the whole day.
Submarine HMS Stygian: HMS Stygian (Lt. G.S.C. Clarabut, DSO, RN) ended her 4th war patrol (3rd in the Far East) at Trincomalee.
Submarine HMS Subtle: HMS Subtle (Lt. B.J.B. Andrew, DSC, RN) sank a sailing vessel with demolition charges off Langkawi. (All times are zone -6.5) 1634 hours - Surfaced. Boarded and sank a 14 tons junk with demolition charges. The junk was carrying sugar. The crew was taken on board and put on board a small fishing boat early the next morning.
Submarine HMS Tudor: HMS Tudor (Lt. S.A. Porter, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Trincomalee.
Submarine HMS Tally-Ho: HMS Tally-Ho (Cdr. L.W.A. Bennington, DSO and Bar, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Aden.
Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Bermuda with HMCS Lachute (T/Lt. R.G. Hatrick, DSC, RCNVR) and HMCS Sault Ste Marie (T/A/Lt.Cdr. A. Moorhouse, RCNR).
Submarine HMS Unrivalled: HMS Unrivalled (Lt. D.S. Brown, RNVR) departed Douglas, Isle of Man for exercises off Morecambe Bay. She however quickly returned due to a leak in the pressure hull.
Submarine HMS Unruffled: HMS Unruffled (T/Lt. A.H. MacCoy, DSC, SANF(V)) participated in A/S exercises off Bermuda.
Submarine HMS Unruly: HMS Unruly (T/Lt. D.J. Palmer, RNVR) arrived at Rothesay. HMS Unruly was now assigned to training duties.
Submarine HMS Upshot: HMS Upshot (Lt. A.J. Boyall, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(Retd.) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS Spaniel.
Submarine HMS Urtica: HMS Urtica (Lt. R.M. Seaburne-May, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Holyhead with aircraft.
Submarine HMS Venturer: HMS Venturer (Lt. J.S. Launders, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Lerwick.
Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt.Cdr. L.G. Bernard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. R.D. McWenthy, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. M. Abrahams, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Cunningham, Jr., USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USSR S-4: S-4 attacks ' what are identified as ' two merchants with torpedoes off Ventspils, Latvia. All torpedoes fired missed their target.