Ships hit by U-boats


American Steam merchant

US Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH65045-A

Type:Steam merchant
Tonnage7,005 tons
Completed1902 - New York Shipbuilding Corp, Camden NJ 
OwnerAmerican-Hawaiian SS Co, New York 
HomeportNew York 
Date of attack12 Mar 1942Nationality:      American
FateSunk by U-126 (Ernst Bauer)
Position21° 34'N, 76° 28'W - Grid DN 4745
Complement47 (10 dead and 37 survivors).
RouteNew York - Port of Spain, Trinidad - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Cargo10,915 tons of general cargo 
History Completed in October 1902. In March 1918 acquired by the US Navy as cargo transport USS Texan (ID # 1354) for the Naval Overseas Transportation Service. In January 1919 converted to a troop transport and used to repatriate US troops from Europe. Returned to owner by the US Shipping Board in August 1919. 
Notes on event

At 02.34 hours on 12 March 1942 the unarmed and unescorted Texan (Master Robert Hugh Murphy) was hit on the port side at the bulkhead between the #6 and #7 holds by one torpedo from U-126 while steaming on a nonevasive course at 11.8 knots about 40 miles east of Nuevitas, Cuba. About five minutes later, the U-boat began shelling the ship in an attempt to destroy the radio shack. The vessel was hit by four rounds but had successfully send emergency messages. Within ten minutes after the hit, most of the ten officers and 37 crewmen aboard had abandoned ship in two lifeboats but when the ship sank 13 minutes after being hit the suction capsized both and at least one officer and four crewmen drowned. Ten men righted one lifeboat at daybreak and they later picked up the remaining survivors. About 22.00 hours, a plane of the US Navy passed the survivors several times without spotting them. At 05.30 hours on 13 March, the lifeboat was spotted by the Cuban fishing boat Yoyo approximately 15 miles west-southwest of the sinking position and was towed to Nuevitas, arriving there at 16.50 hours.

The master Robert Hugh Murphy later commanded the Coloradan, which was sunk by U-159 (Witte) on 9 Oct 1942.

More infoMore on this vessel 
On boardWe have details of 27 people who were on board

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