American Steam merchant
|Type:||Steam merchant (Hog Island)|
|Completed||1920 - American International Shipbuilding Corp, Hog Island PA|
|Owner||States Marine Corp, New York|
|Date of attack||10 Jul 1942||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-376 (Friedrich-Karl Marks)|
|Position||69° 25'N, 38° 35'E - Grid AC 9843|
|Complement||53 (0 dead and 53 survivors).|
|Route||Philadelphia - Reykjavik - Archangel|
|Cargo||5029 tons of machinery, explosives and tanks as deck cargo|
|History||Laid down as Carlecay, completed in September 1920 as Tomalva for US Shipping Board (USSB), Philadelphia. 1932 renamed Black Eagle for Black Diamond Lines Inc, New York; 1941 renamed Hoosier for States Marine Corp, New York. |
|Notes on event|
The Hoosier (Master Julius Holmgren) had been in convoy PQ-17 which was dispersed on Admiralty orders in the Barents Sea on 4 July 1942. She reached Novaya Zemlya where she joined five other merchants and eight escort vessels from convoy in the Matochkin Strait. Commodore Dowding assembled a small convoy out of them and then proceeded on 7 July to Murmansk and Archangel.
The commander of HMS La Malouine (K 46) (Lt V.D.H. Bidwell, RNR) decided to tow the ship in and put a salvage crew back on board, that included the engineers of the vessel. But when U-255 (Reche) was sighted four miles astern, the corvette expeditiously dropped the tow and recovered the boarding party. HMS Poppy (K 213) unsuccessfully tried to sink her with gunfire.
At 02.56 hours on 10 July, the burning and drifting wreck of the Hoosier was hit by one torpedo from U-376. Another torpedo fired at 03.02 hours missed and the vessel only sank by the bow after being hit in the engine room by a coup de grâce five minutes later.
|On board||We have details of 11 people who were on board.|
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