Norwegian Motor tanker
|Completed||1938 - Sir James Laing & Sons Ltd, Sunderland|
|Owner||A/S Westfal-Larsen & Co, Bergen|
|Date of attack||12 May 1943||Nationality: Norwegian|
|Fate||Sunk by U-221 (Hans-Hartwig Trojer)|
|Position||46° 00'N, 21° 00'W - Grid BE 1934|
|Complement||39 (20 dead and 19 survivors).|
|Route||New York - Belfast Lough - Swansea|
|Cargo||7000 tons of gasoline and 7000 tons of paraffin|
|History||In October 1940, the Sandanger was in convoy HX-79 and in February 1941 in convoy OB-290, which both were attacked by U-boats but escaped unharmed from both battles. |
|Notes on event|
At 22.28 hours on 12 May 1943 the Sandanger (Master Sigurd Jamne), a straggler from convoy HX-237 due to thick fog, was hit amidships, in the pump room and in #6 tank by three torpedoes from U-221 and caught fire immediately. Some survivors tried to abandon ship in boats and rafts but they died in the burning sea. After the tanker broke in two, the stern sank while the burning forepart remained afloat. Because of the fast combustion, an area of low pressure was created, which caused a very strong wind to blow in along the water from the high pressure area outside of the flames, and this wind split the flames on the starboard side in two. This phenomenon saved the 19 survivors in the only intact lifeboat. They rowed for 40 minutes through this area away from the flames that burned just a few feet above their heads and behind them. The tanker sank completely about 90 minutes after the hits, but the fuel burned for several hours on the water surface. 20 crew members, including the master and all deck officers were lost.
|On board||We have details of 39 people who were on board.|
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