Addison Joe Baker-Cresswell DSO, RN

Born  2 Feb 1901Mayfair, London, England
Died  4 Mar 1997(96)Bamburgh, Northumberland, England


Captain Joe Baker-Cresswell

Ranks

15 Jul 1922 S.Lt.
15 Feb 1924 Lt.
15 Feb 1932 Lt.Cdr.
30 Jun 1937 Cdr.
31 Dec 1941 Capt.

Retired: 7 Jul 1951


Decorations

5 Aug 1941 DSO

Warship Commands listed for Addison Joe Baker-Cresswell, RN


ShipRankTypeFromTo
HMS Arrow (H 42)Cdr.Destroyer8 Jan 1941Feb 1941
HMS Bulldog (H 91)Cdr.DestroyerFeb 194127 Jan 1942
HMS Philante (4.12)Capt.Armed Yacht23 Jan 194323 Dec 1943
HMS Caradoc (D 60)Capt.Light cruiser1 Apr 1944early 1945

Career information

During the first week of March 1997, Captain Joe Baker-Cresswell passed away. He was captain of the British destroyer HMS Bulldog, which captured U-110. This led to a breakthrough in the decrypting of German U-boat codes.

He was born on 2nd February, 1902 and served in the Royal Navy from 1919. Late in 1940 he was appointed captain of the destroyer Bulldog, also leading the 3rd Escort Group. In that position he captured on 9th may, 1941 the U-110 and saved some of encryption equipment. (See also our U-110 page).

HMS Bulldog with U-110
Bulldog setting out a cutter (on its port side) and U-110

He retired in 1951 and lived from then on in his native Northumberland, where he farmed.

Events related to this officer

Destroyer HMS Bulldog (H 91)


9 May 1941
HMS Bulldog was responsible for the capture of U-110, her Sub Lt David Balme finding the Enigma code machine ciphers and code books. U-110 was taken on tow and Bulldog kept her afloat for 17 hours then let the towline slip. The intention was to tow U-110 into Iceland but Admiralty realised this would have been a massive error of judgement. In the event, allegedly, U-110 resolved the matter herself by sinking. (1)

9 May 1941
German U-boat U-110 was captured on 9 May 1941 in the North Atlantic south of Iceland by the British destroyers HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. A.J.B. Cresswell, RN) and HMS Broadway (Lt.Cdr. T. Taylor, RN) and the British corvette HMS Aubretia (Lt.Cdr. V.F. Smith, RNR). The U-boat was allowed to sink the day after to preserve the secret capture.

Sources

  1. Personal communication


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