HMS Bulldog (H 91)
Destroyer of the B class
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Built by||Swan Hunter and Wigham Richardson Ltd. (Wallsend-on-Tyne, U.K.): Wallsend|
|Ordered||22 Mar 1929|
|Laid down||10 Aug 1929|
|Launched||6 Dec 1930|
|Commissioned||8 Apr 1931|
HMS Bulldog is not listed as active unit in the July 1945 Navy List
Sold to be broken up for scrap on 15 Janaury 1946.
Commands listed for HMS Bulldog (H 91)
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|1||Cdr. Thomas Leslie Bratt, RN||Jul 1938||Feb 1939|
|2||Lt.Cdr. John Sherbrook Morris Richardson, RN||14 Mar 1939||30 Apr 1940|
|3||Lt.Cdr. John Patrick Wisden, RN||30 Apr 1940||24 Aug 1940|
|4||Lt.Cdr. Frank Joseph George Hewitt, RN||24 Aug 1940||3 Jan 1941|
|5||Lt.Cdr. Edmund Neville Vincent Currey, DSC, RN||3 Jan 1941||Feb 1941|
|6||Cdr. Addison Joe Baker-Cresswell, RN||Feb 1941||27 Jan 1942|
|7||Cdr. Maxwell Richmond, OBE, RN||27 Jan 1942||18 Dec 1942|
|8||Lt.Cdr. Edward John Lee, RN||18 Dec 1942||late 1943|
|9||Lt. John Henry Pennell, RN||late 1943||14 Mar 1944|
|10||Lt.Cdr. Charles Gordon Walker, RN||14 Mar 1944||late 1944|
|11||Lt. John Henry Pennell, RN||late 1944||16 Mar 1945|
|12||Lt.Cdr. David Brian Gladstone Dumas, RN||16 Mar 1945||27 May 1945|
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Notable events involving Bulldog include:
1 Sep 1939
On the outbreak of the Second World War HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. J.S.M. Richardson, RN) was serving in the Mediterranean as aircraft guard ship for the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious (Capt. G. D'Oyly-Hughes DSO, DSC, RN).
7 Sep 1939
HMS Snapper (Lt. W.D.A. King, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria. These exercises included an A/S exercise with HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. J.S.M. Richardson, RN). Later on the day she made a practice attack on HMS Devonshire (Capt. J.M. Mansfield, DSC, RN). (1)
23 Sep 1939
HMS Snapper (Lt. W.D.A. King, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria. These exercises included an A/S exercise with HMS Moonstone (Lt. W.J.H. Moorman, RN), HMS Amber (Boatswain H.W. Clark, RN) and later with HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. J.S.M. Richardson, RN). (1)
21 Feb 1940
HMS Bulldog received orders to return to Dover to join the 19th DF.
9 May 1940
During the night of 9/10 May, the destroyer was searching in the Skagerrak for German minelayers with other destroyers from Scapa Flow. During an attack by German MTBs at another Task Force with the same task, HMS Kelly was badly damaged by a torpedo and towed to Newcastle by HMS Bulldog.
10 May 1940
HMS Manchester (Capt. H.A. Packer, RN) and HMS Sheffield (Capt. C.A.A. Larcom, RN) departed Scapa Flow to provide cover for the damaged destroyer HMS Kelly (Capt. L.F.A.V.N. Mountbatten, GCVO, RN) that had been torpedoed by the German E-Boat S-31 in the North Sea. HMS Kelly was being towed by destroyer HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Wisden, RN). Destroyers HMS Khartoum (Cdr. D.T. Dowler, RN), HMS Fury (Cdr. E.W.B. Sim, RN) and HMS Gallant (Lt.Cdr. C.P.F. Brown, RN) were escorting the tow. HMS Manchester and HMS Sheffield joined around 1540 hours (zone -1). Around 1530/11, HMS Manchester and HMS Sheffield parted company and set course for Rosyth where they arrived around 0015/12. In the early moring of the 11th two tugs had taken over the tow of HMS Kelly from HMS Bulldog. HMS Kelly finally arrived at the Tyne at 1730/13. (2)
24 Aug 1940
While at Portsmouth HMS Bulldog was damaged during a German air raid. Bulldog's Commanding Officer Lt.Cdr. John Patrick Wisden, RN was wounded, he died 5 days later.
First Officer F.J.G. Hewitt, RN took over command until relieved by Lt.Cdr. E.N.V. Currey, DSC, RN on 3 January 1941.
13 Sep 1940
During the night of 13/14 September 1940 the destroyers HMS Highlander (Cdr. W.A. Dallmeyer, RN), HMS Harvester (Lt.Cdr. M. Thornton, RN), HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. F.J.G. Hewitt, RN) and HMS Beagle (Lt.Cdr. R.H. Wright, RN) bombard Cherbourg in a sweep through the Seine Bay.
12 Oct 1940
HMS Clyde (Cdr. D.C. Ingram, DSC, RN) departed Dundee for her 14th war patrol. She was ordered to perform an anti-uboat patrol in the North Atlantic.
She was escorted until 1440/13 by HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. F.J.G. Hewitt, RN).
For the daily and attack positions of HMS Clyde during this patrol see the map below.
23 Oct 1940
Operations DN 2 and DNU
Anti shipping raids off the Norwegian coast.
The battlecruisers HMS Hood (Capt. Sir I.G. Glennie, RN), HMS Repulse (Capt. Sir W.G. Tennant, CB, MVO, RN), light cruisers HMS Dido (Capt. H.W.U. McCall, RN), HMS Phoebe (Capt. G. Grantham, RN) escorted by the destroyers HMS Isis (Cdr. C.S.B. Swinley, DSC, RN), HMS Mashona (Cdr. W.H. Selby, RN), HMS Keppel (Lt. R.J. Hanson, RN), HMS Douglas (Cdr.(Retd.) J.G. Crossley, RN) and HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. F.J.G. Hewitt, RN) departed Scapa Flow for exercises in the Pentland Firth. Upon completion of these they took op a position off Obrestad to cover operations DN 2 and DNU.
Further cover was provided by the cruisers HMS Norfolk (Capt. A.J.L. Phillips, RN), HMS Southampton (Capt. B.C.B. Brooke, RN) and HMS Arethusa (Capt. Q.D. Graham, RN) which proceeded to an area off Stadlandet.
The destroyers HMS Somali (Capt. C. Caslon, RN), HMS Matabele (Cdr. R.St.V. Sherbrooke, DSO, RN) and HMS Punjabi (Cdr. J.T. Lean, DSO, RN) had departed Sullom Voe on 22 October and were on patrol to the east of the Shetlands. They were ordered to intercept (operation DNU) a group of 20 'German' fishing vessels and a patrol vessel that were reported off Egersund.
These destroyers intercepted and sank the German weather ship WBS 5 / Adolf Vinnen (391 GRT, built 1929) west of Stadlandet in position 62°29'N, 04°23'E on 24 October 1940. This weather ship had been operating north of Iceland and was on the return trip back to Norway.
All ships arrived back at their bases on 24 October 1940. HMS Bonaventure had sustained some damage to her forecastle in the heavy weather conditions (4)
18 Dec 1940
HMS Nelson (Capt. Sir G.J.A. Miles, RN), HMS Hood (Capt. Sir I.G. Glennie, RN), HMS Repulse (Capt. Sir W.G. Tennant, CB, MVO, RN) and HMS Manchester (Capt. H.A. Packer, RN) departed Scapa Flow to conduct exercises west of the Orkneys. They were escorted by the destroyers HMS Cossack (Capt. P.L. Vian, DSO and Bar, RN), HMS Sikh (Cdr. G.H. Stokes, RN), HMS Tartar (Cdr. L.P. Skipwith, RN), HMS Brilliant (Lt.Cdr. F.C. Brodrick, RN), HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. F.J.G. Hewitt, RN), HMS Beagle (Lt.Cdr. R.H. Wright, RN), HMS Douglas (Lt.Cdr. H.G. Bowerman, RN), HMS Escapade (Cdr. R.E. Hyde-Smith, RN), HMS Electra (Lt.Cdr. S.A. Buss, MVO, RN) and HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. I.T. Clark, RN). (5)
During the summer of 1941 Dr. Edward Lee performed trials with Britain's first infrared spectrometer for infrared recognition aboard HMS Bulldog.
Dr. Lee built the detection system which proved crucial to the identification of enemy aircraft in the Second World War.
At the outbreak of war, Dr. Lee joined the Admiralty Research Laboratory in Teddington, working initially on radar; then, using the research from his work on the spectrometer, he worked on developing the type F infrared rays recognition system to help allied pilots distinguish enemy aircraft from their own planes at night. The system employed the transmission of intermittent infrared light beams from lamps attached to aircraft' tailfins. The beams were invisible to the naked eye, but could be detected by fellow pilots via a special receiver.
9 May 1941
HMS Bulldog was responsible for the capture of U-110, her Sub Lt David Balme finding the Enigma code machine ciphers and code books. U-110 was taken on tow and Bulldog kept her afloat for 17 hours then let the towline slip. The intention was to tow U-110 into Iceland but Admiralty realised this would have been a massive error of judgement. In the event, allegedly, U-110 resolved the matter herself by sinking. (6)
9 May 1941
German U-boat U-110 was captured on 9 May 1941 in the North Atlantic south of Iceland by the British destroyers HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. A.J.B. Cresswell, RN) and HMS Broadway (Lt.Cdr. T. Taylor, RN) and the British corvette HMS Aubretia (Lt.Cdr. V.F. Smith, RNR). The U-boat was allowed to sink the day after to preserve the secret capture.
24 Mar 1942
HrMs O 10 (Lt. J.H. Geijs, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Rochester (Cdr. (retired) C.B. Allen, RN), HMS Bulldog (Cdr. M. Richmond, OBE, RN), HMS Ambuscade (Lt.Cdr. R.A. Fell, RN), HMS Sandwich (Lt.Cdr.(Emgy.) R.C. Gervers, RN), HMS Scarborough (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Carnduff, RN), HMS Bradford (Lt.Cdr. J.N.K. Knight, RN) and ORP Blyscawica (Lt.Cdr. T. Gorazdowski, ORP, ORP). (8)
22 Aug 1942
HMS H 43 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Yestor (Lt. R.C. Holt, RNVR), HMS Bulldog (Cdr. M. Richmond, OBE, DSO, RN) and HMS Achates (Lt.Cdr. A.H.T. Johns, RN). (9)
23 Aug 1942
HMS H 43 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Bulldog (Cdr. M. Richmond, OBE, DSO, RN), HMS Achates (Lt.Cdr. A.H.T. Johns, RN), HMS Hurricane (Cdr. E.C. Bayldon, DSC, RN) and HMS Watchman (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Rodgers, RN). (9)
22 Mar 1943
During the night of 22/23 March 1943, HMS Universal (Lt. C. Gordon, RN), conducted exercises in the Clyde area. Practice attacks were made on HMS Biter (Capt. E.M.C. Abel Smith, RN) which was escorted by HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. E.J. Lee, RN) and HMS La Capricieuse (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Dobson, RNR).
These were followed by exercises in which HMS Skate (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) A.W. Preston, RN) served as target for HMS Universal. (14)
10 Jun 1944
HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) arrived at Tobermory. During the afternoon A/S exercises were carried out with HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. C.G. Walker, RN) and HMCS St. Thomas (T/A/Lt.Cdr. L.P. Denny, RCNR). (16)
26 Jun 1944
German U-boat U-719 was sunk in the North Atlantic north-west of Ireland, in position 55°33'N, 11°02'E, by depth charges from the British destroyer HMS Bulldog.
22 Nov 1944
HMS Unrivalled (Lt. D.S. Brown, RNVR) conducted a practice attack in the Clyde area on HMS Cyclops (Cdr. B. Bryant, DSO and 2 Bars, DSC, RN) which was escorted by HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. C.G. Walker, RN). (19)
9 May 1945
The surrender of the Channel Islands was signed on board her.
- ADM 173/16103
- ADM 53/112664 + ADM 199/361
- ADM 199/1877
- ADM 199/379
- ADM 53/112671
- Personal communication
- ADM 199/424
- File 2.12.03.6379 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- ADM 173/17252
- ADM 173/17631
- ADM 173/17244
- ADM 173/18216
- ADM 173/17826
- ADM 173/18348
- ADM 173/19193
- ADM 173/19283
- ADM 173/19420
- File 2.12.03.6400 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- ADM 173/19289
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.