USS Lamson (DD 367)
Destroyer of the Mahan class
|Navy||The US Navy|
|Built by||Bath Iron Works (Bath, Maine, U.S.A.)|
|Laid down||20 Mar 1934|
|Launched||17 Jun 1936|
|Commissioned||1 Oct 1936|
Sunk in the atomic bomb test at Bikini Atoll on 25 July 1946
Commands listed for USS Lamson (DD 367)
Please note that we're still working on this section
and that we only list Commanding Officers for the duration of the Second World War.
|1||Lt.Cdr. Byron Hall Hanlon, USN||16 Jun 1938||Apr 1940 (1)|
|2||Lt.Cdr. Phillip Henry Pendleton, USN||Apr 1940||Apr 1941 (1)|
|3||Lt.Cdr. Preston Virginius Mercer, USN||Apr 1941||12 Jun 1942|
|4||Lt. Walter Terry Jenkins, USN||12 Jun 1942||23 Jun 1942|
|5||Lt.Cdr. Phillip Henry Fitzgerald, USN||23 Jun 1942||Nov 1943|
|6||T/Cdr. Joseph Russell Rubins, USN||Nov 1943||19 May 1944|
|7||T/Cdr. John Vavasour Noel, Jr., USN||19 May 1944||16 Aug 1945 (1)|
|8||Lt. Cmdr. Robert McCormick Ayer, USNR||16 Aug 1945||24 Nov 1945|
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Notable events involving Lamson include:
26 Jun 1943
Around 0600K/26, the destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) departed Challenger Bay with mails for Cairns.
Around 1000K/26, Task Force 74, made up of the heavy cruiser HMAS Australia (Capt. H.B. Farncomb, MVO, DSO, RAN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral V.A.C. Crutchley, VC, DSC, RN), light cruiser HMAS Hobart (Capt. H.A. Showers, RAN) and the destroyers HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. E.F.V. Dechaineux, DSC, RAN) and USS Lamson (T/Cdr. P.H. Fitzgerald, USN) departed Challenger Bay for the Flinders Group.
Around 1600K/26, Task Force 74 was joined by HMAS Arunta.
Around 0915K/27, Task Force 74 arrived in the Fly Channel, Flinders Group. (2)
29 Jun 1943
Around 0645K/29, Task Force 74, made up of the heavy cruiser HMAS Australia (Capt. H.B. Farncomb, MVO, DSO, RAN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral V.A.C. Crutchley, VC, DSC, RN), light cruiser HMAS Hobart (Capt. H.A. Showers, RAN) and the destroyers HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. E.F.V. Dechaineux, DSC, RAN) and USS Lamson (T/Cdr. P.H. Fitzgerald, USN), departed Flinders Group to provide cover for operations in the Solomon Islands area. They were to patrol to the south of the Louisiades.
The destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) was to have departed with them but was delayed due to mechanical problems. After repairs she sailed to join at sea which she did around 1300K/29.
At 1200K/30, Task Force 74 was in position 11°59'S, 150°52'E.
At 1200K/1, Task Force 74 was in position 13°07'S, 151°30'E.
After sunrise on 2 July, HMAS Warramunga and HMAS Arunta were fuelled by HMAS Australia.
At 1200K/2, Task Force 74 was in position 13°50'S, 150°48'E.
At 1200K/3, Task Force 74 was in position 12°27'S, 149°54'E.
At 1200K/4, Task Force 74 was in position 12°42'S, 151°05'E.
At 2200K/4, Task Force 74 set course to return to the Flinders Group to fuel and resupply.
At 1200K/5, Task Force 74 was in position 12°42'S, 148°12'E.
At 0915K/6, Task Force 74 anchored off the western side of Stanley Island, Flinders Group.
During the day Task Force 74 was provisioned by the stores ship USS Mizar and fuelled from the Mizar and the chartered tanker Aase Maersk (British, 6184 GRT, built 1930). (3)
10 Jul 1943
Around 0800K/10, Task Force 74, made up of the heavy cruiser HMAS Australia (Capt. H.B. Farncomb, MVO, DSO, RAN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral V.A.C. Crutchley, VC, DSC, RN), light cruiser HMAS Hobart (Capt. H.A. Showers, RAN) and the destroyers HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. E.F.V. Dechaineux, DSC, RAN), HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) and USS Lamson (T/Cdr. P.H. Fitzgerald, USN), departed Flinders Group first for a few hours of exercises after which they proceeded to provide cover for operations in the Solomon Islands area. They were again to patrol to the south of the Louisiades.
At 1200K/11, Task Force 74 was in position 12°04'S, 150°15'E.
At 1200K/12, Task Force 74 was in position 13°25'S, 151°10'E.
During the morning of 13 July, HMAS Warramunga and HMAS Arunta were fuelled by HMAS Australia.
At 1200K/13, Task Force 74 was in position 13°45'S, 150°45'E.
As three Allied cruiser had been damaged in a naval battle with the Japanese and one destroyer had been sunk it was anticipated by Rear-Admiral Crutchley that his force would be called up to reinforce the Allied Fleet in the Solomons. Course was therefore set accordingly and the Commander-in-Chiefs were informed. These later indeed ordered Task Force 74 to proceed to Tulagi. This was later changed to Esperitu Santo.
At 1200K/14, Task Force 74 was in position 13°06'S, 156°16'E.
At 1200L/15, Task Force 74 was in position 14°17'S, 162°58'E.
Around 0900L/15, Task Force 74 arrived at Esperitu Santo. (4)
17 Jul 1943
Around 0830L/17, the destroyers of Task Force 74, HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. E.F.V. Dechaineux, DSC, RAN), HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) and USS Lamson (T/Cdr. P.H. Fitzgerald, USN) departed Esperitu Santo for an A/S sweep off the harbour.
Around 0900L/17, the cruisers of Task Force 74, HMAS Australia (Capt. H.B. Farncomb, MVO, DSO, RAN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral V.A.C. Crutchley, VC, DSC, RN) and HMAS Hobart (Capt. H.A. Showers, RAN) departed the harbour and joined the destroyers.
Course was then set for position 12°30'S, 163°00'E.
Around 0700L/18, rendezvous was made with DESRON 21, made up of the destroyers USS Nicholas (T/Cdr. A.J. Hill, Jr., USN, with COMDESRON 21, T/Capt. F.X. McInerney, USN on board), USS Redford (T/Cdr. W.K. Romoser, USN), USS Jenkins (T/Cdr. M. Hall, Jr., USN) and USS O'Bannon (T/Cdr. D.J. MacDonald, USN). The destroyers of Task Force 74 were then detached. Course was set to operate between position 11°30'S, 164°20'E and 12°30'S, 166°30'E.
At 1200L/18, Task Force 74 was in position 12°30'S, 163°58'E.
At 1300L/18, USS Jenkins was detached to perform escort duties.
At 1200L/19, Task Force 74 was in position 12°06'S, 164°56'E.
At 1515L/19, Task Force 74 was ordered to operate in the northern half of area ' Fox ' (Area ' Fox ' was a circle with a radius of 100 miles from position 14°30'S, 162°00'E.)
At 1115L/20, orders were received from the Commander 3rd Fleet directing Task Force 74 to proceed to Esperitu Santo via Bougainville Strait so as to arrive at daybreak the next morning. Course was then set to 105°, speed 23 knots. The Force was zig-zagging.
At 1846L/20, in position 15°07'S, 163°34'E, HMAS Hobart was struck on the port side aft by a torpedo fired by a submarine. [This was the Japanese I-11 (offsite link).] At this time HMAS Australia and HMAS Hobart were formed in column 600 yards apart and were screened by USS Nicholas, USS Radford and USS O'Bannon. Base course was 105°, speed 23 knots and British zig-zag no.38 was being carried out. The night was clear and dark (starlit) and the moon had not yet risen. Sea slight.
in accordance with the zig-zag plan, course had been altered to 115° (10° right of base course) at 1835L/20 and at 1845L/20 course was altered to 135° (30° right of base course). HMAS Australia had just made or were making this latter alteration of course of course but, by HMAS Hobart's clock the wheel would have been put over in another 20 seconds.
On being struck HMAS Hobart immediately reported ' Jig Emerg '. This was by night the emergency turn procedure. So the remainder of the force was manoeuvred clear to starboard. The destroyers USS Nicholas and USS Radford were ordered to stand by HMAS Hobart while HMAS Australia screened by USS O'Bannon continued on. By TBS Rear-Admiral Crutchley informed T/Capt. McInerney that he would make the initial report (signal) of the happening and that he was to make subsequent reports in order to keep all authorities advised of Hobart's condition and off progress being made in getting her clear of the area.
The initial report of Rear-Admiral Crutchley was passed only after considerable communication difficulty for, in spite of the urgent priority given in the transmission, no station answered immediately except Thursday Island (which answered within two minutes). There was much traffic between ships and shore stations on both Task Force Commander's frequency and ship-shore wave. Radio Noumea eventually accepted the message after considerable delay.
After clearing to the southward, HMAS Australia and USS O'Bannon shaped course for Bougainville Strait and re-commenced zig-zag.
On receipt of the report of the casualty to HMAS Hobart, the Commander 3rd Fleet immmediately despatched tugs and additional escorts and also ordered COMPATWING 1 to provide A/S cover from dawn on 21 July until HMAS Hobart and escorts reached Esperitu Santo.
HMAS Australia and USS O'Bannon arrived at Esperitu Santo around 0700L/21. Shortly afterwards USS Jenkins arrived having completed her escort duties. All three then immediately completed with fuel and stores.
Shortly afterwards USS O'Bannon was ordered to proceed on escort duties. HMAS Australia and USS Jenkins were kept at one hour notice for sea.
During the day, reports from COMDESRON 21 in USS Nicholas with HMAS Hobart and escorts showed that the damaged ship was making good progress towards Espiritu Santo and would arrive after dark.
At 0510K/21, the destroyer USS Saufley (T/Cdr. B.F. Brown, USN) had joined HMAS Hobart, she was followed by three tugs, at 0815K/21, the USS Apache (Lt. C.S. Horner, USN) joined, followed at 0930K/21 by the USS Sioux (Lt.(jg) L.M. Jahnsen, USN) and at 1015K/21 by the USS Vireo (T/Lt. C.H. Stedman, USN).
At 1230K/21, USS Apache was detached.
At 1440K/21, USS Saufley was detached.
At 1700K/21, USS Sioux secured to HMAS Hobart forwards and took her in tow.
At 1725K/21, USS Vireo secured alongside on the starboard side. She casted off after 15 minutes.
At 0145L/22, HMAS Hobart safely reached Segond Channel and she dropped anchor around 0230K/22. USS Nicholas and USS Radford were ordered to hasten completion of logistic requirements and Rear-Admiral Crutchley reported to the Commander 3rd Fleet that HMAS Australia, USS Nicholas, USS Radford and USS Jenkins would be ready on two hour's notice from 1600K/22.
Damage to HMAS Hobart was severe. She was taken in hand at Esperitu Santo for temporary repairs before she was able to proceed to Sydney for permanent repairs. (4)
29 Dec 1944
USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. Holloway, Jr., USN) was undocked and then departed Seeadler Harbour for Pearl Harbour. No.3 propeller had been removed and sucured on the deck of the ship. During the trip to Pearl Harbour Iowa was escorted by the destroyers USS Caldwell (Lt.Cdr. D.R. Robinson, USNR), USS Killen (Cdr. H.G. Corey, USN) and USS Lamson (Cdr. J.V. Noel, Jr., USN).
For the daily positions of USS Iowa during this passage see the map below.
- Report of proceedings of HMAS Hobart for June 1943 + Report of proceedings of Task Force 74 for June 1943
- Report of proceedings of HMAS Hobart for June 1943 + Report of proceedings of HMAS Hobart for July 1943 + Report of proceedings of Task Force 74 for June 1943 + Report of proceedings of Task Force 74 for July 1943
- Report of proceedings of HMAS Hobart for July 1943 + Report of proceedings of Task Force 74 for July 1943
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