USS Phoenix (CL 46)
Light cruiser of the Brooklyn class
|Navy||The US Navy|
|Built by||New York Shipbuilding Corp. (Camden, New Jersey, U.S.A.)|
|Laid down||15 Apr 1935|
|Launched||13 Mar 1938|
|Commissioned||3 Oct 1938|
|End service||3 Jul 1946|
USS Phoenix earned 9 battle stars for the WWII service.
After being decomissioned on 3 July 1946 she remained at Philadelphia until being tranferred to Argentina on 9 April 1951. On 17 October 1951 she was commissioned into the Argentinian Navy as Diecisiete de Octubre (C-4) but renamed General Belgrano in 1956.
On 2 May 1982, during the Falklands War, General Belgrano was operating some 220 miles from the Falkland Islands and steaming toward the mainland at 10 knots, screened by destroyers Hipolto Bouchard (D-26) and Piedra Buena (D-29). At 1600 hours, local time, General Belgrano was torpedoed twice by the British nuclear attack submarine HMS Conqueror (S-48). The cruiser sank in 45 minutes with the loss of 321 men. Keeping station on the far side of General Belgrano from the submarine, Hopolto Bouchard was reportedly struck by a third torpedo from Conqueror, but it did not explode. The destroyers delivered a depth charge attack, but HMS Conqueror escaped undamaged.
Commands listed for USS Phoenix (CL 46)
Please note that we're still working on this section.
|1||Capt. John Wilkes Rankin, USN||24 Oct 1938||3 Jun 1940|
|2||Capt. Herman Edward Fischer, USN||3 Jun 1940||25 Oct 1942 (1)|
|3||T/R.Adm. Joseph Reasor Redman, USN||25 Oct 1942||6 Mar 1943|
|4||Capt. Albert Gallatin Noble, USN||6 Mar 1943||11 Mar 1944 (1)|
|5||T/R.Adm. Jack Harlan Duncan, USN||11 Mar 1944||21 May 1945|
|6||T/Capt. Harold Lincoln Challenger, USN||21 May 1945||1 Feb 1946|
|7||Captain Richmond Kenneth Kelly, USN||1 Feb 1946||3 Jul 1946|
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Notable events involving Phoenix include:
27 Jan 1942
HMAS Australia (Capt. H.B. Farncomb, RAN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral J.G. Crace, CB, RN), HMAS Perth (Capt. H.M.L. Waller, DSO, RAN), HMAS Adelaide (Capt. H.A. Showers, RAN) and HMNZS Leander (Capt. R.H. Bevan, RN) departed Sydney to proceed eastwards to provide cover for a US troop convoy proceeding to Melbourne. HMAS Adelaide was to join the close escort of the convoy.
HMAS Australia, HMAS Perth and HMNZS Leander arrived at Sydney on 31 January 1942.
The convoy continued on and arrived at Melboune on 1 February 1942 escorted by USS Phoenix and HMAS Adelaide.
Rendezvous with the US Convoy was made around 1130L/29. The US convoy was made up of the light cruiser USS Phoenix (Capt. H.E. Fischer, USN) and the (troop) transports Mariposa (18017 GRT, built 1931) and President Coolidge (American, 21936 GRT, built 1931). HMAS Adelaide then join the close escort while HMAS Australia, HMAS Perth and HMNZS Leander patrolled ahead of the convoy.
17 May 1942
Convoy SU 4D.
This convoy departed Fremantle on 17 May 1942.
It was made up of the following (troop) transports; Duntroon (British, 10346 GRT, built 1935), Felix Roussel (British, 17083 GRT, built 1930) and Willard A. Holbrook (American, 14812 GRT, built 1921).
The Duntroon was delayed by engine trouble and sailed around two hours later to overtake and join the convoy at sea which she did around 0135H/18.
Around 1600H/19, HMAS Voyager parted company with the convoy in position 35°20'S, 120°00'E. She was to return to Fremantle.
Around 0500HI/20, the convoy was dispersed. USS Phoenix then set course to return to Fremantle.
13 Jul 1942
This convoy departed Colombo on 13 July 1942.
It was made up of the following (troop) transports; Aronda (British, 9031 GRT, built 1941), Athlone Castle (British, 25565 GRT, built 1936), City of Canterbury (British, 8331 GRT, built 1922), City of Lille (British, 6588 GRT, built 1928), Clan MacDonald (British, 9653 GRT, built 1939), Devonshire (British, 11275 GRT, built 1939), Dunedin Star (British, 11168 GRT, built 1936), Ekma (British, 5108 GRT, built 1911), Martand (British, 7967 GRT, built 1939), Rajula (British, 8478 GRT, built 1926) and Westernland (Dutch, 16479 GRT, built 1918).
On departure from Colombo the convoy was escorted by the light cruiser HMS Gambia (Capt. M.J. Mansergh, CBE, RN), armed merchant cruiser HMS Worcestershire (A/Capt.(Retd.) E.H. Hopkinson, RN), sloops HMIS Jumna (Cdr. J.E.N. Coope, RIN), HMIS Sutlej (Capt. P.A. Mare, RIN) and the corvettes HMS Aster (Lt. W.L. Smith, RNR) and HMS Tulip (Lt.Cdr. A. Wilkinson, RNR).
Around 1845F/14, HMIS Jumna, HMIS Sutlej, HMS Aster and HMS Tulip parted company in position 02°23'N, 80°23'E.
Around 1750F/16, the City of Lille was ordered to proceed independently as she was unable to keep up with the convoy. Position was 06°03'S, 81°34'E.
Around 1330F/19, the light cruiser USS Phoenix (Capt. H.E. Fischer, USN) took over from HMS Gambia in position 17°02'S, 82°24'E. HMS Gambia then parted company with the convoy to proceed to Mauritius.
Around 0715F/20, the armed merchant cruiser HMS Kanimbla (A/Capt. W.L.G. Adams, RN) took over from HMS Worcestershire in position 20°11'S, 83°17'E. HMS Worcestershire then parted company with the convoy to proceed to Mauritius.
Around 0855H/27, the destroyer HMAS Voyager (Lt.Cdr. R.C. Robison DSC, RAN) joined the convoy in position 31°04'S, 112°00'E.
Around 1350H/27, the minesweeper HMIS Madras (Lt. S.G. Karmarkar, RINR) joined the convoy and five minutes later the convoy was split up, in position 31°11'S, 112°16'E, into two sections ' Schooner A ' for Melbourne and ' Schooner B ' for Fremantle.
' Schooner A ' was made up of the transports Athlone Castle, City of Canterbury, Dunedin Star and Martand. They were escorted by USS Phoenix and HMAS Voyager.
' Schooner B ' was made up of the transports Aronda, Clan MacDonald, Devonshire, Ekma, Rajula and Westernland. They were escorted by HMS Kanimbla and HMIS Madras.
' Schooner B ' arrived at Fremantle in the morning of the 28th.
At 1015H/28, in position 33°28'S, 113°48'E, ' Schooner A ' merged with convoy ZK 12 which was coming from Fremantle escorted by the light cruiser HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN). Convoy ZK 12 was made up of the transport Duntroon (10346 GRT, built 1935) and the armed merchant cruisers HMAS Manoora (A/Capt. J.M. Armstrong, RAN) and HMAS Westralia (A/Capt.(Emgy.) H.V. Hudson, OBE, RAN).
Around 1900H/29, in position 36°45'S, 119°48'E, HrMs Tromp and HMAS Voyager parted company with convoy ' Schooner B '. They were to return to Fremantle.
Around 0530K/3, the Athlone Castle, City of Canterbury, Dunedin Star and Martand parted company with the convoy and proceeded to Melbourne.
Around 0715K/5, the destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) joined the convoy.
The convoy arrived at Sydney around 1630K/5.
30 Dec 1942
The light cruiser USS Phoenix (Capt. J.R. Redman, USN) and the destroyers HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. E.F.V. Dechaineux, DSC, RAN) and HMAS Vendetta (Lt.Cdr. C.J. Stephenson, RAN) departed Sydney for Brisbane. En-route exercises were to be carried out. (4)
31 Dec 1942
The light cruiser USS Phoenix (Capt. J.R. Redman, USN) and the destroyers HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. E.F.V. Dechaineux, DSC, RAN) and HMAS Vendetta (Lt.Cdr. C.J. Stephenson, RAN) arrived in Moreton Bay. (4)
2 May 1982
The General Belgrano (former USS Phoenix CL 46) was sunk by the British Navy during the Falklands conflict. 321 men perished when she sank in 45 minutes after being hit twice by torpedoed from the British nuclear attack submarine HMS Conqueror (S-48). (5)
- Report of proceedings of HMA Squadron + Report of proceedings of HMAS Perth for January 1942
- Log of USS Phoenix for May 1942 + Report of proceedings of HMAS Voyager for May 1942
- Report of proceedings of HMAS Vendetta from September to December 1942 + Report of proceedings of HMAS Warramunga from 23 November 1942 to 3 January 1943
- Personal communication