HMS Asturias (F 71)
Armed Merchant Cruiser
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Type||Armed Merchant Cruiser|
|Class||[No specific class]|
|Built by||Harland & Wolff Ltd. (Belfast, Northern Island)|
|Launched||7 Jul 1925|
|End service||25 Jul 1943|
On 28 August 1939 the passenger ship Asturias of the Royal Mail Lines Ltd, London was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. Conversion was completed on 28 September 1939
Displacement: 22048 BRT
On 25 July 1943 torpedoed and badly damaged by the Italian submarine Ammiraglio Cagni (Roselli-Lorenzini) in position 06°52'N, 20°45'W, towed to Freetown and laid up. On 30 May 1944 handed over to the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) and towed to Belfast for rebuild as troop transport. 1957 scrapped.
Commands listed for HMS Asturias (F 71)
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|1||Capt. (retired) Claud Finlinson Allsup, DSO, RN||4 Sep 1939||25 Nov 1939|
|2||Capt. John Robert Sutherland Haines, RN||25 Nov 1939||24 Oct 1940|
|3||Capt. (retired) Hubert Ardill, RN||24 Oct 1940||2 Mar 1943|
|4||Capt. Richard Meuric Southern, RN||2 Mar 1943||28 Apr 1943|
|5||Capt. (retired) Sir John Meynell Alleyne, DSO, DSC, RN||28 Apr 1943|
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Notable events involving Asturias include:
10 Aug 1940
The troopships Empress of Australia (British, 21833 GRT, built 1914) and Samaria (British, 19597 GRT, built 1921) departed Liverpool on 10 August. They were being escorted by the destroyers HMS Highlander (Cdr. W.A. Dallmeyer, RN) and HMS Walker (Lt.Cdr. A.A. Tait, RN).
On 11 August the troopships Antonia (British, 13867 GRT, built 1921), Duchess of York (British, 20021 GRT, built 1929), Georgic (British, 27759 GRT, built 1932) and Oronsay (British, 20043 GRT, built 1925). They were escorted by the battleship HMS Revenge (Capt. E.R. Archer, RN) and the destroyers HMS Ashanti (Cdr. W.G. Davis, RN), HMS Griffin (Lt.Cdr. J. Lee-Barber, DSO, RN), HMS Watchman (Lt.Cdr. E.C.L. Day, RN) and HMS Vortigern (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Howlett, RN).
The troopships were evacuating children from the U.K. to Canada. HMS Revenge had £ 14.5 million in gold bullion on board.
The troopship Orion (British, 23371 GRT, built 1935) and armed merchant cruiser HMS Asturias (Capt. J.R.S. Haines, RN) also were with the convoy until 0800A/13, when they parted company and set course for Freetown.
The destroyers parted company wither late on the 12th or early on the 13th.
The convoy arrived at Halifax on 19 August 1940.
18 Jan 1941
HMS Asturias (Capt. H. Ardill (retired), RN) while patrolling in the Plate area, intercepts and captures the Vichy-French freighter Mendoza (8199 GRT).
21 Jan 1941
As ordered on 19 January, HMS Dorsetshire (Capt. B.C.S. Martin, RN), made rendez-vous with the armed merchant cruiser HMS Asturias (Capt.(Retd.) H. Ardill, RN) and the Vichy-French passenger/cargo ship Mendoza (8199 GRT, built 1920) she had captured on the 18th. The prize crew of the Asturias was now replaced by one of the Dorsetshire. The Mendoza then proceeded to Freetown independently. (1)
27 May 1941
HMS Newcastle (Capt. E.A. Aylmer, DSC, RN) arrived at Samborombón Bay, River Plate area where she joined HMS Cumberland (Capt. G.H.E. Russell, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral F.H. Pegram, DSO, RN) and the RFA tanker Abbeydale (8299 GRT, built 1937). Shortly afterwards the armed merchant cruiser HMS Asturias (Capt.(Retd.) H. Ardill, RN) also arrived.
HMS Newcastle fuelled from the Abbeydale and Rear-Admiral Pegram transferred his flag to her.
Around 2100P, HMS Newcastle and HMS Cumberland proceeded on patrol in company with each other. (2)
22 Feb 1942
The light cruiser, HMS Birmingham (Capt. H.B. Crane, RN), departed Samborombón Bay for Simonstown, South Africa via Tristan da Cunha.
Shortly before departure, Rear-Admiral F.H. Pegram, DSO, RN, had transferred his flag to the armed merchant cruiser HMS Asturias (Capt.(Retd.) H. Ardill, RN). (3)
- ADM 53/114129 + ADM 199/394
- ADM 53/114785
- ADM 53/115375 + ADM 53/115430
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.