Allied Warships

HMS Gardenia (K 99)

Corvette of the Flower class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeCorvette
ClassFlower 
PennantK 99 
Built byWilliam Simons & Co. Ltd. (Renfrew, Scotland) 
Ordered25 Jul 1939 
Laid down20 Sep 1939 
Launched10 Apr 1940 
Commissioned24 May 1940 
Lost9 Nov 1942 
Loss position35° 49'N, 1° 05'W
History

HMS Gardenia (T/Lt. Maurice Murrowood Firth, RNVR) was sunk off Oran, Algeria in position 35º49'N, 01º05'W in a collision with the minesweeping trawler HMS Fluellen.

 

Commands listed for HMS Gardenia (K 99)

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CommanderFromTo
1Lt.Cdr. Trevor Allan Owen Ellis, RD, RNR8 Apr 19404 Dec 1940
2Lt.Cdr. Harold Hill, RD, RNR4 Dec 1940Feb 1942
3T/Lt. Christopher James Jackson, RNVRFeb 194221 Aug 1942
4T/Lt. Maurice Murrowood Firth, RNVR21 Aug 19429 Nov 1942

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Notable events involving Gardenia include:


5 Jun 1940
HrMs O 10 (Lt. G. Quint, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Portland together with HMS Fernie (Lt.Cdr. R.McC.P. Jonas, RN) and HMS Gardenia (Lt.Cdr. T.A.O. Ellis, RD, RNR). (1)

8 Jun 1940
HrMs O 10 (Lt. G. Quint, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Portland together with HMS Fernie (Lt.Cdr. R.McC.P. Jonas, RN) and HMS Gardenia (Lt.Cdr. T.A.O. Ellis, RD, RNR). (1)

2 Jul 1940
HMS Gardenia (Lt.Cdr. T.A.O. Ellis, RNR) picks up 13 survivors from the Estonian merchant Merkur that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-26 on 30 June about 232 miles west of Ushant in position 48°26'N, 10°58'W.

16 Jul 1940
The British tanker Scottish Minstrel is torpedoed and damaged about 130 nautical miles north-west of Bloody Foreland in position 56°10'N, 10°20'W by German U-boat U-61. HMS Gardenia (Lt.Cdr. T.A.O. Ellis, RNR) later picks up 32 survivors. The damaged tanker sank the next day.

8 Jun 1941

Convoy SL 77.

This convoy departed Freetown for the U.K. on 8 June 1941.

On departure from Freetown the convoy was made up of the following merchant vessels; Aliakmon (Greek, 4521 GRT, built 1913), Banfora (British, 9472 GRT, built 1914), Blackheath (British, 4637 GRT, built 1936), Boskoop (Dutch, 5620 GRT, built 1927), Chulmleigh (British, 5445 GRT, built 1938), Ile de Batz (British, 5755 GRT, built 1918), John Holt (British, 4975 GRT, built 1938), Kindat (British, 4358 GRT, built 1938), Macuba (Dutch (tanker), 8249 GRT, built 1931), Mahsud (British, 7540 GRT, built 1917), Peebles (British, 4982 GRT, built 1936), Spar (Dutch, 3616 GRT, built 1924) and Storaas (Norwegian (tanker), 7886 GRT, built 1929).

On departure from Freetown the convoy was escorted by armed merchant cruiser HMS Arawa (A/Capt. G.R. Deverell, RN) and the corvettes HMS Gardenia (Lt.Cdr. H. Hill, RD, RNR), HMS Marguerite (Lt.Cdr. A.N. Blundell, RNR) and the auxiliary A/S yacht HMS Surprise (Capt.(Retd.) E. Stubbs, RN).

The merchant vessels Aliakmon and Blackheath however soon returned to Freetown due to engine defects.

At 1015N/10, the convoy was joined by the corvette HMS Cyclamen (Lt. H.N. Lawson, RNR). She parted company around 0800N/11.

HMS Gardenia and HMS Marguerite and HMS Surprise parted company in the afternoon of 13 June.

Around 1130N/15, the heavy cruiser HMS Norfolk (Capt. A.J.L. Phillips, RN) joined the convoy as did the merchant vessels Anglo Indian (British, 5609 GRT, built 1938), Cordillera (British, 6865 GRT, built 1920), Gascony (British, 4716 GRT, built 1925), and Stornest (British, 4265 GRT, built 1921) which had been brought out from St. Vincent by the corvette HMS Cyclamen.

At 1810N/15, HMS Surprise parted company with the convoy.

Around noon on 21 June, the merchant vessel Peebles was detached to the Azores due to engine defects.

Around 1100Z/27, HMS Norfolk was detached to proceed to Scapa Flow.

Around 0700A/28, the armed boarding vessel HMS Hilary (Cdr. T.L. Owen, RD, RNR) joined the convoy.

Around 0100B/28, the armed boarding vessel Cavina (Cdr. C.B. Osborne, RD, RNR) joined the convoy.

Around 0800B/28, the corvette HMS Wallflower (Lt.Cdr. I.J. Tyson, RN) joined the convoy.

Around 1140B/28, the destroyer HMS Vanoc (Lt.Cdr. J.G.W. Deneys, DSO, RN) joined the convoy.

Around 1210B/28, the destroyers HMS Walker (Cdr. D.G.F.W. MacIntyre, DSO, RN), HNoMS Bath (Lt.Cdr. C.F.T. Melsom) and the corvette HMS Hydrangea (Lt. J.E. Woolfenden, RNR) joined the convoy.

Around 1300B/28, the rescue ship Toward (British, 1571 GRT, built 1923) joined the convoy.

The convoy arrived in U.K. waters on 2 July 1941.

23 Sep 1941
HMS Gardenia (Lt.Cdr. H. Hill, RNR) picks up 11 survivors from the British merchant Niceto de Larrinaga that was torpedoed and sunk the previous day by German U-boat U-103 south-west of the Canary Islands in position 27°32'N, 24°26'W.

Feb 1942
The civil parish of Llangan, Vale of Glamorgan, South Wales, adopted HMS Gardenia during Warship Week. This was presented by the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, February 1942 (2)

20 May 1942
HMS H 28 (Lt. J.S. Bridger, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Snowflake (Lt. H.G. Chesterman, RNR), HMS Stork (Cdr. F.J. Walker, DSO, RN), HMS Convolvulus (T/Lt. R.C. Connell, RNR), HMS Gardenia (T/Lt. C.J. Jackson, RNVR), HMS Sabre (Lt. R.L. Caple, DSC, RN) and HMS Scimitar (Lt.Cdr. C.G. Cuthbertson, DSC, RNR). (3)

21 May 1942
HMS H 28 (Lt. J.S. Bridger, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Stork (Cdr. F.J. Walker, DSO, RN), HMS Convolvulus (T/Lt. R.C. Connell, RNR), HMS Gardenia (T/Lt. C.J. Jackson, RNVR), HMS Leith (Lt.Cdr. E.C. Hulton, RN), HMS Bradford (Lt.Cdr. J.N.K. Knight, RN), HMS Scarborough (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Carnduff, RN) and HMS Sandwich (Lt.Cdr. H. Hill, RD, RNR). (3)

6 Oct 1942
HMS H 43 (Lt. B.J.B. Andrew, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Virginia (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J. Dobson, RNR), HMS Vetch (T/A/Lt.Cdr. H.J. Beverley, DSO, DSC, RNR), HMS Duncton (T/Lt. J.P. Kilbee, RNR), HMS Marigold (Lt. J.A.S. Halcrow, RD, RNR), HMS Sapphire (T/Lt. E.G.le G. Berry, RNVR), HMS Gardenia (T/Lt. M.M. Firth, RNVR) and HMS Convolvulus (A/Lt.Cdr. R.F.R. Yarde-Buller, RNVR). (4)

Sources

  1. File 2.12.03.6374 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
  2. Personal communication
  3. ADM 173/17201
  4. ADM 173/17254

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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