Convoy battles


27 Mar 1943 - 29 Mar 1943

The Convoy9 ships
First sightingOn 27 Mar 1943
Escorts2 corvettes and 2 armed trawlers.


The wolfpack Seeräuber with 7 boats
U-67 (Korvkpt. Müller-Stöckheim), U-123 (Oblt. von Schroeter), U-159 (Kptlt. Witte) *, U-167 (Fregkapt. Sturm) *, U-172 (Korvkpt. Emmermann) *, U-513 (Korvkpt. Rüggeberg), U-515 (Kptlt. Henke)

The Italian boat Finzi is also patrolling in the region.

* U-boats that fired torpedo or used the deck gun

The battle

On receiving information from the B-service, the patrol line Seeräuber is formed to intercept the coastal convoy RS-3 off western Africa. This convoy consists of 5 slow tugs, a valuable cable-layer ship and three merchants.

The 2 corvettes leave the convoy in the morning of the 28th to reinforce the escort of another convoy going North. U-159 attacks and sinks one ship. The convoy commodore orders to increase speed and to zigzag, but the tugs cannot keep up with the remainder. In the afternoon U-172 attacks and sinks one ship. U-167 waits until dusk to attack and around midnight torpedoes the last merchant ship, which founders slowly.

The next day strong air escort is provided. The operation is broken off and the boats disperse to start individual operations.

Article compiled by Tom Linclau

Ships hit from convoy RS-3

Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat.Map
28 Mar 1943U-167Kurt Sturm Lagosian5,449brA
28 Mar 1943U-159Helmut Friedrich Witte Silverbeech5,319brB
29 Mar 1943U-172Carl Emmermann Moanda4,621beC

3 ships sunk (15,389 tons).

We have a picture of this vessel.

This was the only convoy on route RS hit by U-boats in the war.

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