American Steam merchant
|Type:||Steam merchant (Liberty)|
|Completed||1942 - North Carolina Shipbuilding Co, Wilmington NC|
|Owner||South Atlantic Steamship Co, Savannah GA|
|Date of attack||16 Jul 1943||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-513 (Friedrich Guggenberger)|
|Position||28° 10'S, 46° 30'W - Grid GA 91|
|Complement||69 (9 dead and 60 survivors).|
|Route||Buenos Aires (12 Jul) - New York|
|Cargo||9000 tons of manganese ore, tungsten, hides, cased meat and fertilizers|
|History||Completed in December 1942 |
|Notes on event|
At 21.15 hours on 16 July 1943 the unescorted Richard Caswell (Master Solomon A. Suggs) was hit by one torpedo from U-513 about 150 miles southeast of Florianopolis, Brazil. The torpedo struck on the starboard side at the after end of the engine room, destroying the engines and killing three men on watch below. The most survivors among the eight officers, 34 crewmen, 24 armed guards (the ship was armed with one 4in and nine 20mm guns) and two passengers on board abandoned ship in three lifeboats and two rafts. The master and a small party stayed on board but ten minutes after the hit a second torpedo struck at the forward end of the engine room. The explosion blew a few men over the side and caused extensive damage to the amidships deck and the superstructure. Just as the ship broke in two and sank after about 15 minutes, the U-boat surfaced and questioned the survivors. The commander told the men that he had lived in Brooklyn for seven years and asked how the Dodgers were doing, the Germans gave them cigarettes and then left the area. In all, the master, two officers and six crewmen were lost.
|On board||We have details of 21 people who were on board.|
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