Armed Merchant Cruiser
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Type||Armed Merchant Cruiser|
|Class||[No specific class]|
|Built by||Hawthorn Leslie & Co. (Hebburn-on-Tyne, U.K.)|
|Launched||1 Nov 1921|
|Commissioned||28 Oct 1939|
|Lost||16 Jun 1940|
|Loss position||62° 36'N, 15° 09'W|
In September 1939 the passenger ship Andania of the Cunard White Star Ltd, Liverpool was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. Conversion was completed on 28 October 1939.
Displacement: 13950 BRT
At 00.27 hours on 16 June 1940 HMS Andania (Capt. Donald Keppel Bain, RN) was hit by one torpedo from the German submarine U-A about 230 nautical miles west-northwest of the Faroe Islands in position 62º36'N, 15º09'W. The ship sank slowly and the crew was taken off by the Icelandic trawler Skallagrímur, so only two men were injured. The trawler continued its course to Hull, but HMS Forester (H 74) took the men off the trawler 36 hours after the rescue.
Hit by U-boat
|U-boat Attack||See our U-boat attack entry for the HMS Andania|
Commands listed for HMS Andania
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|1||Capt. Donald Keppel Bain, RN||18 Sep 1939||16 Jun 1940|
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Notable events involving Andania include:
15 Jun 1940
Sinking of the armed merchant cruiser HMS Andania.
At 2330/15 (0030/16 German time), the armed merchant cruiser HMS Andania (Capt. D.K. Bain, RN) was torpedoed and heavily damaged by the German submarine U-A south-west of Iceland in position 62°36'N, 15°09'W. The ship sank slowly by the stern and the crew was taken off by the Icelandic trawler Skallagrímur.
In response the destroyer HMS Forester (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Tancock, RN) was sent from the Faroes. HMS Amazon (Lt.Cdr. N.E.G. Roper, RN), which was part of the escort of a transport ship from Scapa Flow to the Faroes was also ordered to leave this transport ship and proceed to the attack position. HMS Amazon however had to return to Scapa Flow with defects and arrived there around 1115/17.
At 0200/16, the destroyer HMS Kelvin (Lt.Cdr. J.L. Machin, RN) departed Scapa Flow to assist. She was later ordered to proceed to the Faroes.
At 0240/16, the destroyers HMS Ashanti (Cdr. W.G. Davis, RN) and HMS Bedouin (Cdr. J.A. McCoy, DSO, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Reykjavik, Iceland. They were to try to find the Icelandic trawler Skallagrímur which had the survivors of the Andania on board. They could however not find the trawler in the low visibility. These two destroyers were later ordered to hunt a German submarine which was reported to be near Reykjavik.
It was HMS Forester who encountered the trawler on the 16th but the survivors could not be transferred due to the weather conditions.
On the 17th it was possible to take over the survivors and they were taken to Scapa Flow by HMS Forester. She arrived there at 2230/17. (1)
- ADM 199/376
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.