Albert Order (Saxony)


Albert Order (Saxony)

The Albert Order was created 31 December 1850 by King Frederick Augustus II of Saxony to commemorate Albert III, Duke of Saxony (known as Albert the Bold) and was to be awarded to anyone who had served the state well, for civil virtue, science and art.

The design was a Christian cross with a bust of Albert the Bold at the centre. In 1875, however, it was discovered the bust was in fact the wrong Albert, Albert the Perennial, and the correct image was substituted and used thereafter.

At first, there were five classes : Great Cross (Großkreuz), Commander's Cross Class I (Komturkreuz I), Commander's Cross Class II (Komturkreuz II), Knight's Cross (Ritterkreuz) and Small Cross (Kleinkreuz). These provided the basis for a series of changes over the following forty years. In 1858, the Small Cross was renamed as the Honour Cross (Ehrenkreuz) and a sixth class was established with a golden and silver Merit Medal (Verdienstmedaille). A Merit Cross (Verdienstkreuz) with Swords was added in 1866 and this was extended in 1870 with the Merit Cross with Swords on Ring.

The medals were abolished in 1876 and the Knights Cross was divided into two classes. In 1884, a gold Great Cross was added and in 1890, the Officer's Cross was inserted into the Order above the Knight's Cross.

An award of Swords indicated a recipient's bravery in wartime. If, however, a recipient was subsequently awarded a higher grade in the Order, he could lose the bravery distinction attached to the superseded grade (regulations only allowed the display of the insignia of the highest awarded grade). This anomaly was solved in 1906 by allowing the addition of Swords by replacement of insignia. A recipient, however, had to pay the cost of replacement and this appears to have inhibited the numbers of such replacements.

CommanderDate  Command
Kptlt. Abendroth, Karl-Friedrich von3 Jan 1917  
Oblt. Arnold, Alfred3 Jan 1917  

Oblt. Beulwitz, Eugen von2 Jan 1917  

Kptlt. Crüsemann, Friedrich15 Jul 1913  

Oblt. Förste, Erich3 Jan 1917  

Oblt. Hansen, Klaus3 Jan 1914  
Kptlt. Hersing, Otto1918 or later  U 21

Ltn. (R)Illing, Hans3 Jan 1917  

Kptlt. Killmann, Ernst3 Jan 1917  

Oblt. Lohs, Johannes3 Jan 1917  

Kptlt. Middendorff, Heinrich3 Jan 1916  
Kptlt. Mildenberger, August3 Jan 1917  

Kptlt. Recke, Philipp3 Jan 1917  
Ltn. Rücker, Claus28 Sep 1906  

Kptlt. Saupe, Fritz3 Jan 1917  
Kptlt. Sittenfeld, Erich15 Jul 1913  
Oblt. Steinbrinck, Otto   UB 10
Kptlt. Stohwasser, Herbert3 Jan 1917  

Ltn. Weichold, Eberhard3 Jan 1917  

19 officers decorated with Albert Order (Saxony) (Albrechts-Orden) located.

Note: This listing is still being compiled and some recipients might be missing.

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